217,403 results match your criteria injury incidence

Incidence and Outcomes of Acute Kidney Injury in COVID-19: A Systematic Review.

Blood Purif 2021 Jun 15:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Nephrology, Bone and Mineral Metabolism, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Background And Objectives: The recent worldwide pandemic of COVID-19 has been a serious, multidimensional problem that has left a detrimental worldwide impact on individuals of all ages and several organ systems. The typical manifestation of kidney involvement is acute kidney injury (AKI); however, there is a lack of consensus data regarding AKI epidemiology in COVID-19. This systematic literature review aims to bridge this knowledge gap. Read More

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Association of Acute Kidney Injury with Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair.

Cardiology 2021 Jun 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: Although transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) is a contrast-free procedure, prior single-center studies have demonstrated a high incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) following TMVr. The main objective of this study was to examine risk factors for AKI, and its association with outcomes in patients undergoing TMVr.

Methods: We queried the National Readmission Database to identify TMVr procedures performed between January 2014 and December 2017. Read More

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Predictors of Early Stroke or Death in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jun 11;30(8):105912. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Neurology, CHU La Milétrie, Poitiers, France and University of Poitiers, France.

Background/objective: While postoperative stroke is a known complication of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI), predictors of early stroke occurrence have not been specifically reviewed. The objective of this study was to estimate the predictors and incidence of stroke during the first 30 days post-TAVI.

Methods: A cohort of 506 consecutive patients having undergone TAVI between January 2017 and June 2019 was extracted from a prospective database. Read More

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Differential diagnosis of acute traumatic hip pain in the elderly.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):1-7

Elderly patients who present with an inability to weight bear following a fall, with normal radiographs, should be appropriately investigated to rule out an occult hip fracture (OHF). We aim to identify both the range and incidence of the differential diagnosis of acute traumatic hip pain in a large series of patients investigated for OHF. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients investigated for an OHF with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed. Read More

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Starting pitchers demonstrate a greater hazard of arm injury compared to relief pitchers.

J Athl Train 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

University of South Carolina Center for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Sciences, Greenville, South Carolina, USA.

Context: It is currently unclear how different pitching roles affect arm injury risk in professional pitchers.

Objective: 1) Investigate the differences in arm injury hazard between professional baseball starting and relief pitchers; 2) Separately investigate elbow and shoulder injury hazard between professional baseball starting and relief pitchers.

Study Design: Prospective cohort Setting: Minor League Baseball (MiLB) from 2013-2019 Patients or Other Participants: Pitchers Main Outcome Measures: Pitchers were followed for the entire MiLB season and athletic exposures (AE's) and injuries were recorded. Read More

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Evaluating Concussion Nondisclosure in College Athletes using a Health Disparities Framework and Appreciation for Social Determinants of Health.

J Athl Train 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Assistant Professor, 313 Woollen Gym, CB#8700, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8700.

Context: There is limited research concerning the relationship between social determinants of health, including race, healthcare access, socioeconomic status (SES), and physical environment; and, concussion nondisclosure in college-athletes. However, in high school athletes, disparities have been noted, with Black athletes attending under-resourced schools and lacking access to an athletic trainer (AT) disclosing fewer concussions.

Objective: To investigate whether concussion nondisclosure disparities exist by 1) race, 2) SES, and 3) AT healthcare access prior to college; and to understand the differential reasons for concussion nondisclosure between Black and White college-athletes. Read More

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Telmisartan Attenuates the Growth of Epithelium-like Cells and Glomerular Injury in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

Curr Med Sci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

The abnormal growth of epithelium-like cells has been noticed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) with hypertensive nephropathy. However, the characteristics of abnormal epithelium-like cells and their pathogenesis in hypertensive nephropathy are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the correlation of epithelium-like cells with glomerular injury, and the effects of early drug intervention with telmisartan, an anti-hypertensive drug, on the growth of epithelium-like cells. Read More

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"Safe incision" in calcaneal sliding osteotomies reduces the incidence of sural nerve injury.

