72,765 results match your criteria injection specific


Cold-Injection Molded Gentamicin-Impregnated Polymethyl Methacrylate Implants for Cranioplasty.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Background: Cranioplasty can be carried out using either fresh, frozen autologous bone or synthetic substitutes. Ordering artificial 3 dimensional (3D) implants is challenging and time consuming depending on geographical location. In this article, we share our experience using a streamlined process of producing 3D computer-assisted design (CAD) implants using commercially available 3D printers and silicone molds that can be easily replicated with consistent results and are associated with good outcomes. Read More

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Intra-Articular Injection of BPC 157 for Multiple Types of Knee Pain.

Altern Ther Health Med 2021 Jul;27(4):8-13

Introduction: Knee pain, a common complaint in primary care, has many causes, the most common of which is osteoarthritis (OA). Other common causes are meniscus tears, tendinosis, ligament tears or sprains, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and septic arthritis. Also, referred pain from hip joint pathology like slipped capital femoral epiphysis can result in knee pain. Read More

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One-Component Multifunctional Sequence-Defined Ionizable Amphiphilic Janus Dendrimer Delivery Systems for mRNA.

J Am Chem Soc 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Roy & Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, United States.

Efficient viral or nonviral delivery of nucleic acids is the key step of genetic nanomedicine. Both viral and synthetic vectors have been successfully employed for genetic delivery with recent examples being DNA, adenoviral, and mRNA-based Covid-19 vaccines. Viral vectors can be target specific and very efficient but can also mediate severe immune response, cell toxicity, and mutations. Read More

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Functional Assessment of Direct Reprogrammed Neurons In Vitro and In Vivo.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2352:183-199

Department of Experimental Medical Science and Lund Stem Cell Centre, BMC, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Direct reprogramming is an emerging research field where you can generate neurons from a somatic cell, such as a skin or glial cell by overexpressing neurogenic transcription factors. This technique allows fast generation of subtype-specific and functional neurons from both human and mouse cells. Despite the fact that neurons have been successfully generated both in vitro and in vivo, a more extensive analysis of the induced neurons including phenotypic functional identity or gradual maturity is still lacking. Read More

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January 2021

Glue, Onyx, Squid or PHIL? Liquid Embolic Agents for the Embolization of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations and Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas.

Clin Neuroradiol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Neuroradiology, Heidelberg University Hospital, INF 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Endovascular embolization is an effective treatment option for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). A variety of liquid embolic agents have been and are currently used for embolization of AVMs and DAVFs. Knowledge of the special properties of the agent which is used is crucial for an effective and safe embolization procedure. Read More

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Efficacy of a Web App-Based Music Intervention During Cataract Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Hôpital Cochin, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Importance: Hypertensive events during cataract surgery may induce complications. Information and communication technologies applied to health are popular, but clinical evidence of its usefulness is rare and limited to treating anxiety without specific analysis. Recent publications have described the potential effects of personalized music choices as mobile-based intervention on pain but not on anxiety. Read More

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Spinal Cord Stimulation Trends of Utilization and Expenditures in Fee-For-Service (FFS) Medicare Population from 2009 to 2018.

Pain Physician 2021 Aug;24(5):293-308

Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Background: Spinal cord stimulation has been utilized with increasing frequency in managing chronic intractable spinal pain and complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in addition to other neuropathic pain states. The literature has shown the effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation in managing chronic pain with improvement in quality of life and cost utility. There have not been any reviews performed in the fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare population in reference to utilization and expenditure patterns of spinal cord stimulators. Read More

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Mechanical Overloading Induced-Activation of mTOR Signaling in Tendon Stem/Progenitor Cells Contributes to Tendinopathy Development.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 12;9:687856. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

MechanoBiology Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Despite the importance of mechanical loading in tendon homeostasis and pathophysiology, the molecular responses involved in the mechanotransduction in tendon cells remain unclear. In this study, we found that mechanical loading activated the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in rat patellar tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSCs) in a stretching magnitude-dependent manner. Application of rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR, attenuated the phosphorylation of S6 and 4E-BP1 and as such, largely inhibited the mechanical activation of mTOR. Read More

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Chitosan Nanovaccines as Efficient Carrier Adjuvant System for IL-12 with Enhanced Protection Against HBV.

