52,433 results match your criteria including neurological


Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation funding conversion to National Institutes of Health funding.

J Neurosurg 2021 Jun 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

1Department of Neurological Surgery, Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Objective: The Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF) provides research support for in-training and early career neurosurgeon-scientists. To define the impact of this funding, the authors assessed the success of NREF awardees in obtaining subsequent National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding.

Methods: NREF in-training (Research Fellowship [RF] for residents) and early career awards/awardees (Van Wagenen Fellowship [VW] and Young Clinician Investigator [YCI] award for neurosurgery faculty) were analyzed. Read More

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Persistent visual dysfunction following PRES due to COVID-19: Case series and literature review.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Colorado University School of Medicine, 1675 North Aurora Ct. F731, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Background: The full spectrum of neurological sequelae in COVID-19 is beginning to emerge. SARS-CoV-2 has the potential to cause both direct and indirect brain vascular endothelial damage through infection and inflammation that may result in long-term neurological signs and symptoms. We sought to illuminate persistent neuro-ophthalmological deficits that may be seen following posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) due to COVID-19. Read More

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Prognostic significance of inflammatory response markers for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear.

J Radiat Res 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Radiology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, 454 Shitsukawa, Toon, Ehime 791-0295, Japan.

We investigated the prognostic significance and treatment outcomes of pretreatment inflammatory response markers for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the external auditory canal (EAC) and middle ear (ME). Between July 2003 and July 2019, 21 patients with SCC of the EAC (n = 18) or ME (n = 3) who received radiotherapy with or without surgery or systemic therapy (radiotherapy alone [n = 2], radiotherapy + systemic therapy [n = 6], radiotherapy + surgery [n = 7], radiotherapy + surgery + systemic therapy [n = 6]) were retrospectively examined. The median radiation dose was 66. Read More

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Long Noncoding RNA LINC01347 Modulated Lidocaine-Induced Cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y Cells by Interacting with hsa-miR-145-5p.

Neurotox Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anesthesiology, Huangdao District Central Hospital, Qingdao, 266500, Shandong Province, China.

Local anesthetics, including lidocaine (Lid), are widely used in clinical settings but new evidence suggested that they may induce strong neurological side-effects in human brains. In this work, we used an in vitro model to examine the functional modulations of a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), LINC01347 on Lid-induced cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells. SH-SY5Y cells were maintained in vitro and treated with Lid to induce cytotoxicity. Read More

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The subcellular arrangement of alpha-synuclein proteoforms in the Parkinson's disease brain as revealed by multicolor STED microscopy.

Acta Neuropathol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, Clinical Neuroanatomy and Biobanking, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Amsterdam UMC, Location VU University Medical Center, O2 building, room 13 E11, De Boelelaan 1108, 1081 HZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Various post-translationally modified (PTM) proteoforms of alpha-synuclein (aSyn)-including C-terminally truncated (CTT) and Serine 129 phosphorylated (Ser129-p) aSyn-accumulate in Lewy bodies (LBs) in different regions of the Parkinson's disease (PD) brain. Insight into the distribution of these proteoforms within LBs and subcellular compartments may aid in understanding the orchestration of Lewy pathology in PD. We applied epitope-specific antibodies against CTT and Ser129-p aSyn proteoforms and different aSyn domains in immunohistochemical multiple labelings on post-mortem brain tissue from PD patients and non-neurological, aged controls, which were scanned using high-resolution 3D multicolor confocal and stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy. Read More

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GABAA receptor encephalitis associated with human parvovirus B19 virus infection: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26324

Faculdades Pequeno Principe.

Rationale: Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection can produce a spectrum of clinical syndromes, including neurological manifestations, most notably encephalitis. Although symptoms suggestive of autoimmune disease in patients with B19 infection have been previously described, a clear association of autoimmune encephalitis with B19 infection has yet to be established.

Patient Concerns: We describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who was hospitalized due to status epilepticus, which evolved to super-refractory status epilepticus that was only mildly responsive to anticonvulsant drugs. Read More

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Transesophageal echocardiography detection of air embolism during endoscopic surgery and validity of hyperbaric oxygen therapy: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26304

Department of Information, The First People's Hospital of Foshan, North of Ling Nan Road No. 81, Foshan, Guangdong, China.

