2,758 results match your criteria infection nephrolithiasis


Urinary tract infections in cystic fibrosis patients.

J Cyst Fibros 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Molecular Pathogenesis, Department of Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States; Center for Personalized Microbiology (CPMi), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN; Vanderbilt Institute for Infection, Immunology & Inflammation (VI4), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, United States. Electronic address:

Improved understanding of non-respiratory infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients will be vital to sustaining the increased life span of these patients. To date, there has not been a published report of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in CF patients. We performed a retrospective chart review at a major academic medical center during 2010-2020 to determine the features of UTIs in 826 CF patients. Read More

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Evaluation of bladder and bowel functions in children with microcephaly and congenital zika syndrome.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Edmond and Lily Safra International Neuroscience Institute (IIN-ELS) - Alberto Santos Dumont Education and Research Institute (ISD), Macaíba, RN Brazil; Anita Garibaldi Center for Education and Research in Health (CEPS) - Alberto Santos Dumont Education and Research Institute (ISD), Macaíba, RN Brazil.

Introduction: Children with Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) present structural cortical changes that may compromise the integrity of their connections with urinary and digestive systems, causing bowel and bladder dysfunctions.

Objective: To evaluate bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) in children with CZS.

Study Design: This is an observational cross-sectional study of a series of CZS cases. Read More

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Thirty-day hospital readmission rate, reasons, and risk factors after acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation.

Cancer Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Palliative, Rehabilitation and Integrative Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Objectives: To evaluate the 30-day hospital readmission rate, reasons, and risk factors for patients with cancer who were discharged to home setting after acute inpatient rehabilitation.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This was a secondary retrospective analysis of participants in a completed prospective survey study that assessed the continuity of care and functional safety concerns upon discharge and 30 days after discharge in adults. Patients were enrolled from September 5, 2018, to February 7, 2020, at a large academic quaternary cancer center with National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center designation. Read More

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Initial experience in the field of pediatric percutaneous nephrolitholapaxia in Bulgaria.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2021 Jun;63(3):348-354

UMHATEM "N.I. Pirogov", Sofia, Bulgaria.

Introduction: Pediatric urolithiasis is a very specific and challenging problem in the field of modern urology. Currently, there are three major methods for kidney stone removal: the extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), the retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), and the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), the latter one proving to be an efficient and safe monotherapy of stones even with larger burden. Different sizes of nephroscopes are used (standard, mini, micro), where smaller size is logically correlated with safer profile, especially in pediatric population. Read More

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Surgical management of spontaneously ruptured kidney with peritonitis due to neglected renal and ureteric calculi.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 21;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

A 30-year-old woman presented with right-sided abdominal pain associated with fever. Her ultrasound showed right renal calculus with no hydronephrosis along with collection in peritoneal cavity and pouch of Douglas. CT showed ruptured right kidney with multiple renal and ureteric calculi as well as displaced renal calculi in perinephric space and pararenal space. Read More

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Renal Stones and Risk Factors in Jeddah and Riyadh.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):191-198

Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia has extremely hot climate for most of the year; this is associated with the risk of developing nephrolithiasis. This retrospective research aimed to investigate the current prevalence, manifestation, mode of treatment, and risk factors of renal stones in Jeddah and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2018 to June 2019 at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Recidivant infective lithiasis: Is it possible to defeat them?

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Jun;74(5):527-531

Servicio de Urología. Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Díaz. Madrid. España.

Acidifying treatment and control of urinary pH may be an effective strategy to address recurrent lithiasic disease secondary to infective calculi. We present the case of a 39-year-old man with bilateral urolithiasis that led to episodes of complicated Reno ureteral colic.After undergoing multiple treatments by retrograde endourological surgery, he presented recurrence and progression of lithiasis disease, finally requiring percutaneous approach for treatment of a coralliform stone, after which he was free of lithiasis. Read More

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Secondary stone formation 8 weeks after percutaneous nephrolithotomy treatment: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26091

Department of Urology, Affiliated Longhua People's Hospital.

