57,821 results match your criteria inflammatory markers


[Treatment of a Patient with a Pronounced Cytokine Storm in Severe COVID-19 Pneumonia using a Hemoadsorption in Combination with the Administration of tocilizumab].

Pneumologie 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Klinikum Würzburg Mitte gGmbH, Standort Missioklinik, Medizinische Klinik mit Schwerpunkt Pneumologie & Beatmungsmedizin.

Despite growing experience due to increasing patient numbers, the intensive care treatment of patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia continues to be a particular challenge in individual cases, which may also therefore legitimize individualized therapeutic attempts. In this context, the so-called hyperinflammation syndrome characterized by a cytokine storm accompanied by a massive increase in inflammatory markers such as interleukin(IL)-6, represents such a situation. This case report describes the therapeutic approach of using the IL-6-specific antibody tocilizumab in combination with hemoadsorption therapy (CytoSorb) in a 58-year-old male patient with severe COVID-19 pneumonia. Read More

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An in vitro air-liquid interface inhalation platform for petroleum substances and constituents.

ALTEX 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

VITO NV (Flemish Institute for Technological Research), Unit HEALTH, Mol, Belgium.

The goal is to optimize and show the validity of an in vitro method for inhalation testing of petroleum substances and its constituents at the air-liquid interface (ALI). The approach is demonstrated in a pilot study with ethylbenzene (EB), a mono-constituent petroleum substance using a human alveolar epithelial cell line model. This included the development and validation of a generation facility to obtain EB vapors and the optimization of an exposure system for a negative control (clean air, CA), positive control (nitrogen dioxide), and EB vapors. Read More

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Association of bezafibrate with transplant-free survival in patients with primary biliary cholangitis.

J Hepatol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Reference Center for Inflammatory Biliary Diseases and Autoimmune Hepatitis (MIVB-H), Saint-Antoine Hospital, European Reference (ERN) Network Rare-Liver, Saint-Antoine Research Center (CRSA), Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Sorbonne University, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Beneficial effect of bezafibrate (BZF) on symptoms and biochemical features of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) with incomplete response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) has been reported but long-term efficacy on survival remains unknown. In Japan, BZF has been used as a de facto second-line therapy for PBC since 2000. Herein, we compared the survival rates between patients treated with and those without BZF in a large nationwide Japanese PBC cohort. Read More

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microRNA let-7i-5p aggravates kidney fibrosis via targeting GALNT1.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2021 Mar;40(2):147-154

Department of Anesthesiology, Tongren Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Renal fibrosis poses critical health problem. We aimed to investigate role of let-7i-5p in renal fibrosis. In silico reproduction of Mouse Kidney FibrOmics browser was used to identify potential target of let-7i-5p. Read More

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Arterial Platelet Adhesion in Atherosclerosis-Prone Arteries of Obese, Insulin-Resistant Nonhuman Primates.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Apr 21:e019413. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Knight Cardiovascular Institute Portland OR.

Background Platelet-endothelial interactions are thought to contribute to early atherogenesis. These interactions are potentiated by oxidative stress. We used in vivo molecular imaging to test the hypothesis that platelet-endothelial interactions occur at early stages of plaque development in obese, insulin-resistant nonhuman primates, and are suppressed by NADPH-oxidase-2 inhibition. Read More

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Low potential of circulating interleukin 1 receptor antagonist as a prediction marker for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Biosciences, Umeå University, Umeå Västerbotten, 901 87, Sweden.

Background: Circulating markers are attractive molecules for prognosis and management of cancer that allow sequential monitoring of patients during and after treatment. Based on previous protein profiling data, circulating interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) was evaluated as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN). In this study, we aimed at confirming the clinical relevance of plasma IL-1Ra in SCCHN and exploring its potential as a prediction marker for SCCHN. Read More

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T-cell Activation Is Correlated With Monocyte Activation in HCV/HIV Coinfection and Declines During HCV Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Apr 18;8(4):ofab079. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Pathology, VA Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Immune activation markers associate with morbidity and mortality in HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. We investigated how T-cell and monocyte activation are related over the course of HCV direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy during HCV/HIV coinfection.

Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) A5329 participants and a single-site separate cohort treated with DAAs were analyzed for central memory (CM)/effector memory (EM) T-cell subsets, monocyte subsets, and cell activation (CD38 and HLA-DR expression) before, during, and after therapy. Read More

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Paeoniflorin Attenuates Dexamethasone-Induced Apoptosis of Osteoblast Cells and Promotes Bone Formation via Regulating AKT/mTOR/Autophagy Signaling Pathway.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 7;2021:6623464. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110003, China.

Paeoniflorin, a natural product derived from , possesses diverse pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antidiabetic effects. It has been reported for promoting osteoblastogenesis and inhibiting osteoclastogenesis. This study investigates the therapeutic effects of paeoniflorin in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) and . Read More

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Association of Rheumatoid Arthritis with Diabetic Comorbidity: Correlating Accelerated Insulin Resistance to Inflammatory Responses in Patients.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 12;14:809-820. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia.

Over the past two decades, with advancement of medical research and technology, treatments of many diseases including chronic disorders like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been revolutionized. Treatment and management of RA has been refined by advances in understanding its pathologic mechanisms, the development of drugs which target them and its association with various other chronic comorbidities like diabetes. Diabetes prevalence is closely associated with RA since elevated insulin resistance have been observed with RA. Read More

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Ocular Manifestations of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Academic Medical Center in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 13;15:1551-1556. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Kellogg Eye Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose: Studies have identified a wide range of ocular signs and symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients; however, these studies were often conducted outside of the United States. We aim to investigate the ocular manifestations of hospitalized COVID-19 patients at a tertiary care medical center in the United States.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted on individuals aged 18 and over who were hospitalized for COVID-19 between March 10, 2020 and April 13, 2020. Read More

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[Clinical value of inflammatory biomarkers in predicting prognosis of patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Mar;53(2):302-307

Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital, Hebei North Univercity, Zhangjiakou 075061, Hebei, China.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of inflammation-related markers in predicting the prognosis of patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma.

Methods: 200 patients with ureteral urothelial carcinoma were randomly divided into two groups by split sample validation: modeling group and validation group. Paraffin embedded pathological specimens of the patients were reviewed. Read More

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The effects of nano-curcumin as a nutritional strategy on clinical and inflammatory factors in children with cystic fibrosis: the study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Apr 20;22(1):292. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder, which is caused by the CFTR protein defects. Along with CFTR dysfunction, inflammation plays a key role in the disease outcomes. Inflammation may develop due to the internal dysfunction of the CFTR protein or external factors. Read More

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Salvia miltiorrhiza hydroalcoholic extract inhibits postoperative peritoneal adhesions in rats.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Apr 20;21(1):126. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.

Background: One of the most prevalent postoperative complications is believed to be intra-abdominal peritoneal adhesions, which is followed by several complications. Several adhesion prevention products have been examined, yet none of them were found to be completely effective. The current research is conducted to evaluate the beneficial effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza hydroalcoholic extract in inhibiting postoperative peritoneal adhesions in rats. Read More

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Impact of the preoperative prognostic nutritional index as a predictor for postoperative complications after resection of locally recurrent rectal cancer.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 20;21(1):435. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery; Graduated School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 E2, Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Background: Local recurrence is common after curative resections for rectal cancer. Surgical intervention is among the best treatment choices. However, achieving a negative resection margin often requires extensive pelvic organ resections; thus, the postoperative complication rate is quite high. Read More

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The possible role of Interleukin-6 as a regulator of insulin sensitivity in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder.

BMC Neurol 2021 Apr 20;21(1):167. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is associated with inflammatory mediators that may also trigger downstream signaling pathways leading to reduce insulin sensitivity.

