51 results match your criteria indigenous fijian

Planned Relocation and Health: A Case Study from Fiji.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 20;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PACE-SD), Marine Campus, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.

In Fiji, low-lying coastal villages are beginning to retreat and relocate in response to coastal erosion, flooding and saltwater intrusion. Planned relocation is considered a last resort as a form of adaptation to the impacts of climatic and environmental change. The health impacts of planned relocation are poorly understood. Read More

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Urban-Rural Compliance Variability to COVID-19 Restrictions of Indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) Funerals in Fiji.

Ron Vave

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 Apr 14:10105395211005921. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Research on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has focused primarily on impacts in Western societies despite emerging evidence of increased vulnerability among indigenous peoples such as Pacific Islanders. Using Facebook public posts, this research assessed compliance to COVID-19 restrictions such as social gatherings (SG) and social distancing (SD) in non-COVID-19, indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) funerals in Fiji. Results showed 95% of the 20 funerals exceeding SG limits with greater, and highly variable crowd sizes in rural than urban communities. Read More

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Hospital admissions for skin and soft tissue infections in a population with endemic scabies: A prospective study in Fiji, 2018-2019.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 12 9;14(12):e0008887. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Tropical Diseases Group, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Scabies is an important predisposing factor for impetigo but its role in more serious skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) is not well understood. Information is limited on incidence of SSTIs in the presence of endemic scabies. We conducted a prospective study of hospital admissions for SSTIs in the Northern Division of Fiji (population: 131,914). Read More

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December 2020

Community perspectives on scabies, impetigo and mass drug administration in Fiji: A qualitative study.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2020 12 4;14(12):e0008825. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Scabies is endemic in Fiji and is a significant cause of morbidity. Little is known about the sociocultural beliefs and practices that affect the occurrence of scabies and impetigo, or community attitudes towards the strategy of mass drug administration that is emerging as a public health option for scabies and impetigo control in Fiji and other countries. Data were collected during semi-structured interviews with 33 community members in four locations in Fiji's Northern Division. Read More

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December 2020

High variance in community structure and ecosystem carbon stocks of Fijian mangroves driven by differences in geomorphology and climate.

Environ Res 2021 01 25;192:110213. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4067, Australia.

Mangrove ecosystems are particularly important for small island developing states of the Pacific, such as Fiji, which are at the forefront of the impacts of climate change. This is because of the ability of mangroves to mitigate storm surges and floods as well as their high carbon sequestration and storage capacity. However, there are few detailed studies on the spatial variation in mangrove structure and carbon stocks in Fiji, and this information is essential to support decision making by government and communities, enabling the development of effective mitigation and adaptation responses. Read More

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January 2021

Understanding socio-cultural influences on food intake in relation to overweight and obesity in a rural indigenous community of Fiji Islands.

Health Promot J Austr 2020 Aug 6. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

School of Social Sciences, University of Sunshine Coast, Moreton Bay, QLD, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are largely preventable by understanding the connection between socio-cultural knowledge, yet intervention effectiveness may hinder changes in lifestyles and behaviours in Indigenous health. This study performed to understand the social and cultural components, which contribute to obesity in rural areas of the Indigenous Fijian.

Methods: This study is a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) project, which engaged community members from a rural iTaukei village in the Fiji Islands. Read More

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Predictors of antibody persistence to the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in healthy Fijian infants at 12 months of age.

Vaccine 2020 07 21;38(33):5095-5099. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Infection and Immunity, Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI), Melbourne, Australia; Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Little is known about the predictors of antibody persistence to pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in the context of reduced dose schedules. In Fiji, an RCT investigated 0, 1, 2 and 3 dose schedules of 7-valent PCV administered at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age in 364 healthy infants. This study was a post-hoc analysis of the predictors of poor antibody persistence at 12 months, prior to a booster, using univariable and multivariable analyses. Read More

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Pressure and Persuasion: Young Fijian Women's Experiences of Sexual and Reproductive Coercion in Romantic Relationships.

Violence Against Women 2020 10 30;26(12-13):1555-1573. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

The Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a violation of women's human rights and dramatically increases women's vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health morbidities. This article examines young iTaukei (Indigenous Fijian) women's experiences of, and responses to, nonphysical forms of coercion in romantic relationships. It draws on ethnographic research with young unmarried women attending university in Suva, Fiji. Read More

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October 2020

Ovarian abscess caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2019 Sep 25;13(1):303. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

Labasa Hospital, Ministry of Health and Medical Services, Labasa, Fiji.

