66,506 results match your criteria indicated prevention


Psychometric Properties of the Lasher and Faulkender Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS) among Iranian Older Adults.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jul 28;11(3):829-837. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Health Education & Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 14711, Iran.

(1) Background: The older adult population of society is exposed to multiple stressors daily, such as the loss of loved ones, dysfunctional mobility, financial dependence, and suffering from numerous chronic illnesses. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Anxiety about Aging Scale among older adults in Iran. (2) Methods: A sample of 703 community-dwelling older adults was recruited and screened using a standardized tool. Read More

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Exposure to the real ambient air pollutants alters the composition of nasal mucosa bacteria in the rat model.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 17;287(Pt 3):132269. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, 100191, China.

Studies have indicated that ambient pollutant exposure correlates with nasal disease, in which nasal mucosa microbiota play a crucial role. However, the association between exposure to real-ambient air pollutants and the composition of nasal mucosa microbiota has not been well studied. This study aimed to explore the composition of nasal mucosa microbiota after exposure to real-ambient air pollutants with a special system. Read More

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September 2021

Neighborhood deprivation and preterm delivery during the coronavirus 2019 pandemic.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Sep 22:100493. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Prior studies have reported decreases in preterm delivery (PTD) incidence during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, however findings are inconsistent. Given wide disparities in the pandemic's impact across communities, neighborhood deprivation may explain observed variation in the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and preterm delivery.

Objective: To characterize changes in the incidence of PTD during the COVID-19 pandemic with attention to effect modification introduced by neighborhood hardship. Read More

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September 2021

Intraoperative Indocyanine Green Angiography of Parathyroid Glands and the Prevention of Post-Thyroidectomy Hypocalcemia.

World J Surg 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Unidad de Cirugía Endocrina. Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Universidad de Barcelona (UB), C/ Feixa Llarga s/n, 08907, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: We compared the reliability of indocyanine green (ICG) angiography and intraoperative PTH levels for predicting early post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia.

Methods: Prospective study of 94 patients (71% women, mean age 53.7 years) undergoing total thyroidectomy. Read More

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September 2021

Amniotic fluid stem cell administration can prevent epithelial injury from necrotizing enterocolitis.

Pediatr Res 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Translational Medicine Program, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Stem cell therapy has been proven to rescue intestinal injury and stimulate intestinal regeneration in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Specifically, stem cells derived from amniotic fluid (AFSCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow have shown promising results in the treatment of experimental NEC. This study aims to examine the effects of AFSCs and MSCs on the prevention of intestinal injury during experimental NEC. Read More

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September 2021

Cognitive and Executive Function in Congenital Heart Disease: A Meta-analysis.

Pediatrics 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Child Development Centre and Children's Research Centre

Context: Cognitive function and executive function (EF) impairments contribute to the long-term burden of congenital heart disease (CHD). However, the degree and profile of impairments are insufficiently described.

Objective: To systematically review and meta-analyze the evidence on cognitive function and EF outcomes in school-aged children operated for CHD and identify the risk factors for an unfavorable outcome. Read More

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September 2021

The relationship between the molecular composition of dissolved organic matter and bioavailability of digestate during anaerobic digestion process: Characteristics, transformation and the key molecular interval.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Sep 20;342:125958. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Farmland Soil Pollution Prevention and Remediation, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

In this study, swine wastewater (SW) and cow wastewater (CW) were used for anaerobic digestion (AD). We found the bioavailability of dissolved organic matter (DOM) was affected by the molecular weight ranges and molecular composition during the AD process. The organic substance in the small molecular range (0-5 kDa) accumulated due to a larger molecular fraction (>10 kDa) degradation, which enhanced the bioavailability of the DOM. Read More

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September 2021

OBGYN practice patterns regarding combination therapy for prevention of preterm birth: A national survey.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Sep 10;266:23-30. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; The Preterm Birth Prevention Center, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Our objective was to examine if US obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYNs) practice outside of evidenced-based guidelines and use a combination of interventions to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB).

Study Design: An electronic survey was distributed to members of the Pregnancy-Related Care Research Network (PRCRN), and also to members of the Society of Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). The survey consisted of questions regarding physician demographics, and the use of interventions to prevent sPTB in women with 1) a prior sPTB, 2) an incidental short cervix (no prior sPTB), and 3) a history of cervical insufficiency. Read More

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September 2021

Current understanding of autophagy in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

Placenta 2021 Sep 20;115:53-59. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China; Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Sichuan University, Ministry of Education, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address:

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disease during pregnancy. Manifested with pruritus and elevation in bile acids, the etiology of ICP is still poorly understood. Although ICP is considered relatively benign for the mother, increased rates of adverse fetal outcomes including sudden fetal demise are possible devastating outcomes associated with ICP. Read More

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September 2021

Efficacy of hydrophilic resin-based sealant: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Dent 2021 Sep 21:103816. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Restorative Dentistry, Department of Oral Rehabilitation, The Medical University of South Carolina, James B. Edwards College of Dental Medicine, 173 Ashley Avenue, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: This meta-analysis review aims to answer two questions: 1) What is the effectiveness of hydrophilic resin-based sealant (RBS) in preventing/arresting pits and fissures caries in permanent teeth, and 2) What is the retention rate of a hydrophilic RBS as compared to alternative treatments.

