9,026 results match your criteria improve peer


Study protocol for You.Mind!: boosting first-line mental health care for YOUngsters suffering from chronic conditions with mindfulness: a randomised staggered within-subjects design.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 9;11(4):e042648. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Leuven Mindfulness Centre, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Introduction: Adolescents with chronic conditions often experience high levels of stress, anxiety and depression, and reduced quality of life. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been found to improve emotional distress in clinical and non-clinical populations and are a promising technique to support adolescents with chronic conditions in managing their symptoms and ultimately enhance their quality of life.

Methods And Analysis: To test the effects of an MBI on emotional distress and quality of life and delineate the underlying mechanisms, the You. Read More

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Improving the patient-centred care of children with life-altering skin conditions using feedback from electronic patient-reported outcome measures: protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study (PEDS-ePROM).

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 9;11(4):e041861. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Centre for Children's Burns and Trauma Research, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) with children have been described as 'giving a voice to the child'. Few studies have examined the routine use of these measures as potentially therapeutic interventions. This study aims to investigate: (1) the of feedback using graphical displays of information from electronic PROMs (ePROMs) that target health-related quality of life, to improve health outcomes, referrals and treatment satisfaction and (2) the of ePROMs and graphical displays by assessing acceptability, sustainability, cost, fidelity and context of the intervention and study processes. Read More

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Does a peer social support group intervention using the cares skills framework improve emotional expression and emotion-focused coping in paramedic students?

Australas Emerg Care 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Flinders University, Sturt Rd, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia. Electronic address:

There is growing concern for the health and wellbeing of paramedic students who are required to undertake work integrated learning (WIL) in the ambulance setting to become a registered paramedic. Paramedic culture, barriers to help seeking, and difficulty in accessing peer support is limiting their ability to express emotions and cope with workplace stress. This study aimed to examine whether participation in a peer social support group, using the CARES skills framework, changed paramedic students' emotional expression and emotion-focused coping. Read More

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Toward a Healthy and Environmentally Sustainable Campus Food Environment: A Scoping Review of Postsecondary Food Interventions.

Adv Nutr 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Interventions are urgently needed to transform the food system and shift population eating patterns toward those consistent with human health and environmental sustainability. Postsecondary campuses offer a naturalistic setting to trial interventions to improve the health of students and provide insight into interventions that could be scaled up in other settings. However, the current state of the evidence on interventions to support healthy and environmentally sustainable eating within postsecondary settings is not well understood. Read More

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Implementation of a Software Distribution Intervention to Improve Workload Balance in an Academic Pediatric Radiology Department.

J Digit Imaging 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Texas Children's Hospital, Singleton Department of Pediatric Radiology, 6107 Fannin Street, Suite 470, 77030, Houston, TX, USA.

In our pediatric radiology department, radiographs (XR) are the shared responsibility of the body section and interpreted in addition to modality or site-specific assignments. Given an unequal contribution amongst radiologists to the XR workload, a software solution was developed to distribute radiographs and improve workload balance. Metrics to evaluate the intervention's effectiveness were compared before and after the intervention. Read More

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The neuroendocrine effects of dehydroepiandrosterone and 17β-estradiol in the preterm hyperoxia infant model.

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Mar;20(1):109-118

Department of Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care, University Medicine Greifswald, 17475 Greifswald, Germany.

Preterm birth causes neurological deficits. Previously, we demonstrated that fetal zone steroids reduce hyperoxia-mediated cell death . In immature oligodendrocytes (OLN-93 cells), dehydroepiandrosterone + 17β-estradiol co-treatment had synergistic beneficial effects while signals were transduced through different receptors. Read More

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Should women receive luteal support following natural cycle frozen embryo transfer? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hum Reprod Update 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

IVF Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Edith Wolfson's Medical Center, Holon, Affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: Spontaneous ovulation during a natural menstrual cycle is frequently used for timing frozen embryo transfer (FET). Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether or not women should receive luteal phase support (LPS) following natural cycle frozen embryo transfer (NC-FET).