Introduction: This work reports a patient with recurrent renal calculi subjected to three surgeries in half a year to be in the same position, and the high-throughput sequencing data showed different species in the renal pus and urine samples, which suggested that partial renal infection or stone formation can be judged by the bacteria in urine.

Patient Concerns: The female patient aged 43 years was referred to the authors' department on April 13, 2020, due to left waist pain and fever for 3 days.

Diagnosis: Kidney stones and hydronephrosis were determined by a urinary system computed tomography scan. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy for kidney calculi patients with ankylosing spondylitis: a retrospective single center analysis.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 May 25;10(5):5252-5259. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Urology and Lithotripsy Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China; Department of Peking University Applied Lithotripsy Institute, Beijing, China.

Background: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in kidney calculi patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Methods: The data of 22 renal stone patients (25 kidney units) with AS who underwent PCNL in our institute from January 2008 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. General information of these patients, intraoperative and postoperative data were recorded. Read More

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Clinical presentation and management of urolithiasis in the obstetric patient: a matched cohort study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 9:1-6. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of pregnancy on the clinical presentation, inpatient procedure rates, and length of hospital stay, on women with urolithiasis.

Materials And Methods: We carried out a matched cohort study using the United States' Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 1999 to 2015. Pregnant women with urolithiasis were compared to age-matched non-pregnant women (1:1) with urolithiasis. Read More

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Retained calcified guidewire in the kidney mimicking a renal stone.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 5;14(5). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, San Raffaele Hospital, Milano, Lombardia, Italy.

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Perinephric Hematoma Associated with Pyelonephritis Following Ureteral Stent Placement for Ureteral Obstruction Causing Hydronephrosis.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;22:e931404. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Benefis Health System, Great Falls, MT, USA.

BACKGROUND Perinephric hematomas are rare, especially following ureteral stent placement. Etiologies of perinephric hematomas include post-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, Wunderlich syndrome, and renal cell carcinoma, none of which occurred in our patient, who underwent stent replacement. Subcapsular renal hematoma, rather than a perinephric hematoma, can occur following double-J ureteral stent placement. Read More

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Significance of albumin to globulin ratio as a predictor of febrile urinary tract infection after ureteroscopic lithotripsy.

Yeungnam Univ J Med 2021 Jul 20;38(3):225-230. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.

Backgruound: We aimed to analyze the effectiveness of albumin to globulin ratio (AGR) in predicting postoperative febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) after ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS).

Methods: From January 2013 to May 2018, 332 patients underwent URS and RIRS. The rate of postoperative fUTI and risk factors for postoperative fUTI were analyzed using logistic regression. Read More

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Bell's Palsy as a Late Neurologic Manifestation of COVID-19 Infection.

Cureus 2021 Mar 14;13(3):e13881. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Internal Medicine, Reading Hospital - Tower health, West Reading, USA.

Bell's palsy is acute peripheral facial nerve palsy; its cause is often unknown but it can be triggered by acute viral infection. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection commonly presents with respiratory symptoms, but neurologic complications have been reported. A few studies have reported the occurrence of facial nerve palsy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Incidence of nephrolithiasis after bladder augmentation in people with spina bifida.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Riley Hospital for Children at IU Health, 705 Riley Hospital Dr., Suite 4230, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Risks of nephrolithiasis after bladder augmentation in people with spina bifida (SB) remain unclear. Annual incidence of nephrolithiasis in the general population is 0.01% for 10-14 years old, 0. Read More

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RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW OF HISTOLOGIC FINDINGS IN CAPTIVE GILA MONSTERS () AND BEADED LIZARDS ().

J Zoo Wildl Med 2021 Apr;52(1):166-175

Northwest ZooPath, Monroe, WA 98272, USA,

A retrospective study was performed by reviewing all spp. submissions to Northwest ZooPath from 1996 to 2019. Necropsy and biopsy specimens from 106 captive Gila monsters () and 49 captive beaded lizards () were reviewed. Read More

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[Single use versus reusable flexible ureteroscopy for the treatment of urolithiasis: a comparative study of perioperative complications].