Data: Randomized control trials investigating the efficacy of hydrophilic RBS compared to any other (placebo) treatment for permanent teeth. Outcomes were retention rate and caries prevention/arresting. Read More

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September 2021

Enhanced GRP78 protein expression via the IRE1α/ASK1/p38 MAPK pathway during AsO-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress in BEAS-2B cells.

Toxicology 2021 Sep 21;462:152962. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Toxicology, College of Public Health, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, 226019, China. Electronic address:

Inorganic arsenic is widely present in the environment. Exposure to moderate to high concentrations of arsenic from drinking water or air can cause various cancers and multisystem dysfunction. Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress sensor of unfolded protein response (UPR) under stress conditions and it enhances cell survival. Read More

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September 2021

Sport Participation and Academic Performance in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

SPRINTER, Prevention Research Collaboration, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia Institute for Positive Psychology and Education, Australian Catholic University, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: Physical activity can improve academic performance; however, much less is known about the specific association between sport participation and academic performance and this evidence has not been synthesised. Our aim was to systematically review and combine via meta-analyses evidence of the association between sport participation and academic performance in children and adolescents.

Methods: We conducted searches of five electronic databases using sport and academic performance related terms. Read More

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September 2021

Dimensions of Athletic Identity and their Associations with Drinking Behaviors among a National Sample of University Athletes in the United States.

J Youth Adolesc 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, USA.

Although prior studies have indicated athletic identity plays a role in alcohol use among college athletes, this research has largely drawn on a unidimensional conceptualization. Addressing this gap, the current study utilized a sample of 8,550 university athletes (M = 19.70 years, SD = 1. Read More

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September 2021

A Review of Self-Compassion as an Active Ingredient in the Prevention and Treatment of Anxiety and Depression in Young People.

Adm Policy Ment Health 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Discipline of Psychology, School of Population Health, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, 6845, Australia.

Previous meta-analyses have found higher self-compassion is associated with lower anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of self-compassion as an active ingredient in the treatment and prevention of anxiety and depression in youth. This was conducted through (i) a systematic review of the literature and (ii) qualitative consultation with young people and researchers in self-compassion. Read More

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September 2021

Defective NK cell expansion, cytotoxicity, and lack of ability to differentiate tumors from a pancreatic cancer patient in a long term follow-up: implication in the progression of cancer.

Cancer Immunol Immunother 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Division of Oral Biology and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry and Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The majority of the previous reports on NK cells use cross-sectional studies to establish the status of patient NK cell function, however such studies fail to evaluate the immune status of the patients on a continuous basis from the disease-free stage to progression of cancer. In this study, we performed a prospective study of the immune function by continuously monitoring the NK numbers, expansion and function of a pancreatic cancer patient from 1/6/2016 to 2/14/2019. The results indicated that at initial stages of the disease where no overt disease was identified, the patient had consistently higher percentages of NK and B cells and lower percentages of CD3 + T cells in the peripheral blood. Read More

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September 2021

[COVID-19-induced coagulopathy and thrombosis manifestations].

Radiologe 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Coagulation Center Mannheim, Mannheim, Deutschland.

Clinical Issue: Clinically, COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) is increasingly seen as a systemic disease associated with multiorgan involvement through a hypercoagulatory condition in the sense of vasculopathy.

Standard Treatment: Treatment with antiplatelet drugs or heparins appears to be indicated. The current evidence, at least for acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is lacking. Read More

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September 2021

Risk factors and management of pulmonary infection in elderly patients with heart failure: A retrospective analysis.

Authors:
Qi Peng Qin Yang

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(38):e27238

Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Services, The Sixth Hospital of Wuhan, Affiliated Hospital of Jianghan University, Jiangan District, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Abstract: Pulmonary infection is common in patients with heart failure, yet the risk factors remain unclear. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of pulmonary infection in elderly patients with heart failure, to provide reference to the prevention of pulmonary infection.This study was a retrospective study design. Read More

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September 2021

Bioinformatics analysis of key genes and potential mechanism in cadmium-induced breast cancer progression.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Cadmium (Cd) may be associated with breast cancer progression, but the detailed molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In this study, one public dataset (GSE136595) was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in Cd-treated MCF-7 breast cancer cells. We determined a total of 2077 DEGs, and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software showed that 246 of them were related to tumor progression. Read More

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September 2021

Eleutheroside K Isolated from Acanthopanax henryi (Oliv.) Harms Inhibits the Expression of Virulence-Related Exoproteins in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

Curr Microbiol 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Oriental Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy and Wonkwang Oriental Medicines Research Institute, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Jeonbuk, 54538, Republic of Korea.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (MRSA) is a representative pathogen that produces numerous virulence factors involving manifold cytotoxins and exotoxins. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of Eleutheroside K (ETSK), a single compound isolated from the leaves of Acanthopanax (A. Read More

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September 2021

Predictors of periodontal and caries related perinatal oral healthcare, investigation of dentists' practices: a cross-sectional study.

