172 results match your criteria initiations training


Evaluating bowel movements, self-initiations, and problem behavior with the emergence of urinary continence.

J Appl Behav Anal 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Florida.

Much of the research evaluating toilet training interventions for children with ASD has focused on urinations as the primary dependent variable. As a result, the effects that toilet training interventions targeting urinations may have on other related dependent variables remains unclear. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data obtained by Perez et al. Read More

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New approaches to social skills training: Blended group interventions for girls with social communication difficulties.

Autism Res 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Social skills group interventions are increasing popular for children with social communication disorders but there is little evidence of their acceptability or effectiveness when delivered online. We report a feasibility study that adapted the Program for Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS) to provide an intensive 8 week online delivery to female adolescents, blended with some face-to-face group meetings. A systematic multiple-case series design with case tracking was developed, comprising a 3-month baseline, a 2-month intervention and a 3-month follow-up period. Read More

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Mothers' Knowledge of Childhood Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Indian Perspective.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Jan 29;12(1):165-170. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

College of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

 This study aims to assess the knowledge of childhood neurodevelopmental disorders (CNDDs) among mothers of children younger than 5 years and to promote awareness through health education to promote early identification.  Quantitative approach, a descriptive survey in nature research design, was used. A total of 173 mothers who contented the inclusion conditions were chosen as sample on the basis of purposive sampling. Read More

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January 2021

The level and deriving factors of repeat-induced abortion in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Heliyon 2021 Jan 16;7(1):e05984. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Neonatal and Child Health Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.

Background: Despite repeat induced abortion is a growing challenge for both developing as well as developed countries, abortion-related complications are found to be higher among women in developing countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis was intended to assess the level of repeat-induced abortion and its deriving factors in Ethiopia.

Methods: Different data sources such as PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and University online data bases were used to identify candidate articles for this systematic review and meta-analysis. Read More

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January 2021

[Genetic basis of Cushing's disease in children and targeted therapeutic future perspectives].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2020 Dec 11;66(6):39-49. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Endocrinology Research Centre.

Cushing's disease (CD) is a multisystem disorder of a cortisol excess caused by ACTH -secreting pituitary tumor (corticotropinoma). CD in children is due to somatic or germline mutations with the late onset causing multiple endocrine tumors. If not treated, hypercortisolism leads to severe decrease in quality of life and life-threating conditions. Read More

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December 2020

Parent-child interaction during the first year of life in infants at elevated likelihood of autism spectrum disorder.

Infant Behav Dev 2021 Feb 30;62:101521. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Karakter Child and Adolescent Psychiatry University Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely emerges from a complex interaction between pre-existing neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities and the environment. The interaction with parents forms a key aspect of an infant's social environment, but few prospective studies of infants at elevated likelihood (EL) for ASD (who have an older sibling with ASD) have examined parent-child interactions in the first year of life. As part of a European multisite network, parent-child dyads of free play were observed at 5 months (62 EL infants, 47 infants at typical likelihood (TL)) and 10 months (101 EL siblings, 77 TL siblings). Read More

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February 2021

Enhancing Social Initiations Using Naturalistic Behavioral Intervention: Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Trial for Children with Autism.

J Autism Dev Disord 2021 Jan 2. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA, 94305-5719, USA.

Deficits in social skills are common in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and there is an urgent need for effective social skills interventions, especially for improving interactions with typically developing peers. This study examined the effects of a naturalistic behavioral social skills intervention in improving social initiations to peers through a randomized controlled trial. Analyses of multimethod, multi-informant measures indicated that children in the active group (SIMI) demonstrated greater improvement in the types of initiations which were systematically prompted and reinforced during treatment (i. Read More

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January 2021

PLK4-phosphorylated NEDD1 facilitates cartwheel assembly and centriole biogenesis initiations.