Int J Nanomedicine 2021 21;16:4913-4928. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institute of Immunopharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Alum adjuvant in HBV prophylactic vaccines is poor in inducing cellular immunity with the inhibition of IL-12 secretion, and approximately 5-10% of immunised individuals fail to clear HBV upon infection. IL-12 plasmids (pIL-12) as adjuvants enhance significant humoral and cellular immune response in vaccines. However, finding a novel delivery system to protect pIL-12 from enzymatic degradation and achieve efficient delivery remains a major challenge. Read More

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Approach to medical therapy in perianal Crohn's disease.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul;27(25):3693-3704

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, United States.

Perianal Crohn's disease remains a challenging condition to treat and can have a substantial negative impact on quality of life. It often requires combined surgical and medical interventions. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy, including infliximab and adalimumab, remain preferred medical therapies for perianal Crohn's disease. Read More

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Recent advances in transdermal drug delivery systems: a review.

Biomater Res 2021 Jul 28;25(1):24. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Chemical Engineering, Pusan National University, 2 Busandaehak-ro 63 beon-gil, Geumjeong-gu, Busan, 46241, Republic of Korea.

Various non-invasive administrations have recently emerged as an alternative to conventional needle injections. A transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) represents the most attractive method among these because of its low rejection rate, excellent ease of administration, and superb convenience and persistence among patients. TDDS could be applicable in not only pharmaceuticals but also in the skin care industry, including cosmetics. Read More

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Case Report: Polyvinylpyrrolidone deposition disease from repeated injection of opioid substitution drugs: report of a case with a fatal outcome.

F1000Res 2021 19;10:300. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, Post box 1, 5021 Bergen, Norway.

: Intravenous injection of oral opioid substitution drugs (OSD) is widespread among injecting drug users. Several OSDs contain the polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as an excipient. Parenterally administered PVP of high molecular weight may accumulate in tissues and organs. Read More

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Low efficiency of leucocyte plugging-based drug delivery to cancer in mice.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 365, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Cells of the immune system were proposed for use as Trojan horse for tumour-specific drug delivery. The efficacy of such cell-based drug delivery depends on the site-specific cell homing. This present study was aimed to investigate the potential of leucocytes for intratumoural site-specific enrichment using a locoregional application route in experimental liver tumours. Read More

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Improving Self-Confidence of Military Medical Providers With Joint Procedure Simulation: A Pilot Study.

Mil Med 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Rheumatology, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI 96859, USA.

Introduction: Military medical providers are a unique population that encounter different environments across the world. From hospital clinics to war zones, these providers must perform procedures and rely on their training and skill to help their patients. This pilot study aimed to assess the self-confidence of military medical providers performing joint aspiration and injection before and after a simulation workshop in both clinical and austere settings. Read More

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Role of Pegylated Interferon in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases in the Context of SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Euroasian J Hepatogastroenterol 2021 Jan-Jun;11(1):27-31

Department of Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan.

The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in 168 million cases and about 3.5 million deaths (as of May 26, 2021) during the last 18 months. These 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic have been characterized by phases or waves of new cases, the emergence of new variants of the deadly virus, and several new complications. Read More

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Clinical Andrologists: Do We Really Need Them in the Era of ART?

J Hum Reprod Sci 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):105-112. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Urology, Tirthankar Superspeciality Hospital, Akola, Maharashtra, India.

Infertility is on a rise, and so is the availability of assisted reproductive technique (ART) centres. The sole aim of these centers is to help these unfortunate couples achieve pregnancy. Hence, the concentration of the treatment is on the female partner, while the male is relegated to just being a source for sperm. Read More

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Repeated cocaine administration upregulates CB receptor expression in striatal medium-spiny neurons that express dopamine D receptors in mice.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Cannabinoid CB receptors (CBR) are importantly involved in drug reward and addiction. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying CBR action remain unclear. We have previously reported that cocaine self-administration upregulates CBR expression in midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons. Read More

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Biodistribution and internal radiation dosimetry of a companion diagnostic radiopharmaceutical, [Ga]PSMA-11, in subcutaneous prostate cancer xenograft model mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 27;11(1):15263. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82 Gumi-ro, 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, 13620, Korea.

