16,683 results match your criteria illness perception


Effect of predictive nursing on the comfort, illness perception, metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, and complications in hemodialysis patients.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(5):4978-4986. Epub 2021 May 15.

Nursing Department, Yichun People's Hospital Yichun 336000, Jiangxi Province, China.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the effect of predictive nursing on the comfort, illness perception, metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, and complication of hemodialysis patients.

Methods: A total of 160 patients admitted to our hospital were selected as the research participants. Among them, 80 patients who did not undergo predictive nursing before admission were divided into the control group, and 80 patients who received predictive nursing before admission were divided into the study group. Read More

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Unrealistic Optimism and Risk for COVID-19 Disease.

Front Psychol 2021 4;12:647461. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Anthropology, Baylor University, Waco, TX, United States.

Risk perception and consequently engagement in behaviors to avoid illness often do not match actual risk of infection, morbidity, and mortality. Unrealistic optimism occurs when individuals falsely believe that their personal outcomes will be more favorable than others' in the same risk category. Natural selection could favor overconfidence if its benefits, such as psychological resilience, outweigh its costs. Read More

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Training and service provision for people with intellectual disability and mental illness: the views of psychiatrists.

Int J Dev Disabil 2018 Oct 24;66(1):67-74. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Bracknell, UK.

  The objectives of this mixed methods study are to 1) investigate the knowledge and skills of mainstream psychiatrists in managing patients with Intellectual Disability (ID) and comorbid mental health disorders, 2) assess their perception of the quality and accessibility of services for this population, and 3) establish the local implementation of the Green Light Toolkit. We surveyed mainstream psychiatrists in the Thames Valley region working in general adult, forensic, and older adult services, to ascertain their opinions about their knowledge and skills in managing patients with ID and comorbid mental disorder, as well as quality and accessibility of services. We compared our findings with previous UK and international research. Read More

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October 2018

Time to consider the role of rationalisation in health psychology.

Public Health 2021 Jun 17;196:59-61. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Division of Brain Sciences, Department of Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, Imperial College London, W6 8RF, UK; InAmind Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the interaction between psychological factors, belief systems, and engagement around public health initiatives.

Study Design: We conducted a longitudinal observational study, utilising convenience sampling to examine illness-related perception in the immediate and medium-term stages of the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in the UK.

Methods: Weekly questionnaires assessed our primary measure, illness-related perception, using The Health Anxiety Inventory. Read More

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The UPTAKE study: a cross-sectional survey examining the insights and beliefs of the UK population on COVID-19 vaccine uptake and hesitancy.

BMJ Open 2021 06 15;11(6):e048856. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Gastroenterology and Haematology, Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, UK.

Objective: A key challenge towards a successful COVID-19 vaccine uptake is vaccine hesitancy. We examine and provide novel insights on the key drivers and barriers towards COVID-19 vaccine uptake.

Design: This study involved an anonymous cross-sectional online survey circulated across the UK in September 2020. Read More

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Preferences in digital smartphone mental health applications among adolescents: a qualitative study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Health Service and Population Research Department, IOPPN, Kings' College London, UK, Centre for Research in Individual Differences, Department of Psychology, London, GB.

Background: Mental health digital applications (apps) hold promise to provide scalable solutions to individual self-care, education, and illness prevention. However, a problem with these apps is that they lack engaging user interfaces and experiences, potentially resulting in high attrition. While guidelines for new digital interventions in adults have begun to examine engagement, there is a paucity of evidence on how to best address digital interventions in adolescents. Read More

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New graduate employment in general practice: Perceptions of final-year nursing students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 8;54:103115. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Professor of Primary Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: This paper sought to investigate the perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding general practice nursing as a new graduate career path.

Background: General practice nurses have become increasingly important in providing community-based care, in response to the growing burden of chronic conditions and the ageing population. To sustain this workforce, there is a need to optimise strategies to promote a consistent supply of new graduate nurses. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 B.1.1.7 UK Variant of Concern Lineage-Related Perceptions, COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Travel Worry Among Healthcare Workers.