J Cell Biol 2021 Jan;220(1)

The Key Laboratory of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Centrosome duplication occurs under strict spatiotemporal regulation once per cell cycle, and it begins with cartwheel assembly and daughter centriole biogenesis at the lateral sites of the mother centrioles. However, although much of this process is understood, how centrosome duplication is initiated remains unclear. Here, we show that cartwheel assembly followed by daughter centriole biogenesis is initiated on the NEDD1-containing layer of the pericentriolar material (PCM) by the recruitment of SAS-6 to the mother centriole under the regulation of PLK4. Read More

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January 2021

Adaptive roots of mangrove Avicennia marina: Structure and gene expressions analyses of pneumatophores.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Feb 2;757:143994. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Coastal and Wetland Ecosystem, College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361102, China; Graduate College of Biomedical Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA 91766, USA. Electronic address:

The Avicennia marina is a mangrove species widely distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical intertidal wetlands. To adapt to adverse tidal waves and hypoxia environments, A. marina has evolved a sophisticated root system to better secure itself on the muddy soil with downward-grown anchor roots and upward-grown aerial roots, called pneumatophores. Read More

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February 2021

Brief Report: Programmatic Scale-up of Tuberculosis Preventive Treatment Among People Living With HIV Through Targeted Technical Assistance to High-Volume Antiretroviral Treatment Sites-Nigeria, 2018-2019.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2020 12;85(4):450-453

Division of Global HIV and TB, CDC Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria; and.

Background: Tuberculosis preventive treatment (TPT) is a critical intervention to reduce tuberculosis mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV). To facilitate scale-up of TPT among PLHIV, the Nigeria Ministry of Health and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Nigeria, supported by US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief implementing partners, launched a TPT-focused technical assistance strategy in high-volume antiretroviral treatment (ART) sites during 2018.

Setting: Nigeria has an estimated 1. Read More

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December 2020

'Recoupling' the attentional and motor control of preparatory postural adjustments to overcome freezing of gait in Parkinson's.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2020 10 31;17(1):146. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, UK.

Objectives: This study examined if people with Parkinson's and freezing of gait pathology (FoG) could be trained to increase preparatory weight-shift amplitude, and facilitate step initiation during FoG.

Methods: Thirty-five people with Parkinson's and FoG attempted to initiate forward walking from a stationary position caused by a freeze (n = 17, FoG-F) or voluntarily stop (n = 18, FoG-NF) in a Baseline condition and two conditions where an increased weight-shift amplitude was trained via: (i) explicit verbal instruction, and (ii) implicit movement analogies.

Results: At Baseline, weight-shift amplitudes were smaller during: (i) unsuccessful, compared to successful step initiations (FoG-F group), and (ii) successful step initiations in the FoG-F group compared to FoG-NF. Read More

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October 2020

Secondary Analysis of Reading-Based Activities Utilizing a Scripted Language Approach: Evaluating Interactions Between Students With Autism and Their Interventionists.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 09 28;63(9):3130-3154. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Curry School of Education and Human Development, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.

Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit challenges with reading development. Evidence-based interventions and specialized approaches to reading instruction are currently being implemented across educational contexts for learners with ASD (Machalicek et al., 2008), yet there is limited understanding of how core ASD features may impact effective delivery of instruction and student participation. Read More

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September 2020

Identification of the Knowledge Level of Students Receiving Health Education About the Human Papilloma Virus, Screening Tests, and Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination.

J Community Health 2021 Apr;46(2):428-433

Department of Nursing, Agri Ibrahim Cecen University School of Health, Agri, Turkey.

This study aims to identify the knowledge level of students receiving health education about the human papilloma virus, screening tests, and human papilloma virus vaccination. The present study was designed as a descriptive study. It was conducted in the Nursing department and First and Emergency Aid programs in a city in the Eastern part of Turkey between November and December 2019. Read More

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Additional Risk Minimization Measure to Reduce the Risk of Prescribing Mirabegron to Patients with Severe Uncontrolled Hypertension in Four European Countries.

Clin Epidemiol 2020 1;12:423-433. Epub 2020 May 1.

PHARMO Institute for Drug Outcomes Research, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Mirabegron, indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder, is contraindicated in patients with severe uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥180 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥110 mm Hg). In September 2015, a Direct Healthcare Professional Communication (DHPC) letter was disseminated as an additional risk minimisation measure.

Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of the DHPC in reducing the proportions of patients with severe or non-severe uncontrolled hypertension at mirabegron initiation. Read More

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Adherence and acceptability of a robot-assisted Pivotal Response Treatment protocol for children with autism spectrum disorder.

