10,364 results match your criteria indicated items


Integrative data analysis of self-efficacy in four clinical trials for alcohol use disorder.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Background: Self-efficacy has been proposed as a key predictor of alcohol treatment outcomes and a potential mechanism of success in achieving abstinence or drinking reductions following alcohol treatment. Integrative data analysis, where data from multiple studies are combined for analyses, can be used to synthesize analyses across multiple alcohol treatment trials by creating a commensurate measure and controlling for differential item functioning (DIF) to determine if alcohol treatments improve self-efficacy.

Method: The current study used moderated nonlinear factor analysis (MNLFA) to examine the effect of treatment on self-efficacy across four different treatment studies (N=3,720; 72. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Is non-completion of treatment related to security need?

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Treatment completion difficulties are common in forensic mental health settings and may have a profound impact on recidivism rates.

Aims: To test for associations between measures of risk and of security needs on the one hand and treatment non-completion on the other among male offender-patients in one medium security hospital.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective file study in a Flemish medium security hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Pharmacy student perceptions of their preparedness to address vaccine hesitancy and refusal.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Oct 24;13(10):1324-1331. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Belmont University, 1900 Belmont Blvd., Nashville, TN 37212, 615-460-8129, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Vaccine hesitancy/refusal is a growing issue worldwide. Pharmacists are well suited to address vaccine hesitancy; however, the extent to which they feel trained to do so may vary. The objective of this study was to determine pharmacy student confidence in addressing vaccine hesitancy/refusal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Validity of the food frequency questionnaire for adults in nutritional epidemiological studies: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Sep 14:1-19. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

As the most widely used tool for assessing dietary intake, the validity of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) should be evaluated before application. A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Web of Science databases was conducted for publications from January 2000 to April 1, 2020. Pooled estimates were calculated for correlation coefficients and mean differences for energy and 61 nutrients between FFQs and standard methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

English BESA Morphosyntax Performance Among Spanish-English Bilinguals Who Use African American English.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Sep 14:1-17. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Delaware, Newark.

Purpose This study examined the use of African American English (AAE) among a group of young Latinx bilingual children and the accuracy of the English Morphosyntax subtest of the Bilingual English-Spanish Assessment (BESA) in classifying these children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD). Method Children ( = 81) between the ages of 4;0 and 7;1 (years;months) completed a narrative task and the BESA Morphosyntax subtest. We identified DLD based on four reference measures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Altered fecal microbiota composition in individuals who abuse methamphetamine.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 13;11(1):18178. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Wuhan Mental Health Center, The Ninth Clinical School, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

As a severe public health problem, methamphetamine (METH) abuse places a heavy burden on families and society. A growing amount of evidence has indicated communication between gut microbiota and the CNS in drug addiction, with associations to neural, endocrine and immune pathways. Thus, we searched for alterations in the gut microbiota and their potential effects in METH users through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development and Testing of an Instrument for Summative Assessment of Practical Skill Performance: A Generalizability Theory Approach.

J Nurs Meas 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology University of Oslo, Oslo Norway.

Background And Purpose: Many newly graduated nurses lack proficiency in practical skill performance. Presently, nursing students' practical skill is assessed by summative instruments with overarching items. The purpose of this study was to develop a more detailed instrument to use in summative assessment of nursing students' practical skill performance and to assess its psychometric properties. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Measuring Anticipated Loss of Aging Parents: Development of the Parent Anticipatory Loss Scale.

J Nurs Meas 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, NJ.

Background And Purpose: Research indicates non-caregiving adult children with aging parents experience anticipatory loss for parents that consists of feelings of gratitude, sadness, and worry. The purpose of this research was to develop the Parent Anticipatory Loss Scale.

Methods: Interview data from non-caregiving adult children and extant literature formed the basis for creating items measuring three components of Parent Anticipatory Loss. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Psychometric Analysis of the Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist Workload Perception Scale (CWPS): Final Phase.

J Nurs Meas 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing.

Background And Purpose: In two previous studies, the Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) Workload Perception Scale (CWPS) was developed. The purpose of this paper is to report the final psychometric validation of the CWPS.

Methods: An 11-item CWPS was tested in a population of CRNAs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Evaluating an urban pediatric hospital's scald burn prevention program.

Inj Epidemiol 2021 Sep 13;8(Suppl 1):20. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA, 19134, USA.

Background: Over 450,000 individuals are hospitalized with burns annually and roughly 35% are scald burns. Children younger than 5 years of age are at the greatest risk of scald burn injury. Caregiver burn prevention programs have been found to reduce the prevalence of injuries in young children; however, low-income and underserved populations seldomly have access to these programs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Is comprehensiveness critical? Comparing short and long format cognitive assessments in preclinical Alzheimer disease.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 Sep 13;13(1):153. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Charles F. and Joanne Knight Alzheimer Disease Research Center, Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Background: Comprehensive testing of cognitive functioning is standard practice in studies of Alzheimer disease (AD). Short-form tests like the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) use a "sampling" of measures, administering key items in a shortened format to efficiently assess cognition while reducing time requirements, participant burden, and administrative costs. We compared the MoCA to a commonly used long-form cognitive battery in predicting AD symptom onset and sensitivity to AD neuroimaging biomarkers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Depressive subfactors and cognitive function in midlife.

