26,576 results match your criteria immunostaining analysis

Single-Cell Analysis of Ploidy and Transcriptome Reveals Functional and Spatial Divergency in Murine Megakaryopoiesis.

Blood 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Beijing Institute of Genomics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China National Center for Bioinformation, Beijing, China.

Megakaryocytes (MKs), the platelet progenitor cell, play important roles in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) maintenance and immunity. However, it is not known whether these diverse programs are executed by a single population or by distinct subsets of cells. Here, we manually-isolated primary CD41+ MKs from the bone marrow (BM) of mice and human donors based on ploidy (2N-32N), performed single-cell RNA sequencing analysis. Read More

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Association of p16 and Ki-67 with Risk of Recurrence in Previously Treated Cervical High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 Jun 10:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Departamento de Ginecología, Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Mexico City, Mexico.

Objective: Our main objective was to assess the association between the markers p16 and Ki-67 and recurrence of disease in patients previously treated for cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL).

Design: This is a case-control study at the National Cancer Institute conducted between 2005 and 2015. Of the patients with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis of HSIL, 107 cases were selected. Read More

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In vivo autophagy quantification: Measuring LC3 and P62 puncta in 3D image system from zebrafish larvae.

Abdalla Elbialy

J Cell Biochem 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Fish Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour, Egypt.

Autophagy is a central pathway in maintaining cellular homeostasis through the recycling of damaged proteins and organelles. Detection of LC3 protein levels by immunofluorescence or western blot analysis is one of the most common ways to measure autophagy. For quantitative autophagy analysis, LC3 western blot analysis is commonly used, whereas immunostaining is used for qualitative autophagy analysis. Read More

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Engineering osteoarthritic cartilage model through differentiating senescent human mesenchymal stem cells for testing disease-modifying drugs.

Sci China Life Sci 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, 15219, USA.

Significant cellular senescence has been observed in cartilage harvested from patients with osteoarthritis (OA). In this study, we aim to develop a senescence-relevant OA-like cartilage model for developing disease-modifying OA drugs (DMOADs). Specifically, human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) were expanded in vitro up to passage 10 (P10-MSCs). Read More

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Computational and experimental studies of a cell-imprinted-based integrated microfluidic device for biomedical applications.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 9;11(1):12130. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

National Cell Bank Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, P.O. Box 13169-43551, Tehran, Iran.

It has been proved that cell-imprinted substrates molded from template cells can be used for the re-culture of that cell while preserving its normal behavior or to differentiate the cultured stem cells into the template cell. In this study, a microfluidic device was presented to modify the previous irregular cell-imprinted substrate and increase imprinting efficiency by regular and objective cell culture. First, a cell-imprinted substrate from template cells was prepared using a microfluidic chip in a regular pattern. Read More

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A Novel L1 Linker Mutation in DES Resulted in Total Absence of Protein.

J Mol Neurosci 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560 029, India.

Desminopathies (MIM*601419) are clinically heterogeneous, manifesting with myopathy and/or cardiomyopathy and with intra-sarcoplasmic desmin-positive deposits. They have either an autosomal dominant (AD) or recessive (AR) pattern of inheritance. Desmin is a crucial intermediate filament protein regulating various cellular functions in muscle cells. Read More

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Vascular Endothelial Repair and the Influence of Circulating Antiplatelet Drugs in a Carotid Coil Model.

J Cent Nerv Syst Dis 2021 20;13:11795735211011786. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kindai University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Osakasayama, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Clinicians may choose to administer antiplatelet medications to patients with cerebral aneurysms following endovascular coiling to prevent thrombus formation and vascular occlusion, if they fear a thrombus will form on the platinum wire where it diverges into the vessel from the aneurysm sac. However, the mechanism by which vascular endothelial cells repair a vessel in the living body in the event of a coil deviation and the effects of antiplatelet drugs on these cells have not been fully elucidated. We aimed to investigate the association between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelium formation at the surface of the platinum coils deployed in the carotid artery of rats, and to determine the effects of different antiplatelet drugs on this process. Read More

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CD44+ Circulating Tumor Endothelial Cells Indicate Poor Prognosis in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma After Radical Surgery: A Pilot Study.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 1;13:4417-4431. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, People's Republic of China.