Sci Rep 2020 05 15;10(1):8110. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

The aim of this study is to present a robot-assisted therapy protocol for children with ASD based on the current state-of-the-art in both ASD intervention research and robotics research, and critically evaluate its adherence and acceptability based on child as well as parent ratings. The robot-assisted therapy was designed based on motivational components of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT), a highly promising and feasible intervention focused at training "pivotal" (key) areas such as motivation for social interaction and self-initiations, with the goal of establishing collateral gains in untargeted areas of functioning and development, affected by autism spectrum disorders. Overall, children (3-8 y) could adhere to the robot-assisted therapy protocol (Mean percentage of treatment adherence 85. Read More

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A Pilot Study Comparing Tele-therapy and In-Person Therapy: Perspectives from Parent-Mediated Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

J Autism Dev Disord 2021 Jan;51(1):129-143

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, USA.

Conclusions about the efficacy of tele-therapy for parent-mediated intervention for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are limited, due to the shortage of direct comparisons between tele-therapy and traditional face-to-face therapy. In this study, we implemented a parent training program, which targeted on language facilitating intervention strategies. Fifteen parents of children with ASD participated in person, and 15 participated via online video conferencing. Read More

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January 2021

Emergency Responses to Covid-19 Outbreak: Experiences and Lessons from a General Hospital in Nanjing, China.

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2020 Jun 27;43(6):810-819. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

2Center of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, 87 Dingjiaqiao Rd., Nanjing, Jiangsu Province China.

Background: The novel coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused wide dissemination across the world. Global health systems are facing the unprecedented challenges. Here we shared the experiences and lessons in emergency responses and management from our hospital, a government-assigned regional anti-Covid-19 general hospital in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. Read More

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[Empirically based developmental and behavioral intervention programs targeting the core symptoms and language development in toddlers and preschool children with autism spectrum disorder].

Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 2020 16;48(3):224-243. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Kindes- und Jugendalters, Autismus-Therapie- und Forschungszentrum, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Empirically based developmental and behavioral intervention programs targeting the core symptoms and language development in toddlers and preschool children with autism spectrum disorder This systematic review summarizes findings of articles included in the German AWMF-S3 clinical guideline on early intervention in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We present the current state-of the art of evidence-based interventions for toddlers and preschool-aged children with ASD, specifically targeting the core symptoms and language development. We included studies on manualized developmental and behavioral interventions for children with ASD aged <7 years according to DSM-III(R), DSM-IV(TR), DSM-5, and ICD-10. Read More

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Teaching Initiated Question Asking to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Through a Short-Term Parent-Mediated Program.

J Autism Dev Disord 2020 Oct;50(10):3728-3738

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences - Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Child Development, Stanford University, 410 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

This study investigated whether a brief parent-mediated intervention would increase the frequency of question asking in children with ASD. Mothers participated in a 3-week training consisting of 2-h sessions twice weekly. Data were collected in the context of concurrent multiple baseline design. Read More

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October 2020

Reasons for assisting with injection initiation: Results from a large survey of people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 04 5;209:107885. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2001 N. Soto Street, Los Angeles, CA, 90032, USA.

Injection drug initiation usually requires assistance by someone who already injects drugs. To develop interventions that prevent people from starting to inject drugs, it is imperative to understand why people who inject drugs (PWID) assist with injection initiation.

Methods: Injection initiation history and motives for initiating others were collected from 978 PWID in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA, from 2016-17. Read More

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Strategies to facilitate safe sexual practices in adolescents through integrated health systems in selected districts of Zimbabwe: a mixed method study protocol.

Reprod Health 2020 Jan 31;17(1):20. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

School of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa.

Background: Zimbabwe has the highest teenage pregnancy rate in Sub Saharan Africa. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) prevalence in adolescents that are from tribes that perform cultural initiations and subscribe to certain norms are higher than the national prevalence which is estimated at 12% (18 and 13.6% respectively) in Zimbabwe. Read More

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January 2020

Expanding Communication Modalities and Functions for Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Secondary Analysis of a Peer Partner Speech-Generating Device Intervention.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2020 01 19;63(1):190-205. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Purpose This study reports a secondary analysis of the nature of communicative functions and modalities used in initiations and responses of minimally verbal preschoolers with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from a previously published study (Thiemann-Bourque, Feldmiller, Hoffman, & Johner, 2018). This analysis focused on the final cohort ( 6) from a group design study ( = 45) that examined a peer mediation and speech-generating device (SGD) intervention compared to an SGD-only condition. Method After teaching peers to use an iPad as an SGD within a modified stay-play-talk approach, school staff implemented SGD instruction in child-peer dyads during typical preschool activities. Read More

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January 2020

Root cause analysis of fall-related hospitalisations among residents of aged care services.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2020 Oct 14;32(10):1947-1957. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia.