Background: Typhoid fever is a human-specific disease caused by a bacterium, Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhi. It is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food or water. It is mostly diagnosed by blood culture. Read More

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September 2019

The association between pneumococcal vaccination, ethnicity, and the nasopharyngeal microbiota of children in Fiji.

Microbiome 2019 07 16;7(1):106. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Infection and Immunity, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a significant global pathogen that colonises the nasopharynx of healthy children. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, which reduce nasopharyngeal colonisation of vaccine-type S. pneumoniae, may have broader effects on the nasopharyngeal microbiota; however, data are limited. Read More

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Young women's perceptions and experiences of sexual risk in Suva, Fiji.

Cult Health Sex 2020 05 30;22(5):504-519. Epub 2019 May 30.

Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

This paper explores young iTaukei (Indigenous Fijian) women's perceptions and experiences of sexual risk. It draws on qualitative data collected in Suva, Fiji in 2011 and 2012. Participants included iTaukei female university students aged 18-29 years. Read More

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The Minds of God(s) and Humans: Differences in Mind Perception in Fiji and North America.

Cogn Sci 2019 01;43(1)

School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington.

Previous research suggests that how people conceive of minds depends on the culture in which they live, both in determining how they interact with other human minds and how they infer the unseen minds of gods. We use exploratory factor analysis to compare how people from different societies with distinct models of human minds and different religious traditions perceive the minds of humans and gods. In two North American samples (American adults, N = 186; Canadian students, N = 202), we replicated a previously found two-factor agency/experience structure for both human and divine minds, but in Fijian samples (Indigenous iTaukei Fijians, N = 77; Fijians of Indian descent, N = 214; total N = 679) we found a three-factor structure, with the additional containing items related to social relationships. Read More

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January 2019

Decolonizing Community Psychology by Supporting Indigenous Knowledge, Projects, and Students: Lessons from Aotearoa New Zealand and Canada.

Am J Community Psychol 2018 12 2;62(3-4):340-349. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

All My Relations Indigenous Wellness Research Centre, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada.

Community psychology has long stood as a social justice agitator that encouraged reformation both within and outside of the academy, while keeping a firm goal of building greater well-being for people in communities. However, community psychology's historically Euro-centric orientation and applied, interventionist focus may inadvertently promote colonial agendas. In this paper, we focus on the example of Indigenous Pacific peoples, drawing upon experience working among Indigenous iTaukei Fijian communities and with Indigenous frameworks for promoting student success in Aotearoa New Zealand and Canada. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction on pneumococcal carriage in Fiji: results from four annual cross-sectional carriage surveys.

Lancet Glob Health 2018 12;6(12):e1375-e1385

Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: The indirect effects of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) are mediated through reductions in carriage of vaccine serotypes. Data on PCVs in Asia and the Pacific are scarce. Fiji introduced the ten-valent PCV (PCV10) in 2012, with a schedule consisting of three priming doses at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age and no booster dose (3 + 0 schedule) without catch-up. Read More

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December 2018

Natural Disasters, Social Protection, and Risk Perceptions.

World Dev 2018 Apr 28;104:310-325. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Nankai University.

Natural disasters give rise to loss and damage and may affect subjective expectations about the prevalence and severity of future disasters. These expectations might then in turn shape individuals' investment behaviors, potentially affecting their incomes in subsequent years. As part of an emerging literature on endogenous preferences, economists have begun studying the consequences that exposure to natural disasters have on risk attitudes, perceptions, and behavior. Read More

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Family planning unmet need and access among iTaukei women in New Zealand and Fiji.

N Z Med J 2017 Sep 22;130(1462):46-53. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin.

Aim: The aim of the study was to identify unmet need and family planning access among indigenous Fijian or iTaukei women living in New Zealand and Fiji.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken between 2012-2013 in five major cities in New Zealand: Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin; and in three suburbs in Fiji. Women who did not want any (more) children but were not using any form of contraception were defined as having an unmet need. Read More

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September 2017

A cross-sectional seroepidemiological survey of typhoid fever in Fiji.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jul 20;11(7):e0005786. Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Fiji, an upper-middle income state in the Pacific Ocean, has experienced an increase in confirmed case notifications of enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi). To characterize the epidemiology of typhoid exposure, we conducted a cross-sectional sero-epidemiological survey measuring IgG against the Vi antigen of S. Read More

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Sustained Antibody Responses 6 Years Following 1, 2, or 3 Doses of Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine in Adolescent Fijian Girls, and Subsequent Responses to a Single Dose of Bivalent HPV Vaccine: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Clin Infect Dis 2017 Apr;64(7):852-859

Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, and.

