39,669 results match your criteria improved exercise

Mat pilates method improve postural alignment women undergoing hormone therapy adjunct to breast cancer treatment. Clinical trial.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jun 1;44:101424. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Physical Education at the Center for Health Sciences and Sports and Professor Postgraduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil.

The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of a mat Pilates intervention on the postural alignment and balance of breast cancer women receiving hormone therapy. A two-arm randomized clinical trial included 34 breast cancer survivors divided randomly between a mat Pilates group (n = 18), that performed 16 weeks of mat Pilates exercises, and a control group (n = 16), who were invited to maintain their daily routine activities and received three educational sessions. Data collection occurred at baseline and at post-intervention time. Read More

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Neural correlates of the production effect: An fMRI study.

Brain Cogn 2021 Jun 11;152:105757. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Memorial University of Newfoundland, Department of Psychology, St. John's, NL A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address:

Recognition memory is improved for items produced at study (e.g., by reading them aloud) relative to a non-produced control condition (e. Read More

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Effect of orofacial physiotherapeutic and hygiene interventions on oral health related quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. A randomised controlled trial.

J Oral Rehabil 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a negative effect on oral health and orofacial function, but the subjective experience of orofacial symptoms and their impact on the quality of life is not fully investigated. In addition, knowledge of how to improve the subjective oral symptoms is lacking.

Objectives: To assess the self-reported orofacial function and oral health in patients with PD. Read More

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Improving Dialysis Adequacy And Quality Of Life In Patients Undergoing Hemodialyis with Twice a Week Range of Motion Exercise.

Ther Apher Dial 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Lecturers in School of Medicine, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta.

The study aimed to determine the effects of giving range of motion (ROM) twice a week as a form intradialytic exercise on patients' dialysis adequacy and quality of life. A total of 48 eligible participants were recruited and completed this study. The intervention group (n=24) received twice a week range of motion exercise over a 4 weeks period. Read More

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Comparison of the improvement of flow-mediated dilatation in patients with acute coronary syndrome versus stable angina after six-month cardiac rehabilitation.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 Jun 8;32:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sanggye-Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: We investigated whether the improvement in endothelial function, measured using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), an important predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, was comparable in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) versus stable angina patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and a six-month cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme.

Methods: We analysed the results from 119 patients who completed a six-month CR programme after successful PCI for stable angina ( = 50) and ACS ( = 69).

Results: After six months of CR, the results of FMD were significantly improved in both groups. Read More

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Phenotypic spectrum and mechanism analysis of Schaff Yang syndrome: A case report on new mutation of MAGEL2 gene.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26309

Department of Endocrinology, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong First Medical University.

Rationale: The Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS) is an autosomal dominant multi-system genetic disease caused by melanoma antigen L2 (MAGEL2) gene mutations imprinted by mothers and expressed by fathers on the 15q11-15q13 chromosomes in the critical region of Prader-Willi. MAGEL2 is a single exon gene and one of the protein-coding genes of the Prader-Willi domain. MAGEL2 is a matrilineal imprinted gene (i. Read More

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Status of Intestinal Helminth Infection in Schools Implementing the Home-Grown School Feeding Program and the Impact of the Program on Pupils in Anambra State, Nigeria.

Acta Parasitol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Virology Department, College of Health Sciences, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Purpose: Intestinal helminthiasis among pupils is a major impediment to their well-being and development. This 2-year study determined how home-grown school feeding programme (HGSFP) impacted on pupils' school attendance and created opportunity for more children to assess interventions geared towards the prevention and possible elimination of intestinal helminthiasis.

Methods: Faecal samples were collected from 1677 consented pupils and examined for helminths using Kato-Katz technique. Read More

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Heat Reacclimation Using Exercise or Hot Water Immersion.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Jul;53(7):1517-1528

Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of exercise versus hot water immersion heat reacclimation (HRA) protocols.

Methods: Twenty-four participants completed a heat stress test (HST; 33°C, 65% RH), which involved cycling at a power output equivalent to 1.5 W·kg-1 for 35 min whereby thermophysiological variables were measured. Read More

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Pancreatic β-Cell Function Is Associated with Augmented Counterregulation to In-Exercise Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Jul;53(7):1326-1333

Applied Sport, Technology, Exercise and Medicine Research Centre (A-STEM), College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, UNITED KINGDOM.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the influence of residual β-cell function on counterregulatory hormonal responses to hypoglycemia during acute physical exercise in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). A secondary aim was to explore relationships between biomarkers of pancreatic β-cell function and indices of glycemia following acute exercise including the nocturnal period.

