2,843 results match your criteria infants' mothers

Why do some primate mothers carry their infant's corpse? A cross-species comparative study.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 Sep 15;288(1958):20210590. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, UK.

Non-human primates respond to the death of a conspecific in diverse ways, some of which may present phylogenetic continuity with human thanatological responses. Of these responses, infant corpse carrying by mothers (ICC) is the most frequently reported. Despite its prevalence, quantitative analyses of this behaviour are scarce and inconclusive. Read More

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September 2021

Parents' Experience of Having an Infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Qualitative Study.

Cureus 2021 Jul 30;13(7):e16747. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Maternal and Child Health Department, School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman, JOR.

Introduction: Admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is usually unexpected and can be stressful to the parents causing strenuous psychosocial effects. Parents of these infants are subject to suffering stress, depression, and feelings of powerlessness. This study aimed at describing parents' experience of having their infant in the neonatal intensive care unit. Read More

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Mortality and significant neurosensory impairment in preterm infants: an international comparison.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Pediatrics and Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To compare mortality and rates of significant neurosensory impairment (sNSI) at 18-36 months' corrected age in infants born extremely preterm across three international cohorts.

Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected neonatal and follow-up data.

Setting: Three population-based observational cohort studies: the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN), the Canadian Neonatal and Follow-up Networks (CNN/CNFUN) and the French cohort Etude (Epidémiologique sur les Petits Ages Gestationnels: EPIPAGE-2). Read More

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September 2021

Association between mothers' fish intake during pregnancy and infants' sleep duration: a nationwide longitudinal study-The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS).

Eur J Nutr 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama City, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.

Purpose: N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), which are an important nutrient for humans, are particularly essential to the growth and development of the central nervous system (CNS) in fetuses and infants. Consequently, sufficient n-3 PUFA intake by mothers during pregnancy is considered to contribute to CNS development in their infants. CNS development is known to be associated with sleep, but no large epidemiological studies have yet confirmed that n-3 PUFA intake during pregnancy is associated with infants' sleep. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Maternal Pethidine on Breast Feeding Behavior of Infants in Cesarean Section by Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Iran Med 2021 08 1;24(8):591-598. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.

Background: Pain control methods after cesarean section may interfere with infant breast-feeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pethidine on breast feeding of infants born via cesarean section with spinal anesthesia.

Methods: In this randomized double-blind clinical trial, we evaluated 116 infants born via cesarean section in Gerash Amiralmomenin hospital (Southern Iran) in 2017. Read More

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Free threonine in human breast milk is related to infant intestinal microbiota composition.

Amino Acids 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Institute of Midwifery, University of Applied Sciences JOANNEUM, Graz, Austria.

Background: Accumulating evidence indicates that free amino acids (FAA) might be bioactive compounds with potential immunomodulatory capabilities. However, the FAA composition in human milk is still poorly characterized with respect to its correlation to maternal serum levels and its physiological significance for the infant. Studies addressing the relation of human milk FAA to the infants' intestinal microbiota are still missing. Read More

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September 2021

Factors Influencing Mothers' Quality of Sleep during Their Infants' NICU Hospitalization.

Behav Sleep Med 2021 Sep 2:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of NursingUniversity of TorontoToronto, ON, Canada.

Study Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) mothers' quality of sleep as measured with the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS).

Methods: Recruitment took place in a level 3 NICU. At enrollment, mothers completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, described their presence in the unit and their breast milk expression behavior. Read More

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September 2021

The outcome of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Western Region of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive Study.

Saudi Med J 2021 Sep;42(9):1009-1016

From the King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To describe the effectiveness of HIV guidelines in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT).

Methods: A retrospective review from January 2009 to December 2018 at the King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The main outcome measures were characteristics of HIV-exposed patients and transmission rate. Read More

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September 2021

Vitamin D status in full-term exclusively breastfed infants versus full-term breastfed infants receiving vitamin D supplementation in Thailand: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pediatr 2021 09 1;21(1):378. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 270 Rama VI Road, Ratchatewi, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: Many international medical organizations recommend vitamin D supplementation for infants, especially exclusively breastfed infants. In Thailand, however, data regarding the vitamin D status in Thai infants are lacking. Such data would help to support physician decisions and guide medical practice. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal HIV drug resistance is associated with vertical transmission and is prevalent in infected infants.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: We aimed to assess if maternal HIV drug resistance is associated with an increased risk of HIV vertical transmission and to describe the dynamics of drug resistance in HIV-infected infants.

Methods: A case-control study of PROMISE study participants. "Cases" were mother-infant pairs with HIV vertical transmission during pregnancy or breastfeeding and "controls" were mother-infant pairs without transmission matched 1:3 by delivery date and clinical site. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal Stress and Early Neurodevelopment: Exploring the Protective Role of Maternal Growth Mindset.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA. This work was completed when Dr. Elansary was a member of the Division of Developmental Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital; Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA; Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, MA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to test associations between maternal stress, maternal mindset, and infant neurodevelopment at 12 months of age. Specifically, we sought to examine the extent to which maternal growth mindsets may serve to attenuate the negative associations between maternal stress and infants' neurodevelopment.