Background: The duration of antibody response following reduced human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine doses has not been determined. We compared the antibody responses in girls previously vaccinated with zero, 1, 2, or 3 doses of quadrivalent HPV vaccine (4vHPV; Gardasil, Merck) 6 years previously.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was undertaken in 200 Fijian girls 15-19 years of age. Read More

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Factors influencing fruit and vegetable intake among urban Fijians: A qualitative study.

Appetite 2016 Jun 4;101:114-8. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK; Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH), 36 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PD, UK. Electronic address:

Low fruit and vegetable intake is an important risk factor for micronutrient deficiencies and non-communicable diseases, but many people worldwide, including most Fijians, eat less than the World Health Organization recommended amount. The present qualitative study explores factors that influence fruit and vegetable intake among 57 urban Fijians (50 women, 7 men) of indigenous Fijian (iTaukei) and South Asian (Indian) descent. Eight focus group discussions were held in and around Suva, Fiji's capital and largest urban area, which explored motivation for eating fruit and vegetables, understandings of links to health and disease, availability and sources, determinants of product choice, and preferred ways of preparing and eating fruit and vegetables. Read More

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Descriptive analysis of diabetes-related amputations at the Colonial War Memorial Hospital, Fiji, 2010-2012.

Public Health Action 2014 Sep;4(3):155-8

The Australian Centre for International and Tropical Health School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

Setting: The Colonial War Memorial Hospital (CWMH) in Fiji.

Objective: To determine the characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) who underwent lower limb amputations at the CWMH from 2010 to 2012.

Design: This was a retrospective review of data contained in operating theatre registers and clinical records of DM patients who had undergone amputations during the study period. Read More

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September 2014

Development of a text message intervention aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm in patients admitted to hospital as a result of injury.

BMC Public Health 2015 Aug 22;15:815. Epub 2015 Aug 22.

Section of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.

Background: Screening for alcohol misuse and brief interventions (BIs) for harm in trauma care settings are known to reduce alcohol intake and injury recidivism, but are rarely implemented. We created the content for a mobile phone text message BI service to reduce harmful drinking among patients admitted to hospital following an injury who screen positive for hazardous alcohol use. The aim of this study was to pre-test and refine the text message content using a robust contextualisation process ahead of its formal evaluation in a randomised controlled trial. Read More

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Long-term impact of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination on nasopharyngeal carriage in children previously vaccinated with various pneumococcal conjugate vaccine regimes.

Vaccine 2015 Oct 29;33(42):5708-5714. Epub 2015 Jul 29.

Pneumococcal Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:

Previously, the Fiji Pneumococcal Project (FiPP) evaluated reduced dose immunization schedules that incorporated pneumococcal protein conjugate and/or polysaccharide vaccine (PCV7 and 23vPPV, respectively). Immune hyporesponsiveness was observed in children vaccinated with 23vPPV at 12 months of age compared with children who did not receive 23vPPV. Here we assess the long-term impact of 23vPPV vaccination on nasopharyngeal carriage rates and densities of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus and Moraxella catarrhalis. Read More

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October 2015

Sociocultural influences on strategies to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles among ten cultural groups.

Body Image 2015 Jan 9;12:108-14. Epub 2014 Dec 9.

Deakin University, School of Psychology, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia.

This study determined how sociocultural messages to change one's body are perceived by adolescents from different cultural groups. In total, 4904 adolescents, including Australian, Chilean, Chinese, Indo-Fijian, Indigenous Fijian, Greek, Malaysian, Chinese Malaysian, Tongans in New Zealand, and Tongans in Tonga, were surveyed about messages from family, peers, and the media to lose weight, gain weight, and increase muscles. Groups were best differentiated by family pressure to gain weight. Read More

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January 2015

Combining natural history collections with fisher knowledge for community-based conservation in Fiji.