Front Public Health 2021 26;9:686958. Epub 2021 May 26.

Specialty Internal Medicine and Quality Department, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Healthcare workers' (HCWs') travel-related anxiety needs to be assessed in light of the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 mutations. An online, cross-sectional questionnaire among HCWs between December 21, 2020 to January 7, 2021. The outcome variables were HCWs' knowledge and awareness of the SARS-CoV-2 B. Read More

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Depression and Associated Factors in Chinese Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Without Dialysis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Public Health 2021 28;9:605651. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Nephrology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been a globally public health problem over the past decades. The maintenance of physical and mental health is of importance for patients nowadays. Notably, depression is prevalent and associated with various adverse events in CKD patients without dialysis. Read More

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Understanding Adolescents' Perceptions of Diarrhea: A Formative Research Study of a Visual Scale to Measure Self-Reported Diarrhea in Low-Resource Settings.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:561367. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.

Although water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions are effective in reducing diarrhea, there are methodological issues regarding the research tools used to evaluate their health impact. Moreover, there is limited research on individuals' subjective interpretations of diarrheal illness which may introduce further limitations in relying on self-reported data. Therefore, we conducted a study that aims to understand adolescents' perceptions of diarrheal illness in rural Tamil Nadu, India. Read More

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Stigma Experiences in People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: An Integrative Review.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021 4;16:1647-1659. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Background: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are stigmatized by smoking history. Although little is known about COPD-related stigma, it can adversely affect self-management and quality of life.

Objective: To synthesize relevant scientific literature exploring stigma experiences and their impacts on people with COPD. Read More

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The Association Between Psychological Factors and Outcomes After Distal Radius Fracture.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopaedics, Edinburgh Orthopaedic Trauma Unit, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify psychological factors associated with pain intensity and disability following distal radius fracture.

Methods: We prospectively followed 216 adult patients with distal radius fracture for 9 months. Demographics, injury and treatment details, and psychological measures (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score [HADS], Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, Illness Perception Questionnaire Brief [IPQB], General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Recovery Locus of Control [RLOC]) were collected at enrollment. Read More

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An Event-Related Potential Investigation of Early Visual Processing Deficits During Face Perception in Youth at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis.

Schizophr Bull 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.

Impairments in early visual face perception are well documented in patients with schizophrenia. Specifically, event-related potential (ERP) research in patients with schizophrenia has demonstrated deficits in early sensory processing of stimulus properties (P1 component) and the structural encoding of faces (N170 component). However, it is not well understood if similar impairments are present in individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis (ie, those in the putative prodromal stage of the illness). Read More

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Racial and ethnic disparities in post-traumatic stress and illness coherence in breast cancer survivors with comorbid diabetes.

Psychooncology 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Internal Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Context: Breast cancer survivors (BCS) with comorbid diabetes mellitus (DM) and of racial and ethnic minority status are at higher risk of cancer-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) and severe illness beliefs. These affective and cognitive outcomes influence self-management and treatment adherence in patients with chronic conditions, yet little is known regarding the interplay of these processes in diverse BCS with comorbid DM.

Objectives: The purposes of this study were to (1) describe racial and ethnic differences in cancer-related PTS and illness perceptions; and (2) examine the relationship between PTS and illness perceptions in BCS with comorbid DM. Read More

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A Cross-National Comparison of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome at Tertiary Care Settings from the US and Spain.

Am J Soc Sci Humanit 2020 19;5(1):104-115. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, CFS/ME Unit, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Cross-national comparative studies are useful for describing the unique characteristics of complex illnesses, and can reveal culture-specific traits of disease frequency/severity and healthcare. Though myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are debilitating conditions found all over the world, few studies have examined their characteristics across different countries. The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of functional impairment and symptomatology in patients with ME and CFS at tertiary referral hospitals in the US and Spain. Read More

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December 2019

New horizons in understanding the experience of Chinese people living with dementia: a positive psychology approach.

Age Ageing 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London WC1E 7HB, UK.