Methods: This study involved an exploratory, secondary analysis of data from individuals with T1D who partook in a four-peroid, randomized, cross-over trial involving a bout of evening exercise followed by an overnight stay in a clinical laboratory facility. Read More

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Effects of Flywheel Training With Eccentric Overload on Standing Balance, Mobility, Physical Function, Muscle Thickness, and Muscle Quality in Older Adults.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Center for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Coventry University, Warwickshire, United Kingdom; and Center for Physical Activity and Life Sciences, Faculty of Art, Science and Technology, University of Northampton, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom.

Abstract: Hill, MW, Roberts, M, Price, MJ, and Kay, AD. Effects of flywheel training with eccentric overload on standing balance, mobility, physical function, muscle thickness, and muscle quality in older adults. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-This study investigated the effects of a 6-week eccentric overload flywheel training program on vastus lateralis (VL) and gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscle thickness and muscle quality (echo intensity), mobility (Timed Up and Go [TUG]), physical function (sit-to-stand), and balance (postural sway) performance. Read More

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The Dilemma, Conversion Disorder or Stiff Person Syndrome, a Case Report.

Sultana Jahan

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):145-146

University of Missouri, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia, MO, USA.

Study Objectives: The main objectives of this case study are 1. Clinicians facing symptoms that are difficult to interpret should exercise caution in diagnosing conversion disorder. 2. Read More

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Exercise vs Conventional Treatment for Treatment of Primary Osteoporosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Objective: Physical exercise has obvious effects on bone loss, pain relief, and improvement of bone metabolism indexes in patients with osteoporosis, but currently lacks sufficient evidence. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize and present the best available evidence on the effectiveness and safety of exercises in the treatment of primary osteoporosis.

Methods: Publications pertaining to the effectiveness of exercise on bone mineral density (BMD), visual analog scores (VAS), and biochemical markers of bone metabolism in primary osteoporosis (POP) from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, VIP, CNKI, and Wanfang Database were retrieved from their inception to April 2020. Read More

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Pilot Study of Telehealth Delivered Rehabilitative Exercise for Youth With Concussion: The Mobile Subthreshold Exercise Program (MSTEP).

Front Pediatr 2021 28;9:645814. Epub 2021 May 28.

Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, United States.

Concussion is common, and up to 30% of youth develop persistent symptoms. Preliminary data suggests treatment with rehabilitative exercise is beneficial, but most programs require frequent in-person visits, which is challenging for youth in rural areas, and has been made more difficult for all youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. We have adapted an exercise intervention to be delivered via telehealth using Zoom and personal fitness devices, which could ensure access to this type of treatment. Read More

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The Aerobic and Anaerobic Contribution During Repeated 30-s Sprints in Elite Cyclists.

Front Physiol 2021 26;12:692622. Epub 2021 May 26.

Centre for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Although the ability to sprint repeatedly is crucial in road cycling races, the changes in aerobic and anaerobic power when sprinting during prolonged cycling has not been investigated in competitive elite cyclists. Here, we used the gross efficiency (GE)-method to investigate: (1) the absolute and relative aerobic and anaerobic contributions during 3 × 30-s sprints included each hour during a 3-h low-intensity training (LIT)-session by 12 cyclists, and (2) how the energetic contribution during 4 × 30-s sprints is affected by a 14-d high-volume training camp with (SPR, = 9) or without (CON, = 9) inclusion of sprints in LIT-sessions. The aerobic power was calculated based on GE determined before, after sprints, or the average of the two, while the anaerobic power was calculated by subtracting the aerobic power from the total power output. Read More

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Retrospective Analysis of Training and Its Response in Marathon Finishers Based on Fitness App Data.

Front Physiol 2021 21;12:669884. Epub 2021 May 21.

Machine Learning and Data Analytics Lab, Department Artificial Intelligence in Biomedical Engineering, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany.

Finishing a marathon requires to prepare for a 42.2 km run. Current literature describes which training characteristics are related to marathon performance. Read More

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Voluntary Wheel Running Partially Attenuates Early Life Stress-Induced Neuroimmune Measures in the Dura and Evoked Migraine-Like Behaviors in Female Mice.

