38,580 results match your criteria indigenous


Enhancing the retention of phosphorus through bacterial oxidation of iron or sulfide in the eutrophic sediments of Lake Taihu.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 26;791:148039. Epub 2021 May 26.

State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China. Electronic address:

Microbial activity can enhance the sequestration of phosphorus (P) in sediments, but little is known about the mechanisms behind it. In this study, sediment cores were sampled from the most eutrophic Meiliang Bay of Lake Taihu, and three treatments were set up in a laboratory incubation experiment, involving (a) the non-treated sediment cores, (b) inoculation, and (c) sterilization. The dissolved and labile iron (Fe) and P were obtained by high-resolution dialysis and the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique, respectively. Read More

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Assessment of hexavalent chromium (VI) biosorption competence of indigenous Aspergillus tubingensis AF3 isolated from bauxite mine tailing.

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 1;282:131055. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Ton Duc Thang, University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

The intention of this research was to find the most eminent metal tolerant and absorbing autochthonous fungal species from the waste dump of a bauxite mine. Out of the 4 (BI-1, BI-II, BI-III, and BI-IV) predominant isolates, BI-II had an excellent metal tolerance potential against most of the metals in the subsequent order: Cr(VI) (1500), Cu(II) (600), Pb(II) (500), and Zn(II) (500-1500 μg mL). BI-II had shown tolerance to Cr(VI) up to 1500 mg L. Read More

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Using an economic evaluation approach to support specialist nursing services for people with Parkinson's in a regional community.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Charles Sturt University, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Indigenous Health, Orange, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: This study aims to provide economic evidence of the cost-effectiveness of employing specialist Parkinson's nurses in a regional community in Australia.

Study Design: This retrospective study utilized hospital service usage data to compare outcomes for people with Parkinson's disease before and after the employment of a specialist Parkinson's nurse in a regional community.

Methods: A representative sample was drawn from the target population of people with a diagnosis of Parkinson's admitted to a regional hospital over a 4-year period (2013-2014 and 2016-2017). Read More

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Fecal microbial composition and functional diversity of Wuzhishan pigs at different growth stages.

AMB Express 2021 Jun 12;11(1):88. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

The mammalian gut microbiome participates in almost all life processes in the host. In addition to diet, the breed is the main factor affecting changes in the swine gut microbiota. The composition of the gut microbiota changes significantly during different growth stages. Read More

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Manipulating the soil microbiomes during a community recovery process with plant beneficial species for the suppression of Fusarium wilt of watermelon.

AMB Express 2021 Jun 12;11(1):87. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab for Solid Organic Waste Utilization, National Engineering Research Center for Organic-Based Fertilizers, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Fusarium wilt is a devastating disease which impacts watermelon production. Soil fumigation using dazomet followed by biological organic fertilizer was applied to suppress the Fusarium wilt disease. We propose that fumigation suppresses the soil indigenous community, especially the soil-borne pathogens, while the utilization of bio-organic fertilizer facilitates the recovery of the soil microbiome to a beneficial, suppressive state through the introduction of plant growth-promoting microorganisms. Read More

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Predicting COVID-19 epidemiological trend by applying population mobility data in two-stage modeling.

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Feb;50(1):68-73

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310003,China.

:To predict the epidemiological trend of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by mathematical modeling based on the population mobility and the epidemic prevention and control measures. : As of February 8,2020,the information of 151 confirmed cases in Yueqing,Zhejiang province were obtained,including patients' infection process,population mobility between Yueqing and Wuhan,etc. To simulate and predict the development trend of COVID-19 in Yueqing, the study established two-stage mathematical models,integrating the population mobility data with the date of symptom appearance of confirmed cases and the transmission dynamics of imported and local cases. Read More

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February 2021

Bioethics in Africa: A contextually enlightened analysis of three cases.

Dev World Bioeth 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Across sub-Saharan Africa, bioethics is an emerging field of scholarly inquiry, informed by contextual features distinct to the region. A cultural mix comprised of Euro-American influences, indigenous traditions, Christian faiths and Muslim communities, a bioethics for the sub-Saharan region must be responsive to this milieu. This paper asks, what values and methods can best promote the practice of bioethics in Africa? We set forth a strategy that leans one way or another in response to contextual features of a particular setting. Read More

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Conceptual issues in hominin taxonomy: Homo heidelbergensis and an ethnobiological reframing of species.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.

