302,861 results match your criteria intake

Moderate dietary boron supplementation improved growth performance, crude protein digestibility and diarrhea index in weaner pigs regardless to the sanitary condition.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Objective: The study was conducted to investigate the impact of boron supplementation on nutrient digestibility, inflammatory responses, blood metabolites and diarrhea index, and their relevance to growth performance in weaned pigs housed in good and poor sanitary environments for 14 days after weaning.

Methods: A total of 108 male pigs [Duroc × (Yorkshire × Landrace)] weaned at 21 days of age were used in a randomized complete block design with 2 × 3 factorial arrangement. Pigs were assigned to three boron treatments (0, 5, and 10 mg/kg) under two environments (good and poor sanitary) to give six replicates per treatment (3 pigs per replicate). Read More

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Effect of dietary pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) seed meal on layer performance and egg quality characteristics.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Chemistry and Animal Nutrition Physiology, National Research and Development Institute for Animal Biology and Nutrition, Balotesti, Ilfov, 077015, Romania.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the of dietary pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) seed meal (PSM) on laying performance, quality, fatty acids, cholesterol, antioxidant compounds and shelf life of eggs.

Methods: Eighty Tetra SL laying hens, 50-week-old, were randomly divided into two equal groups, having 10 replicates with 4 birds in each. The control (CON) treatment was fed with basal diet, while experimental treatment was fed a diet with 9% pumpkin seed meal (PSM), for a 6 week period. Read More

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Correlates of food intake and mealtime behaviors among Kuwaiti adolescents.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Life Sciences, Kuwait University, Shadadiya, Kuwait.

Objectives: Eating meals with the family improves the food choices of adolescents. Studies conducted on Kuwaiti adolescents have reported suboptimal dietary intake; however, it is unclear what meal-related behaviors and family dynamics influence dietary choices in young Kuwaiti adolescents. This study explored the food intake and meal-related behaviors of young adolescents in relation to their mother's educational level, parental employment, and family size and to identify meal-related behaviors associated with poor dietary choices. Read More

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Menstrual distress in females of reproductive age: a literature review.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Menstrual-related issues have significant public-health ramifications. Women who are having menstruation troubles should get their mental health checked by healthcare specialists. In young women, a menstrual-related condition has serious health implications. Read More

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Onion component, isoalliin, stimulates feeding and activates the arcuate nucleus neuropeptide Y, ghrelin- and Ninjin'yoeito-responsive neurons.

Neuropeptides 2021 Jul 10;89:102180. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Center for Integrative Physiology, Division of Integrative Physiology, Kansai Electric Power Medical Research Institute, 1-5-6 Minatojimaminamimachi, Chuou-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan; Division of Diabetes, Metabolism and Endocrinology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-Cho, Chuo-Ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan; Pharmacological Department of Herbal Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical & Dental Sciences, Kagoshima 890-8544, Japan. Electronic address:

Appetite loss or anorexia substantially decreases the quality of life in patients with cancer, depression and gastrointestinal disorders, and can lead to sarcopenia and frailty. Foods that restore appetite have been sought-for but are not currently available. Historically, onion intake was adopted to treat a variety of diseases with reduced appetite including cancer and gastrointestinal disturbances. Read More

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Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) access a nutritionally balanced, high energy, and abundant food, baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit, with extractive foraging and reingestion.

Am J Primatol 2021 Jul 22:e23307. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Anthropology, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, USA.

Intrinsic to several hypotheses explaining the evolution of foraging behavior complexity, such as proto-tool use, is the assumption that more complex ingestive behaviors are adaptations allowing individuals to access difficult to procure but nutritionally or energetically rewarding foods. However, nutritional approaches to understanding this complexity have been underutilized. The goal of this study was to evaluate potential nutritional determinants of two unusual foraging behaviors, fruit cracking with anvils and seed reingestion, by adult male western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Fongoli, Senegal during the baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit season. Read More

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Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Dietary Supplement Use in a Stratified, Random Sample of US Military Personnel: The US Military Dietary Supplement Use Study.

J Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA.

Background: About 50% of Americans and 70% of US military service members use dietary supplements (DSs).

