Neurology 2013 Jan 12;80(1):62-8. Epub 2012 Dec 12.
Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.
Objective: Pathologic changes in varicella-zoster virus (VZV)-infected arteries include inflammation, thickened intima, and paucity of smooth muscle cells. Since no criteria have been established for early vs late VZV vasculopathy, we examined inflammatory cells and their distribution in 6 normal arteries, and 2 VZV-infected arteries 3 days after onset of disease (early) and 10 months after protracted neurologic disease (late).
Methods: VZV-infected temporal artery obtained 3 days after onset of ischemic optic neuropathy from an 80-year-old man, VZV-infected middle cerebral artery (MCA) obtained 10 months after protracted disease from a 73-year-old man, and 5 MCAs and 1 temporal artery from normal subjects, age 22-60 years, were examined histologically and immunohistochemically using antibodies against VZV and inflammatory cell subsets. Read More