8,550 results match your criteria inhibitor ssri


Extracellular loops of the serotonin transporter act as a selectivity filter for drug binding.

J Biol Chem 2021 Jun 9:100863. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Institute of Pharmacology and the Gaston H. Glock Research Laboratories for Exploratory Drug Development, Center of Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

The serotonin transporter (SERT) shapes serotonergic neurotransmission by retrieving its eponymous substrate from the synaptic cleft. Ligands which discriminate between SERT and its close relative, the dopamine transporter DAT, differ in their association rate constant rather than their dissociation rate. The structural basis for this phenomenon is not known. Read More

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Maternal Psychiatric Conditions, Treatment With Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders.

Biol Psychiatry 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California.

Background: This study aims to clarify relationships of maternal psychiatric conditions and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use during preconception and pregnancy with risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring.

Methods: We used data from the Study to Explore Early Development, a multisite case-control study conducted in the United States among children born between 2003 and 2011. Final study group classifications of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 1367), developmental delays or disorders (DDs) (n = 1750), and general population controls (n = 1671) were determined by an in-person standardized developmental assessment. Read More

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Increased Chin Muscle Tone during All Sleep Stages in Children Taking SSRI Antidepressants and in Children with Narcolepsy Type 1.

Sleep 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Study Objectives: To assess if selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are able to modify the chin EMG tone during sleep also in children.

Methods: Twenty-three children and adolescents (12 girls, mean age 14.1 years, SD 2. Read More

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Dosage-dependent impact of acute serotonin enhancement on transcranial direct current stimulation effects.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Psychology and Neurosciences, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo), Dortmund, Germany.

Background: The serotonergic system has an important impact on basic physiological and higher brain functions. Acute and chronic enhancement of serotonin levels via selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) administration impacts neuroplasticity in humans, as shown by its effects on cortical excitability alterations induced by non-invasive brain stimulation, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Nevertheless, the interaction between serotonin activation and neuroplasticity is not fully understood, particularly when considering dose-dependent effects. Read More

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Acute Inhibitory Effects of Antidepressants on Lacrimal Gland Secretion in the Anesthetized Rat.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2021 Jun;62(7)

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Purpose: Patients that medicate with antidepressants commonly report dryness of eyes. The cause is often attributed to the anticholinergic properties of the drugs. However, regulation of tear production includes a substantial reflex-evoked component and is regulated via distinct centers in the brain. Read More

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Risk factors for hospitalizations associated with depression among women during the years around a birth: a retrospective cohort study.

Int J Popul Data Sci 2019 Jan 21;4(1):453. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

British Columbia Children's Hospital Research Institute, 938 West 28th Avenue, Vancouver, BC Canada V5Z 4H4.

Introduction: Socio-economic status (SES) is an important determinant of health. Low SES is associated with higher rates of prenatal and post-partum depression, and prenatal and post-partum depression are associated with sub-optimal maternal and infant health. Furthermore, increased negative effects of post-partum depression have been reported in children from low SES backgrounds. Read More

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January 2019

Anxiety symptom remission is associated with genetic variation of PTPRZ1 among patients with major depressive disorder treated with escitalopram.

Pharmacogenet Genomics 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Clinical Psychopharmacology Division, Peking University Sixth Hospital & Peking University Institute of Mental Health & Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Ministry of Health (Peking University) & National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China Departments of Medical Genetics, Psychiatry, and Physiology & Pharmacology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Objectives: Genome-wide analyses of antidepressant response have suggested that genes initially associated with risk for schizophrenia may also serve as promising candidates for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) efficacy. Protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor-type, zeta-1 (PTPRZ1) has previously been shown to be associated with schizophrenia, but it has not been investigated as a predictor of antidepressant efficacy. The main objective of the study was to assess whether SSRI-mediated depressive and anxiety symptom remission in Chinese patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with specific PTPRZ1 variants. Read More

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Association between antidepressant medication use and steroid dependency in patients with ulcerative colitis: a population-based study.

BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2021 05;8(1)

Department Gastroenterology, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Animal studies indicate a potential protective role of antidepressant medication (ADM) in models of colitis but the effect of their use in humans with ulcerative colitis (UC) remains unclear.

Objective: To study the relationship between ADM use and corticosteroid dependency in UC.

Design: Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink we identified patients diagnosed with UC between 2005 and 2016. Read More

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Factors Associated with Hyponatremia in Patients Newly Prescribed Citalopram: A Retrospective Observational Study.

Drugs Real World Outcomes 2021 May 23. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: Hyponatremia is a common and under-recognized adverse drug reaction of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants. Despite its clinical importance, there are few large-scale studies on the factors associated with hyponatremia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of hyponatremia and to identify patient factors associated with hyponatremia in a large, population-based cohort initiating new prescriptions for citalopram. Read More

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The role of uptake and degradation in the regulation of peripheral serotonin dynamics in Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta.

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Aug 21;258:110980. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Marine Biology and Ecology, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA.

The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hyroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is involved in a variety of peripheral processes. Arguably most notable is its role as a circulating vasoconstrictor in the plasma of vertebrates. Plasma 5-HT is maintained at constant levels under normal conditions through the processes of cellular uptake, degradation, and excretion, known collectively as clearance. Read More

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Allopregnanolone in mood disorders: Mechanism and therapeutic development.

Pharmacol Res 2021 May 18;169:105682. Epub 2021 May 18.

School of Pharmacy, Hangzhou Medical College (Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences), Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Neuropsychiatric Drug Research of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The neuroactive steroid allopregnanolone (ALLO) is an endogenous positive allosteric modulator of GABA type A receptor (GABAR), and the down-regulation of its biosynthesis have been attributed to the development of mood disorders, such as depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). ALLO mediated depression/anxiety involves GABAergic mechanisms and appears to be related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), dopamine receptor, glutamate neurotransmission, and Ca channel. In the clinical, brexanolone, as a newly developed intravenous ALLO preparation, has been approved for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD). Read More

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P11 (S100A10) as a potential predictor of ketamine response in patients with SSRI-resistant depression.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 2;290:240-244. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Ketamine can act as antidepressant in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) who are treatment-resistant. P11 has been implicated in ketamine's mechanism of action and proposed as biomarker for treatment response to other antidepressants. This study explores the effect of ketamine on peripheral p11 and the potential role for p11 as response marker for ketamine treatment. Read More

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Duloxetine Exposure During Pregnancy and the Risk of Spontaneous and Elective Abortion: A Danish Nationwide Observational Study.

Drugs Real World Outcomes 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Copenhagen Phase IV Unit (Phase4CPH), Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Depression and antidepressant treatment are widespread among women of childbearing age.

Objective: This study evaluates the association between duloxetine exposure during pregnancy and spontaneous and elective abortions.

Patients And Methods: The nationwide, observational study based on register data from Denmark included women with a recorded pregnancy in the birth register or an abortion in the patient register between 2004 and 2016. Read More

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Targeting SERT promotes tryptophan metabolism: mechanisms and implications in colon cancer treatment.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 18;40(1):173. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center and Laboratory of Molecular, Targeted Therapy in Oncology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Serotonin signaling has been associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Targeting the serotonin transporter to block serotonin cellular uptake confers antineoplastic effects in various tumors, including colon cancer. However, the antineoplastic mechanism of serotonin transporter inhibition and serotonin metabolism alterations in the absence of serotonin transporter have not been elucidated, especially in colon cancer, which might limit anti-tumor effects associating with targeting serotonin transporter. Read More

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The anxiolytic sertraline reduces the impact of psychological stress on bladder function in mice.

Life Sci 2021 Aug 10;278:119598. Epub 2021 May 10.

Centre for Urology Research, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, QLD 4229, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: To determine if treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline reduces the bladder dysfunction caused by water avoidance stress in mice.

