Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Mar 20;149:112000. Epub 2021 Jan 20.
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Fenhexamid (Fen), a fungicide used to treat gray mold of fruits and vegetables, is reported to function as an endocrine disrupting chemical via the estrogen receptors (ER), despite low-toxicity of the pesticide. In this study, we elucidated that the disrupting effects of Fen are exerted via the ER and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways in breast cancer models. The WST assay, live cell monitoring, cell cycle analysis, colony formation assay, apoptotic analysis by JC-1 dyeing, and Western blot analysis were applied in ER positive MCF-7 and ER negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, after exposure to 17β-estradiol (E2), Fen, ICI 182,780 (ICI; an ER antagonist) and/or Pictilisib (Pic; a PI3K inhibitor). Read More