Urologiia 2021 Mar(1):66-69

Aix-Marseille University, APHM, Conception Academic Hospital, Dept. of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Marseille, France.

Objective: To compare the perioperative complications of patients who underwent flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) for the treatment of urolithiasis according to the type of ureteroscope used, single-use (suURS) or reusable (rURS) flexible ureteroscope.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective and single-center study was conducted between January 2017 and May 2019, including all fURS performed for nephrolithiasis management. During the study period, 5rURS and 1suURS (UscopePU3022) were available. Read More

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Bilateral pelvic kidneys with upper pole fusion and malrotation: a  case report and  review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 5;15(1):181. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Radiology, Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital, Wad Madani, Sudan.

Background: The incidence of ectopic kidneys is 1:12,000 clinically and 1:900 postmortem. Patients with pelvic mal-rotated kidneys are more susceptible to recurrent urinary tract infections, recurrent renal stones, and renal injury. Fusion of the kidney lower poles is relatively common compared to other types of renal anomalies. Read More

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Considerations for utilizing medullary sponge kidney allografts in pediatric patients.

Pediatr Transplant 2021 Jun 3;25(4):e13992. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Medullary sponge kidney (MSK) disease predisposes patients to recurrent nephrolithiasis, which affects one in every 5000 people in the United States.

Methods: We report a rare case of a pediatric recipient of a living donor MSK transplant and discuss considerations when discussing risks and benefits of accepting MSK allografts for this population.

Results: The recipient was admitted due to concerns for nephrolithiasis, hydronephrosis, and urinary tract infection at 1-month post-transplant. Read More

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Risk factors of febrile urinary tract infections following retrograde intrarenal surgery for renal stones.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(13):e25182

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University.

Abstract: We aimed to evaluate the risk factors of febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) following retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for treating renal stones.We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with 10 - 30 mm kidney stones who underwent RIRS from January 2014 to July 2017. Evaluation included age, gender, body mass index, stone size, stone location, and operative time. Read More

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A Rare, Unusual Presentation of Newberyite Urolithiasis in Adolescent Female -A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Urology 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Urology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.

We report a rare case of newberyite (magnesium monohydrate phosphate trihydrate) urolithiasis in a young female with a past medical history significant for longstanding autoimmune hepatitis. She presented to the emergency department with newly diagnosed nephrolithiasis. Over the next 2 years, she had recurrent renal calculi and 3 urologic procedures. Read More

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Cystinuria poorly responding to treatment - the risk of chronic kidney disease.

Pol Merkur Lekarski 2021 Feb;49(289):60-63

Department of Internal Medicine, Nephrology and Dialysis, Military Institute of Medicine. Warsaw, Poland.

Cystinuria is the genetic condition for the increased excretion of cystine in the urine. Patients mainly suffer from afflictions related to the presence and passage of kidney stones. The currently available treatment methods include conservative treatment based on increased fluid intake, appropriate diet, medications and urological procedures. Read More

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February 2021

Next generation sequencing in patients with nephrolithiasis: how does it perform compared with standard urine and stone cultures?

Ther Adv Urol 2021 Jan-Dec;13:1756287221994972. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Our aim was to compare microorganism detection between standard culture (Ctx) and next generation sequencing (NGS) in patients undergoing surgery for nephrolithiasis; we prospectively compared both urine and stone culture results using these two techniques.

Methods: We prospectively compared microorganism detection of urine and stone cultures using Ctx NGS in patients undergoing surgery for nephrolithiasis. We analyzed preoperative voided urine (Voided) using both Ctx and NGS. Read More

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February 2021

Methodology for triage of urologic surgical cases in the setting of a pandemic.

BMC Surg 2021 Mar 6;21(1):116. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Urology, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA.