Int Orthop 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology Service, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Tenerife, Spain.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether application of the so-called safe incision when performing calcaneal sliding osteotomies reduces the risk of sural nerve injury.

Methods: Patients who underwent either medial or lateral sliding calcaneal osteotomies between 2010 and 2018 were analysed retrospectively. A thorough neurological examination was performed, and the location of the surgical wound and the type of wound closure were recorded. Read More

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Cartilage Injuries and Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis in the Wrist: A Review.

Cartilage 2021 Jun 15:19476035211021909. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Cartilage Research Unit, Region Halland Orthopaedics, Kungsbacka Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Kungsbacka, Sweden.

Objective: Focal cartilage injuries, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis (OA) in the wrist are likely common and a cause of wrist pain. To estimate the incidence of cartilage lesions and to understand the pathomechanisms leading to wrist cartilage injuries and OA, a literature review on the subject was performed combined with a presentation of one of the authors' own experience.

Design: This study includes a literature review of the topic. Read More

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Systematic review: Incidence and prevalence of mucous membrane pressure injury in adults admitted to acute hospital settings.

Int Wound J 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

Mucous membrane pressure injury (MMPI) is associated with a history of medical device use at the site of injury. The current international guideline recommends they should be reported in incidence and prevalence studies. The aim of this systematic review was to analyse the incidence and prevalence of hospital-acquired MMPI in adults admitted to acute hospital settings. Read More

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Orbital floor fractures: epidemiology and outcomes of 1594 reconstructions.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt, Germany.

Objective: The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the midface and orbital floor fractures treated at our institution with regard to epidemiological aspects, surgical treatment options and postoperative complications and discuss this data with the current literature.

Study Design: One thousand five hundred and ninety-four patients with midface and orbital fractures treated at the Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery of the Goethe University Hospital in Frankfurt (Germany) between 2007 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were evaluated by age, gender, etiology, fracture pattern, defect size, surgical treatment and complications. Read More

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Perinatal stroke: mapping and modulating developmental plasticity.

Nat Rev Neurol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Calgary Pediatric Stroke Program, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Most cases of hemiparetic cerebral palsy are caused by perinatal stroke, resulting in lifelong disability for millions of people. However, our understanding of how the motor system develops following such early unilateral brain injury is increasing. Tools such as neuroimaging and brain stimulation are generating informed maps of the unique motor networks that emerge following perinatal stroke. Read More

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Red blood cell transfusion in animal models of acute brain injuries: a systematic review protocol.

Syst Rev 2021 Jun 14;10(1):177. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

CHU de Québec - Université Laval Research Center, Population Health and Optimal Health Practices Research Unit (Trauma-Emergency-Critical Care Medicine), Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada.

Background: Anemia is common in neurocritically ill patients. Considering the limited clinical evidence in this population, preclinical data may provide some understanding of the potential impact of anemia and of red blood cell transfusion in these patients. We aim to estimate the association between different transfusion strategies and neurobehavioral outcome in animal models. Read More

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An innovative training based on robotics for older people with subacute stroke: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Jun 14;22(1):400. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Clinical Unit of Physical Rehabilitation, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.

Background: Stroke is a leading cause of disability, injury, and death in elderly people and represents a major public health problem with substantial medical and economic consequences. The incidence of stroke rapidly increases with age, doubling for each decade after age 55 years. Gait impairment is one of the most important problems after stroke, and improving walking function is often a key component of any rehabilitation program. Read More

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Shark-Related Injuries in the United States: A National Trauma Data Bank Analysis.

Am Surg 2021 Jun 14:31348211024171. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Cottage Health Research Institute, Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

Background: Shark-related injuries (SRIs) are a dreaded, but rare, source of injury that have not been well described. The present study aims to examine the incidence, injuries, and outcomes of SRIs presenting to US trauma centers.