Objective And Rationale: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to study whether the administration of LPS improves the reproductive outcome following NC-FET. Read More

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A systematic review on integration mechanisms in human and animal health surveillance systems with a view to addressing global health security threats.

One Health Outlook 2020 8;2:11. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3021, Morogoro, Tanzania.

Background: Health surveillance is an important element of disease prevention, control, and management. During the past two decades, there have been several initiatives to integrate health surveillance systems using various mechanisms ranging from the integration of data sources to changing organizational structures and responses. The need for integration is caused by an increasing demand for joint data collection, use and preparedness for emerging infectious diseases. Read More

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Study protocol for randomised clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of side-lying sleep positioning to back-lying at reducing oxygen desaturation resulting from obstructive sleep apnoea in infants with cleft palate (SLUMBRS2).

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 7;11(4):e049290. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, UK

Introduction: The craniofacial abnormalities found in infants with cleft palate (CP) decrease their airway patency and increase their risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). We hypothesise that optimising sleep position in infants with CP may improve airway patency and offer a 'low-cost, high-impact' intervention to prevent the negative impacts of OSA. Because cleft centres give inconsistent advice about sleep position: some recommend back-lying and others side-lying, we will compare these in a randomised controlled trial. Read More

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Quantifying the association between ethnicity and COVID-19 mortality: a national cohort study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 04 7;11(4):e045286. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Recent evidence suggests that ethnic minority groups are disproportionately at increased risk of hospitalisation and death from SARS-CoV-2 infection. Population-based evidence on potential explanatory factors across minority groups and within subgroups is lacking. This study aims to quantify the association between ethnicity and the risk of hospitalisation and mortality due to COVID-19. Read More

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Efficacy of parent-mediated communication-focused treatment in toddlers with autism (PACT) delivered via videoconferencing: a randomised controlled trial study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 7;11(4):e044669. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Academic department of Child and adolescent neurodevelopmental psychiatry, Hospital Centre Vinatier, Bron, France

Introduction: Intervention in the preschool period is currently recommended for autism spectrum disorder. Therapies delivered by parents are particularly suitable for young children. Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT) is a parent-mediated therapy that has shown a significant and sustained impact on autism symptom reduction. Read More

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Reducing stigma associated with mental health problems among university students in the Asia-Pacific: A video content analysis of student-driven proposals.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 Apr 7:207640211007511. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, China.

Introduction: Studies have demonstrated that mental health problems among university students may be increasing in both prevalence and severity. This study aimed to identify ways to reduce stigma and improve students' utilization of mental health services.

Methods: We performed a content analysis on video proposals to address stigma and mental health at universities, submitted by 15 teams from nine Asian-Pacific countries as part of a case competition. Read More

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Reporting health services research to a broader public: An exploration of inconsistencies and reporting inadequacies in societal publications.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(4):e0248753. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Little is known about the accuracy of societal publications (e.g. press releases, internet postings or professional journals) that are based on scientific work. Read More

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Arrogant or caring? Influence of transactive communication in interprofessional learning on knowledge gains and stereotype changes.

GMS J Med Educ 2021 15;38(3):Doc66. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

University of Kassel, Educational Psychology, Department of Psychology, Kassel, Germany.

In interprofessional peer tutoring, medical students and physiotherapy trainees teach and practice examination techniques and work out profession-specific similarities and differences. In small interprofessional groups, we investigated the influence of transactive communication - alternately referring to and building on the statements made by the dialogue partner in the process of conveying information - on knowledge gains and changes in stereotypes of the other profession. A total of 132 medical students and 48 physiotherapy trainees divided into 24 small interprofessional groups indicated the extent of their stereotypes of the other profession before and after the practice session, as well as their perceived increase in knowledge. Read More

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Factors to improve academic success of scientifically active physicians: A research on research study.