Background: The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 forced our healthcare system in the Bronx, New York to cancel nearly all scheduled surgeries. We developed a framework for prioritizing postponed urologic surgeries that was utilized once cases were permitted to be rescheduled. As many parts of our country experience first and second waves of this pandemic, our framework may serve as a resource for other centers experiencing restrictions on the scheduling of elective urologic surgeries. Read More

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Combined treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction and renal calculi with robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty and laser lithotripsy in children: Case report and non-systematic review of the literature.

Int J Med Robot 2021 Jun 7;17(3):e2246. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Urology, Polytechnic University of Marche Region, "Ospedali Riuniti" Hospital, Ancona, Italy.

Objective(s): The incidence of urinary tract stone disease is steadily increasing in both adult and paediatric populations. This condition develops due to different factors: dietary or metabolic alterations, infection, and congenital anatomic malformations. Standard indications and treatments for children are analogous to the ones indicated for adults. Read More

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Use of Mini-Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Technique to Remove Extra-Peritoneal Foreign Bodies.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Feb 24;22:e929731. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Radiology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

BACKGROUND Foreign bodies (FBs) in the intra- or extra-peritoneal cavity are relatively rare. The aim of treatment is to remove the FB to prevent chronic inflammation and/or infection. Traditionally, surgical management is necessary, as the detection and localization of FBs can be difficult. Read More

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February 2021

Living Donor Gifted Lithiasis: Long-Term Outcomes in Recipients.

Transplant Proc 2021 Apr 16;53(3):1091-1094. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Nephrology Division, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana. Electronic address:

Objectives: Presence of nephrolithiasis in a living donor has been at least a relative contraindication to living donor nephrectomy. The concern for stone recurrence and outcomes has been one of the reasons for reluctance to consider these medically complex donors. We evaluate long-term outcomes in recipients of kidney grafts from donors with nephrolithiasis, or history of nephrolithiasis, and provide results from our experience at Indiana University. Read More

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[A comparison between 24h urine collection and overnight spot urines in evaluating the risk of stone disease].

G Ital Nefrol 2021 Feb 16;38(1). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Dipartimento di Urologia, Università di Tor Vergata, Roma, Italia.

Despite being recommended by most guidelines, the metabolic evaluation of patients with nephrolithiasis has limited diffusion due to difficulties relating both to the access to laboratory investigations and to urine collection modalities. Consequently, in addition to the classical 24-h collection, alternative and simplified collection modes have been proposed. We report here on the comparison between metabolic evaluation carried out on 24-h double collection (Lithotest) and overnight spot urines (RF test). Read More

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February 2021

Emergency department and hospital revisits after ambulatory surgery for kidney stones: an analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project.

Urolithiasis 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Division of Urology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3 West Perelman Center for Advanced Medicine, 3400 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Our objective was to identify the rate of revisit to either emergency department (ED) or inpatient (IP) following surgical stone removal in the ambulatory setting, and to identify factors predictive of such revisits. To this end, the AHRQ HCUP ambulatory, IP, and ED databases for NY and FL from 2010 to 2014 were linked. Cases were selected by primary CPT for shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL), ureteroscopy (URS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) with accompanying ICD-9 for nephrolithiasis. Read More

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February 2021

Salmonella Urinary Tract Infection and Bacteremia Following Non-Typhoidal Salmonella Gastroenteritis: An Unusual Presentation.

Cureus 2020 Dec 20;12(12):e12194. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

Internal Medicine, University at Buffalo/Catholic Health System, Buffalo, USA.

is primarily known to affect the gastrointestinal tract but can rarely cause infections at uncommon sites, such as the urinary tract. It is known that can infect the urinary tract directly by blood, fecal contamination of urethra, urolithiasis, or secondary intraluminal ascending infection. Our patient is a 59-year-old female with a past medical history of nephrolithiasis and multiple urinary tract infections (UTI) who presented with altered mental status and sepsis complicated by bacteremia and UTI. Read More

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December 2020