186,606 results match your criteria injury prevalence


Prevalence and risk factors of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus among gastroenterological patients: a HbA1c-based single center experience.

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

I. Department of Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for microvascular disease, leading to chronic kidney injury or cardiovascular disease, but there is a tremendous proportion of patients worldwide who suffer from undiagnosed diabetes. Until now, little is known about the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in gastroenterology inpatients.

Objective: To improve detection of undiagnosed diabetes, a routine screening procedure for gastroenterology inpatients, based on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) measurement, was established. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and characteristics of myocardial injury during COVID-19 pandemic: A new role for high-sensitive troponin.

Int J Cardiol 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy; Department of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Sciences, Università Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease that is causing a public health emergency. Characteristics and clinical significance of myocardial injury remain unclear.

Methods: This retrospective single-center study analyzed analyzed 189 patients who received a COVID-19 diagnosis out of all 758 subjects with a high sensitive troponin I (Hs-TnI) measurement within the first 24 h of admission at the Policlinico A. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety Disorders Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

PM R 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Kaiser Foundation Rehabilitation Center, Kaiser Permanente Vallejo Medical Center, Vallejo, California.

Introduction: Previous studies have identified an association between traumatic brain injuries and the development of psychiatric disorders in general. However, these studies were subject to limitations that demonstrate the need for a study of a large, clearly defined mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population within an integrated healthcare system.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and relative risk of post-injury affective disorders over 4 years following mTBI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An analysis of self-reported upper and lower limb injuries in Polish obstacle course races participants.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Sports Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.

Background: Obstacle course racing is characterized by various distance, terrain, obstacles and weather conditions. We hypothesized that various specific factors could increase the probability of traumas, especially limb injuries.

Methods: An online questionnaire survey was conducted among obstacle course racing participants in Poland. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 and the liver - Lessons learned.

Liver Int 2021 Jun;41 Suppl 1:1-8

Division of Hepatology, Department of Medicine II, Leipzig University Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.

Liver involvement, indicated by elevated liver function test results, is common in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and has been linked to disease severity and outcome. A dual pattern of elevated liver function tests can be observed especially in patients with severe or critical COVID-19, characterized by an increase in aminotransferases early in the course of this disease, followed by an increase in cholestasis-associated biochemistry markers at later stages. This dual pattern is associated with inflammatory response markers and poor outcome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epidemiological study of distal radius fractures in the sanitary area of Vigo.

Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Departamento de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología, Hospital Álvaro Cunqueiro, Vigo, Pontevedra, España.

Introduction: Distal radius fractures (DRF) are being a bigger burden for health resources as changes continue to happen in our population demography and in management strategies, so a precise epidemiologic comprehension is mandatory. We present a DRF epidemiology study and we compared it with other sanitary areas of the Iberian Peninsula and Europe.

Method: Every DRF in our sanitary area registered between 2017 and 2018 in patients older than 18 years old were observational and retrospectively recorded and classified using AO-OTA classification. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and predictors of psychological distress following injury: findings from a prospective cohort study.

Inj Epidemiol 2021 Jun 21;8(1):41. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Ngāi Tahu Māori Health Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand.

Background: Research examining psychological distress in people who have experienced an injury has focused on those with serious injuries or specific injury types, and has not involved long-term follow up. The aims of this investigation were to describe the prevalence of, and factors contributing to, psychological distress in a cohort of people with a broad range of injuries.

Methods: The Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study (POIS) is a longitudinal cohort study of 2856 injured New Zealanders recruited from a national insurance entitlement claims register between 2007 and 2009. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of injury patterns and accident modality in step ladder-related injuries.

Appl Ergon 2021 Jun 18;96:103492. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Exponent, Inc. 3440 Market Street, Suite 600, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Step ladders are commonly found in homes and are used for a variety of tasks. While ladders are often associated with fall-related injuries, other accident modes that do not result in a fall can be observed in real-world data. In this study, the available data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System database involving step ladder-related injuries was supplemented by a biomechanical consideration of kinematics and injury mechanism to further understand accident modes and injury patterns. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Management and Outcomes after Upper Versus Lower Extremity Vascular Trauma.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address:

Objectives: While significant literature exists regarding peripheral vascular injury management, the vast majority focuses on lower extremity arterial injury. As a result, clinical management of arterial injury in the upper extremities is often guided by literature specific to lower extremity vessel injury. The purpose of this study is to use the largest series of patients reported in the literature to compare management and outcomes of upper and lower extremity traumatic vascular injuries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pulmonary Thrombosis and Thromboembolism in COVID-19.

