27,598 results match your criteria integration behavior

Central amygdala circuits in valence and salience processing.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 11:113355. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, United States; Department of Pharmacology,University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, United States. Electronic address:

Behavioral responses to environmental stimuli are dictated by the affective valence of the stimulus, good (positive valence) or bad (negative valence). These stimuli can innately elicit an affective response that promotes approach or avoidance behavior. In addition to innately valenced stimuli, valence can also be assigned to initially neutral stimuli through associative learning. Read More

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The presence of ancient core genes reveals endogenization from diverse viral ancestors in parasitoid wasps.

Genome Biol Evol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA.

The Ichneumonoidea (Ichneumonidae and Braconidae) is an incredibly diverse superfamily of parasitoid wasps that includes species that produce virus-like entities in their reproductive tracts to promote successful parasitism of host insects. Research on these entities has traditionally focused upon two viral genera Bracovirus (in Braconidae) and Ichnovirus (in Ichneumonidae). These viruses are produced using genes known collectively as endogenous viral elements (EVEs) that represent historical, now heritable viral integration events in wasp genomes. Read More

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An App-Based Parenting Program to Promote Healthy Energy Balance-Related Parenting Practices to Prevent Childhood Obesity: Protocol Using the Intervention Mapping Framework.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 14;5(5):e24802. Epub 2021 May 14.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Background: The family environment plays an important role in the development of children's energy balance-related behaviors. As a result, parents' energy balance-related parenting practices are important targets of preventive childhood obesity programs. Families with a lower socioeconomic position (SEP) may benefit from participating in such programs but are generally less well reached than families with a higher SEP. Read More

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Magnetic and dielectric property control in the multivalent nanoscale perovskite EuBaTiO.

Nanoscale 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

The CUNY Energy Institute, City University of New York, Steinman Hall, 160 Convent Avenue, The City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA. and Department of Chemistry, The City College of New York, 1024 Marshak, 160 Convent Avenue, NY 10031, USA and Ph.D. Program in Chemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10016, USA.

We report nanoscale Eu0.5Ba0.5TiO3, a multiferroic in the bulk and candidate in the search to quantify the electric dipole moment of the electron. Read More

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Assessing the nationwide impact of COVID-19 mitigation policies on the transmission rate of SARS-CoV-2 in Brazil.

Epidemics 2021 May 8;35:100465. Epub 2021 May 8.

Center for Data and Knowledge Integration for Health (CIDACS), Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Bahia, Brazil; Centre of Mathematics of the University of Porto (CMUP), Department of Mathematics, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

COVID-19 is now identified in almost all countries in the world, with poorer regions being particularly more disadvantaged to efficiently mitigate the impacts of the pandemic. In the absence of efficient therapeutics or large-scale vaccination, control strategies are currently based on non-pharmaceutical interventions, comprising changes in population behavior and governmental interventions, among which the prohibition of mass gatherings, closure of non-essential establishments, quarantine and movement restrictions. In this work we analyzed the effects of 707 governmental interventions published up to May 22, 2020, and population adherence thereof, on the dynamics of COVID-19 cases across all 27 Brazilian states, with emphasis on state capitals and remaining inland cities. Read More

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Relationship of negative emotion with leptin and food intake among overweight women.

Physiol Behav 2021 May 10:113457. Epub 2021 May 10.

Nutrition and Metabolism, Health Sciences Department, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil; Laboratory of Food Practices and Behavior - PrátiCA, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. Electronic address:

Negative emotions can influence food intake. Leptin (an anorectic hormone) levels may change in response to psychological stressors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between leptin and food intake triggered by negative emotions in overweight women. Read More

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A multi-dimensional integration (MDI) strategy for MR T * mapping.