Introduction: Air embolism has the potential to be serious and fatal. In this paper, we report 3 cases of air embolism associated with endoscopic medical procedures in which the patients were treated with hyperbaric oxygen immediately after diagnosis by transesophageal echocardiography. In addition, we systematically review the risk factors for air embolism, clinical presentation, treatment, and the importance of early hyperbaric oxygen therapy efficacy after recognition of air embolism. Read More

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Umbrella review of 42 systematic reviews with meta-analyses: the safety of proton pump inhibitors.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to treat and prevent acid-related disorders. Despite high efficacy, PPI safety has been increasingly scrutinised. However, no comprehensive review summarising investigations of various adverse events is available. Read More

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KCNT1-related epilepsies and epileptic encephalopathies: phenotypic and mutational spectrum.

Brain 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Pediatric Neurology Department, Lyon University Hospital, 69500 Bron, France.

Variants in KCNT1, encoding a sodium-gated potassium channel (subfamily T member 1), have been associated with a spectrum of epilepsies and neurodevelopmental disorders. These range from familial autosomal dominant or sporadic sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy ((AD)SHE) to epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS) and include developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEE). This study aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of KCNT1 mutation-related epileptic disorders in 248 individuals, including 66 unpreviously published and 182 published cases, the largest cohort reported so far. Read More

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Systematic Study of Crucial Transcription Factors of Alkaloids against Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China.

alkaloids (CRAs), extracted from , have been indicated to play important neuroprotective roles, but the mechanism underlying has not been determined, especially from the perspective of transcription factors (TFs). In this study, crucial TFs involved in the protective activity of CRA were revealed based on RNA-Seq technology, proteomics, and network pharmacological analysis of the effects of CRA on middle cerebral artery occlusion-mediated cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Importantly, CRA significantly reduced the infarction rate and neurological deficiency score. Read More

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The extent of resection of T2-flair hyperintense area for eloquent glioblastomas: outcomes analysis between awake and general anesthesia patients.

J Neurosurg Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Background: Maximum safe resection for eloquent areas glioblastomas is the greatest tumor resection achievable without causing neurological deficits. This study aims to assess, through quantitative volumetric analysis, the outcomes of patients with eloquent areas glioblastomas and correlate the extent of resection (EOR), based on MRI T1-contrast enhanced (CE) and T2- fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences, with patient outcomes and overall survival.

Methods: We prospectively collected and analyzed patients with a diagnosis of primary GBM located in an eloquent area operated between January 2012 and April 2018. Read More

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Successful perioperative management of a case of infective endocarditis secondary to a Lemierre's syndrome variant with severe neurological manifestations.

J Card Surg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Infectious Disease Medicine, Fukuoka Red Cross Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is characterized by septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein with septicemia and metastatic infection following an oropharyngeal infection. LS is rare but can cause infective endocarditis (IE), complicating IE management. We report a case of IE secondary to thrombophlebitis in the left vertebral vein following pharyngitis (LS variant) with distinctively severe manifestations, including metastatic infection and severe neurological impairment with multiple cerebral infarctions. Read More

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New approach methods supporting read-across: Two neurotoxicity AOP-based IATA case studies.

ALTEX 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Drug Discovery and Safety, Leiden Academic Centre of Drug Research, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Read-across approaches are considered key in moving away from in vivo animal testing towards addressing data-gaps using new approach methods (NAMs). Ample successful examples are still required to substantiate this strategy. Here we present and discuss the learnings from two OECD IATA endorsed read-across case studies. Read More

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Outcomes of Surgical Treatment for One Hundred Thirty-Eight Patients With Severe Sagittal Deformity at a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up: A Case Series.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Background: Operative treatment of adult spinal deformity (ASD) can be very challenging with high complication rates. It is well established that patients benefit from such treatment; however, the surgical outcomes for patients with severe sagittal deformity have not been reported.

Objective: To report the outcomes of patients undergoing surgical correction for severe sagittal deformity. Read More

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Risk Factors and Imaging Mechanisms of Fatigue After Mild Ischemic Stroke: An Exploratory Study From a Single Chinese Center.

Front Neurol 2021 25;12:649021. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology and Clinical Psychology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

To explore the biochemical risk factors and imaging mechanisms of post fatigue after mild ischemic stroke among a Chinese population. Forty consecutive patients with mild ischemic stroke within onset of 14 ± 2 days were enrolled between March and June 2018. The clinical information, scale data, biomarkers in peripheral venous blood, and imaging data during hospitalization and follow-up period were collected. Read More

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ePS and : German Multicenter Networks for Standardized Prospective Collection of Clinical Data, Imaging Data, and Biomaterials of Patients With Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.