Efforts to name and classify Middle Pleistocene Homo, often referred to as "Homo heidelbergensis" are hampered by confusing patterns of morphology but also by conflicting paleoanthropological ideologies that are embedded in approaches to hominin taxonomy, nomenclature, and the species concept. We deconstruct these issues to show how the field's search for a "real" species relies on strict adherence to pre-Darwinian essentialist naming rules in a post-typological world. We then examine Middle Pleistocene Homo through the framework of ethnobiology, which examines on how Indigenous societies perceive, classify, and name biological organisms. Read More

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Where is critical analysis of power and positionality in knowledge translation?

Health Res Policy Syst 2021 Jun 11;19(1):92. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Applied Science, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, T201-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2B5, Canada.

In Canada, the Eurocentric epistemological foundations of knowledge translation (KT) approaches and practices have been significantly influenced by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) KT definition. More recently, integrated knowledge translation (IKT) has emerged in part as epistemic resistance to Eurocentric discourse to critically analyse power relations between researcher and participants. Yet, despite the proliferation of IKT literature, issues of power in research relationships and strategies to equalize relationships remain largely unaddressed. Read More

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Improving the experience of facility-based delivery for vulnerable women through obstetric care navigation: a qualitative evaluation.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 11;21(1):425. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Wuqu' Kawoq | Maya Health Alliance, 2da Avenida 3-48 Zona 3, Barrio Patacabaj, Tecpán, Chimaltenango, Guatemala.

Background: Global disparities in maternal mortality could be reduced by universal facility delivery. Yet, deficiencies in the quality of care prevent some mothers from seeking facility-based obstetric care. Obstetric care navigators (OCNs) are a new form of lay health workers that combine elements of continuous labor support and care navigation to promote obstetric referrals. Read More

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Mercury in wild animals and fish and health risk for indigenous Amazonians.

Food Addit Contam Part B Surveill 2021 Jun 11:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Post Graduation Program in Regional Development and Environment, Federal University of Rondônia, Porto Velho, Brazil.

Total mercury (T-Hg) was determined in fish and wild animal meat consumed in indigenous villages in the Brazilian Amazon region, where there is no history of gold mining. The analyses were performed in an atomic absorption spectrophotometer by generation of cold vapour. Regardless of the dietary habit, 42. Read More

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Child and family health nurses' roles in the care of infants and children: A scoping review.

J Child Health Care 2021 Jun 11:13674935211026123. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Nursing, Midwifery & Indigenous Health, 89470Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia.

Child and family health nurses (CFHNs) work in a variety of settings with families to promote optimal growth and development in infants and children from birth to 5 years. Literature is available about models of care that CFHNs use in their work, but there is limited information about how CFHNs enact care specifically for infants and children. The aim of this scoping review was to identify and contextualize existing knowledge of how CFHNs, both in Australia and internationally, care for infants and children. Read More

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Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and toxicological profile of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC.: A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 8:114313. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong, 4318, Bangladesh; Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. is a perennial shrub indigenous to the tropical and subtropical regions of India, China, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippine, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Australia. Read More

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High risk of early sub-therapeutic penicillin concentrations after intramuscular benzathine penicillin G injections in Ethiopian children and adults with rheumatic heart disease.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 11;15(6):e0009399. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Intramuscular benzathine penicillin G (BPG) injections are a cornerstone of secondary prophylaxis to prevent acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Uncertainties regarding inter-ethnic and preparation variability, and target exposure profiles of BPG injection are key knowledge gaps for RHD control.

Methods: To evaluate BPG pharmacokinetics (PK) in patients receiving 4-weekly doses in Ethiopia, we conducted a prospective cohort study of ARF/RHD patients attending cardiology outpatient clinics. Read More

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Rates of new HIV diagnoses among Indigenous peoples in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States: 2009-2017.

AIDS 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia BC Centre for Disease Control First Nations Health Authority, Vancouver, Canada School of Health, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand School of Public Health, University of Queensland Poche Centre for Indigenous Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia The INA (Māori, Indigenous & South Pacific) HIV & AIDS Foundation.