PeerJ 2021 1;9:e12080. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

School of Dentistry, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: The objectives of the study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dentists towards providing oral health care to pregnant women and to identify barriers and predictors of periodontal and caries related perinatal oral healthcare practices.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytical survey was conducted on dentists by using a random sampling technique, and a pre-validated questionnaire was delivered to 350 dentists from May 2018 to October 2018. Data were analyzed by utilizing SPSS software. Read More

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September 2021

Risk versus Benefit of Using Hydroxychloroquine to Treat Patients with COVID-19.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol 2021 15;2021:5942366. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Medical Microbiology/Infectious Diseases, Max Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), also known by its trade name Plaquenil®, has been used for over 50 years as a treatment for malaria, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. As the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in the United States and globally in early 2020, HCQ began to garner attention as a potential treatment and as prophylaxis against COVID-19. Preliminary data indicated that HCQ as well as chloroquine (CQ) possessed in vitro antiviral activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Read More

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September 2021

Mutational Analysis of Mitochondrial tRNA Genes in 200 Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Int J Gen Med 2021 16;14:5719-5735. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University, Yantai, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Objective: Previous studies showed that variants in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the relationships between mitochondrial tRNA (mt-tRNA) variants and T2DM remain poorly understood.

Methods: In this study, we performed a mutational screening of 22 mt-tRNA genes in a cohort of 200 Han Chinese subjects with T2DM and 200 control subjects through PCR-Sanger sequencing. Read More

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September 2021

Astragaloside IV Protects from PM2.5-Induced Lung Injury by Regulating Autophagy via Inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR Signaling in vivo and in vitro.

J Inflamm Res 2021 16;14:4707-4721. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Prolonged exposure to air polluted with airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can increase respiratory disease risk. Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) is one of the main bioactive substances in the traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Bunge. Read More

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September 2021

Physical and mental growth and development in children with congenital hypothyroidism: a case-control study.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Sep 23;16(1):393. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Introduction: The clinical complications of congenital hypothyroidism such as brain disorders are very subtle and are not recognizable in infancy period. They are recognizable when it is too late for treatment or prevention. General screening of newborns is effective in diagnosing congenital hypothyroidism and initiating initial treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Human adenoviruses in paediatric patients with respiratory tract infections in Beijing, China.

Virol J 2021 Sep 23;18(1):191. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

NHC Key Laboratory of Medical Virology and Viral Diseases, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing, China.

Background: Human adenoviruse (HAdV) is a major pathogen of paediatric respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Mutation or recombination of HAdV genes may cause changes in its pathogenicity and transmission. We described the epidemiology and genotypic diversity of HAdV in hospitalized children with RTIs in Beijing, China. Read More

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September 2021

Case report of restless anal syndrome as restless legs syndrome variant after COVID-19.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Sep 23;21(1):993. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a broad spectrum from respiratory and nasopharyngeal symptoms, cerebrovascular diseases, impaired consciousness, and skeletal muscle injury. Emerging evidence has indicated the neural spread of this novel coronavirus. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological, sensorimotor disorder, but highly under diagnosis disorder. Read More

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September 2021

Non-Invasive Venous waveform Analysis (NIVA) correlates with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and predicts 30-day admission in heart failure patients undergoing right heart catheterization: NIVA Scores correlate with PCWP and predicts 30-day admission.

J Card Fail 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in the elderly and readmission is common. Clinical indicators of congestion may not precede acute congestion with enough time to prevent hospital admission for heart failure. Thus, there is a large and unmet need for accurate non-invasive assessment of congestion. Read More

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September 2021

Associations between gestational age at birth and infection-related hospital admission rates during childhood in England: Population-based record linkage study.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257341. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit (NPEU), Nuffield Department of Population Health (NDPH), University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Children born preterm (<37 completed weeks' gestation) have a higher risk of infection-related morbidity than those born at term. However, few large, population-based studies have investigated the risk of infection in childhood across the full spectrum of gestational age. The objectives of this study were to explore the association between gestational age at birth and infection-related hospital admissions up to the age of 10 years, how infection-related hospital admission rates change throughout childhood, and whether being born small for gestational age (SGA) modifies this relationship. Read More

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September 2021