J Affect Disord 2021 Sep 3;295:752-758. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the heterogeneous association of depressive subtypes with cognitive function, according to age and sex.

Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized the baseline data from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center cohort and included 5271 midlife participants. For identifying depressive subtypes of the Beck Depression Inventory Ⅱ items, factor analyses were utilized and yielded two factors -melancholic- and somatic-depressive subtypes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A questionnaire to assess eating behavior: Structure, validity and responsiveness of a new German eating behavior scale (SEV).

Appetite 2021 Sep 10:105668. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

University of Freiburg, Department of Sport Psychology, Freiburg, Germany.

Numerous weight-loss interventions promoting healthy and weight-reducing eating behavior have been developed over the past years. To evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions for eating behavior change, short, validated and sensitive instruments are needed. In this study series, we developed and validated a new outcome measure to assess health-conscious and weight-controlling eating behavior for the evaluation of weight-loss interventions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Validation of the Prospective Memory Concerns Questionnaire (PMCQ).

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 26;15:686850. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia.

Prospective memory (PM), the ability to remember to complete intended tasks, is essential for successfully completing activities of daily living. PM impairments are common in people with neuropathology such as acquired brain injury and dementia. These PM impairments affect individuals' capabilities in key aspects of daily living including their health, safety, and independence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring Risk, Antecedents and Human Costs of Living with a Retained Surgical Item: A Narrative Synthesis of Australian Case Law 1981-2018.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 31;14:2397-2413. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Griffith Criminology Institute, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: This study aimed to critically examine the circumstances contributing to, and the human costs arising from, the retention of surgical items through the lens of Australian case law.

Design Setting And Participants: We reviewed Australian cases from 1981 to 2018 to establish a pattern of antecedents and identify long-term patient impacts (human costs) of retained surgical items. We used a modified four-step process to conduct a systematic review of legal doctrine, combined with a narrative synthesis approach to bring the information together for understanding. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and Validation of an Evaluation Tool of Consumers' Knowledge and Confidence to Report Patient Deterioration in Hospitals.

J Patient Saf 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

From the College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Caring Futures Institute College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia South Australian Ambulance Service/School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia Division of Mental Health Services, Southern Adelaide Local Health Network (SALHN), Daw Park, South Australia The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objectives: Studies have shown that many preventable hospital deaths may be reduced through early reporting of deterioration by patients and their visitors to health professionals. Engagement of patients and families for safer health care was recommended by the World Health Organization. As no validated tool was identified, the objective of the study was to develop and validate a tool to measure the impact of messages contained in self-developed educational materials on consumers' knowledge and confidence to report patient deterioration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Do reporting guidelines have an impact? Empirical assessment of changes in reporting before and after the PRISMA extension statement for network meta-analysis.

Syst Rev 2021 Sep 10;10(1):246. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension statement for network meta-analysis (NMA) published in 2015 promotes comprehensive reporting in published systematic reviews with NMA. PRISMA-NMA includes 32 items: 27 core items as indicated in the 2009 PRISMA Statement and five items specific to the reporting of NMAs. Although NMA reporting is improving, it is unclear whether PRISMA-NMA has accelerated this improvement. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

An Instrument to Operationalize the Balance between Risks and Resources and Predict Job Burnout.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 6;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

The goal of the present paper was to develop a valid and reliable instrument to operationalize the balance between job demands and resources in order to predict job burnout. After generating the items, we first conducted a cross-sectional study (Study 1) based on 656 participants, which provided preliminary evidence for the validity of the balance. We then conducted a longitudinal study (Study 2) based on 882 participants to improve and validate the final version of the balance. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Well-Being, Depression, and Anxiety following Oncoplastic Breast Conserving Surgery versus Modified Radical Mastectomy Followed by Late Breast Reconstruction.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 3;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Discipline of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, "Victor Babeș" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300041 Timișoara, Romania.

Breast cancer requires complex clinical care. Well-being is an intricate concept, encompassing physical, functional, emotional, and social aspects.

Background: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the type of surgery our patients underwent and the timing of the reconstructive surgery with physical, emotional, social, and functional well-being. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Living Environment Considerations on Obesity Prevention Behaviors and Self-Efficacy among Chinese Americans.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 3;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043, USA.