Front Neurol 2021 25;12:644064. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Germany.

The German research networks and prospectively collect comprehensive clinical data, imaging data and biomaterials of patients with a clinical diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy. Progressive supranuclear palsy is a rare, adult-onset, neurodegenerative disease with striking clinical heterogeneity. Since now, prospective natural history data are largely lacking. Read More

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Case Report: Severe Adolescent Major Depressive Syndrome Turns Out to Be an Unusual Case of Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 25;12:679996. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a neuroinflammatory condition mediated by autoantibodies against the GluN1 subunit of the receptor. Clinically, it is characterized by a complex neuropsychiatric presentation with rapidly progressive psychiatric symptoms, cognitive deficits, seizures, and abnormal movements. Isolated psychiatric manifestations of anti-NMDAR encephalitis are rare and usually dominated by psychotic symptoms. Read More

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Ameliorative Effect of Parishin C Against Cerebral Ischemia-Induced Brain Tissue Injury by Reducing Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Responses in Rat Model.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 4;17:1811-1823. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, Hainan, 570311, People's Republic of China.

Background: Blume () is a widely used traditional Chinese herbal medicine in the clinical practice of China, to treat nervous headache, convulsions, dizziness, neurasthenia, and so on. Parishin C (Par C), one of the major bioactive components of Blume, is known to exert many different biological activities, including antipsychotic and neuroprotective effects. However, there is little research about its neuroprotective effect in an ischemic stroke model. Read More

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Influence of cardiovascular risk-factors on morphological changes of cerebral arteries in healthy adults across the life span.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 10;11(1):12236. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Cerebral artery morphological alterations have been associated with several cerebrovascular and neurological diseases, whereas these structures are known to be highly variable among healthy individuals. To date, the knowledge about the influence of cardiovascular risk factors on the morphology of cerebral arteries is rather limited. The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of cardiovascular risk factors on the regional cerebroarterial radius and density. Read More

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A metabolic regulon reveals early and late acting enzymes in neuroactive Lycopodium alkaloid biosynthesis.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(24)

Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305;

Plants synthesize many diverse small molecules that affect function of the mammalian central nervous system, making them crucial sources of therapeutics for neurological disorders. A notable portion of neuroactive phytochemicals are lysine-derived alkaloids, but the mechanisms by which plants produce these compounds have remained largely unexplored. To better understand how plants synthesize these metabolites, we focused on biosynthesis of the Lycopodium alkaloids that are produced by club mosses, a clade of plants used traditionally as herbal medicines. Read More

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The ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) Study: JACC Focus Seminar 3/8.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 Jun;77(23):2939-2959

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) initiated community-based surveillance in 1987 for myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence and mortality and created a prospective cohort of 15,792 Black and White adults ages 45 to 64 years. The primary aims were to improve understanding of the decline in CHD mortality and identify determinants of subclinical atherosclerosis and CHD in Black and White middle-age adults. ARIC has examined areas including health disparities, genomics, heart failure, and prevention, producing more than 2,300 publications. Read More

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[Clinical effects of intermittent oro-esophageal tube feeding combined with Xuanqiaoliyan decotion in stroke patients with dysphagia].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2021 May;33(5):552-556

Department of Neurology, Yidu Central Hospital Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University, Qingzhou 262500, Shandong, China. Corresponding author: Sun Xibo, Email:

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of intermittent oro-esophageal tube feeding (IOE) combined with Xuanqiaoliyan decotion in stroke patients with dysphagia.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted. Stroke patients with dysphagia admitted to Yidu Central Hospital Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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Migraine and neuroinflammation: the inflammasome perspective.

J Headache Pain 2021 Jun 10;22(1):55. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Institute of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Neuroinflammation has an important role in the pathophysiology of migraine, which is a complex neuro-glio-vascular disorder. The main aim of this review is to highlight findings of cortical spreading depolarization (CSD)-induced neuroinflammatory signaling in brain parenchyma from the inflammasome perspective. In addition, we discuss the limited data of the contribution of inflammasomes to other aspects of migraine pathophysiology, foremost the activation of the trigeminovascular system and thereby the generation of migraine pain. Read More

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The effects of short time hyperoxia on glutamate concentration and glutamate transporters expressions in brain of neonatal rats.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jun 7:136013. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Neonatology Department, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, Hefei, China.