PLoS One 2014 21;9(5):e98036. Epub 2014 May 21.

Dept. of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America.

Harnessing the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of local communities has the potential to enhance conservation planning in developing regions. Marine protected areas (MPAs) that incorporate traditional beliefs about reef tenure are generally more successful in reaching conservation goals and ensuring the participation of local fishermen on vulnerable tropical reef systems. Fiji possesses a unique system of traditional reef management in which local clans or villages, called mataqali, control individual units of a reef, known as qoliqoli, and make independent management decisions based on traditional beliefs and conservation concerns. Read More

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January 2015

A conceptual framework for managing modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Fiji.

Perspect Public Health 2015 Mar 14;135(2):75-84. Epub 2013 Oct 14.

School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.

Aims: The current review will look at modifiable lifestyle (physical inactivity, poor nutrition, risky alcohol behavior and cigarette smoking) and cardio-metabolic (obesity, diabetes mellitus, high cholesterol and high blood pressure) cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among Indigenous-Fijian and Indo-Fijian subgroups. A framework for monitoring and managing these risk factors will be presented.

Methods: National health surveys were identified where available. Read More

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Adolescent dietary patterns in Fiji and their relationships with standardized body mass index.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2013 Apr 9;10:45. Epub 2013 Apr 9.

School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Obesity has been increasing in adolescents in Fiji and obesogenic dietary patterns need to be assessed to inform health promotion. The objective of this study was to identify the dietary patterns of adolescents in peri-urban Fiji and determine their relationships with standardized body mass index (BMI-z).

Methods: This study analysed baseline measurements from the Pacific Obesity Prevention In Communities (OPIC) Project. Read More

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Trends in cervical cancer in Fiji, 2000-2010.

Public Health Action 2013 Mar;3(1):68-71

National Institute for Health Innovation, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Setting: Cancer patients recorded in Fiji's National Patient Information System (PATIS) from 2000 to 2010.

Objective: To identify trends in cervical cancer using case numbers, incidence rates and case fatality in Fiji over the decade 2000-2010.

Design: Retrospective descriptive and analytical study. Read More

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Fatal and hospitalised childhood injuries in Fiji (TRIP Project-3).

J Paediatr Child Health 2013 Jan 11;49(1):63-7. Epub 2012 Dec 11.

College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Science, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji.

Aim: Although childhood injury rates in low- and middle-income countries are known to be high, contemporary data on this topic from Pacific Island countries and territories are scant. We describe the epidemiology of childhood injuries resulting in death or hospital admission in Fiji using a population-based registry.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of the Fiji Injury Surveillance in Hospitals system investigated the characteristics associated with childhood injuries (<15 years) in Viti Levu, resulting in death or hospital admission (≥12 h) from October 2005 to September 2006. Read More

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January 2013

Meningitis in children in Fiji: etiology, epidemiology, and neurological sequelae.

Int J Infect Dis 2012 Apr 17;16(4):e289-95. Epub 2012 Feb 17.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji School of Medicine, College of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji.

Objectives: To describe the etiology, epidemiology, neurological sequelae, and quality of life of children aged 1 month to less than 5 years admitted with meningitis to the Colonial War Memorial Hospital (CWMH), Suva, Fiji.

Methods: Over a 3-year period, all eligible children with suspected meningitis admitted to CWMH had blood drawn for culture. Of these children, those for whom is was possible were tested for a four-fold rise in antibody titers to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal surface adhesin A (PsaA). Read More

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A latent profile analysis of the typology of bulimic symptoms in an indigenous Pacific population: evidence of cross-cultural variation in phenomenology.

Psychol Med 2011 Jan 29;41(1):195-206. Epub 2010 Mar 29.

Eating Disorders Clinical and Research Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Background: Previous efforts to derive empirically based eating disorder (ED) typologies through latent structure modeling have been limited by the ethnic and cultural homogeneity of their study populations and their reliance on DSM-IV ED signs and symptoms as indicator variables.

Method: Ethnic Fijian schoolgirls (n=523) responded to a self-report battery assessing ED symptoms, herbal purgative use, co-morbid psychopathology, clinical impairment, cultural orientation, and peer influences. Participants who endorsed self-induced vomiting or herbal purgative use in the past 28 days (n=222) were included in a latent profile analysis (LPA) to identify unique subgroups of bulimic symptomatology. Read More

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January 2011