Methods: The current exploratory study leverages data from a longitudinal cohort study following mother-infant dyads. Read More

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Estimation of lactating mothers' daily intakes of bisphenol A using breast milk.

Environ Pollut 2021 Oct 9;286:117545. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Diagnostic and Traceability Technologies for Food Poisoning, Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing, 100013, China; College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China. Electronic address:

Breast milk is a unique biological sample that reflects the exposure levels of both lactating mothers and infants. The exposure levels of BPA due to breast milk consumption for infants can be estimated easily, but the method to estimate the total daily intake (TDI) of lactating mothers from breast milk has not yet been established. In this study, BPA concentrations were detected in breast milk samples from 149 lactating mothers from Hunan, China. Read More

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October 2021

Detection of SARS-CoV-2-Specific IgA in the Human Milk of COVID-19 Vaccinated Lactating Health Care Workers.

Breastfeed Med 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Microbiology and Cell Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

In 2019, a deadly virus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), emerged. In December 2020, two mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines were approved for use in the United States, which provide immunity to those receiving the vaccine. Maternally derived antibodies are a key element of infants' immunity. Read More

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Understanding Infants' In-Home Injuries: Context and Correlates.

J Pediatr Psychol 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Psychology Department, University of Guelph.

Rationale: Infancy is a time of elevated risk of injury. Past research has focused mostly on the type of injuries, leaving many gaps in knowledge about contextual information that could aid in injury prevention planning.

Methods: In this longitudinal study, a participant-event recording method was used in which mothers tracked their infants' home injuries through three motor development stages (sitting up independently, crawling, and walking). Read More

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Maternal Parenting Stress in the Face of Early Regulatory Disorders in Infancy: A Machine Learning Approach to Identify What Matters Most.

Front Psychiatry 2021 2;12:663285. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute for Psychosocial Prevention, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Early regulatory disorders (ERD) in infancy are typically associated with high parenting stress (PS). Theoretical and empirical literature suggests a wide range of factors that may contribute to PS related to ERD. The aim of this study was to identify key predictors of maternal PS within a large predictor data set in a sample of = 135 mothers of infants diagnosed with ERD. Read More

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Added sugars mediate the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI and infant rapid weight gain: a preliminary study.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Baby Health Behavior Lab, Division of Health Services and Outcomes Research, Children's Mercy Research Institute, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Background: Parental obesity is linked to offspring obesity, though little research has explored factors that might influence this relationship during the complementary feeding period. This study investigated whether infant intakes of added sugars mediate the relationship between a mother's pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and infant rapid weight gain (defined as upward weight-for-age percentile crossing).

Methods: This study was of a cross-sectional design. Read More

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Maternal-focused interventions to improve infant growth and nutritional status in low-middle income countries: A systematic review of reviews.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(8):e0256188. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Emergency Nutrition Network, Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Small and nutritionally at-risk infants under 6 months (<6m) are a vulnerable group at increased risk of mortality, morbidity, poor growth and sub-optimal development. Current national and international (World Health Organization) management guidelines focus mainly on infants' needs, yet growing evidence suggests that maternal factors also influence infant outcomes. We aimed to inform future guidelines by exploring the impacts of maternal-focused interventions on infant feeding and growth. Read More

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Comment on Liao et al (2021) 'Mothers' voices and white noise on premature infants' physiological reactions in a neonatal intensive care unit: A multi-arm randomised controlled trial'.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Oct 30;122:104050. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia; School of Nursing, Queens University, Belfast, UK.

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October 2021

Prospective relations between maternal emotional eating, feeding to soothe, and infant appetitive behaviors.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2021 08 11;18(1):105. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Social and Behavioral Sciences Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, 6710B Rockledge Dr., MSC 7004, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Background: Infant obesogenic appetitive behaviors are associated with greater infant weight and child obesity, yet little is known about maternal influences on infant appetitive behaviors. This study examines the relations between maternal eating behaviors, feeding to soothe, and infant appetitive behaviors in a longitudinal sample of United States mothers.

Methods: Pregnant women were recruited in the first trimester (< 12 weeks) and followed through 1 year postpartum. Read More

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The effect of a training program on maternal role adaptation and self-esteem of mothers with preterm infants: a quasi-experimental study.

BMC Womens Health 2021 Aug 11;21(1):296. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Admission of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit limits the mother's interaction with their infants, delaying accepting and playing the motherhood role. Besides, mothers of preterm infants have low self-esteem due to their infants' condition. Accordingly, the present study explored the effect of implementing the training program on maternal role adaptation and self-esteem of mothers of preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Read More

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A Longitudinal Analysis Examining the Associations of Tummy Time With Active Playtime, Screen Time, and Sleep Time.