Front Physiol 2021 28;12:665732. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, United States.

Migraine is a complex neurological disorder that affects three times more women than men and can be triggered by endogenous and exogenous factors. Stress is a common migraine trigger and exposure to early life stress increases the likelihood of developing chronic pain disorders later in life. Here, we used our neonatal maternal separation (NMS) model of early life stress to investigate whether female NMS mice have an increased susceptibility to evoked migraine-like behaviors and the potential therapeutic effect of voluntary wheel running. Read More

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Chinese Soft-Shelled Turtle Oil in Combination With Swimming Training Improves Spatial Memory and Sports Performance of Aging Rats.

Front Physiol 2021 28;12:660552. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Neipu, Taiwan.

In this study, waste fat from the Chinese soft-shelled turtle () was used as the raw material, and soft-shelled turtle oil (SSTO) was extracted by water heating. Analysis of the fatty acid composition of SSTO revealed that unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) comprised more than 70% of the oil, of which more than 20% were omega-3 poly-UFAs. DPPH radical scavenging and cellular ROS assays confirmed the reduction of oxidative stress by SSTO. Read More

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Effects of (Pro)renin Receptor on Diabetic Cardiomyopathy Pathological Processes in Rats via the PRR-AMPK-YAP Pathway.

Front Physiol 2021 27;12:657378. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Endocrinology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common complication associated with diabetes. The (pro)renin receptor (PRR) is an important member of the local tissue renin-angiotensin system and plays a vital role in many cardiovascular diseases. Yes-associated protein (YAP) also plays a crucial role in many cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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Can Exergames Be Improved to Better Enhance Behavioral Adaptability in Older Adults? An Ecological Dynamics Perspective.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 28;13:670166. Epub 2021 May 28.

Aix-Marseille Université & CNRS, ISM UMR 7287, Institut des Sciences du Mouvement, Marseille, France.

Finding effective training solutions to attenuate the alterations of behavior and cognition in the growing number of older adults is an important challenge for Science and Society. By offering 3D computer-simulated environments to combine perceptual-motor and cognitive exercise, exergames are promising in this respect. However, a careful analysis of meta-analytic reviews suggests that they failed to be more effective than conventional motor-cognitive training. Read More

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Effects of Icelandic yogurt consumption and resistance training in healthy untrained older males.

Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 14:1-26. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Exercise Physiology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

Due to the important roles of resistance training and protein consumption in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia, we assessed the efficacy of post-exercise Icelandic yogurt consumption on lean mass, strength, and skeletal muscle regulatory factors in healthy untrained older males. Thirty healthy untrained older males (age = 68 ± 4 yr) were randomly assigned to Icelandic yogurt (IR; n =15, 18 g of protein) or an iso-energetic placebo (PR; n =15, 0 g protein) immediately following resistance training (3x/week) for eight weeks. Before and after training, lean mass, strength, and skeletal muscle regulatory factors (insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF-1], transforming growth factor-beta 1 [TGF-β1], growth differentiation factor 15 [GDF15], Activin A, myostatin [MST], and follistatin [FST]) were assessed. Read More

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Boxing vs Sensory Exercise for Parkinson's Disease: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2021 Jun 13:15459683211023197. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Movement Disorders Research and Rehabilitation Centre, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada.

. Exercise is increasingly becoming recognized as an important adjunct to medications in the clinical management of Parkinson's disease (PD). Boxing and sensory exercise have shown immediate benefits, but whether they continue beyond program completion is unknown. Read More

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Exercise-induced benefits on glucose handling in a model of diet-induced obesity are reduced by concurrent nicotinamide mononucleotide.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2021 06 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Medical Sciences, UNSW Sydney, Australia.

Almost 40% of adults worldwide are classified as overweight or obese. Exercise is a beneficial intervention in obesity, partly due to increases in mitochondrial activity, and subsequent increases in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), an important metabolic cofactor. Recent studies have shown that increasing NAD levels through pharmacological supplementation with precursors such as nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) improved metabolic health in high fat diet (HFD) fed mice. Read More

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Correlation of exercise style to mental health and social adaptability of college students.

Yu Chen Chloe Sto

Work 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Radioisotope Diagnostics and Radiopharmaceuticals, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia, Sosnowiec, Poland.