Study Design: The National Trauma Data Bank was queried from 2015 to 2018 to identify SRIs using ICD-10 e-codes W56. Read More

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Should We Delay Urodynamic Study When Patients With Spinal Cord Injury Have Asymptomatic Pyuria?

Ann Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Rehabilitation Center, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: To assess the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) with post-urodynamic study (post-UDS) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and study its relationship with pre-UDS pyuria.

Methods: Patients with SCI who were hospitalized and underwent UDS during a 4-year period were reviewed. Patients with pre-test lower urinary tract symptoms were excluded. Read More

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Acute Kidney Injury After CT in Emergency Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Propensity Score-matched Analysis.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 2;22(3):614-622. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, California.

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after intravenous contrast administration for computed tomography (CT) occurs infrequently, but certain patients may be susceptible. This study evaluated AKI incidence among emergency department (ED) patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing CT exams.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study in an integrated healthcare system included ED patients previously diagnosed with CKD stages 3-5 (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 milliliters per minute per 1. Read More

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Nonfatal Firearm Injuries by Intent in the United States: 2016-2018 Hospital Discharge Records from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project.

West J Emerg Med 2021 May 21;22(3):462-470. Epub 2021 May 21.

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland.

Introduction: In addition to the nearly 40,000 firearm deaths each year, nonfatal firearm injuries represent a significant public health burden to communities in the United States. We aimed to describe the incidence and rates of nonfatal firearm injuries.

Methods: We calculated nonfatal firearm injury estimates using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, including the Nationwide Emergency Department Samples and the National Inpatient Samples. Read More

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Case Report: Stress Fracture in an International Triple Jumper: Importance of an Integrated Care Approach Which Also Incorporates Biomechanics.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 28;3:683691. Epub 2021 May 28.

CHRU-Nancy, University Center of Sports Medicine and Adapted Physical Activity, Nancy, France.

Athletes fear stress fracture (SF) injuries as they can put a premature end to their athletic careers. Understanding any mechanical constraints can suggest preventive management approach. Specifically, for the triple jump, the mechanical stresses that occur during the event appear to be the main factors for risk of injury. Read More

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A case report: Amplatzer occluder device closure of an iatrogenic ventricular septal defect following radiofrequency ablation.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Apr 12;5(4):ytab094. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Leipzig-Heart Center, Strümpellstr. 39, 04289 Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Interventricular septal perforation is an extremely rare complication of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), with an incidence of 1%. The most common mechanism is a 'steam pop', which can be described as 'mini-explosions' of gas bubbles. Data for percutaneous repair of cardiac perforations due to RFA are limited. Read More

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Importance of duration of acute kidney injury after severe trauma: a cohort study.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2021 27;6(1):e000689. Epub 2021 May 27.

Surgery, University of Texas McGovern Medical School, Houston, Texas, USA.

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after severe trauma. AKI incidence and AKI stage have previously been shown to be associated with poor outcomes after trauma. However, AKI duration may also be important for outcomes after trauma, given that it is associated with long-term morbidity and mortality in general intensive care unit (ICU) and hospitalized patients. Read More

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Prediction of improvement after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Open Med (Wars) 2021 29;16(1):833-842. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Division of Orthopedics, Sunderby Research Unit, Umeå University, Sunderby Central Hospital of Norrbotten, SE-971 80 Luleå, Sweden.

Objective: The retrospective investigation was carried out to assess whether subjects who fulfilled our proposed recruitment criteria responded more favorably to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) than those who did not.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 109 skeletally mature subjects (78 men and 31 women) according to the following proposed criteria of recruitment: (1) pre-injury Tegner activity score ≥7 and a wish to return to a professional sports activity, (2) residual knee instability following injury and/or (3) age <20 years at the operation. The primary outcome was an improvement between assessment A (before operation) and B (mean follow-up of 1. Read More