J Phys Act Health 2021 Aug 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Background: Evidence links tummy time (ie, the time spent in awake prone positioning that is encouraged and supervised by an adult) to infants' health outcomes such as gross motor and total development. However, the associations between tummy time and other movement and sleep behaviors as the child develops remain unknown. The aim of this study was to examine whether early introduction and practice of tummy time within the first 6 months of age were associated with active and outdoor playtime, screen time, and nocturnal sleep time of children when they were 12 and 24 months old. Read More

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Tube Feeding Practices and Transition to Breastfeeding Experiences of Mothers of Preterm Infants at a Kangaroo Mother Care Unit of a Tertiary Hospital in South Africa.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 30;8:2333794X211037032. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South Africa.

To receive human milk, most preterm infants initially receive the mothers' expressed milk through a nasogastric tube. However, breast milk feeding the preterm infant and making the transition to direct breast-feeding come with significant challenges. The study explored and described the experiences of mothers of preterm infants regarding initiation and expressing breast milk, tube feeding practices, and transition to breastfeeding during the infants' stay in a kangaroo care unit (KMC) of an academic hospital in South Africa. Read More

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Breastfeeding, maternal psychopathological symptoms, and infant problem behaviors among low-income mothers returning to work.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 31;285:114288. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Human Development & Family Science, College of Health and Human Sciences, Florida State University, USA.

Rationale: One of the biggest challenges for mothers returning to work after childbirth is breastfeeding. Studies documented the physical health benefits of breastfeeding for mothers and children. However, research findings concerning the longitudinal effects of breastfeeding on maternal and children's mental health are mixed. Read More

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September 2021

The willingness to attend the first dental visit within 1 year of age: an analysis applying Andersen's behavioral model of health services utilization.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 Aug 6. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Background: The first dental visit (FDV) within 1 year of age is important for establishing good oral health behaviors for young children, but delayed FDVs are common.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the predisposing, enabling, and need factors of maternal willingness to attend the FDV for infants.

Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among mothers of infants aged 11-14 months. Read More

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Feasibility of Early Intervention Through Home-Based and Parent-Delivered Infant Massage in Infants at High Risk for Cerebral Palsy.

Front Pediatr 2021 19;9:673956. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Developmental Neuroscience, IRCCS Fondazione Stella Maris, Pisa, Italy.

Infant massage (IM) can be considered an early intervention program that leads to the environmental enrichment framework. The effectiveness of IM to promote neurodevelopment in preterm infants has been proved, but studies on infants with early brain damage are still lacking. The main aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability and usability of IM, carried out by parents at home, on infants at high risk for Cerebral Palsy. Read More

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[Environmental factors for the development of hematopoietic neoplasms in children].

Rinsho Ketsueki 2021 ;62(7):801-808

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University.

Parental age at birth has been investigated in patients diagnosed with pediatric cancer. The Japan Children's Cancer Registry1985-2007 recruited 5,510 patients with leukemia and 8,782 with other cancers. The proportion of patients born to mother and father aged >40 years showed a higher trend in leukemia than that in other cancers (odds ratio [OR] 1. Read More

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The association of pre-pregnancy BMI on leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 in breast milk: a case-control study.

Br J Nutr 2021 Aug 5:1-7. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The nutrient composition of breast milk alters during lactation, and maternal BMI adds more intricacy into its complexity. We aimed to compare leptin, ghrelin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels of pre-feed and post-feed breast milk in mothers with obesity and normal weight, and tried to determine their effects on infants' growth over weight for length z-score. Twenty obese and twenty normal weight mothers with 2-month-old infants were enrolled in this case-control study. Read More

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Hidden pandemic: COVID-19-related stress, SLC6A4 methylation, and infants' temperament at 3 months.

Sci Rep 2021 08 2;11(1):15658. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic represents a collective trauma that may have enduring stress effects during sensitive periods, such as pregnancy. Prenatal stress may result in epigenetic signatures of stress-related genes (e.g. Read More

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Understanding the Impact of Maternal HIV Infection on the Health and Well-Being of Mothers and Infants in South Africa: Siyakhula Collaborative Workshop Report.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 24;14:1987-1999. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Health Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

The Siyakhula study is an ongoing, observational cohort study in Pretoria, South Africa, that aims to understand how maternal HIV infection and perinatal environmental factors shape development and health in infants who are HIV-exposed (in utero and during breastfeeding) but remain uninfected themselves (HEU). The Siyakhula Collaborative Workshop, which took place at the Research Centre for Maternal, Fetal, Newborn & Child Health Care Strategies at Kalafong Hospital in Pretoria, South Africa on November 15-16, 2018, brought together a group of international health scientists, clinicians, and stakeholders, including women with lived experience, to build capacity for research and training on the impact of HIV infection on women's and infants' health across geographical and disciplinary boundaries. The workshop sought to summarise the state of knowledge on the effects of being HEU on infant development and health in the first two years of life, identify gaps in existing research on modifiable exposures that may be associated with poor infant development, and develop ideas for novel research and interventions to lessen or prevent adverse health outcomes in pregnant or breastfeeding people living with HIV. Read More

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