Authors:
Hooman D Poor

Chest 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, NY, NY. Electronic address:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the disease responsible for the devastating pandemic that began at the end of 2019, has been associated with a significantly increased risk of pulmonary thrombosis, even in patients receiving prophylactic anticoagulation. The predilection for thrombosis in COVID-19 may be driven by at least two distinct, but interrelated, processes: a hypercoagulable state responsible for large vessel thrombosis and thromboembolism, and direct vascular and endothelial injury responsible for in situ microvascular thrombosis. The presence of pulmonary thrombosis may explain why hypoxemia is out of proportion to impairment in lung compliance in some patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Defining Clinical Public Health.

Clin Invest Med 2021 Jun 14;44(2):E71-76. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Clinical Public Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, ON, Canada; Lunenfeld Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: To solve complex health issues, an innovative and multidisciplinary framework is necessary. The Clinical Public Health (CPH) Division was established at the University of Toronto (UofT), Canada to foster inte-gration of primary care, preventive medicine and public health in education, practice and research. To better understand how the construct of CPH might be applied, we surveyed clinicians, researchers and public health professionals affiliated with the CPH Division to assess their understanding of the CPH concept and its utility in fostering broad collaboration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A 10-year study of penetrating head and neck injury by assault in the North East of England.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Queen Victoria Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK.

Introduction: Assaults inflicting penetrating head and neck trauma have potential for serious morbidity or mortality. This paper studies in-depth all cases treated at a level one trauma centre in the North East of England over 10 years.

Methods: All patients assaulted with sharp implements to the head and neck treated from 2010 to 2019 were identified using clinical codes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Improving Global Surgical Oncology Benchmarks: Defining the Unmet Need for Cancer Surgery in Ghana.

World J Surg 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) recommended an annual surgical rate at which low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) could achieve most of the population-wide benefits of surgery. However, condition-specific guidelines were not proposed. To inform rates of surgery for cancer, we sought to assess the current met and unmet need for oncologic surgery in Ghana. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prospective Epidemiological Study of Basketball Injuries During One Competitive Season in professional and amateur Spanish basketball.

Phys Sportsmed 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Salamanca.

There are few Spanish epidemiological studies of basketball injuries, even though it is the second most played sport and the leading sport played by females in Spain. We studied 117 male and female basketball players from ten amateur or professional teams from four leagues in the 2014-2015 season. There were 11. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Intraseptal Course of the Superficial Peroneal Nerve: An Anatomic Study[Formula: see text].

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Jun 19:10711007211002508. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie de l'appareil locomoteur Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Anatomic and clinical studies show many variants of the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN) course and branching within the compartments and at the suprafascial layer. The anatomy of the transition zone from the compartment to the subcutaneous layer has been occasionally described in the literature, mainly in studies reporting the intraseptal SPN variant in 6.6% to 13. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Postoperative Myocardial Injury in Patients Classified as Low Risk Preoperatively Is Associated With a Particularly Increased Risk of Long-Term Mortality After Noncardiac Surgery.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jun 19:e019379. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Medicine Heart and Vascular Center MetroHealth Medical Center Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Cleveland OH.

Background Prior studies have shown an association between myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) and all-cause mortality in patients following noncardiac surgery. However, the association between preoperative risk assessments, Revised Cardiac Risk Index and American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, and postoperative troponin elevations and long-term mortality is unknown. Methods and Results A retrospective chart review identified 548 patients who had a troponin I level drawn within 14 days of noncardiac surgery that required an overnight hospital stay. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Update on Treatment Modalities for Ulnar Nerve Entrapment: A Literature Review.

Anesth Pain Med 2020 Dec 24;10(6):e112070. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Southcoast Health Physicians Group Pain Medicine, Wareham, Massachusetts.

Context: Ulnar nerve entrapment is a relatively common entrapment syndrome second only in prevalence to carpal tunnel syndrome. The potential anatomic locations for entrapment include the brachial plexus, cubital tunnel, and Guyon's canal. Ulnar nerve entrapment is more so prevalent in pregnancy, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and patients with occupations involving periods of prolonged elbow flexion and/or wrist dorsiflexion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Charcot Spinal Arthropathy-Induced Progression From Upper to Lower Motor Neuron Bowel Syndrome.

Cureus 2021 May 17;13(5):e15073. Epub 2021 May 17.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wauwatosa, USA.

Charcot spinal arthropathy is a progressively degenerative joint disorder of the vertebrae. Historically, it was a common consequence of tertiary syphilis. Currently, it is a rare complication of spinal cord injury (SCI). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Oral health problems in high-performance athletes at 2019 Pan American Games in Lima: a descriptive study.

BDJ Open 2021 16;7:21. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

School of Medicine, Faculties of Health Science, Universidad Norbert Wiener, Lima, Peru.