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Pre-clinical Evidence: Berberine as a Promising Cardioprotective Candidate for Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury, a Systematic Review, and Meta-Analysis.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 26;8:646306. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Cardiology, Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the causes of most cardiomyocyte injuries and deaths. Berberine (BBR) has been suggested a potential to exert protective effects against myocardial I/R injury. This systematic review aims to determine the intrinsic mechanisms of BBR's protective effects in myocardial I/R injury. Read More

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Longitudinal Clinical Profiles of Hospital vs. Community-Acquired Acute Kidney Injury in COVID-19.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 28;8:647023. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Radiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, United States.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, it is unclear whether patients with COVID-19 with hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI) and community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI) differ in disease course and outcomes. This study investigated the clinical profiles of HA-AKI, CA-AKI, and no AKI in patients with COVID-19 at a large tertiary care hospital in the New York City area. Read More

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Heat Shock Protein-70 Levels Are Associated With a State of Oxidative Damage in the Development of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Front Pediatr 2021 26;9:616452. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Changhua Christian Children's Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.

Heat shock protein-70 (Hsp-70) exhibits cytoprotective effects against oxidative stress-induced airway injury. This study aimed to examine Hsp-70 and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) from tracheal aspirates (TA) in very low-birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants to predict the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). This birth cohort study enrolled 109 VLBW preterm infants, including 32 infants who developed BPD. Read More

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Assessment of postoperative discomfort and nerve injuries after surgical removal of mandibular third molar: A prospective study.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Apr 29;10(4):1712-1717. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Dentistry, Government Medical College and Hospital, Akola, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: The surgical removal of mandibular third molar (M3) teeth may result in a number of complications including pain, swelling, bleeding, alveolar osteitis or nerve dysfunction. Most of these problems are temporary, but in some cases, nerve paresthesia may become permanent and lead to functional problems.

Aims And Objectives: This study aims at measuring the clinical severity of pain, swelling, muscle trismus, infection, dry socket and any nerve injury-related paresthesia after surgical removal of M3. Read More

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Influence of Timing on Surgical Outcomes for Acute Humeral Shaft Fractures.

Adv Orthop 2021 1;2021:8977630. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, 2-5-1, Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8902, Japan.

Surgical treatment for humeral shaft fractures has been reported to yield satisfactory results; however, there may be complications, such as delayed bone union, nonunion, iatrogenic radial nerve injury, and infection. The risk factors for postoperative complications remain largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the influence of timing of surgery on the incidence of postoperative complications of acute humeral shaft fractures. Read More

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Analysis of the efficacy and safety of iodine-125 seeds implantation in the treatment of patients with inoperable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021 Jun 18;13(3):347-357. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Oncology, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of iodine-125 (I) seeds implantation for inoperable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Material And Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China Biology Medicine disc (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data were searched from inception until April 2020. Data were collected concerning overall survival, short-term efficacy, and complications. Read More

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A Novel Approach to New-Onset Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain With Decreased Range of Motion Using Targeted Diagnostic Nerve Blocks: The ViVe Algorithm.

Front Neurol 2021 28;12:668370. Epub 2021 May 28.

Canadian Advances in Neuro-Orthopedics for Spasticity Congress, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is the most common pain disorder after stroke with incidence estimates of 30-70% and associated with reductions in function, interference with rehabilitation, and a reduced quality of life. Onset may occur as soon as a week after stroke in 17% of patients. Management of HSP represents a complex treatment pathway with a lack of evidence to support one treatment. Read More

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Effect of supplementing fava bean (.) on ulcerative colitis and colonic mucosal DNA content in rats fed a high-sucrose diet.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 19;28(6):3497-3504. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Chemistry Department, College of Science, Taibah University, Medina 30002, Saudi Arabia.

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory bowel disease with high morbidity. Acetic acid-induced damage of colonic mucosa in rats is a commonly used experimental animal model of UC. This research aimed to explore for the first time the ameliorative effect of dietary supplementation with fava bean on the incidence of UC in rats fed with sucrose containing diet. Read More

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