Objectives: This cross-sectional survey examined current prevalence of and factors associated with DS use in service members.

Methods: A stratified random sample of 200,000 service members from the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Navy was obtained from military manpower records, and these service members were asked to complete a questionnaire on their DS use and personal characteristics. Read More

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A Low-Sodium DASH Dietary Pattern Affects Serum Markers of Inflammation and Mineral Metabolism in Adults with Elevated Blood Pressure.

J Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The blood pressure-lowering effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and reduced sodium intake are well established. The effects on other biomarkers related to vascular health are of interest and might assist in explaining the effects of the DASH diet and sodium reduction.

Objectives: We hypothesized that a low-sodium DASH diet improves (lowers) biomarkers of inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP) and soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR)] and mineral metabolism [phosphorus and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23)]. Read More

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Long-term dietary protein intake and subjective cognitive decline in US men and women.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Diet is one of the modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline. However, studies on dietary protein intake and cognitive decline have remained limited and inconclusive.

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the associations between long-term dietary protein intake and subsequent subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Read More

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Unrestrained eating behavior and risk of digestive system cancers: a prospective cohort study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Unrestrained eating behavior, as a potential proxy for diet frequency, timing, and caloric intake, has been questioned as a plausible risk factor for digestive system cancers, but epidemiological evidence remains sparse.

Objectives: We investigated prospectively the associations between unrestrained eating behavior and digestive system cancer risk.

Methods: Participants in the Nurses' Health Study who were free of cancer and reported dietary information in 1994 were followed for ≤18 y. Read More

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Geographical variations in maternal dietary patterns during pregnancy associated with birth weight in Shaanxi province, Northwestern China.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254891. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P.R. China.

The geographical variation of maternal dietary patterns related to birth outcomes is important for improving the health of mothers and children; however, it is currently unknown. Thus, the objective of the study was to investigate geographical variations of maternal dietary pattern during pregnancy, and evaluate the spatial varying association of maternal dietary patterns in pregnancy with abnormal birth weight. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Shaanxi province in Northwest China in 2013 to evaluate the relationship between abnormal birth weight and dietary pattern using the Geographically Weighted Logistic Regression (GWLR). Read More

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Pain modulation by your partner: An experimental investigation from a social-affective perspective.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254069. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

Background: Social context such as the relationship between a person experiencing pain and a caregiver has been shown to affect the experience of pain, yet, results are not consistent. Possibly, differential effects of interpersonal relationships are modulated by affective states expressed by social partners. Viewing partner pictures in experimental designs is not only associated with lowered perceived pain intensity, but also affects neural responses. Read More

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Return to Work and Associated Costs after Treatment for Dupuytren's Disease.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

From the Departments of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Hand Surgery, Rehabilitation Medicine, Biostatistics, and Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Centre; the Hand and Wrist Centre, Xpert Clinic; and the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Amsterdam University Medical Center.

Background: Return to work is potentially an important factor in assessing the success of treatment. However, little is known about the return to work after treatment for Dupuytren's contracture. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to assess return to work after limited fasciectomy and percutaneous needle fasciotomy. Read More

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Targeting diacylglycerol lipase reduces alcohol consumption in preclinical models.

J Clin Invest 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, United States of America.

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with substantial morbidity, mortality, and societal cost, and pharmacological treatment options for AUD are limited. The endogenous cannabinoid (eCB) signaling system is critically involved in reward processing and alcohol intake is positively correlated with release of the eCB ligand 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) within reward neurocircuitry. Here we show that genetic and pharmacological inhibition of diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL), the rate limiting enzyme in the synthesis of 2-AG, reduces alcohol consumption in a variety of preclinical models ranging from a voluntary free-access model to aversion resistant-drinking and dependence-like drinking induced via chronic intermittent ethanol vapor exposure in mice. Read More

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Emerging Brominated Flame Retardants 2-Ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate (EHTBB) and Bis(2-ethylhexyl)-tetrabromophthalate (BEH-TEBP) in Chinese Food and Their Health Implications.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 100013, China.

