Ophthalmol Ther 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.
Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, i-32, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.
Primary surgery for macular hole (MH) closure has a high success rate with current methods of pars plana vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. When primary surgery fails, there are several options available for secondary repair, including extension of the ILM peel, creation of an ILM flap, pedunculated ILM flap, lens capsule flap transplantation, autologous retinal transplantation, use of a human amniotic membrane plug, adjuvant autologous platelet concentrate, induction of macular detachments with subretinal blebs, and creation of retinal incisions. In this review, we discuss the practical approach to each of these surgical techniques for the management of recurrent or persistent MHs. Read More