Background: Talents are the basis of all development and comprehensive strength of a country. As college students who are about to contact the society, their mental health and social adaptability are the most critical factors for their entry into society. OBJECTIVE Therefore, this study explores the correlation of exercise style to mental health and social adaptability of college students. Read More

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Promoting health-enhancing physical activity in Europe: Surveillance, policy development and implementation 2015-2018.

Health Policy 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen, Denmark; European Office for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Moscow, Russian Federation.

In the European Union (EU), the low levels of health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour are a concerning public health issue common to all Member States. In 2013, the Council of the EU recognized the need for more data related to HEPA to support policymaking across the region and proposed a monitoring framework that included 23 indicators covering different themes relevant to HEPA promotion in the EU context. In 2014, the EU Physical Activity Focal Points Network was established to support the implementation of the monitoring framework and in 2015 and 2018 surveys were conducted to collect epidemiological and policy information related to HEPA for each Member State. Read More

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Exercise training using hybrid assistive limb (HAL) lumbar type for locomotive syndrome: a pilot study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 12;22(1):533. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

Background: With a rapidly aging population in Japan, locomotive syndrome is becoming an increasingly serious social problem. Exercise therapy using the lumbar type HAL, which is a wearable robot suit that can assist voluntary hip joint motion, would be expected to cause some beneficial effects for people with locomotive syndrome. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the deterioration of low back pain and any other adverse events would occur following HAL exercise therapy. Read More

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Complex II subunit SDHD is critical for cell growth and metabolism, which can be partially restored with a synthetic ubiquinone analog.

BMC Mol Cell Biol 2021 Jun 12;22(1):35. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Mitochondrial Solutions, LLC, 800 Draper Road, Blacksburg, VA, 24060, USA.

Background: Succinate dehydrogenase (Complex II) plays a dual role in respiration by catalyzing the oxidation of succinate to fumarate in the mitochondrial Krebs cycle and transferring electrons from succinate to ubiquinone in the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC). Mutations in Complex II are associated with a number of pathologies. SDHD, one of the four subunits of Complex II, serves by anchoring the complex to the inner-membrane and transferring electrons from the complex to ubiquinone. Read More

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Exercise of high intensity ameliorates hepatic inflammation and the progression of NASH.

Mol Metab 2021 Jun 9:101270. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Integrative Biology & Physiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Center for Immunology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) covers a wide spectrum of liver pathology ranging from simple fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Notably, immune cell-driven inflammation is a key mechanism in the transition from fatty liver to the more serious NASH. Although exercise training is effective at ameliorating obesity-related diseases, the underlying mechanisms of the beneficial effects of exercise remain unclear. Read More

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Effect of Strength Versus Strength and Endurance Upper Limb Exercise Training in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL.

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Health Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus (Drs Karagiannis and Savva and Ms Matheou); Aspetar, Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar (Dr Korakakis); Respiratory Clinic, Nicosia General Hospital, Nicosia, Cyprus (Dr Adamide); Private Doctor, Nicosia, Cyprus (Dr Georgiou); Physiotherapy Department, Nicosia General Hospital, and Department of Life and Health Sciences, School of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus (Ms Prodromou); and School of Medicine, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus (Dr Xanthos).

Purpose: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) including exercise training improves muscle strength, exercise capacity, and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the evidence of the effect of upper limb exercise training (ULET) on activities of daily living (ADL) is sparse. This study investigated the effect of two different types of ULET on ADL in addition to standard PR. Read More

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Management of chronic non-communicable diseases in Ghana: a qualitative study using the chronic care model.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 11;21(1):1120. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: While the burden and mortality from chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) have reached epidemic proportions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), decision-makers and individuals still consider CNCDs to be infrequent and, therefore, do not pay the needed attention to their management. We, therefore, explored the practices and challenges associated with the management of CNCDs by patients and health professionals.

Methods: This was a qualitative study among 82 CNCD patients and 30 health professionals. Read More

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Outcomes of Percutaneous Calcaneoplasty for Insertional Achilles Tendon Problems.

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Jun 11:10711007211004963. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.

Background: Percutaneous procedures have been used recently to treat insertional Achilles tendon problems. The present study reports our results of this treatment approach.

Methods: Patients undergoing percutaneous calcaneoplasty for insertional Achilles tendon problems were retrieved. Read More

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