Main Methods: Adult female mice were randomly allocated to (1) Unstressed, (2) Stressed or (3) Stress + Sertraline experimental groups. Stressed mice were subjected to water avoidance for 1 h/day for 10 days and received sertraline or vehicle in drinking water, starting 10-days prior to the first stress exposure. Read More

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children following prenatal exposure to antidepressants: results from the Norwegian mother, father and child cohort study.

BJOG 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

PharmacoEpidemiology and Drug Safety Research Group, Department of Pharmacy, and PharmaTox Strategic Research Initiative, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, 0316, Norway.

Objective: To determine the association between child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and prenatal exposure to selective serotonin (SSRI) and serotonin-norepinephrine (SNRI) reuptake inhibitor antidepressants, by timing and duration, with quantification of bias due to exposure misclassification.

Design: Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study and national health registries.

Setting: Nationwide, Norway. Read More

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Pharmacotherapeutic options for the treatment of menopausal symptoms.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2021 May 13:1-19. Epub 2021 May 13.

Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

: Menopausal symptoms can be very overwhelming for women. Over the years, many pharmacotherapeutic options have been tested, and others are still being developed. Hormone therapy (HT) is the most efficient therapy for managing vasomotor symptoms and related disturbances. Read More

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Serotonin-related rodent models of early-life exposure relevant for neurodevelopmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 11;11(1):280. Epub 2021 May 11.

Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Mental disorders including depression and anxiety are continuously rising their prevalence across the globe. Early-life experience of individuals emerges as a main risk factor contributing to the developmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. That is, perturbing environmental conditions during neurodevelopmental stages can have detrimental effects on adult mood and emotional responses. Read More

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Neonatal Withdrawal Syndrome following Late in utero Exposure to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.

Psychother Psychosom 2021 May 10:1-9. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: A clear picture of neonatal withdrawal signs due to in utero selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) exposure and its consequences is still missing.

Objective: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to provide an overview of neonatal withdrawal signs following late in utero exposure to SSRIs and to quantify the corresponding risks.

Methods: MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Embase were searched from inception to January 2021. Read More

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Prenatal antidepressant exposure and sex differences in neonatal corpus callosum microstructure.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, Canada.

Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants may influence white matter (WM) development, as previous studies report widespread microstructural alterations and reduced interhemispheric connectivity in SSRI-exposed infants. In rodents, perinatal SSRIs had sex-specific disruptions in corpus callosum (CC) axon architecture and connectivity; yet it is unknown whether SSRI-related brain outcomes in humans are sex specific. In this study, the neonate CC was selected as a region-of-interest to investigate whether prenatal SSRI exposure has sex-specific effects on early WM microstructure. Read More

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Establishing Evidence for Clinical Utility of a Neuroimaging Biomarker in Major Depressive Disorder: Prospective Testing and Implementation Challenges.

Biol Psychiatry 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Center for Advanced Circuit Therapeutics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York; Department of Neurology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Background: Although a number of neuroimaging biomarkers for response have been proposed, none have been tested prospectively for direct effects on treatment outcomes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first prospective test of the clinical utility of the use of an imaging biomarker to select treatment for patients with major depressive disorder.

Methods: Eligible participants (n = 60) had a primary diagnosis of major depressive disorder and were assigned to either escitalopram or cognitive behavioral therapy based on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography activity in the right anterior insula. Read More

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February 2021

Early atypical signs and insula hypometabolism predict survival in multiple system atrophy.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Neurology and Movement Disorders, University Hospital La Timone, Marseille, France.

Objective: We aim to search for predictors of survival among clinical and brain F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET) metabolic features in our cohort of patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA).

Methods: We included patients with a 'probable' MSA diagnosis for whom a clinical evaluation and a brain PET were performed early in the course of the disease (median 3 years, IQR 2-5). A retrospective analysis was conducted using standardised data collection. Read More

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Antidepressants for people with epilepsy and depression.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 04 16;4:CD010682. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Health Data Science, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Depressive disorders are the most common psychiatric comorbidity in people with epilepsy, affecting around one-third, with a significant negative impact on quality of life. There is concern that people may not be receiving appropriate treatment for their depression because of uncertainty regarding which antidepressant or class works best, and the perceived risk of exacerbating seizures. This review aimed to address these issues, and inform clinical practice and future research. Read More

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Neuroplastic effects of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in relearning and retrieval.