Background: Circulating tumor endothelial cells (CTECs) are cells that originate from tumor endothelial cells (TECs) of blood vessels and are shed into peripheral blood. Some studies have shown that CTECs are associated with tumor angiogenesis, growth and indicate prognosis in patients with malignant solid tumor. However, the role of CTECs especially the phenotype of CTECs in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is still not clear. Read More

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Cinnamaldehyde Improves Metabolic Functions in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice by Regulating Gut Microbiota.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 1;15:2339-2355. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to examine the protective effects of cinnamaldehyde (CA) on type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms by using multiple omics technology.

Methods: T1DM was induced by streptozotocin in the mice. Immunostaining was performed to evaluate glycogen synthesis in the liver and morphological changes in the heart. Read More

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Gene expression changes and DNA damage after ex vivo exposure of peripheral blood cells to various CT photon spectra.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12060. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology Affiliated to Ulm University, Neuherbergstrasse 11, 80937, Munich, Germany.

Dual-energy CT provides enhanced diagnostic power with similar or even reduced radiation dose as compared to single-energy CT. Its principle is based on the distinct physical properties of low and high energetic photons, which, however, may also affect the biological effectiveness and hence the extent of CT-induced cellular damage. Therefore, a comparative analysis of biological effectiveness of dual- and single-energy CT scans with focus on early gene regulation and frequency of radiation-induced DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) was performed. Read More

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Defining T Cell Subsets in Human Tonsils Using ChipCytometry.

J Immunol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Peter Medawar Building for Pathogen Research, Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

ChipCytometry is a multiplex imaging method that can be used to analyze either cell suspensions or tissue sections. Images are acquired by iterative cycles of immunostaining with fluorescently labeled Abs, followed by photobleaching, which allows the accumulation of multiple markers on a single sample. In this study, we explored the feasibility of using ChipCytometry to identify and phenotype cell subsets, including rare cell types, using a combination of tissue sections and single-cell suspensions. Read More

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Aging and oxidative stress alter DNA repair mechanisms in male germ cells of superoxide dismutase-1 null mice.

Biol Reprod 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

The efficiency of antioxidant defense system decreases with aging, thus resulting in high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage in spermatozoa. This damage can lead to genetic disorders in the offspring. There are limited studies investigating the effects of the total loss of antioxidants, such as superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1), in male germ cells as they progress through spermatogenesis. Read More

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Quantitative analysis of KLF4 and SOX2 expression in oral carcinomas reveals independent association with oral tongue subsite location and histological grade.

Cancer Biomark 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Surgical Pathology Laboratory, Oral Pathology Department, School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Stemness factors associated with tumorigenesis in different types of cancers have not been specifically studied in oral tongue SCC (OTSSC). Here, we aimed to quantify expression levels and distribution of KLF4 and SOX2, two relevant stemness factors, in oral SCC including OTSCC samples from different subsites.

Methods And Results: We determined KLF4 and SOX2 expression levels by immunostaining 35 biopsies of OSCC. Read More

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Serum and intratesticular inhibin B, AMH and spermatogonial numbers in trans*women at gender confirming surgery: An observational study.

Andrology 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Institute of Reproductive and Regenerative Medicine, Centre of Reproductive Medicine and Andrology, Albert-Schweitzer Campus 1, Building D11, Muenster, Germany.

Background: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin B are produced by Sertoli cells. AMH secretion indicates an immature Sertoli cell state. Inhibin B serves as a marker of male fertility. Read More

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Segmental branches emanating from saphenous nerve morphing into sympathetic trunks for innervation of saphenous artery and its clinical implication for arterial sympathectomy.