NMR Biomed 2021 May 13:e4529. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Radiology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

MRI signals are intrinsically multi-dimensional, and signal behavior may be orthogonal among different dimensions. Such dimensional orthogonality can be utilized to eliminate unwanted effects and facilitate mathematical simplicity during image processing for improved outcomes. In this work, we will demonstrate and analyze the principles and performance of a newly developed multi-dimensional integration (MDI) strategy in MR T * mapping. Read More

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How to Improve the Well-Being of Youths: An Exploratory Study of the Relationships Among Coping Style, Emotion Regulation, and Subjective Well-Being Using the Random Forest Classification and Structural Equation Modeling.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:637712. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Institute of Psychology and Behavior, Henan University, Kaifeng, China.

The relationship between coping styles and subjective well-being (SWB) has recently received considerable empirical and theoretical attention in the scientific literature. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have primarily remained unclear. The present research aimed to determine whether emotion regulation mediated the relationship between coping styles and subjective well-being (SWB). Read More

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Chromium and cerium co-doped magnetite/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as a potent antibacterial agent against S. aureus.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 15;274:129988. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran. Electronic address:

The development of innovative antibacterial samples with high efficacy has received a great deal of interest. Herein, we synthesized magnetite modified by Cr and co-modified by Cr and Ce, along with their reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-based nanocomposites via facile hydrothermal and co-precipitation methods. The rGO-based samples showed proper magnetic behavior, high porosity, and vast specific surface area. Read More

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Effects of the presence of a dog on the psychic content expression of a stuttering person: case report.

Codas 2021 3;33(2):e20190267. Epub 2021 May 3.

Programa de Estudos Pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia, Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e da Saúde, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Stuttering has negative impacts on an individual's quality of life and is associated with higher risk of development of social and psychological problems. From this perspective, despite the diversity of etiological hypotheses for and treatments of stuttering, the interface between psychology and speech therapy in the approach to the biopsychic aspects involved in this clinical scenario stands out. Recent research indicates that the presence, specifically of dogs, can assist patients in symbolic elaboration of psychic content. Read More

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Neural integration underlying naturalistic prediction flexibly adapts to varying sensory input rate.

Nat Commun 2021 May 11;12(1):2643. Epub 2021 May 11.

Neuroscience Institute, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Prediction of future sensory input based on past sensory information is essential for organisms to effectively adapt their behavior in dynamic environments. Humans successfully predict future stimuli in various natural settings. Yet, it remains elusive how the brain achieves effective prediction despite enormous variations in sensory input rate, which directly affect how fast sensory information can accumulate. Read More

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Visual-vestibular integration is preserved with healthy aging in a simple acceleration detection task.

Neurobiol Aging 2021 Apr 11;104:71-81. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Aging is associated with a gradual decline in the sensory systems and noisier sensory information. Some research has found that older adults compensate for this with enhanced multisensory integration. However, less is known about how aging influences visual-vestibular integration, an ability that underlies self-motion perception. Read More

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Overview of Chemotaxis Behavior Assays in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Curr Protoc 2021 May;1(5):e120

Department of Biology & Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Environmental pollution related to anthropogenic pressures, and the associated repercussions on public health, represent a worldwide problem. Thus, the study of the effects that environmental contaminants can pose to natural ecosystems and human health is of vital importance. Laboratory model organisms such as Caenorhabditis elegans have played a significant role in clarifying multilevel effects of those agents. Read More

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From telson to attack in mantis shrimp: bridging biomechanics and behavior in crustacean contests.

Integr Comp Biol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Marine Biology Research Division, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.

In the spirit of this symposium on the physical mechanisms of behavior, we review mantis shrimp ritualized fighting, from the telson to the attack, as an inspiring example of how the integration of biomechanics and behavioral research can yield a penetrating narrative for how animals accomplish important activities, including agonistic actions. Resolving conflicts with conspecifics over valuable resources is an essential task for animals, and this takes an unusual form in mantis shrimp due to their powerful raptorial appendages. Decades of field and laboratory research have provided key insights into the natural agonistic interactions of diverse mantis shrimp species, including how they use their raptorial weapons against one another in telson sparring matches over cavities. Read More

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A Smartphone App (TRIANGLE) to Change Cardiometabolic Risk Behaviors in Women Following Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Intervention Mapping Approach.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 11;9(5):e26163. Epub 2021 May 11.