Neuroimage 2021 Apr 20;236:118039. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Animal studies using selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and learning paradigms have demonstrated that serotonin is important for flexibility in executive functions and learning. SSRIs might facilitate relearning through neuroplastic processes and thus exert their clinical effects in psychiatric diseases where cognitive functioning is affected. However, translation of these mechanisms to humans is missing. Read More

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Trial of Psilocybin versus Escitalopram for Depression.

N Engl J Med 2021 04;384(15):1402-1411

From the Centre for Psychedelic Research, Department of Brain Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London.

Background: Psilocybin may have antidepressant properties, but direct comparisons between psilocybin and established treatments for depression are lacking.

Methods: In a phase 2, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial involving patients with long-standing, moderate-to-severe major depressive disorder, we compared psilocybin with escitalopram, a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, over a 6-week period. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive two separate doses of 25 mg of psilocybin 3 weeks apart plus 6 weeks of daily placebo (psilocybin group) or two separate doses of 1 mg of psilocybin 3 weeks apart plus 6 weeks of daily oral escitalopram (escitalopram group); all the patients received psychological support. Read More

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Novel Potent Dopamine-Norepinephrine and Triple Reuptake Uptake Inhibitors Based on Asymmetric Pyran Template and Their Molecular Interactions with Monoamine Transporters.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 04 12;12(8):1406-1418. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States.

We have carried out a structural exploration of (2,4,5)-2-(bis(4-fluorophenyl)methyl)-5-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)tetrahydro-2-pyran-4-ol (D-473) to investigate the influence of various functional groups on its aromatic ring, the introduction of heterocyclic aromatic rings, and the alteration of the stereochemistry of functional group on the pyran ring. The novel compounds were tested for their affinities for the dopamine transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (SERT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) in the brain by measuring their potency in inhibiting monoamine neurotransmitter uptake. Our studies identified some of the most potent dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors known to-date like and . Read More

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Pharmacologic interventions for antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of trials using the Arizona sexual experience scale.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr 12:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Anxiety Disorders Research Program, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background: Despite the prevalence of antidepressant-related sexual side effects, comparisons of treatments for these problematic side effects are lacking.

Methods: To address this, we performed a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis to compare interventions for antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction in adults. Using PubMed and clinicaltrials. Read More

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Results of a prospective cardiovascular disease prevention program.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Jun 12;22:101344. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Cardiovascular Health Program Registry, Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, 6720A Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20817, United States.

The Cardiovascular Health Program (CHP) Registry is a 12-month, prospective study of therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC). Adult participants received comprehensive assessment of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Personalized TLC action plans addressed modifiable health behaviors for diet, exercise, stress management, and sleep. Read More

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Machine learning to predict clinical remission in depressed patients after acute phase selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 31;287:372-379. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are suggested as the first-line treatment for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), but the remission rate is unsatisfactory. We aimed to establish machine learning models and explore variables available at baseline to predict the 8-week outcome among patients taking SSRIs.

Methods: Data from 400 patients were used to build machine learnings. Read More

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The effects of maternal SSRI exposure on the serotonin system, prefrontal protein expression and behavioral development in male and female offspring rats.

Neurochem Int 2021 06 6;146:105041. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

School of Rehabilitation, Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China. Electronic address:

Fluoxetine (FLX), a commonly used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is often used to treat depression during pregnancy. However, prenatal exposure to FLX has been associated with a series of neuropsychiatric illnesses. The use of a rodent model can provide a clear indication as to whether prenatal exposure to SSRIs, independent of maternal psychiatric disorders or genetic syndromes, can cause long-term behavioral abnormalities in offspring. Read More

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