Objective: To compare rates and trends of HIV diagnoses among Indigenous peoples in Canada (First Nations, Métis, Inuit, and other non-specified), Australia (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders), the USA (American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and Other Pacific Islanders), and New Zealand (Māori).

Design: We employed publicly available surveillance data from 2009 to 2017 to estimate the rate per 100 000 of HIV diagnoses. Estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) in diagnosis rates was calculated using Poisson regression. Read More

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Impacts of environmental change on biodiversity and vegetation dynamics in Siberia.

Ambio 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Tomsk State University, 36 Lenina Pr., Tomsk, Russian Federation, 634050.

Biological diversity is the basis for, and an indicator of biosphere integrity. Together with climate change, its loss is one of the two most important planetary boundaries. A halt in biodiversity loss is one of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Read More

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Application of frequentist and Bayesian models with extensive but low-resolution data to assess status of endangered Athabasca River rainbow trout.

Conserv Biol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Zoology, Biodiversity Research Centre and Beaty Biodiversity Museum, University of British Columbia, 6270 University Boulevard, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Use of extensive but low-resolution abundance data is common in the assessment of species at-risk status using quantitative decline criteria under IUCN and national endangered species legislation. Such data can be problematic for three reasons. First, statistical power to reject the null hypothesis of no change is often low because of small sample size and high sampling uncertainty leading to a high frequency of type II errors. Read More

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A Scoping Review of Family Focussed Interventions to Prevent Prison Violence.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 11:306624X211023917. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Violence is an ongoing concern for many people who live and work in correctional settings and yet relatively little is known about the effects of institutional violence prevention efforts. This paper reports the findings of a scoping review of recent research relevant to understanding the influence of one factor, contact with family, that potentially influences institutional violence in countries such as Aotearoa New Zealand where Indigenous peoples are over-represented in prison settings. A total of 15 different studies were identified that provided consistent evidence of an association between family contact and prison violence. Read More

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Techno Trend Awareness and Its Attitude Towards Social Connectedness and Mitigating Factors of COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:637395. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Psychology, Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, India.

While COVID-19 has taken a toll on many professions and livelihood of all walks of lives, technology has amplified its intrusion to ease the necessities. Innovative technology, therefore, has improved the glitches and provided the software to adhere to these new normal. However, individuals' awareness and attitude toward the advancements of these technological trends need to be addressed. Read More

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Potential displacement of the native by the invasive in South America suggested by differences in climate suitability.

Bull Entomol Res 2021 Jun 11:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 1561 Lindig Street, St. Paul, MN55108-6125, USA.

Tenuisvalvae notata (Mulsant) (Coccinellidae) is a predatory ladybird beetle native to South America. It specializes in mealybugs prey (Pseudococcidae), but relatively little is known about its ecology. In contrast, the ladybird beetle Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coccinellidae) is indigenous to Australia and has been introduced to many countries worldwide including Brazil for biological control of mealybugs. Read More

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Sexual Violence at University: Are Indigenous Students More at Risk?

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 10:8862605211021990. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Interdisciplinary Research Center on Intimate Relationship Problems and Sexual Abuse (CRIPCAS), Quebec, Canada.

University-based sexual violence prevalence is worryingly high and leads to many serious consequences for health and academic achievement. Although previous work has documented greater risk for sexual violence among Indigenous Peoples, little is known about university-based sexual violence experienced by Indigenous students. Using a large-scale study of university-based sexual violence in Canada, the current study aims to (1) examine the risk of sexual violence against Indigenous students compared to non-Indigenous students, and (2) to document sexual violence experiences of Indigenous students. Read More

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Technological characterization of indigenous lactic acid bacteria from Moroccan camel milk for their potential use as starter or adjunct culture.

Folia Microbiol (Praha) 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

RU Animal Production and Forage, Food Technology Laboratory, INRA, RCAR-Rabat, Institutes Rabat, 6570, 10101, Rabat, PB, Morocco.