Diabetes Research Group, Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, Munich, Germany.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common complication during pregnancy and is associated with an increased risk for the development of cardiometabolic diseases. Behavioral interventions can reduce this risk, but current solutions insufficiently address the requirements for such a program. The systematic development of a scalable mobile health (mHealth) promotion program for mothers during the first years post-GDM may contribute to solving this problem. Read More

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Health and Art (HEART): Integrating Science and Art to Fight COVID-19.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:937-964

Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Netting individuals separated from each other by vast distances; the present condition of COVID-19 needs art and its extraordinary capacity to connect human beings and integrate scientific disciplines. We can predict that the COVID-19 pandemic would leave the mind lonely and vulnerable to diseases, for, on the one hand, the COVID-19 pandemic and related problems, in particular social isolation, are itself stressor. On the other hand, studies confirm the potential of COVID-19 to involve the central nervous system by affecting the immune system, either directly or indirectly. Read More

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Recent progress on mechanisms of human cognition and brain disorders.

Fang Fang Hailan Hu

Sci China Life Sci 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychiatry of First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310003, China.

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Multi-layer graphene pirani pressure sensors.

Nanotechnology 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Microelectronics, Delft University of Technology, Feldmannweg 17, Delft, 2628CT, NETHERLANDS.

The operating principle of Pirani pressure sensors is based on the pressure dependence of a suspended strip's electrical conductivity, caused by the thermal conductance of the surrounding gas which changes the Joule heating of the strip. To realize such sensors, not only materials with high temperature dependent electrical conductivity are required, but also minimization of the suspended strip dimensions is essential to maximize the responsivity and minimize the power consumption. Due to this, nanomaterials are especially attractive for this application. Read More

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Large-scale network topology reveals brain functional abnormality in Chinese dyslexic children.

Neuropsychologia 2021 May 7:107886. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, PR China. Electronic address:

It has been revealed that dyslexic children learning alphabetic languages are characterized by aberrant topological organization of brain networks. However, little is known about the functional organization and the reconfiguration pattern of brain networks in Chinese dyslexic children. Using graph theoretical analysis and functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI), we examined this issue specifically from the perspective of functional integration and segregation. Read More

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A Bi-Anti-Ambipolar Field Effect Transistor.

ACS Nano 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Multistate logic is recognized as a promising approach to increase the device density of microelectronics, but current approaches are offset by limited performance and large circuit complexity. We here demonstrate a route toward increased integration density that is enabled by a mechanically tunable device concept. Bi-anti-ambipolar transistors (bi-AATs) exhibit two distinct peaks in their transconductance and can be realized by a single 2D-material heterojunction-based solid-state device. Read More

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Specific Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention Among Newly Returned Chinese International Students.

Yue Mao Yinghua Ye

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:622276. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

College of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

A growing group of Chinese students is returning to China following graduation, especially young returnees. This group is seen as one of the most innovative sectors of Chinese society. Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and three kinds of capital theories, this study explores entrepreneurial intention (EI) and its influencing factors among Newly Returned Chinese International Students (NRCIS). Read More

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Factors influencing implementation of the GLA: D Back, an educational/exercise intervention for low back pain: a mixed-methods study.

JBI Evid Implement 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense M, Denmark.

Introduction And Aims: Guidelines for low back pain (LBP) management recommend patient education and exercises. GLA:D Back, a structured group-based patient-education exercise program for LBP, facilitates evidence-based care implementation. This study aimed to inform on the implementation processes, assessing clinician-related factors. Read More

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Asthma Remission Disparities among U.S. Youth by Sexual Identity and Race/Ethnicity, 2009-2017.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Evaluation, Data Integration, and Technical Assistance (EDIT) Research Program, Institute for Sexual and Gender Minority Health and Wellbeing, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL; Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

Background: Sexual minority and racial/ethnic minority youth experience a higher burden of asthma. The frameworks of minority stress theory and intersectionality suggest sexual minority and racial/ethnic minority youth may experience disparities in non-remitting asthma.

