Front Pharmacol 2020 26;11:619273. Epub 2021 Jan 26.
Department of Paediatric and Adult Rheumatology, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czechia.
Polygenic autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs), such as systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), adult-onset Still's disease, Kawasaki disease, idiopathic recurrent pericarditis (IRP), Behçet's Syndrome, Crystal-induced arthropatihes such as gout or Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease are characterized by the overexpression of inflammasome-associated genes, leading to a dysregulation of the innate immune response. The IL-1 cytokine family (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1Ra, IL-18, IL-36Ra, IL-36α, IL-37, IL-36β, IL-36g, IL-38, IL-33) was defined to be principally responsible for the inflammatory nature of polygenic AIDs. Several clinical trials were initiated, and IL-1 blockade has been proven to cause a rapid reduction of clinical symptoms and normalization of laboratory parameters in the majority of cases. Read More