2-Ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate (EHTBB) and bis(2-ethylhexyl) tetrabromophthalate (BEH-TEBP) have been frequently detected in the environment, whereas studies in food are scare. The European Food Safety Authority has requested data for their risk assessment. Herein, dietary exposure and hazard quotient (HQ) were studied based on the 5th (2009-2012) and 6th (2015-2018) Chinese total diet studies (TDSs). Read More

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The correlation between gastric residual volumes and markers of gastric emptying: a post-hoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Clinical Evaluation Research Unit, Kingston Health Science Centre, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Background: The correlation between gastric residual volumes (GRV) and markers of gastric emptying (GE) in critically ill patients is unclear. This is especially true for ICU surgical patients as they are underrepresented in previous studies.

Methods: We conducted a post-hoc analysis of a multicenter trial that investigated the effectiveness of a promotility drug in increasing enteral nutrition intake. Read More

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A chronic low-dose magnesium L-lactate administration has a beneficial effect on the myocardium and the skeletal muscles.

J Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

INRAE, UNH, Unité de Nutrition Humaine, CRNH Auvergne, Université Clermont Auvergne, 28 Place Henri Dunant, 63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether magnesium L-lactate is responsible for having a beneficial effect on the myocardium and the skeletal muscles and how this substrate acts at the molecular level. Twenty seven young male Wistar rats were supplied with a magnesium L-lactate (L) solution, a magnesium chloride (M) solution and/or water (W) as a vehicle for 10 weeks. The treated animals absorbed the L and M solutions as they wished since they also had free access to water. Read More

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Mechanisms and management of drug-induced hyperkalemia in kidney transplant patients.

Rev Endocr Metab Disord 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Kidney Transplantation, School of Medicine, University of California, CA, Irvine, Orange, USA.

Hyperkalemia is a common and potentially life-threatening complication following kidney transplantation that can be caused by a composite of factors such as medications, delayed graft function, and possibly potassium intake. Managing hyperkalemia after kidney transplantation is associated with increased morbidity and healthcare costs, and can be a cause of multiple hospital admissions and barriers to patient discharge. Medications used routinely after kidney transplantation are considered the most frequent culprit for post-transplant hyperkalemia in recipients with a well-functioning graft. Read More

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Fatigue is associated with depression independent of excessive daytime sleepiness in the general population.

Sleep Breath 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Sleep Disorders Center, Department of Neurology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan Hospital, 31 Soonchunhyang 6-gil, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan, 31151, South Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate sleep problems and comorbid conditions associated with fatigue in the general population.

Methods: The data were obtained from a nationwide cross-sectional survey conducted in 2018. The Fatigue Severity Scale was used to assess fatigue. Read More

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The Outcomes of Laparoscopic Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch on Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease: the Mayo Clinic Experience.

Obes Surg 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Purpose: The outcomes of laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) on gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) are not well elucidated.

Material/methods: This retrospective review included patients undergoing laparoscopic primary BPD-DS at Mayo Clinic from 2009 to 2019. GERD parameters analyzed included subjective symptom report/anti-reflux medication intake and/or endoscopic findings. Read More

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Index-based dietary patterns and stomach cancer in a Chinese population.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, USA Department of Non-communicable Chronic Disease Control, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai Ganyu County Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Ganyu Dafeng County Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Dafeng Chuzhou County Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chuzhou Tongshan County Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Tongshan, Jiangsu Province, China Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA School of Nursing, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Peking University School of Public Health, Beijing, China Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York Center for Human Nutrition, Department of Medicine, UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, USA Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: Dietary factors are of importance in the development of stomach cancer. This study aims to examine index-based dietary patterns associated with stomach cancer in a Chinese population.