Preterm infants often suffer from impaired postnatal brain development, and glutamate excitotoxicity is identified as a pivotal mechanism of hyperoxia-induced neurological abnormality. We aimed to investigate the effect of short time hyperoxia on glutamate homeostasis and glutamate transporters expressions in immature brain. Six-day-old (P6) rat pups were exposed to 80% oxygen for 24 hours (the hyperoxia group) or placed in atmospheric air (the control group). Read More

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Potential health benefits of carotenoid lutein: an updated review.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jun 7:112328. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Green Biotechnologies Research Centre of Excellence, University of Limpopo, Private Bag X1106, Polokwane, Sovenga 0727, South Africa. Electronic address:

Carotenoids in food substances are believed to have health benefits by lowering the risk of diseases. Lutein, a carotenoid compound, is one of the essential nutrients available in green leafy vegetables (kale, broccoli, spinach, lettuce, and peas), along with other foods, such as eggs. As nutrition plays a pivotal role in maintaining human health, lutein, as a nutritional substance, confers promising benefits against numerous health issues, including neurological disorders, eye diseases, skin irritation, etc. Read More

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Prevention of Perioperative Abdominal Migraine in a Patient Undergoing Spinal Fusion: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2021 Jun 10;15(6):e01484. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona.

Abdominal migraine is a variant of migraine headaches characterized by episodic attacks of severe abdominal pain with migrainous features, including anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and pallor. It is more commonly diagnosed in children rather than adults. We describe a 74-year-old patient with progressively worsening back pain, severe neurogenic claudication, and a history of opioid-triggered abdominal migraine. Read More

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Novel compound heterozygous STN1 variants are associated with Coats Plus syndrome.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2021 Jun 10:e1708. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Paediatric Neuroscience, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.

Aim: Coats plus syndrome (CP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterised by retinal telangiectasia exudates (Coats disease), leukodystrophy, distinctive intracranial calcification and cysts, as well as extra-neurological features including abnormal vasculature of the gastrointestinal tract, portal hypertension and osteopenia with a tendency to fractures. CP most frequently occurs due to loss-of-function mutations in CTC1. The encoded protein CTC1 constitutes part of the CST (CTC1-STN1-TEN1) complex, and three patients have been described with CP due to biallelic mutations in STN1. Read More

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Is there a role for the p75 neurotrophin receptor in mediating degeneration during oxidative stress and after hypoxia?

J Neurochem 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Queensland Brain Institute, Clem Jones Centre for Ageing Dementia Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, 4072, Australia.

Cholinergic basal forebrain (cBF) neurons are particularly vulnerable to degeneration following trauma and in neurodegenerative conditions. One reason for this is their characteristic expression of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75 ), which is upregulated and mediates neuronal death in a range of neurological and neurodegenerative conditions, including dementia, stroke, and ischaemia. The signalling pathway by which p75 signals cell death is incompletely characterised, but typically involves activation by neurotrophic ligands and signalling through c-jun kinase, resulting in caspase activation via mitochondrial apoptotic signalling pathways. Read More

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Gastrodin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Response and Migration via the Notch-1 Signaling Pathway in Activated Microglia.

Neuromolecular Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Science and Technology Achievement Incubation Center, Kunming Medical University, 1168 West Chunrong Road, Yuhua Avenue, Kunming, 650500, Yunnan, People's Republic of China.

Microglia-mediated neuroinflammation is known to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of different neurological diseases. Gastrodin, a phenolic glucoside, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects in activated microglia challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS); however, the underlying mechanism has remained obscure. The present study aimed to ascertain if Gastrodin would regulate the Notch signaling pathway involved in microglia activation. Read More

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Emerging neurodevelopmental perspectives on mathematical learning.

Dev Rev 2021 Jun 3;60. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

Strong foundational skills in mathematical problem solving, acquired in early childhood, are critical not only for success in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) fields but also for quantitative reasoning in everyday life. The acquisition of mathematical skills relies on protracted interactive specialization of functional brain networks across development. Using a systems neuroscience approach, this review synthesizes emerging perspectives on neurodevelopmental pathways of mathematical learning, highlighting the functional brain architecture that supports these processes and sources of heterogeneity in mathematical skill acquisition. Read More

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