As the global average age increases, the incidence of dementia is also rising. Given improvements in diagnosis and life expectancies, people now live longer with dementia. Thus, the wellbeing and quality of life among people living with dementia are increasingly important areas for research. Read More

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Needs and Experiences of Users of Digital Navigation Tools for Mental Health Treatment and Supportive Services: Survey Study.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Jun 9;8(6):e27022. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Despite a recent proliferation in web-based and digital resources that are designed to assist users in finding appropriate mental health treatment and supportive services, it can be overwhelming, confusing, and difficult for an individual or family member to access and use an appropriate navigation tool. As digital resources are increasingly sought after, there is an urgent need for a clearer understanding of digital navigation tools in order to help link individuals with the tool that is best suited to their needs.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the needs of individuals seeking mental health treatment and supportive services and to quantify their experiences and satisfaction with available digital navigation tools. Read More

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The State of Music-Based Interventions for Mental Illness: Thought Leaders on Barriers, Opportunities, and the Value of Interdisciplinarity.

Community Ment Health J 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Hundreds of studies regarding music's effects on mental health have accumulated across multiple disciplines; however, access to and application of music as a support for mental health remains limited, due in part to the multidisciplinary nature of related research and difficulties synthesizing findings. This qualitative study is the first to address these barriers by gathering current thought leaders and stakeholders at intersections of music and mental health, representing multiple disciplines and backgrounds, to (1) document understandings of and recommendations for the field, and (2) examine how views converge or conflict. Participants (n = 36) viewed preliminary results of a global scoping review, then engaged in focus groups which were transcribed and de-identified for analysis. Read More

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Self-care activities among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Nurs Pract 2021 Jun 8:e12987. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Aims: This study investigated self-care activities and identified their related factors in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Guangzhou, China, between September 2016 and February 2017, involving 202 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Measures included the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire and Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire. Read More

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Limited predictive value of illness perceptions for short-term poor recovery in musculoskeletal pain. A multi-center longitudinal study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 7;22(1):522. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Health Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is recognized worldwide as a major cause of increased years lived with disability. In addition to known generic prognostic factors, illness perceptions (IPs) may have predictive value for poor recovery in MSP. We were interested in the added predictive value of baseline IPs, over and above the known generic prognostic factors, on clinical recovery from MSP. Read More

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Understanding the Barriers and Facilitators to Employment for People with Bipolar Disorder.

Psychiatr Q 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Epworth Centre for Innovation in Mental Health, Epworth Healthcare and Monash University, 888 Toorak Road, Camberwell, VIC, 3124, Australia.

People with Bipolar Disorder (BD) consistently report a desire for employment; however, this is not reflected in employment figures. Individuals' perceptions of barriers to employment, along with endorsement of facilitators to employment remain under-investigated. We aimed to address this limitation by: (i) first examining differences in employed versus unemployed individuals (demographic, clinical, functioning); then (ii) identifying barriers and/or facilitators to employment, perception of same, and subsequent impact on employment. Read More

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Purification, Punishment, and Control: Eating Disorders, Self-Harm, and Child Sexual Abuse.

Qual Health Res 2021 Jun 7:10497323211017490. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Eating disorders continue to be viewed as curable diseases, forcing people into predetermined narratives of pathology that shape how they are viewed and treated. Situated in a feminist application of Bakhtin's sociological linguistics, we were concerned with how participants understood eating disorders, the nature of their experiences, and the causes of their distress. Following a dialogical method, multiple in-depth interviews were conducted with seven women who experienced an eating disorder and who had been sexually abused previously, and participants' own drawings and poetry were obtained to gain deeper insights into meanings and emotions. Read More

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A journey through roses and thorns: becoming a physician by learning from patients with life-threatening illnesses. A qualitative study with international medical students.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Information Technology Department, ICS Maugeri IRCCS, Institute of Pavia.