Methods: Using data from a population-based case-control study conducted in Jiangsu Province, China, we included a total of 8432 participants (1900 stomach cancer cases and 6532 controls). Read More

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Measuring the Healthiness of Ready-to-Eat Child-Targeted Cereals: Evaluation of the FoodSwitch Platform in Sweden.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jul 22;9(7):e17780. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Childhood obesity is a major public health issue. The increase in the consumption of foods with poor nutritional value, such as processed foods, contributes to this. Breakfast cereals are often advertised as a healthy way to start the day, but the healthiness of these products varies greatly. Read More

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Functional and patient-reported changes in swallowing and voice after combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to describe the nature and impact of dysphagia and dysphonia in patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) before and after chemoradiation.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on patients receiving chemoradiotherapy for limited-stage SCLC. Patients received either 40, 45 or 50 Gy, commencing the second cycle of chemotherapy. Read More

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A meta-analytical evaluation of the effects of high-salt water intake on beef cattle.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Adequate drinking water is essential to maintain acceptable production levels in beef cattle operations. In the context of global climate change, the water scarcity forecasted for the future is a growing concern and it would determine an increase in the use of poorer quality water by the agricultural sector in many parts of the world. However, consumption of high-salt water by cattle have consequences often overlooked. Read More

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[Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke].

Ther Umsch 2021 Aug;78(6):259-268

Departement für Neurologie, Inselspital, Universitätsspital und Universität Bern.

Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke An unhealthy diet is one of the modifiable risk factors for stroke. The world population's diet is suboptimal. Healthy and nutritious food such as whole grain, vegetables, fruit and fish is not consumed enough, and unhealthy food such as sweetened beverages, processed meat and salty food takes up a higher proportion of the diet than recommended. Read More

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Early triggers of moderately high-fat diet-induced kidney damage.

Physiol Rep 2021 Jul;9(14):e14937

Molecular Physiology Unit, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico.

Most of the obesity murine models inducing renal injury use calorie-enriched foods, where fat represents 60% of the total caloric supply, however, this strategy doubles the standard proportion of fat ingestion in obese patients. Therefore, it is crucial to study the impact of a high-fat intake on kidney physiology that resembles common obesity in humans to understand the trigger mechanisms of the long-term consequences of overweight and obesity. In this study, we analyzed whether chronic feeding with a moderately high fat diet (MHFD) representing 45% of total calories, may induce kidney function and structural injury compared to C57BL/6 mice fed a control diet. Read More

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Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (GPOEM) for severe gastroparesis after lung transplantation: a promising minimally invasive option.

Clin Transplant 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Aix-Marseille Université, APHM, Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Nord, Marseille, France.

Background: After lung transplantation (LT), gastroparesis is frequent, occurring in 25% to 63% of cases and leading to pulmonary infections. In refractory disease, classical management has demonstrated limited efficacy. G-POEM is a recently developed safe and effective procedure that has been performed here on 5 patients with severe post-LT gastroparesis. Read More

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Hypophosphatemia in critically ill pediatric patients receiving enteral and oral nutrition.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

State University of Campinas, Unicamp, Faculty of Medical Sciences, 126 Tessália Vieira de Camargo St., Barão Geraldo, Campinas, SP, Zip Code: 13083-887, Brazil.

Background: Hypophosphatemia (HP) is related to several comorbidities in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of HP in severely ill pediatric patients under oral and/or enteral nutrition. The secondary objectives were to investigate the association between HP and the inflammatory state, prolonged PICU length stay, severity, mortality, nutritional status, and protein, energy, calcium, vitamin D and phosphate intake METHODS: : A prospective, observational cohort study was conducted in a PICU of a quaternary hospital. Read More

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A Harvest of the Month Curriculum Increases Fruit and Vegetable Intake among 4th-6th Grade Students.

J Sch Health 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Alameda County Office of Education, 313 West Winton Avenue, Hayward, California, 94544, USA.

Background: Most children do not eat enough fruits and vegetables (FV). Schools are a critical setting for supporting children to consume FV. To fill a gap in available materials, a classroom curriculum was developed and evaluated to determine impacts on student FV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Read More

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Effects of Caffeine on Resistance Exercise: A Review of Recent Research.

Jozo Grgic

Sports Med 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

In the last few years, a plethora of studies have explored the effects of caffeine on resistance exercise, demonstrating that this field of research is growing fast. This review evaluates and summarizes the most recent findings. Given that toxic doses of caffeine are needed to increase skeletal muscle contractility, the binding of caffeine to adenosine receptors is likely the primary mechanism for caffeine's ergogenic effects on resistance exercise. Read More

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