[Ga]PSMA-11 is a prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeting radiopharmaceutical for diagnostic PET imaging. Its application can be extended to targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT). In this study, we characterize the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of [Ga]PSMA-11 in PSMA-positive and negative (22Rv1 and PC3, respectively) tumor-bearing mice and subsequently estimated its internal radiation dosimetry via voxel-level dosimetry using a dedicated Monte Carlo simulation to evaluate the absorbed dose in the tumor directly. Read More

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Current status of traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of COVID-19 in China.

Chin Med 2021 Jul 27;16(1):63. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

College of Life and Medicine Sciences, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, No. 928, 2nd Street, Xiasha Higher Education Park, Hangzhou, 310018, Zhejiang, China.

An ongoing outbreak of severe respiratory illness and pneumonia caused by the severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) commenced in December 2019, and the disease was named as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Soon after, scientists identified the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2, including its genome sequence and protein structure. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 have now been established; and nucleic acid amplification is used for the direct determination of the virus, whereas immunoassays can determine the antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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TLR2 deficiency promotes IgE and inhibits IgG1 class-switching following ovalbumin sensitization.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jul 27;47(1):162. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215003, People's Republic of China.

Background: To explore the roles of Toll-like receptor (TLR)2 in Th2 cytokine production and immunoglobulin (Ig) class switching following ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization.

Methods: TLR2 and wild-type C57BL/6 mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection with OVA. Lung pathology was assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Read More

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Penetrance of Severe Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Response to Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 2 Blockade in a Genetically Prone Rat Model Is Reduced by Female Sex.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jul 28:e019488. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Sinclair Centre for Regenerative Medicine Ottawa Hospital Research Institute ON Canada.

Background We have previously reported important strain differences in response to SU5416 (SU, a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 inhibitor) in rats and have identified a specific colony of Sprague-Dawley rats that are hyperresponsive (SD) to SU alone and develop severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with a single injection of SU, even in the absence of hypoxia. Interestingly, SD rats exhibit incomplete penetrance of the severe PAH phenotype with an "all-or-none" response to SU alone, which provides a unique opportunity to assess the influence of female sex and sex hormones on susceptibility to PAH after endothelial injury in a genetically prone model. Methods and Results SD rats were injected with SU (20 mg/kg SC) and, in the absence of hypoxia, 72% of male but only 27% of female rats developed severe PAH at 7 weeks, which was associated with persistent endothelial cell apoptosis. Read More

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Tracking microbial community shifts during recovery process in overloaded anaerobic digesters under biological and non-biological supplementation strategies.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jul 21;340:125614. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Energy Engineering, Future Convergence Technology Research Institute, Gyeongsang National University, 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju, Gyeongnam 52828, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Anaerobic digestion encounters operational instability due to fluctuations in organic loading. Propionic acid (HPr) is frequently accumulated due to its unfavorable reaction thermodynamics. Here, 'specific' bioaugmentation using HPr enrichment cultures (three different injection regimes of quantity and frequency) was compared with 'non-specific' bioaugmentation using anaerobic sludge, and with non-biological supplementation of magnetite or coenzyme M. Read More

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Evaluation of targeted bupivacaine, bupivacaine-lidocaine-epinephrine, dexamethasone, and meloxicam for reducing acute postoperative pain in cats undergoing routine ovariohysterectomy.

Top Companion Anim Med 2021 Jul 24:100564. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study compared bupivacaine (BUP), bupivacaine-lidocaine-epinephrine (BLE), dexamethasone (DEX), and meloxicam (MEL) targeted at specific, potentially painful sites for reducing acute postoperative pain in cats undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. One hundred fifty-one cats were included in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. Anesthesia consisted of a standardized protocol including buprenorphine, ketamine, dexmedetomidine, and isoflurane. Read More

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Pancreatic specific CHRM3 activation causes pancreatitis in mice.

