18,332 results match your criteria influential studies

Drivers of successful implementation of integrated care for multi-morbidity: Mechanisms identified in 17 case studies from 8 European countries.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Feb 3;277:113728. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Institute for Medical Technology Assessment, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

This paper provides a deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying implementation strategies for integrated care. As part of the SELFIE project, 17 integrated care programmes addressing multi-morbidity from eight European countries were selected and studied. Data was extracted from 'thick descriptions' of the 17 programmes and analysed both inductively and deductively using implementation theory. Read More

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February 2021

Transcriptome-wide investigation of stop codon readthrough in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

PLoS Genet 2021 Apr 20;17(4):e1009538. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Translation of mRNA into a polypeptide is terminated when the release factor eRF1 recognizes a UAA, UAG, or UGA stop codon in the ribosomal A site and stimulates nascent peptide release. However, stop codon readthrough can occur when a near-cognate tRNA outcompetes eRF1 in decoding the stop codon, resulting in the continuation of the elongation phase of protein synthesis. At the end of a conventional mRNA coding region, readthrough allows translation into the mRNA 3'-UTR. Read More

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The effects of myo-inositol vs. metformin on the ovarian function in the polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Apr;25(7):3105-3115

Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.

Objective: Recent studies have revealed that myo-inositol could be more influential in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This study was aimed to determine and compare the effects of myo-inositol and metformin on hormonal and metabolic profiles and fertility outcomes.

Materials And Methods: A comprehensive search was carried out among the English-language databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and Web of Science, and the articles published from April 2010 to February 2019 were tracked down. Read More

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Healthfulness Assessment of Recipes Shared on Pinterest: Natural Language Processing and Content Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 20;23(4):e25757. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Health Administration and Policy, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States.

Background: Although Pinterest has become a popular platform for distributing influential information that shapes users' behaviors, the role of recipes pinned on Pinterest in these behaviors is not well understood.

Objective: This study aims to explore the patterns of food ingredients and the nutritional content of recipes posted on Pinterest and to examine the factors associated with recipes that engage more users.

Methods: Data were collected from Pinterest between June 28 and July 12, 2020 (207 recipes and 2818 comments). Read More

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The impacts of collaboration between local health care and non-health care organizations and factors shaping how they work: a systematic review of reviews.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 19;21(1):753. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Policymakers in many countries promote collaboration between health care organizations and other sectors as a route to improving population health. Local collaborations have been developed for decades. Yet little is known about the impact of cross-sector collaboration on health and health equity. Read More

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Composted recycled organic matter suppresses soil-borne diseases of field crops.

New Phytol 2002 Jun;154(3):731-740

Ecological Sciences Ltd, Wolfson Laboratory, Higher Hoopern Lane, Exeter, Devon, EX4 4SG, UK.

• Suppression of soil-borne diseases of horticultural crops by composts has been attributed to the activities of antagonistic microorganisms. The potential for abiotic disease suppression in field-grown crops was explored using glasshouse-based bio-assays for five pathogens of agricultural crops and eight formulations of recycled organic matter compost. • The effects of compost formulation and postmaturation processing were investigated by comparing disease severity on recycled organic matter composts with a commercial seedling compost. Read More

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Current perceptions of cancer nurses in France about their role and the evolution of nursing practices: Findings and perspectives.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 3;277:113896. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

University of Saint-Etienne, Centre Hygée, Institut Presage, CIC-EC Inserm 1408, Saint-Etienne, France. Electronic address:

Background: Florence Nightingale lamented that nurses were seen as merely obedient and devoted. Our two previous oncology studies demonstrated the continuum of strictly curative care and paternalistic care practices among healthcare professionals. At a time when France has just formalized the nursing sciences, this article seeks to shed light on the specifics of the nursing role in oncology and the evolution of standard nursing practices in a rapidly changing environment. Read More

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A deep attention model to forecast the Length Of Stay and the in-hospital mortality right on admission from ICD codes and demographic data.

J Biomed Inform 2021 Apr 16:103778. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Graduate School of Information, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Leveraging the Electronic Health Records (EHR) longitudinal data to produce actionable clinical insights has always been a critical issue for recent studies. Non-forecasted extended hospitalizations account for a disproportionate amount of resource use, the mediocre quality of inpatient care, and avoidable fatalities. The capability to predict the Length of Stay (LoS) and mortality in the early stages of the admission provides opportunities to improve care and prevent many preventable losses. Read More

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Cover versions as an impact indicator in popular music: A quantitative network analysis.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(4):e0250212. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Institute for Advanced Social Studies (IESA-CSIC), Córdoba, Spain.

In contemporary popular music, covering or adapting previous songs signals a tribute or reworking of popular hits, which implies acknowledgement of the original musicians. This connection can be interpreted as a form of musical impact among artists. A network graph with more than 106k artists and 855k cover versions extracted from the web site SecondHandSongs was created. Read More

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Norwegian physiotherapy teachers' experience from working in a partnership project in Sudan - A case study approach.

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Apr 19:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman, Sudan.