Objective: To examine adjusted odds of non-remitting asthma by sexual identity, race/ethnicity, and their intersections, along with their relationship with traditional non-remitting asthma risk factors (weight status and smoking) and victimization (bullying, cyberbullying, and forced sex). Read More

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Prenatal stress and KCl-induced depolarization modulate cell death, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis genes, oxidative and inflammatory response in primary cortical neurons.

Neurochem Int 2021 May 5;147:105053. Epub 2021 May 5.

Laboratory of Pediatric Physical Activity, Infant Center, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil; Laboratory of Cellular Biophysics and Inflammation, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Maternal stress has been described as an important component in the offspring's cerebral development, altering the susceptibility to diseases in later life. Moreover, the postnatal period is essential for the development and integration of several peripheral and central systems related to the control of homeostasis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of prenatal stress on the activation of cortical neurons, by performing experiments both under basal conditions and after KCl-induced depolarization. Read More

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Commercially Available Apps to Support Healthy Family Meals: User Testing of App Utility, Acceptability, and Engagement.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 7;9(5):e22990. Epub 2021 May 7.

Caring Futures Institute, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Parents juggling caregiving and paid employment encounter a range of barriers in providing healthy food to their families. Mobile apps have the potential to help parents in planning, purchasing, and preparing healthy family food. The utility and acceptability of apps for supporting parents are unknown. Read More

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Integrating real-time data analysis into automatic tracking of social insects.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Mar 31;8(3):202033. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Automatic video tracking has become a standard tool for investigating the social behaviour of insects. The recent integration of computer vision in tracking technologies will probably lead to fully automated behavioural pattern classification within the next few years. However, many current systems rely on offline data analysis and use computationally expensive techniques to track pre-recorded videos. Read More

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Conceptualizing the Role of Individual Agency in Mobility Transitions: Avenues for the Integration of Sociological and Psychological Perspectives.

Front Psychol 2021 20;12:623652. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Spatial Transformation in the Digital Age, Faculty of Spatial Planning, Dortmund Technical University, Dortmund, Germany.

With the release of the latest IPCC report, the urgency to steer the transport sector toward ecological sustainability has been recognized more and more broadly. To better understand, the prerequisites for a transition to sustainable mobility, we argue that interdisciplinary mobility research needs to revisit the interaction between social structures and individual agency by focusing on social norms. While critical sociological approaches stress the structural barriers to sustainable mobility, political discourse over sustainable mobility is still largely dominated by overly individualistic approaches, which focus on individual behavior change neglecting its social embeddedness. Read More

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Association between spectral electroencephalography power and autism risk and diagnosis in early development.

Autism Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Montreal Neurological Institute-Hospital, Azrieli Centre for Autism Research, McGill University, Montréal, Canada.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has its origins in the atypical development of brain networks. Infants who are at high familial risk for, and later diagnosed with ASD, show atypical activity in multiple electroencephalography (EEG) oscillatory measures. However, infant-sibling studies are often constrained by small sample sizes. Read More

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Navigational strategies underlying temporal phototaxis in Drosophila larvae.

J Exp Biol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Navigating across light gradients is essential for survival for many animals. However, we still have a poor understanding of the algorithms that underlie such behaviors. Here we develop a novel closed-loop phototaxis assay for Drosophila larvae in which light intensity is always spatially uniform but updates depending on the location of the animal in the arena. Read More

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Integrating behaviour change interventions and patient decision aids: How to accomplish synergistic effects?

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Leeds Unit of Complex Intervention Development (LUCID), Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK; Research Centre for Patient Involvement (ResCenPI), Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.

People make numerous health-related choices each day: For example, deciding to brush one's teeth or to eat well and healthy - or not to do these activities. To support complex decisions and subsequent behaviour change, both Behaviour Change Interventions (BCIs) and Patient Decision Aids (PtDAs) have been developed and evolved independently to support people in health-related decision making. In this paper, we critically review BCIs and PtDAs, examine their similarities and differences, and identify potential for integration of expertise to increase the benefits for people engaging with healthcare and health behaviours. Read More

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