The aim of this study is to ascertain if the living environment (type of residential neighborhood and number of household members) will elucidate differences in obesity risk reduction behaviors and self-efficacy in Chinese Americans. A cross-sectional survey design was used to recruit participants from Los Angeles County and New York City metropolitan areas. A total of 650 adults were recruited from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Validation of the Champion Health Belief Model Scale for an Investigation of Breast Cancer Screening Behaviour in Malaysia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 3;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Centre of Population Health, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among women globally, including in Malaysia. There is a need to assess women's beliefs about BC and screening in different cultural settings. This study aimed to translate and validate an adapted version of the United States (US) Champion Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) for an investigation of predictors of BC screening in Malaysia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Correlations between Physical Activity Participation and the Environment in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Using Ecological Frameworks.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 28;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Physical Education and Health Education, Springfield College, Springfield, MA 01109, USA.

Physical activity (PA) and sports are efficient ways to promote the young generation's physical and mental health and development. This study expected to demonstrate the complexity of correlates associated with children's and adolescents' non-organized PA participation. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA), a systematic review and meta-analysis were applied. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Parenting Styles as a Moderator of the Association between Pubertal Timing and Chinese Adolescents' Smoking Behavior.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 24;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

School of Dentistry, University of Dundee, Scotland DD1 4HN, UK.

Background: Pubertal timing refers to the timing of an individual regarding pubertal sexual maturation, both physiologically and psychologically. Existing research shows that pubertal timing is associated with behavioral problems. This study investigated the role of parenting style in the relationship between pubertal timing and Chinese adolescents' smoking behavior. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Perceived Severity of Stressors in the Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review and Semi-Quantitative Analysis of the Literature on the Perspectives of Patients, Health Care Providers and Relatives.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 31;10(17). Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine (CCM, CVK), Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

The aim of this study was to synthesize quantitative research that identified ranking lists of the most severe stressors of patients in the intensive care unit, as perceived by patients, relatives, and health care professionals (HCP). We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library from 1989 to 15 May 2020. Data were analyzed with descriptive and semi-quantitative methods to yield summarizing ranking lists of the most severe stressors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fibre-Cement Panel Ventilated Façade Smart Control System.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Sep 5;14(17). Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kielce University of Technology, 25-314 Kielce, Poland.

This paper outlines a design for a fibre-cement panel ventilated façade smart control system based on the acoustic emission method. The paper also provides methodology and test results, as well as statistical analysis of the three-point bending results with AE signal acquisition as a basis for the development of the system in question. The test items were samples cut from a full-size fibre-cement panel for interior and exterior use, according to the standard guidelines. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The relationship between illness perception and worsening of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome symptoms: A cross-sectional study.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

School of Health Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objective: To evaluate disease perception in a cohort of patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) using the Brief Illness Perception-Questionnaire (BIP-Q) and to evaluate how this might relate to disease severity.

Materials And Methods: The study is a cross-sectional survey amongst members of Bladder Health UK who had previously received a clinical diagnosis of IC/PBS. A hyperlink containing the questionnaire was sent to the patient group's website and interested members accessed and completed the survey. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development and Validation of Two Abbreviated Intraminority Gay Community Stress Scales.

Assessment 2021 Sep 8:10731911211042933. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Social stressors stemming from within the gay community might render gay and bisexual men vulnerable to mental health problems. The 20-item intraminority Gay Community Stress Scale (GCSS) is a reliable measure of gay community stress, but the scale's length limits its widespread use in sexual minority mental health research. Using three independent samples of gay and bisexual men, the present research developed two abbreviated versions of the GCSS using nonparametric item response modeling and validated them. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Coping Through COVID-19: A Mixed Method Approach to Understand How Palliative Care Teams Managed the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2021 Sep 9:10499091211045612. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Department of Medicine, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra Northwell, Manhasset, NY, USA.

Objective: While previous work documented a substantial increase in patient mortality consultations and workload for palliative teams, little is known about how these team members managed their mental and physical health during the COVID-19 pandemic. We investigated how job resources (coworker and supervisor support) and personal resources (coping strategies) reduced perceptions of burnout and increased perceptions of well-being.

Method: An anonymous electronic survey was sent to all members ( = 64) of the palliative medical team among 14 hospitals of a New York State health system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Perceptual Grouping Reveals Distinct Roles for Sustained Slow Wave Activity and Alpha Oscillations in Working Memory.

J Cogn Neurosci 2021 Jun;33(7):1354-1364

The University of Chicago.

Multiple neural signals have been found to track the number of items stored in working memory (WM). These signals include oscillatory activity in the alpha band and slow-wave components in human EEG, both of which vary with storage loads and predict individual differences in WM capacity. However, recent evidence suggests that these two signals play distinct roles in spatial attention and item-based storage in WM. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in progressive supranuclear palsy.

Brain Behav 2021 Sep 7:e2344. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Neuroscience Section, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (CEMAND), University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy.

Objectives: Depression is one of the most common neuropsychiatric symptoms in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Yet, few studies have examined the ability of available instruments to detect depressive symptoms in PSP. Aims of the present study were to (I) report psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II) in PSP, (II) establish the BDI-II cut-off indicating the presence of depression in PSP and (III) describe clinical correlates as well as correlation with quality of life of depressive symptoms in PSP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021