JCI Insight 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Cancer Biology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, United States of America.

Hyperstimulation of the cholecystokinin receptor (CCK1R), a Gq-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), in pancreatic acinar cells is commonly used to induce pancreatitis in rodents. Human pancreatic acinar cells lack CCK1R but express cholinergic receptor muscarinic 3 (M3R), another GPCR. To test whether M3R activation is involved in pancreatitis, a mutant M3R was conditionally expressed in pancreatic acinar cells in mice. Read More

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Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage with undetectable plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels in a patient receiving intravitreal injection of aflibercept for bilateral diabetic macular edema: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;15(1):403. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Teishin Hospital, 2-14-23 Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 102-8798, Japan.

Background: Intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor are commonly used to treat macular diseases, including diabetic macular edema. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs can enter the systemic circulation after intravitreal injections and appear to suppress circulating vascular endothelial growth factor levels. However, whether this can cause any systemic adverse events remains unknown. Read More

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Incidence of major complications from embolo-sclerotherapy of head and neck vascular malformations in a single specialist centre.

Vascular 2021 Jul 26:17085381211035279. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Vascular Surgery, 4965Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Objective: Current data on the nature and rate of major complications for embolo-sclerotherapy (EST) of vascular malformations are scarce. However, even fewer studies focus on vascular malformations specific to the head and neck, which confer an increased specific risk of airway compromise, neurologic and ophthalmologic injury. More understanding is required surrounding the type and incidence of complications to improve treatment planning and informed consent. Read More

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Dopamine-dependent early synaptic and motor dysfunctions induced by α-synuclein in the nigrostriatal circuit.

Brain 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Neurological Clinic, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Misfolding and aggregation of α-synuclein are specific features of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases defined as synucleinopathies. Parkinson's disease progression has been correlated with the formation and the extracellular release of α-synuclein aggregates, as well as with their spreading from neuron to neuron. Therapeutic interventions in the initial stages of Parkinson's disease require a clear understanding of the mechanisms by which α-synuclein disrupts the physiological synaptic and plastic activity of the basal ganglia. Read More

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Patient Centered Outcomes: Domain Importance Predicts Health Care Use following Physical Therapy.

PM R 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Introduction: Identifying patients with musculoskeletal pain at risk for additional health care use is important for improving the value of physical therapist's services. We previously identified 3 subgroups based on the importance attached by patients to improvements in outcome domains including a 1) Pain and Function Outcomes Important subgroup; 2) Pain Important subgroup; 3) Multiple Outcome Domains Important subgroup.

Objective: The primary aim was to determine whether subgroups based on patient-determined outcomes of importance predicted any additional pain-related healthcare use after an episode of physical therapy. Read More

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Distinctive detection of insulinoma using [F]FB(ePEG12)12-exendin-4 PET/CT.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):15014. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Specifying the exact localization of insulinoma remains challenging due to the lack of insulinoma-specific imaging methods. Recently, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R)-targeted imaging, especially positron emission tomography (PET), has emerged. Although various radiolabeled GLP-1R agonist exendin-4-based probes with chemical modifications for PET imaging have been investigated, an optimal candidate probe and its scanning protocol remain a necessity. Read More

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Optimizing cisplatin delivery to triple-negative breast cancer through novel EGFR aptamer-conjugated polymeric nanovectors.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2021 Jul 22;40(1):239. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Experimental Endocrinology and Oncology "Gaetano Salvatore", CNR, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

Background: Management of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is still challenging because of its aggressive clinical behavior and limited targeted treatment options. Cisplatin represents a promising chemotherapeutic compound in neoadjuvant approaches and in the metastatic setting, but its use is limited by scarce bioavailability, severe systemic side effects and drug resistance. Novel site-directed aptamer-based nanotherapeutics have the potential to overcome obstacles of chemotherapy. Read More

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