Methods: We aimed to determine the risk association of hyperinsulinemia in NMOSD patients with seropositive AQP4-IgG and the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17A compared with the control group. Serum levels of metabolic (Insulin, Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), lipid profile) and inflammatory (IL-6 and IL-17) markers were assessed in 56 NMOSD patients and 100 controls. Read More

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Application of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) to modulate inflammation in critical COVID-19 - A theoretical perspective.

Med Hypotheses 2021 Apr 9;151:110592. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Comparative Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

COVID-19 is an airway disease that has affected ~125 million people worldwide, caused by a novel coronavirus termed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2), spread through respiratory droplets, direct contact, and aerosol transmission. Although most patients presenting with absent or mild symptoms recover completely, the highest morbidity and mortality rates are seen in the elderly, and patients with comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, immunosuppressive diseases, diabetes, and pre-existing respiratory illnesses. Several therapeutic strategies have been examined, but a wide-ranging therapeutic option for particularly severe cases of COVID-19 remains to be elucidated. Read More

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The intergenerational interplay of adversity on salivary inflammation in young children and caregivers.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Apr 17;128:105222. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 219 Biobehavioral Health Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. Electronic address:

Systemic inflammation links exposure to early childhood adversity to later disease. The associations among adversity and disease risk might in part operate through poor oral hygiene and subsequent periodontal inflammation, which can be measured in saliva. Few studies, however, have examined the association between adversity and salivary inflammation in young children. Read More

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A multiple-strain probiotic product provides a better enzymatic antioxidant response in individuals with constipation in a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 4;89:111225. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil.

Objectives: Probiotics may have beneficial effects on intestinal dysbiosis. However, the effects of probiotics on redox and inflammatory responses in intestinal constipation remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a multiple-strain probiotic on the redox and inflammatory responses in individuals with intestinal constipation. Read More

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BACH1 is transcriptionally inhibited by TET1 in hepatocellular carcinoma in a microRNA-34a-depedent manner to regulate autophagy and inflammation.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Apr 17:105611. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Emergency Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230031, Anhui, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the main contributors to cancer-associated deaths globally, is characterized by high invasiveness. Herein, we studied the molecular mechanisms underlying ten-eleven translocation 1 (TET1)-mediated autophagy in HCC. Following data mining using GSE101728, GSE14520 and GSE138178, TET1 was screened out, and the differential expression of TET1 was verified by bioinformatics analysis. Read More

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Aging-dependent regulatory cells emerge in subcutaneous fat to inhibit adipogenesis.

Dev Cell 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Nutritional Sciences & Toxicology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Endocrinology Program, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:

Adipose tissue mass and adiposity change throughout the lifespan. During aging, while visceral adipose tissue (VAT) tends to increase, peripheral subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) decreases significantly. Unlike VAT, which is linked to metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, SAT has beneficial effects. Read More

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IL-1β-pre-conditioned mesenchymal stem/stromal cells' secretome modulates the inflammatory response and aggrecan deposition in intervertebral disc.

Eur Cell Mater 2021 Apr 20;41:431-453. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

I3S - Rua Alfredo Allen 208, 4200-135 Porto,

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been increasingly used in clinical trials for low-back pain (LBP) and intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration with promising results. Their action mechanisms are not fully understood, but they reduce IVD pro-inflammatory markers in a pro-inflammatory/degenerative IVD microenvironment. In this study the therapeutic potential of the MSC secretome, as an alternative cell-free approach for treating degenerated IVDs, was examined. Read More

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Drotaverine Inhibitor of PDE4: Reverses the Streptozotocin Induced Alzheimer's Disease in Mice.

Neurochem Res 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pharmacy, COMSAT University, Abottabad, Pakistan.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease associated with decline in memory and cognitive impairments. Phosphodiesterase IV (PDE4) protein, an intracellular cAMP levels regulator, when inhibited act as potent neuroprotective agents by virtue of ceasing the activity of Pro-inflammatory mediators. The complexity of AD etiology has ever since compelled the researchers to discover multifunctional compounds to combat the AD and neurodegeneration. Read More

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Association between vitamin D serum levels and inflammatory markers in patients on hemodialysis.