Int Wound J 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Orthopedic Department, First Affiliated Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Sympathectomy of arteries has been adopted for the treatment of peripheral arterial disease and Raynaud's disease. However, the exact route for sympathetic axons to reach peripheral arteries awaits further investigation that could pave the way for development of new surgical strategies. In this study, saphenous neurovascular bundles from 10 neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats first were harvested for whole-mount immunostaining to show sympathetic innervation pattern of the artery. Read More

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Development of a novel apoptosis-based tumor regression grade to assess the efficacy of preoperative chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer: a retrospective single-center study.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Background: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy is used preferably for locally advanced rectal cancer, followed by a watch-and-wait strategy for cases showing clinical complete response. However, there is a discordance between pathological and clinical complete response rates. We aimed to propose a tumor regression grade (TRG) that truly reflects the therapeutic effects of preoperative chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 infection induces beta cell transdifferentiation.

Cell Metab 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:

Recent clinical data have suggested a correlation between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and diabetes. Here, we describe the detection of SARS-CoV-2 viral antigen in pancreatic beta cells in autopsy samples from individuals with COVID-19. Single-cell RNA sequencing and immunostaining from ex vivo infections confirmed that multiple types of pancreatic islet cells were susceptible to SARS-CoV-2, eliciting a cellular stress response and the induction of chemokines. Read More

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Prognostic significance of survivin expression in pediatric ewing sarcoma.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Jun 2:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Pediatric Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis protein that inhibits caspases and blocks cell death. It is undetectable in most normal adult tissues. High survivin expression has been detected in various tumors and has been correlated with therapy resistance and poor outcome. Read More

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Daphnetin ameliorates acute lung injury in mice with severe acute pancreatitis by inhibiting the JAK2-STAT3 pathway.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 1;11(1):11491. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, No 1 Eastern Jianshe Road, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, China.

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is often associated with pulmonary inflammation leading to acute lung injury. Daphnetin, a natural coumarin derivative, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we explored the effect and possible mechanism of daphnetin in a mouse model of SAP-associated lung injury induced by an intraperitoneal injection of L-arginine. Read More

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The Combination of Paraformaldehyde and Glutaraldehyde Is a Potential Fixative for Mitochondria.

Biomolecules 2021 May 10;11(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China.

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles, constantly undergoing shape changes, which are controlled by mitochondrial movement, fusion, and fission. Mitochondria play a pivotal role in various cellular processes under physiological and pathological conditions, including metabolism, superoxide generation, calcium homeostasis, and apoptosis. Abnormal mitochondrial morphology and mitochondrial protein expression are always closely related to the health status of cells. Read More

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Retinal Pigment Epithelium Remodeling in Mouse Models of Retinitis Pigmentosa.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 20;22(10). Epub 2021 May 20.

CNR Neuroscience Institute, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

In retinitis pigmentosa (RP), one of many possible genetic mutations causes rod degeneration, followed by cone secondary death leading to blindness. Accumulating evidence indicates that rod death triggers multiple, non-cell-autonomous processes, which include oxidative stress and inflammation/immune responses, all contributing to cone demise. Inflammation relies on local microglia and recruitment of immune cells, reaching the retina through breakdowns of the inner blood retinal barrier (iBRB). Read More

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Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (CADM1) Is an Independent Prognostic Factor in Patients with Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 May 4;11(5). Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Dermatology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 807-8555, Japan.

Cell adhesion molecular 1 (CADM1) is a multifunctional cell adhesion molecule belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily, which suppresses malignant solid tumor development. However, the correlation between CADM1 expression and prognosis in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) patients remains unclear. In a retrospective analysis of 88 patients diagnosed with cSCC at our institution between January 2006 and December 2016, the degree of CADM1 expression in tumor cells was evaluated by immunostaining. Read More

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Gene Expression Profiling of Olfactory Neuroblastoma Helps Identify Prognostic Pathways and Define Potentially Therapeutic Targets.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 21;13(11). Epub 2021 May 21.

Medical Oncology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences and Public Health, ASST Spedali Civili of Brescia, University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy.

Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is a rare sinonasal neoplasm with a peculiar behavior, for which limited prognostic factors are available. Herein, we investigate the transcriptional pathways altered in ONB and correlate them with pathological features and clinical outcomes. We analyze 32 ONB patients treated with curative intent at two independent institutions from 2001 to 2019 for whom there is available pathologic and clinical data. Read More

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Sporadic creutzfeldt-jakob disease with extremely long fourteen-year survival period.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Center for Cooperative Research in Biosciences (CIC bioGUNE), Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Derio, Spain.