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Urology and Urological Surgery, University Medical Centre Mannheim (UMM), Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: Scientific evidence in medicine is based on data generated from research. Recently, the number of scientifically active physicians has decreased, which has led to the development of the Clinician Scientist Programs. To better structure and focus the research of young physicians, we aimed to investigate the impact of collaborations and other factors on the quality and output of scientific publications. Read More

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Can non-responders be 'rescued' by increasing exercise intensity? A quasi-experimental trial of individual responses among humans living with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes mellitus in Canada.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 5;11(4):e044478. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Cardiometabolic Exercise and Lifestyle Laboratory, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Introduction: Exercise is recommended to improve glycaemic control. Yet, individual changes in glycaemic control following exercise can vary greatly, meaning while some significantly improve others, coined 'non-responders', do not. Increasing the intensity of exercise may 'rescue' non-responders and help generate a response to training. Read More

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Building and sustaining mentor interactions as a mentee.

FEBS J 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Advanced Science Research Center, City University of New York, NY, USA.

Mentorship is experience and/or knowledge-based guidance. Mentors support, sponsor and advocate for mentees. Having one or more mentors when you seek advice can significantly influence and improve your research endeavours, well-being and career development. Read More

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Meta-analysis of effects of inoculation with Lactobacillus buchneri, with or without other bacteria, on silage fermentation, aerobic stability, and performance of dairy cows.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611. Electronic address:

A meta-analysis of 158 peer-reviewed manuscripts was conducted to examine effects of inoculation with Lactobacillus buchneri (LB)-based inoculants (LBB) that did or did not include homolactic or obligate heterolactic bacteria on silage fermentation and aerobic stability. A complementary meta-analysis of 12 manuscripts examined LBB inoculation effects on dairy cow performance. Raw mean differences between inoculant and control treatment means weighted by inverse variance were compared with a hierarchical effects model that included robust variance estimation. Read More

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Coordination of the upper and lower extremities during walking in children with cerebral palsy.

Gait Posture 2021 Mar 24;86:251-255. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY, 10027, USA.

Background: Children with cerebral palsy indicate poor continuous gait inter-limb coordination compared to typically developing children. Limited research exists in the understanding of the coordinative relationship between the arms and legs of these children and if the phasing relationships between limbs can be improved.

Research Question: Which motor control factors impact coordination in children with cerebral palsy and can coordination improve with intervention?

Methods: This literature review provides a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge of continuous coordination in a pediatric, pathologic population with an emphasis on inter-limb coordination. Read More

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Acculturative stress and coping among migrant workers: A global mixed-methods systematic review.

Appl Psychol Health Well Being 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

NYU Shanghai, Shanghai, China.

No existing review has synthesized key questions about acculturation experiences among international migrant workers. This review aimed to explore (1) What are global migrant workers' experiences with acculturation and acculturative stress? (2) What are acculturative stress coping strategies used by migrant workers? And (3) how effective are these strategies for migrant workers in assisting their acculturation in the host countries? Peer-reviewed and gray literature, without time limitation, were searched in six databases and included if the study: focused on acculturative stress and coping strategies; was conducted with international migrant workers; was published in English; and was empirical. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Proposal of a Standardized Questionnaire to Structure Clinical Peer Reviews of Mortality and Failure of Rescue in Pancreatic Surgery.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 19;10(6). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of General and Visceral Surgery, University Hospital of Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), 91054 Erlangen, Germany.

Quality management tools such as clinical peer reviews facilitate root cause analysis and may, ultimately, help to reduce surgery-related morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the reliability of a standardized questionnaire for clinical peer reviews in pancreatic surgery. All cases of in-hospital-mortality following pancreatic surgery at two high-volume centers ( = 86) were reviewed by two pancreatic surgeons. Read More

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Nanofiber-Based Face Masks and Respirators as COVID-19 Protection: A Review.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Assiut 71524, Egypt.