Introduction: Dental care is provided for high-performance athletes at national and international sports events. Elite athletes may seek care for sports-related injuries and pre-existing oral diseases. Previous studies indicate an association between oral health problems and negative performance impacts in elite athletes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and mechanisms of injuries in water polo: a systematic review.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2021 3;7(2):e001081. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To summarise the information available in the literature on the prevalence of injuries in water polo and injury risk factors.

Methods: Protocol was registered on Open Science Framework. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase and SPORTDiscus databases were searched for keywords relating to water polo and injuries on 3 February 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epilepsy in Sero-Positive Patients From Northern Uganda-Clinical, EEG and Brain Imaging Features.

Front Neurol 2021 3;12:687281. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Globally, epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disorder. The incidence in sub-Saharan Africa is 2-3 times higher than that in high income countries. Infection by may be an underlying risk factor for the high burden and based upon epidemiological associations, has been proposed to cause a group of disorders- associated epilepsies (OAE) like nodding syndrome (NS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Usefulness of Left Ventricular Myocardial Deformation in Children Hospitalized for Acute Myocarditis who Develop Arrhythmias.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Cardiac arrhythmias occur in 3-40% of patients with acute myocarditis and cause significant morbidity and mortality. Myocardial injury also results in abnormal myocardial deformation. The relationship between left ventricular (LV) deformation, measured by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE), and arrhythmia in pediatric myocarditis is unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Impacts of ICD-10-CM on U.S. Army Injury Surveillance.

Am J Prev Med 2021 Jul;61(1):e47-e52

Injury Prevention Program, Clinical Public Health and Epidemiology Directorate, U.S. Army Public Health Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland.

Introduction: Injuries are the leading cause of medical encounters and lost work days in the U.S. Army, affecting more than half of active-duty soldiers annually. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Using Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES) to examine injury in front vs. rear-seated infants and children involved in a motor vehicle crash in New York State.

Inj Epidemiol 2021 Jun 21;8(1):32. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Background: In New York State (NYS), motor vehicle (MV) injury to child passengers is a leading cause of hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits in children aged 0-12 years. NYS laws require appropriate child restraints for ages 0-7 years and safety belts for ages 8 and up while traveling in a private passenger vehicle, but do not specify a seating position.

Methods: Factors associated with injury in front-seated (n = 11,212) compared to rear-seated (n = 93,092) passengers aged 0-12 years were examined by age groups 0-3, 4-7 and 8-12 years using the 2012-2014 NYS Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

In-hospital acute kidney injury and atrial fibrillation: incidence, risk factors, and outcome.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):949-957

Division of Nepphrology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The incidence and the risk factors of in-hospitalized acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients hospitalized for atrial fibrillation (AF) were unclear.

Methods: The Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-AF (CCC-AF) project is an ongoing registry and quality improvement project, with 240 hospitals recruited across China. We selected 4527 patients hospitalized for AF registered in the CCC-AF from January 2015 to January 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Injuries in Japanese university handball: a study among 1017 players.

Res Sports Med 2021 Jun 20:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

The aim of this study was to examine the injury profile of Japanese university handball players. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1017 participants who played in the 2018 Japanese National University Handball Championship were followed. The incidence within the previous year was 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Systems thinking in the context of road safety: Can systems tools help us realize a true "Safe Systems" approach?

Curr Epidemiol Rep 2020 ;7(4):343-351

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Road traffic injuries are one of the leading causes of death in the U.S. and globally. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Health impacts of changes in travel patterns in Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana.

Environ Int 2021 Jun 17;155:106680. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Health impact assessments of alternative travel patterns are urgently needed to inform transport and urban planning in African cities, but none exists so far.

Objective: To quantify the health impacts of changes in travel patterns in the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana.

Methods: We estimated changes to population exposures to physical activity, air pollution, and road traffic fatality risk and consequent health burden (deaths and years of life lost prematurely - YLL) in response to changes in transportation patterns. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The incidence of distal radius fractures in a Swedish pediatric population - an observational cohort study of 90 970 individual fractures.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 19;22(1):564. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset Karolinska Institutet, SE-118 83, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: 40-50 % of all boys and 30-40 % of girls suffer from at least one fracture during childhood. A quarter of these fractures affects the wrist, making it the worst affected part of the body. Children often sustain the injury during play or sport activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of sex on the mouse lens transcriptome.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Jun 16:108676. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Biological Sciences University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 19716, USA. Electronic address:

The transcriptome of mammalian tissues differs between males and females, and these differences can change across the lifespan, likely regulating known sexual dimorphisms in disease prevalence and severity. Cataract, the most prevalent disease of the ocular lens, occurs at similar rates in young individuals, but its incidence is elevated in older women compared to men of the same age. However, the influence of sex on the lens transcriptome was unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF