130,686 results match your criteria influencing nasal


Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of major salivary glands: CT and MR imaging findings.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2021 Jun 23:20200485. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of radiology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: To describe the CT and MR imaging characteristics of primary carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca-ex-PA) in major salivary glands and present more information for recognizing this malignancy.

Methods: 212 patients with primary Ca-ex-PA in major salivary glands (169 in the parotid gland, 36 in the submandibular gland, 7 in the sublingual gland) underwent CT and MR imaging (plain and contrast-enhanced scans) prior to surgical management and histopathological examination. The CT and MR imaging findings of this condition were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with their pathological types: non-invasive carcinoma (Type I, 37 cases), minimally invasive carcinoma (Type II, 18 cases), and widely invasive carcinoma (TypeIII, 157 cases). Read More

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Organ donation in the ICU - a survey on next of kin response in two Swiss academic centres.

Swiss Med Wkly 2021 Jun 23;151:w20515. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Aim Of The Study: In the Swiss population, attitudes to organ donation are mostly positive. However, a high refusal rate by the next of kin may be observed. We aimed to investigate potential underlying reasons. Read More

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Risk factors for the lack of adherence to breastfeeding.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2021 Jan;67(1):107-114

Centro Universitário Saúde ABC - Santo André (SP), Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of breastfeeding in a metropolitan region in Brasil and to identify factors influencing the lack of adherence to exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and total breastfeeding for 2 years.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of mothers and children in pediatric outpatient clinics were analyzed. Logistic regression was performed using the backward stepwise method to analyze factors associated with the lack of breastfeeding compliance. Read More

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January 2021

Electrochemical quantification of accelerated FADGDH rates in aqueous nanodroplets.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(25)

Department of Chemistry, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599;

Enzymes are molecules that catalyze reactions critical to life. These catalysts are often studied in bulk water, where the influence of water volume on reactivity is neglected. Here, we demonstrate rate enhancement of up to two orders of magnitude for enzymes trapped in submicrometer water nanodroplets suspended in 1,2-dichloroethane. Read More

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Phyllosphere Community Assembly and Response to Drought Stresson Common Tropical and Temperate Forage Grasses.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 Jun 23:AEM0089521. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.

Grasslands represent a critical ecosystem important for global food production, soil carbon storage, and water regulation. Current intensification and expansion practices add to the degradation of grasslands and dramatically increase greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. Thus, new ways to sustain and improve their productivity are needed. Read More

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Choosing Between Mastectomy and Breast-Conserving Therapy: Is Patient Distress an Influencing Factor?

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Surgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Background: Breast-conserving therapy (BCT) offers oncologic outcomes similar to those of mastectomy, yet many patients, when provided the option, choose mastectomy. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between patient-reported distress and surgical decisions and to determine factors predictive of choosing BCT versus mastectomy.

Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer deemed candidates for BCT who completed a distress screen at their initial visit to an academic institution between 2016 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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[ANTERIOR APPROACH FOR TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY - THE PREFERRED APPROACH OR A PASSING TREND?]

Harefuah 2021 Jun;160(6):358-360

Orthopaedic Surgery Division, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Israel.

Introduction: Both the direct and anterior approach (DAA) for total hip replacement (THR) surgery have gained much popularity in recent years. The suggested benefits of the muscle-sparing and nerve-sparing approach which could lead to a faster and easier recovery process, have led to an increase in the prevalence of the anterior approach in THR. These potential benefits have drawn the attention of both orthopaedic surgeons as well as patients as a faster return to their active lifestyle. Read More

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Comparative Lipidomics of Chick Yolk Sac during the Embryogenesis Provides Insight into Understanding the Development-Related Lipid Supply.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

CASS Food Research Centre, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia.

Yolk sac (YS, include the yolk content) at different chick embryogenesis stages possesses varying lipid distributions, which are nutrition-influencing factors for the health of an early embryo and a later adult. YS lipids can substantially influence embryogenesis metabolism, but a comprehensive understanding of lipid's influence remains unknown. Herein, the effects of embryogenesis on lipid profiling of chick YS were investigated by UHPLC-MS/MS-based lipidomics. Read More

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Pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as a potential prognostic biomarker for newly diagnosed patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2021 Jun 22:e1392. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Although the prognostic role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been assessed in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, data on its impact on oncological outcomes of patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (mCSPC) are scarce.

Aim: This study aims to examine the influence of elevated pretreatment NLR on time to prostatic-specific antigen (PSA) progression and overall survival (OS) of patients with mCSPC.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients presenting between June 2007 and June 2019 with mCSPC. Read More

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Health Literacy and Food Literacy for K-12 Schools in the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Sch Health 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Institute of Biology Education, University of Cologne, Herbert-Lewin-Str. 2, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Food literacy, a sub-area of health literacy, is achieving attention in schools, academia, research, health care, businesses, and governments worldwide. Against the current COVID-19 pandemic backdrop, the relevance of food literacy's interconnected attributes such as nutritional knowledge, food skills, and food environment is gaining traction. Enhancing health and food literacy in the K-12 school environment are important empowerment tools with the potential to reduce health inequalities as vulnerable people are at risk of limited health literacy. Read More

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Factors promoting shared decision-making in renal replacement therapy for patients with end-stage kidney disease: systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Nursing, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), No. 30 Gaotanyan Street, Shapingba District, Chongqing, 400038, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Shared decision-making (SDM) about the type of renal replacement therapy to use is a matter of great importance involving patients, their families, and health treatment teams. This review aims to synthesize the volume of qualitative work explaining the factors influencing SDM regarding renal replacement therapy.

Methods: A systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis approach recommended by JBI was used, six databases were searched. Read More

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Hubei's Core Response Policies in the Early Stage of COVID-19.

Biomed Res Int 2021 28;2021:6610045. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Health Management, School of Health Management, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, China.

Background: This study is aimed at confirming the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical interventions during the COVID-19 outbreak in Hubei, China.

Methods: The data are all from the epidemic information released by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China and the Health Commission of Hubei Province. We used the multivariable linear regression by the SPSS 19. Read More

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Unraveling the dynamic importance of county-level features in trajectory of COVID-19.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 22;11(1):13058. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Zachry Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, 199 Spence St., College Station, TX, 77843, USA.

The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of multiple county-level features in the trajectory of COVID-19. We examined feature importance across 2787 counties in the United States using data-driven machine learning models. Existing mathematical models of disease spread usually focused on the case prediction with different infection rates without incorporating multiple heterogeneous features that could impact the spatial and temporal trajectory of COVID-19. Read More

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Factors Influencing Male Participation in Maternal Health Care among Married Couples in Nepal: A Population-based Cross-sectional Study.

Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2020 Jul-Sept.;18(71):228-234

Department of Community Programs, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.

Background The male involvement in maternal health care is essential to reduce obstetric complications. However, there is little known about factors contributing to male participation in maternal health in Nepal. Objective To assess predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors contributing male participation in maternal health care in Nepal. Read More

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Factors influencing the implementation of pharmaceutical care in outpatient settings: A systematic review applying the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Presidente Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Pharmaceutical care in outpatient settings is a type of health service that has been shown to contribute to decreasing drug-related morbidity and mortality rates. However, every process of implementing a new service brings about changes and transformations in the work routine, thus posing challenges.

Objectives: This systematic review aims to identify barriers to and facilitators for the implementation of pharmaceutical care in outpatient settings by applying the CFIR method, a framework based on the theory of health services, used to analyze and synthesize research data, which can direct strategies for the service to work as planned. Read More

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Platelet Component False Positive Detection Rate in Aerobic and Anaerobic Primary Culture: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Transfus Med Rev 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pathology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address:

Septic reactions from platelet transfusions are one of the leading causes of transfusion-associated mortality. The FDA guidance for platelet bacterial risk control includes bacterial culture using both aerobic and anaerobic bottles. Several studies have reported false positive rates (FPR) of culture, but these data have not been summarized or influencing factors analyzed. Read More

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Invasion of the body snatchers: the role of parasite introduction in host distribution and response to salinity in invaded estuaries.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 Jun 23;288(1953):20210703. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA.

In dynamic systems, organisms are faced with variable selective forces that may impose trade-offs. In estuaries, salinity is a strong driver of organismal diversity, while parasites shape species distributions and demography. We tested for trade-offs between low-salinity stress and parasitism in an invasive castrating parasite and its mud crab host along salinity gradients of two North Carolina rivers. Read More

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Eye Banks: Future Perspectives.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Jun 22;238(6):674-678. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

Technological progress and societal change are transforming medicine, and cornea banks are no exception. New infectiological factors, statutory requirements, management concepts, globalisation and digitalisation are also influencing how such facilities will operate in the future. The goal of providing high quality material to patients with corneal disease remains unaltered. Read More

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[Methodical investigation of mineral and trace element concentrations in equine feces with special consideration of the sampling location].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2021 Jun 22;49(3):178-188. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Pferde, Freie Universität Berlin.

Objective: Objective measurements of the mineral supply in horses are rarely performed. As a result, incorrect elements or an improper amount of elements are provided. The analysis of feces could represent a novel method to evaluate the nutritive supply. Read More

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[Health consequences (mortality and institutionalization) of hip fracture among the elderly people: Population cohort study in Segovia].

Aten Primaria 2021 Jun 19;53(9):102129. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria, Centro de Salud Segovia 1 y Unidad Docente Multiprofesional de Atención Familiar y Comunitaria de Segovia, Segovia, España.

Objective: In order to know the social and health consequences of hip fractures (HF).

Design: A retrospective cohort study of an entire health area was carried out in patients aged 75 or more, over a period of 5 years. SITE: Segovia Health Area. Read More

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Exploring the practical implementation of marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 19;295:113062. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

UniSA STEM, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, SA, 5001, Australia. Electronic address:

Biodiversity offsetting with associated aims of no net loss of biodiversity (NNL) is an approach used to align economic development with conservation. Biodiversity offsetting may be more challenging in marine environments, with recent evidence suggesting that the current application of the approach in Australian marine environments rarely follows 'best practice' and is unlikely to be meeting stated policy aims. To understand how and why this deviation from best practice is taking place in marine systems, we analysed current practice in Australia through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 31 participants with professional experience in the development and implementation of associated policy. Read More

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FACTORS INFLUENCING CAREER DECISIONS AND SATISFACTION AMONG NEWLY PRACTICING OPHTHALMOLOGISTS.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

Purpose: To describe the career choices of newly practicing ophthalmologists and explore factors influencing career decisions and satisfaction.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from an electronic survey of ophthalmologists who completed training within the prior 5 years. The survey included questions about demographic information, medical education, current practice, factors affecting career choices, and career satisfaction. Read More

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A philosophical analysis of anti-intellectualism in nursing: Newman's view of a university education.

Nurs Philos 2021 Jun 22:e12361. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Canadian and international nursing educators are increasingly concerned with the quality of university nursing education. Contemporary nursing education is fraught by a growing anti-intellectualism coupled with the dominance of neoliberalism and corporate university business culture. Amid these challenges, nursing schools must prepare nurses to provide care in an era compounded by social and health inequities. Read More

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TAS1R2 rs35874116 and TRPM5 rs886277 polymorphisms are not related with risk of obesity.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 22:e14562. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetic, Health Science Faculty, Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems due to its high morbidity and mortality rates. The taste perception is a powerful factor affecting food acceptance and may be one of the causes of tendency to obesity. Genetic variations in TAS1R2 and TRPM5 genes that affect taste preferences may cause inter-individual differences in food selection and thus increase the risk of obesity. Read More

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"There is people like us and there is people like them, and we are not like them." Understating social exclusion - a qualitative study.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(6):e0253575. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Medicine, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Social exclusion is a complex concept that is relevant in terms of the health of vulnerable groups. Attempts have been made in the past to measure it, both at the population and the individual level. The aim of this research was to engage with a broad range of relevant stakeholders in Ireland in order to learn how they defined and conceptualised social exclusion. Read More

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Analyzing the regional economic changes in a high-tech industrial development zone using machine learning algorithms.

Authors:
ErLe Du Meng Ji

PLoS One 2021 22;16(6):e0250802. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Strategic Development, Harbin Bank, Harbin, China.

The aims are to improve the efficiency in analyzing the regional economic changes in China's high-tech industrial development zones (IDZs), ensure the industrial structural integrity, and comprehensively understand the roles of capital, technology, and talents in regional economic structural changes. According to previous works, the economic efficiency and impact mechanism of China's high-tech IDZ are analyzed profoundly. The machine learning (ML)-based Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist index measurement algorithms are adopted to analyze the dynamic and static characteristics of high-tech IDZ's economic data from 2009 to 2019. Read More

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Public Awareness and Utilization of 937-telephone health services Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A longitudinal study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Risk Management Unit, Directorate of Quality and Safety, King Fahah Hospital of The University, Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, Dammam, SA.

Background: Telehealth plays a key role in supporting healthcare systems and influencing methods of healthcare delivery. Government laws and medical operating protocols have been largely modified to provide remote care in order to reduce social contact and ensure a safer patient environment. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the Ministry of Health (MOH) introduced several forms of telemedicine as alternatives to face-to face consultations in clinical settings. Read More

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The Risk Factors of Psychological Responses for Chinese University Students on COVID-19 Outbreak: A Cross-Sectional Online Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Fourth Hospital of China Medical University, No. 4 Chongshandong, Huanggu, Shenyang 110084, China., Shenyang, CN.

Background: The novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is a highly contagious and highly pathogenic disease caused by a novel coronavirus(SARS-CoV-2)and has become a pandemic. As a vulnerable population, university students are at high-risk during the epidemic because they have high mobility and often overlook the severity of the disease due to incomplete information about the epidemic. The epidemic has brought not only the risk of death from infection but also unbearable psychological pressure. Read More

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Using data mining technology to predict medication-taking behaviour in women with breast cancer: A retrospective study.

Nurs Open 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Management Center, St. Martin De Porres Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Aims: Medication-taking behaviours of breast cancer survivors undergoing adjuvant hormone therapy have received considerable attention. This study aimed to determine factors affecting medication-taking behaviours in people with breast cancer using data mining.

Design: A longitudinal observational retrospective cohort study with a hospital-based survey. Read More

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The association between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure measurement and selected biochemical and anthropometric parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Jun;25(11):3947-3954

Department of Endocrinological Gynecology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorders, which may contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) and selected biochemical and anthropometric parameters in women with PCOS.

Patients And Methods: The study involved 153 Polish, Caucasian women with PCOS hospitalized in the Department of Endocrinology Gynecology from January 2018 to March 2020. Read More

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