Wearing face masks, use of respirators, social distancing, and practicing personal hygiene are all measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This pandemic has revealed the deficiency of face masks and respirators across the world. Therefore, significant efforts are needed to develop air filtration and purification technologies, as well as innovative, alternative antibacterial and antiviral treatment methods. Read More

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Effectiveness of Communication Interventions in Obstetrics-A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 5;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Psychology and Methods, Jacobs University Bremen, 28759 Bremen, Germany.

(1) Background: Obstetric work requires good communication, which can be trained through interventions targeting healthcare providers and pregnant women/patients. This systematic review aims to aggregate the current state of research on communication interventions in obstetrics. (2) Methods: Using the PICOS scheme, we searched for studies published in peer-reviewed journals in English or German between 2000 and 2020. Read More

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The Role of Law Enforcement Officers/Police in Drug Prevention within Educational Settings-Study Protocol for the Development of a Guiding Document Based on Experts' Opinions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 5;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Drug Prevention and Health Branch, Prevention Treatment and Rehabilitation Section, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime-World Health Organization International Standards on Drug Use Prevention-reflects the value of safe, nurturing and supportive social institutions around the lives of youths to benefit from the prevention of risky behavior extending beyond individually-developed resilience for healthy adolescent development. Schools are valuable social institutions to this effect and school safety and adolescent health outcomes can be threatened by drug use and violence. As such, collaborative, multi-level, evidence-based, developmentally sensitive, substance use prevention programs are imperative. Read More

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Shared Language Erosion: Rethinking Immigrant Family Communication and Impacts on Youth Development.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;8(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Human Development and Family Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.

In this paper we make the case for Shared Language Erosion as a potential explanation for the negative outcomes described in the immigrant paradox for second- and third- generation immigrants (e.g., declines in physical, mental, and behavioral health). Read More

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Effects of Gamification on Behavioral Change in Education: A Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Health Behavior & Health Education, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.

Background: Gamified reward systems, such as providing digital badges earned for specific accomplishments, are related to student engagement in educational settings. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analytic review to quantify the effects of gamified interventions on student behavioral change.

Methods: A meta-analysis was performed using the following databases: The Academic Search Complete, Communication & Mass Media Complete, Education Source, ERIC, Library Information Science & Technology Abstracts, and PsycINFO. Read More

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Psychosocial Interventions for Women with a or Mutation: A Scoping Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;13(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1N8, Canada.

This scoping review aimed to explore the effectiveness of psychological and psychoeducational interventions for mutation carriers. Four electronic bibliographic databases were searched. After review, 23 articles that described or assessed forms of an additional psychosocial intervention for individuals with a mutation were identified and included. Read More

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Implementing Anti-Racism Interventions in Healthcare Settings: A Scoping Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 15;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1V7, Canada.

Racism towards Black, Indigenous and people of colour continues to exist in the healthcare system. This leads to profound harm for people who use and work within these settings. This is a scoping review to identify anti-racism interventions in outpatient healthcare settings. Read More

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A Meta-Analytical Comparison of the Effects of Small-Sided Games vs. Running-Based High-Intensity Interval Training on Soccer Players' Repeated-Sprint Ability.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 9;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

This systematic review with a meta-analysis was conducted to compare the effects of small-sided games (SSGs)-based interventions with the effects of running-based high-intensity interval training (HIIT) interventions on soccer players' repeated sprint ability (RSA). The data sources utilized were Web of Science, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and PubMed. The study eligibility criteria were: (i) parallel studies (SSG-based programs vs. Read More

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Socioecological Factors Influencing Sexual Health Experiences and Health Outcomes of Migrant Asian Women Living in 'Western' High-Income Countries: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 3;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Collaboration for Evidence, Research and Impact in Public Health, School of Population Health, Curtin University, Bentley 6102, Australia.

Migrant health has been identified as one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. Migration experiences are influenced by gender and gender norms and have important implications for the sexual health of migrant women. This systematic review explored socioecological factors influencing sexual health experiences and health outcomes of migrant Asian women living in "Western" high-income countries. Read More

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