Background: Fall-related hospitalisations from residential aged care services (RACS) are distressing for residents and costly to the healthcare system. Strategies to limit hospitalisations include preventing injurious falls and avoiding hospital transfers when falls occur.

Aims: To undertake a root cause analysis (RCA) of fall-related hospitalisations from RACS and identify opportunities for fall prevention and hospital avoidance. Read More

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October 2020

Comparative effectiveness of risk mitigation strategies to prevent fetal exposure to mycophenolate.

BMJ Qual Saf 2020 08 24;29(8):636-644. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Background: In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration approved a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) programme including mandatory prescriber training and a patient/provider acknowledgement form to prevent fetal exposure to mycophenolate. Prior to the REMS, the teratogenic risk was solely mitigated via written information (black box warning, medication guide (MG period)). To date, there is no evidence on the effectiveness of the REMS. Read More

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ARTS, an AR Tourism System, for the Integration of 3D Scanning and Smartphone AR in Cultural Heritage Tourism and Pedagogy.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Aug 28;19(17). Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Department of Architecture, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 43, Section 4, Keelung Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan.

Interactions between cultural heritage, tourism, and pedagogy deserve investigation in an as-built environment under a macro- or micro-perspective of urban fabric. The heritage site of Shih Yih Hall, Lukang, was explored. An Augmented Reality Tourism System (ARTS) was developed on a smartphone-based platform for a novel application scenario using 3D scans converted from a point cloud to a portable interaction size. Read More

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Effectiveness of School-Based Smoking Prevention Education Program (SPEP) Among Nonsmoking Adolescents: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

J Sch Nurs 2019 Aug 27:1059840519871641. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

3 Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Preventing smoking among adolescents is critical. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Smoking Prevention Education Program among nonsmoking adolescents. A quasi-experimental study design was used. Read More

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Preliminary results of the evaluation of the California Hub and Spoke Program.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2020 01 1;108:26-32. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

University of California, Los Angeles Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, United States of America. Electronic address:

In August 2017, California launched the Hub and Spoke Program to address the growing number of opioid overdose deaths in the state. The program connects opioid treatment programs ("hubs") with office based opioid treatment settings, like primary care clinics ("spokes") to build a network of treatment expertise and referral resources. A key objective of this program is to expand access to medications for opioid use disorders (MOUD), with a particular focus on getting more buprenorphine into spokes. Read More

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January 2020

Effectiveness of Parent Education in Pivotal Response Treatment on Pivotal and Collateral Responses.

J Autism Dev Disord 2019 Sep;49(9):3477-3493

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Montessorilaan 3, 6525 HR, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

In two studies, we investigated the effectiveness of parent education in Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) on parent-created opportunities and spontaneous child initiations in two community-based treatment facilities for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Changes in parental stress and self-efficacy were explored. Participants were 26 parents and their children who participated in group (Study 1) or individual (Study 2) parent education in PRT. Read More

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September 2019

Point of care Xpert MTB/RIF versus smear microscopy for tuberculosis diagnosis in southern African primary care clinics: a multicentre economic evaluation.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 06;7(6):e798-e807

Centre for Lung Infection and Immunity, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine and University of Cape Town (UCT) Lung Institute and South African MRC/UCT Centre for the Study of Antimicrobial Resistance, UCT, Cape Town, South Africa; Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Department of Immunology and Infection, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Rapid on-site diagnosis facilitates tuberculosis control. Performing Xpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) at point of care is feasible, even when performed by minimally trained health-care workers, and when compared with point-of-care smear microscopy, reduces time to diagnosis and pretreatment loss to follow-up. However, whether Xpert is cost-effective at point of care remains unclear. Read More

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