Gac Med Mex 2020 ;156(6):509-515

Nephrology Department, Hospital San Juan de Dios, Zaragoza, Spain.

Introduction: The relationship between 25-OH-vitamin D and the immune system in patients with chronic kidney disease is a subject of attention.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients on hemodialysis and to investigate the association between vitamin D, ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (US-CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR).

Method: Cross-sectional study of 80 patients on hemodialysis, divided into two groups: a serum 25-OH-vitamin D level < 20 ng/mL was considered to be vitamin D deficiency and a serum level ≥ 20 ng/mL was regarded as normal. Read More

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January 2020

The impact of L-citrulline supplementation on glucose homeostasis, lipid profile, and some inflammatory factors in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial.

Phytother Res 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Nutrition Research Center, Department of Biochemistry and Diet Therapy, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

This study investigated the impact of L-citrulline on glucose homeostasis, lipid profile, and inflammatory factors in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In total, 54 participants with T2D were assigned to L-citrulline (3 g/day L-citrulline) or placebo groups and tested for 8 weeks. Serum levels of insulin, fasting glucose, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), lipid profile, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and L-citrulline were measured pre- and post-intervention. Read More

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Systemic Inflammatory Markers Combined with Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Density for the Improved Prediction of Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Rectal Cancer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Previous studies have reported the utility of systemic inflammatory markers and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) separately in predicting response to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in rectal cancer; however, the efficacy of combining these markers remains unclear.

Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the predictive efficacy of systemic inflammatory markers combined with CD8+ TIL density on response to neoadjuvant CRT in locally advanced rectal cancer.

Methods: Ten systemic inflammatory markers and CD8+ TIL density were assessed in 267 patients with rectal cancer using pretreatment clinical data and biopsy samples. Read More

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ASO Author Reflections: Combinations of Systemic Inflammatory Markers and CD8+ Tumor-infiltrating Lymphocyte Density: Predictive Utility for Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Rectal Cancer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, 3-8-31, Ariake, Koto-ku, Tokyo, 135-8550, Japan.

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Ibuprofen taken before exercise blunts the IL-6 response in older adults but does not alter bone alkaline phosphatase or c-telopeptide.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Mail Stop B179, 12631 E. 17th Avenue, Room 8111, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Introduction: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) taken before exercise have been shown to impair bone formation. NSAIDs also suppress inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), that can have pro-resorptive effects. It is unclear how taking NSAIDs timed around exercise influences inflammatory and bone biomarkers following an acute exercise bout in older adults. Read More

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Zika-exposed microcephalic neonates exhibit higher degree of inflammatory imbalance in cerebrospinal fluid.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 19;11(1):8474. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Bahia School of Medicine, Salvador, Bahia, 40210-630, Brazil.

Not every neonate with congenital Zika virus (ZIKV) infection (CZI) is born with microcephaly. We compared inflammation mediators in CSF (cerebrospinal fluid obtained from lumbar puncture) between ZIKV-exposed neonates with/without microcephaly (cases) and controls. In Brazil, in the same laboratory, we identified 14 ZIKV-exposed neonates during the ZIKV epidemic (2015-2016), 7(50%) with and 7(50%) without microcephaly, without any other congenital infection, and 14 neonates (2017-2018) eligible to be controls and to match cases. Read More

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Activation of GPR30 with G1 inhibits oscillatory shear stress-induced adhesion of THP-1 monocytes to HAECs by increasing KLF2.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 19;13. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Geriatrics, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610072, Sichuang, China.

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease known to be mediated by numerous factors, among which endothelial dysfunction plays a critical role. Oscillatory shear stress induces endothelial cells to lose their anti-atherosclerotic properties and downregulates the expression of the innate protective transcription factor, Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), which is typically upregulated in vascular endothelial cells in response to harmful stimuli. Oxidative stress and inflammation impair endothelial function and damage their survival. Read More

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