This study aimed to isolate lactic acid bacteria (LABs) of technological interest from Moroccan camel milk and select starter or adjunct culture for dairy product manufacturing. The phenotypic and biochemical identification of 47 isolates revealed the existence of ten Lactococcus lactis, eleven Lactobacillus plantarum, three Lactobacillus brevis, two Lactobacillus paracasei, eleven Enterococcus spp., seven Lactococcus spp. Read More

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Assessing natural resource change in Vhembe biosphere and surroundings.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Jun 10;193(7):404. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

South Africa is a custodian of an immense wealth of natural and biodiversity resources in Africa. Natural resources are continually changing in different South African biospheres based on anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic causes. Land use activities like agriculture, cultivation, livestock rearing, commercial plantations, urbanisation and mining are among the major drivers of natural resource change and transformation. Read More

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Effect on physiological and production parameters upon supplementation of fermented yeast culture to Nicobari chickens during and post summer.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Rajendranagar, India.

Nicobari is an indigenous bird reared for meat and eggs. This study evaluated the effect of heat stress on plasma levels of leptin, growth hormone and their receptors, liver AMP kinase, plasma cholesterol and lipid peroxide (MDA). The laying period coincided with the post summer period. Read More

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'It looks like a breadbox': a pilot study investigating implementation of the Pepi-Pod® program with Aboriginal families in metropolitan South Australia.

Prim Health Care Res Dev 2021 Jun 10;22:e29. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Child and Family Health Services, SA Health, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Aims: To collaboratively explore the cultural acceptance of the Pepi-Pod® program as an alternate safe sleep space and to explore the process of implementing the Pepi-Pod® program in a mainstream health service for Aboriginal families living in urban South Australia.

Background: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants continue to die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) at rates three to four times greater than other infants born in Australia despite Council of Australian Governments commitment to halve the gap in the Indigenous infant mortality rate by 2018. The Pepi-Pod® program is evidenced in New Zealand and Queensland to provide a culturally appropriate safe sleep alternative that contributes to the reduction of SIDS and SUDI. Read More

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Climate change impacts on indigenous health promotion: the case study of Dikgale community in Limpopo Province, South Africa.

Glob Health Promot 2021 Jun 10:17579759211015183. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Limpopo, Sovenga, South Africa.

The most important determinants of indigenous health promotion are availability and accessibility of water, food and traditional medicine. It is for this reason that the 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion proposed the inclusion of food, water and ecosystems in any health promotion strategies. The present study describes the extent to which climate change in the form of rainfall scarcity and increased temperatures impacts the availability and accessibility of quality water, food and traditional medicine as basic determinants of indigenous health promotion. Read More

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On the role of experts: experiences from 35 years of Chernobyl consequences in Norway.

Authors:
L Skuterud

Ann ICRP 2021 Jun 10:1466453211010921. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, P.O. Box 329 Skøyen, NO-0213 Oslo, Norway; e-mail:

The fallout from the 1986 Chernobyl accident caused dramatic and long-lasting consequences for parts of food production in Norway, and the indigenous Sámi reindeer-herding lifestyle and culture in central Norway was particularly threatened. Banning food production - or condemning food - was considered unacceptable in a long-term perspective, and huge efforts were made to develop mitigating options. Some of these are still in place, 35 years after the accident. Read More

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Hybridisation between dingoes and domestic dogs in proximity to Indigenous communities in northern Australia.

Aust Vet J 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales, 2570, Australia.

In northern Australia, wild dog populations potentially interact with domestic dogs from remote communities, which would create opportunities for disease transmission at the wild-domestic interface. An example is rabies, in the event of an incursion into northern Australia. However, the likelihood of such wild-domestic interactions is ambiguous. Read More

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Genetic Variation in Two Populations From Ecuador Highlands-Extensive Copy-Number Variation, Distinctive Distribution of Functional Polymorphisms, and a Novel, Locally Common, Chimeric (CD16B/A) Gene.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:615645. Epub 2021 May 24.

Immunogenetics & Histocompatibility Lab, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Puerta de Hierro-Segovia de Arana, Majadahonda, Spain.

Fcγ receptors (FcγR), cell-surface glycoproteins that bind antigen-IgG complexes, control both humoral and cellular immune responses. The locus on chromosome 1q23.3 comprises five homologous genes encoding low-affinity FcγRII and FcγRIII, and displays functionally relevant polymorphism that impacts on human health. Read More

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