Professionals working abroad as part of a partnership program is a central act of internationalization among higher education institutions. Little research has been carried out on this topic. The goal of this study was, therefore, to explore, describe and discuss the workplace learning factors - especially cultural factors - influencing Norwegian physiotherapy teachers, working in an international partnership project at a women's university in Sudan. Read More

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How Long Will It Take to Reach Gender Parity in Orthopaedic Surgery in the United States? An Analysis of the National Provider Identifier Registry.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 03 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

A. J. Acuña, T. K. Jella, L. T. Samuel, S. H. Jeong, A. F. Kamath, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Although previous studies have evaluated how the proportion of women in orthopaedic surgery has changed over time, these analyses have been limited by small sample sizes, have primarily used data on residents, and have not included information on growth across subspecialties and geographic regions.

Question/purpose: We used the National Provider Identifier registry to ask: How have the (1) overall, (2) regional, and (3) subspecialty percentages of women among all currently practicing orthopaedic providers changed over time in the United States?

Methods: The National Provider Identifier Registry of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) was queried for all active providers with taxonomy codes pertaining to orthopaedic subspecialties as of April 2020. Women orthopaedic surgeons were identified among all physicians with subspecialty taxonomy codes. Read More

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Interlayer bonding strength of 3D printed PEEK specimens.

Soft Matter 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA. and Department of Bioengineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA.

Recent advances in extrusion-based filament 3D printing technology enable the processability of high-performance polymers. Poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) is an important group of high-performance polymer that has been widely used in aerospace, automotive, and biomedical applications. The interlayer bonding strength of 3D printed PEEK is crucial for load-bearing applications, yet studies on 3D printed PEEK are sparse due to processing challenges. Read More

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A Systematic Review of the Implementation of Psychological Therapies in Acute Mental Health Inpatient Settings.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London.

Objectives: Research has demonstrated that psychological therapies are not routinely delivered in acute mental health inpatient settings despite being recommended by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines. This study aimed to identify the barriers and facilitators to implementing psychological therapies in acute mental health inpatient settings.

Methods: A systematic review and narrative synthesis was undertaken. Read More

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Direct effects of selection on aboveground biomass contrast with indirect structure-mediated effects of complementarity in a subtropical forest.

Oecologia 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Ecology, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China.

Understanding the multiple biotic and abiotic controls of aboveground biomass (AGB) is important for projecting the consequences of global change and to effectively manage carbon storage. Although large-scale studies have identified the major environmental and biological controls of AGB, drivers of local-scale variation are less well known. Additionally, involvement of multiple causal paths and scale dependence in effect sizes potentially confounds comparisons among studies differing in methodology and sampling grain. Read More

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Assessing Age-Friendly Community Progress: What Have We Learned?

Gerontologist 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

University of Maine Center on Aging, Bangor, Maine, USA.

Background And Objectives: The Global Network of Age-friendly Cities and Communities has grown steadily over the past decade across the United States. The age-friendly model calls for a five-year process of continuous improvement across the stages of engagement, planning, action and measurement, culminating in an evaluation of age-friendly progress. However surprisingly little is known regarding American age-friendly communities' accomplishments to date. Read More

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Digitized Industrial Work: Requirements, Opportunities, and Problems of Competence Development.

Front Sociol 2020 9;5:33. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Soziologisches Forschungsinstitut (SOFI), Göttingen, Germany.

German companies have been affected by a new wave of digitalization during the past years, and this has led to responses both in the way production is organized and in the goals of the German industrial policy. The coordinated response is widely referred to as "Industry 4.0" and is intended to support German industries in the increasingly fierce competition for global leadership in manufacturing. Read More

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Platforms of Work, Labour, and Employment Relationship: The Grey Zones of a Digital Governance.

Front Sociol 2020 19;5. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), Paris, France.

Drawing on numerous case studies, the article examines the specific conditions for organising and managing the employment relationship on digital labour platforms. We show that these conditions are largely due to the disruptive nature of the process of digitising the employee-employer relationship. Digitisation replaces the employment contract of the standard employment relationship with a triangular "worker-platform-customer" relationship. Read More

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February 2020

A nanotechnology-foresight perspective of South Africa.

J Nanopart Res 2021 13;23(4):92. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

UNESCO-UNISA Africa Chair in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (U2ACN2), College of Graduate Studies, University of South Africa, Muckleneuk Ridge, PO Box 392, Pretoria, South Africa.

This paper presents a foresight perspective of nanotechnology in South Africa based on a 20-year period scientometric analysis of the country's nanotechnology publications on the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection. Firstly, publication trends are reported; then, possible socio-economic relevant sectors arising from this information are determined. Lastly, indicators that can be used in foresight exercises to evaluate the potential nanotechnology research areas in South Africa are examined. Read More

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Sense of coherence and Lean-based leadership and alterations in sick leave and productivity at a steel wire manufacturing unit.

Work 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Centre for Research and Development, Region Gävleborg Gävle, Sweden.

Background: Managers have an important role in the creation of workplace conditions that prevent sick leave and lead to high performance. In Lean, the assumption is that people are the source for continuous improvements. There is a need for more knowledge about what kind of leadership can help managers in a lean context to create workplace conditions for less sick leave and higher performance. Read More

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Determining student-level characteristics predictive of successful matching in PGY1 community-based residency programs: A curriculum vitae analysis.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Jun 3;13(6):705-710. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, The University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, MS, 39216, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: The purpose of this analysis was to determine which characteristics increase a candidate's likelihood of matching with a post-graduate year 1 (PGY1) community-based residency program (CBRP).

Methods: Current and former CBRP residents' curriculum vitae (CVs) were collected and reviewed utilizing a survey and standardized rubric. Eligible participants were current PGY1 CBRP residents or had completed a PGY1 program no earlier than 2015. Read More

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Differences in learning styles, critical thinking skills, and peer evaluations between students with and without leadership engagement.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Jun 12;13(6):659-664. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Professional Affairs and Student Success Chapman University School of Pharmacy Harry, Diane Rinker Health Science Campus 9401 Jeronimo Road, Irvine, CA 92618, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Leadership has long been suggested as an attribute essential to the pharmacy profession. Academic pharmacy has identified and addressed the need for leadership development among student pharmacists. The objective of this study is to assess differences in learning styles, critical thinking skills, and peer-perceived leadership skill evaluations between those with vs. Read More

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Assessment of organizational culture types, leadership styles and their relationships within governmental and non-governmental hospitals in Gaza Strip of Palestine.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Apr 17;21(1):356. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Health Management, Ankara University, Ankara City, Turkey.

Background: The subjects of organizational culture and leadership have been studied several times in various fields. However, studies have tried to determine the relationship between corporate culture and leadership as it is still indistinguishable, or more evidence is needed. The paper describes the perceptions of the staffs about the hospitals' organizational culture types and their managers' leadership styles in these hospitals and the relationships that may exist between these domains. Read More

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Patient safety in dermatology: a ten-year update.

Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar 15;27(3). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Dermatology, Dermatology Plastic Surgery Institute, Cleveland Clinic and Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland OH.

Objective: We update and expand our 2010 article in this journal, Patient safety in dermatology: A review of the literature [4][DH1].

Methods: PubMed at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) was searched September 2019 for English language articles published between 2009 and 2019 concerning patient safety and medical error in dermatology. Potentially relevant articles and communications were critically evaluated by the authors with selected references from 2020 added to include specific topics: medication errors, diagnostic errors including telemedicine, office-based surgery, wrong-site procedures, infections including COVID-19, falls, laser safety, scope of practice, and electronic health records. Read More

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Does the duration between urine culture and percutaneous nephrolithotomy affect the rate of systemic inflammatory response syndrome postoperatively?

Urolithiasis 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Urology, Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, 34017, Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the preoperative and intraoperative factors that may cause systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and to investigate the effect of the duration between urine culture (UC) and operation on postoperative SIRS. Three hundred and fifty-six patients who had PCNL between January 2015 and June 2019 were retrospectively included in the study. UC was obtained from all patients before the operation and during the puncture at the beginning of the operation. Read More

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A global perspective of Indigenous child health research: a systematic review of longitudinal studies.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Centre for Community Child Health, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Rigorously designed longitudinal studies can inform how best to reduce the widening health gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children.

Methods: A systematic review was performed to identify and present the breadth and depth of longitudinal studies reporting the health and well-being of Indigenous children (aged 0-18 years) globally. Databases were searched up to 23 June 2020. Read More

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Operationalizing the CARE and FAIR Principles for Indigenous data futures.

Sci Data 2021 Apr 16;8(1):108. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Data Leadership, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., USA.

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COVID-19 and mental health of food retail, food service, and hospitality workers.

J Occup Environ Hyg 2021 Apr 16:1-19. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Child, Family, and Population Health Nursing, University of Washington, School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington DC, USA.

The coronavirus pandemic has taken a detrimental toll on the lives of individuals globally. In addition to the direct effect (e.g. Read More

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An Adaptable, Open-Access Test Battery to Study the Fractionation of Executive-Functions in Diverse Populations.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:627219. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The umbrella-term 'executive functions' (EF) includes various domain-general, goal-directed cognitive abilities responsible for behavioral self-regulation. The influential unity and diversity model of EF posits the existence of three correlated yet separable executive domains: inhibition, shifting and updating. These domains may be influenced by factors such as socioeconomic status (SES) and culture, possibly due to the way EF tasks are devised and to biased choice of stimuli, focusing on first-world testees. Read More

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Envisioning a more expansive future for multidisciplinary nursing scholarship and education.

Nurs Outlook 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Systems, Populations, and Leadership, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI.

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Human resources for health governance and leadership strategies for improving health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a narrative review.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2021 Apr;43(Supplement_1):i67-i85

Department of Paediatrics, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

Background: Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are facing a crisis of human resources for health (HRH) attributed to poor governance and leadership that characterizes the health sector in this setting. It is unclear which specific strategies are effective in ameliorating the crisis.

Methods: Selected electronic databases were searched up until 30 May 2020. Read More

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