The medical students' well-being may be threatened by various stressors associated with providing care to different kinds of patients. This study aims to explore students' clinical experiences with patients who suffer from life-threatening illnesses, focusing on potential risk and protective factors. Audio-recorded and face-to-face interviews were conducted and transcribed verbatim. Read More

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Resilience in women with primary Sjögren's syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

To assess the relationship between resilience and several diseases and individual features in primary Sjӧgren's Syndrome (SS) patients. Resilience was assessed using the Resilience Scale (RS-14). Disease activity, damage, and reported symptoms were assessed by means of ESSDAI (EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index), SSDDI (Sjӧgren's Syndrome Disease Damage Index) and ESSPRI (EULAR Sjӧgren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index). Read More

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Effectiveness of a Nurse-Delivered Intervention on Illness Perceptions and Quality of Life in Patients With Injury.

J Nurs Res 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

MSc, MD, Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine, Chia-Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan PhD, RN, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, and Associate Research Fellow, Department of Nursing, Chia-Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan PhD, RN, Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia PhD, RN, Professor, College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan, and Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia.

Background: Research has shown that nursing interventions are able to affect short-term outcomes in patients with injury. However, evidence based on a comprehensive nurse-led intervention may be beneficial for trauma care.

Purpose: This study was designed to assess the effect of a nursing intervention on the illness perceptions and quality of life of patients with injury. Read More

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Do weight perception and bullying victimization account for links between weight status and mental health among adolescents?

BMC Public Health 2021 06 4;21(1):1062. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Background: The purpose of this study was to explore whether the way youth perceive their weight and their experiences of bullying victimization account for the increased risk of depression and anxiety symptoms, and poor psychosocial well-being, associated with overweight/obesity in a large sample of Canadian secondary school students. We also explored if associations differed by gender.

Methods: We used cross-sectional survey data from year 7 (2018-19) of the COMPASS study. Read More

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Coping profiles in multiple sclerosis: Comparison of personal resources.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 May 24;53:103027. Epub 2021 May 24.

Collegium Medicum, Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland.

Background: Identifying the profiles of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who employ similar patterns of coping may improve the understanding of how coping is associated with psychological adjustment. The purpose of this study was to identify the groups of MS patients using different coping strategies and compare the levels of psychological resources across the groups.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study 382 patients with MS completed a battery of self-report measures that assessed their use of different coping strategies, optimism, self-efficacy, health locus of control (HLC), and perception of disease. Read More

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Stigmatizing attitudes toward psychiatric disorders: A cross-sectional population-based survey.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jul 26;139:179-184. Epub 2021 May 26.

Laboratory of Molecular Psychiatry, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental (CPE) and Centro de Pesquisa Clínica (CPC), Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia Translacional em Medicina (INCT-TM), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Graduate Program in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Stigmatizing attitudes against individuals diagnosed with mental illness could increase the severity of psychiatric symptoms, lead to delay in getting medical support, and decrease adherence to treatments. Identifying the groups most associated with stigmatization could orientate actions to reduce this prejudice and improve patients' prognosis.

Objective: To investigate variables associated with stigmatization toward psychiatric disorders in Brazil. Read More

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[Managing of dyspnea in oncology].

Rev Med Liege 2021 May;76(5-6):432-439

Service de Pneumologie, CHU Liège, Belgique.

The perception of ventilatory effort is common in oncology, especially but not exclusively in the advanced stages of neoplastic disease. Dyspnea is a symptom whose discomfort and anguish it generates in the patient and his/ her entourage require constant management throughout the illness. The first step is to identify and optimize the treatment of comorbidities associated with tumour disease. Read More

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Social Inferences as Mediators of Wellbeing in Depression.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 27;17:1679-1687. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Functional Sciences, Discipline of Public Health, Center for Translational Research and Systems Medicine, "Victor Babeș" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara, Romania.

Background: Depression is an increasingly prevalent chronic mental health condition that involves a range of potentially negative implications, in the long term. Theory of Mind (ToM) serves to form and maintain social relationships, by accurately identifying thoughts and emotions in others. Defective ToM abilities have been noted in people with a history of clinical depression. Read More

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