Background: Sporadic Creutzfedlt-Jakob disease is a rapidly progressing and highly variable neurodegenerative disease with heterogeneous clinical presentation and with median survival times from diagnosis to death of four to six months.

Methods: We report a rare case of a 61-year-old woman with a history of initially rapidly progressive dementia, with subsequent development of pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs and with unusually long survival period of 14 years. Initial magnetic resonance imaging evaluation, single-photon emission computed tomography and electroencephalogram did not show relevant alterations. Read More

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Novel regulation of renal gluconeogenesis by Atp6ap2 in response to high fat diet via PGC1-α/AKT-1 pathway.

Sci Rep 2021 May 31;11(1):11367. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 801409, Charlottesville, VA, 22903, USA.

Recent studies suggested that renal gluconeogenesis is substantially stimulated in the kidney in presence of obesity. However, the mechanisms responsible for such stimulation are not well understood. Recently, our laboratory demonstrated that mice fed high fat diet (HFD) exhibited increase in renal Atp6ap2 [also known as (Pro)renin receptor] expression. Read More

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Poor Endometrial Proliferation after Clomiphene is Associated with Altered Estrogen Action.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Context: Suboptimal endometrial thickening is associated with lower pregnancy rates and occurs in some infertile women treated with clomiphene.

Objective: To examine cellular and molecular differences in the endometrium of women with suboptimal versus optimal endometrial thickening following clomiphene.

Design: Translational prospective cohort study from 2018-2020. Read More

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3D Microscopy of Murine Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Tissues.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2308:127-138

Department of Medical Oncology and Hematology, University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The soft marrow tissues, which are found disseminated throughout bone cavities, are prime sites for hematopoietic cell production, development, and control of immune responses, and regulation of skeletal metabolism. These essential functions are executed through the concerted and finely tuned interaction of a large variety of cell types of hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic origin, through yet largely unknown sophisticated molecular mechanisms. A fundamental insight of the biological underpinnings of organ function can be gained from the microscopic study of the bone marrow (BM), its complex structural organization and the existence of cell-specific spatial associations. Read More

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January 2021

Novel Approach to Overcome Defects of Cell-SELEX in Developing Aptamers against Aspartate β-Hydroxylase.

ACS Omega 2021 Apr 13;6(16):11005-11014. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan 8174673461, I. R. Iran.

Cell-based aptamer selection (Cell-SELEX) against predefined protein targets that benefits using the native form of the targets is the most promising approach to achieve aptamer probes capable of recognizing targets under both in vitro and in vivo conditions. The major disadvantages in Cell-SELEX are the imperfectness of the negative selection step and the lengthy procedure of selection. Here, we introduced the Counter-SELEX as part of our modified Cell-SELEX and implemented deep sequencing to overcome these shortcomings in developing aptamers against aspartate β-hydroxylase (ASPH) as a known tumor marker. Read More

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3D-printed nerve guidance conduits multi-functionalized with canine multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells promote neuroregeneration after sciatic nerve injury in rats.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 May 29;12(1):303. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Veterinary Clinics, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Background: Nerve injuries are debilitating, leading to long-term motor deficits. Remyelination and axonal growth are supported and enhanced by growth factor and cytokines. Combination of nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) with adipose-tissue-derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (AdMSCs) has been performing promising strategy for nerve regeneration. Read More

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Functional analysis of LAT3 in prostate cancer: its downstream target and relationship with androgen receptor.

Cancer Sci 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Urology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

L-type amino acid transporter 3 (LAT3, SLC43A1) is abundantly expressed in prostate cancer (PC) and is thought to play an essential role in PC progression through the cellular uptake of essential amino acids. Here, we analysed the expression, function, and downstream target of LAT3 in PC. LAT3 was highly expressed in PC cells expressing androgen receptor (AR), and its expression was increased by dihydrotestosterone treatment and decreased by bicalutamide treatment. Read More

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