164,520 results match your criteria identity

The social meaning of common knowledge across development.

Cognition 2021 Jun 18;215:104811. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Psychology, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Common knowledge can be a potent sign of shared social attributes among people, but not all knowledge is socially meaningful to the same extent. For instance, compared to shared knowledge of cultural practices, knowledge of self-evident facts might be a poorer indicator of shared group membership among individuals. Two studies explored adults' and 6-to-9 years old children's social inferences based on what others know as well as their sensitivity to the distinctions in the diagnostic potential of different kinds of knowledge. Read More

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A framework to lower the risk of medication prescribing and dispensing errors: A usability study of an NFC-based mobile application.

Int J Med Inform 2021 May 31;153:104509. Epub 2021 May 31.

Faculty of Computer Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Wrong medication and wrong dosage are major risks in the pharmaceutical industry, as many medication errors occur when dispensing medication. The dispensing process in its current form is limited in verifying the patient's identity before dispensing the medication. Furthermore, this process does not offer a robust method for providing accurate medication intake instructions. Read More

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Identification and characterization of extracellular enzymes secreted by Aspergillus spp. involved in lipolysis and lipid-antioxidation during katsuobushi fermentation and ripening.

Int J Food Microbiol 2021 Jun 15;353:109299. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Marutomo Co., Ltd., 1696 Kominato, Iyo, Ehime 799-3192, Japan.

A mild-flavored soup stock made from katsuobushi is an important element of traditional Japanese cuisine and is the basic seasoning responsible for the taste. Fermented and ripened katsuobushi, known as karebushi, is manufactured by simmering skipjack tuna that is then smoke-dried, fermented, and ripened in a repeated molding process by five dominant Aspergillus species. Here, our aim was to characterize and identify the lipolytic enzymes secreted by the dominant Aspergillus species, especially A. Read More

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Ann Anat 2021 Jun 18:151786. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosciences, School of Medicine and Nursing, The University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa (Biscay), Spain.

Background: Studies abound regarding the views of faculty anatomists and medical students on the importance of anatomy and the dissection of human bodies, but very little is known about the views of practicing physicians.

Methods: A survey was distributed among physicians and surgeons practicing in Spain in order to find out their views on the practice and consequences of human dissection by undergraduate students of medicine. The most relevant definition to qualify faculty anatomists of medical schools was also requested. Read More

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14-3-3ζ and 14-3-3ε are involved in innate immune responses in Pacific abalone (Haliotis discus hannai).

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Jun 18:104176. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Muping Coastal Environmental Research Station, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Yantai Shandong 264117, P. R. China; Center for Ocean Mega-science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao Shandong 266071, P. R. China; Research and Development Center for Efficient Utilization of Coastal Bioresources, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai Shandong 264003, P. R. China. Electronic address:

The 14-3-3 proteins play important roles in various cellular processes by binding to different ligands, but little is known about these proteins in mollusks. In this study, two 14-3-3 cDNAs were identified from the Pacific abalone Haliotis discus hannai (designated 14-3-3ζ and 14-3-3ε), possessing 59.40% identity with each other. Read More

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Ann Pharm Fr 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Aurobindo Pharma Limited, Bachupally, R.R District, Hyderabad, 500090, Telangana, India.

The basic objective of this study is to propose a short, reliable, mass compatible ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method to confirm the identity of impurities and to estimate the assay and purity of Tirofiban simultaneously in aqueous injection (5 mg/100 mL bag). Aqueous formulations are susceptible to oxidation, hence the possible oxidative degradation impurities of Tirofiban were studied in this experiment by using UPLC coupled with Photodiode Array/Quadrupole Dalton Analyzer (PDA/QDa) detectors. The required separations were achieved in the column: ACQUITY HSS T3 (100 x 2. Read More

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The fall armyworm strain associated with most rice, millet, and pasture infestations in the Western Hemisphere is rare or absent in Ghana and Togo.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(6):e0253528. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Cotonou, Benin.

The moth pest fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is now present throughout much of the Eastern Hemisphere where it poses a significant economic threat to a number of crops. Read More

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Illness identity and adjusting to type I diabetes: A four-wave longitudinal study.

Health Psychol 2021 May;40(5):326-336

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences.

Objectives: Prior research has linked illness identity-or the extent to which the illness is integrated into one's identity-to diabetes-specific functioning. Four illness identity dimensions have been identified: rejection, acceptance, engulfment, and enrichment. As longitudinal research on this topic is scarce, this study examined developmental trajectories of illness identity and prospective associations between illness identity and diabetes-specific functioning. Read More

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Universal principles of lineage architecture and stem cell identity in renewing tissues.

Development 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Mathematical Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfield Campus, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.

Adult tissues in multicellular organisms typically contain a variety of stem, progenitor and differentiated cell types arranged in a lineage hierarchy that regulates healthy tissue turnover. Lineage hierarchies in disparate tissues often exhibit common features, yet the general principles regulating their architecture are not known. Here, we provide a formal framework for understanding the relationship between cell molecular 'states' and cell 'types', based on the topology of admissible cell state trajectories. Read More

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Stemphylium lycopersici Causing Leaf Spot of Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Harbin, China;

Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an important cucurbit crop in China. During September 2020, an unknown leaf spot disease was observed on watermelon in two greenhouses (640m2 per greenhouse) of Sangzi town, Jizhou district, in Tianjin, China (117°10'E, 39°55'N), where approximately 10% of plants were infected. Disease symptoms began as small, circular, brown spots on leaves. Read More

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First Report on Ovate-leaf Atractylodes Damping-off Caused by species Complex in South Korea.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Kyungpook National University, Department of Ecology & Environmental System, College of Ecology & Environmental Sciences, 2559 Gyungsangdae-ro, Sangju, Gyungsangbuk-do, Korea (the Republic of), 37224.

In South Korea, ovate-leaf atractylodes (OLA) (Atractylodes ovata) is cultivated for herbal medicine. During May to June 2019, a disease with damping off symptoms on OLA seedlings were observed at three farmer fields in Mungyeong, South Korea. Disease incidence was estimated as approximately 20% based on calculating the proportion of symptomatic seedlings in three randomly selected fields. Read More

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First Report of subsp. causing Citrus Canker on lime in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Agronomy, Av. Dom Manuel de Medeiros, s/n., Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, 52171-900;

Citrus canker caused by subsp. is one of the most important citrus diseases in the world (Gottwald et al. 2002), mainly for citrus-producing countries with humid sub-tropical regions such as United States, Argentina, and Brazil, where losses may be significant (Behlau et al. Read More

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Optimizing gender-affirming medical care through anatomical inventories, clinical decision support, and population health management in electronic health record systems.

J Am Med Inform Assoc 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Recent advances in electronic health records and health information technology are providing new opportunities to improve the quality of care for transgender and gender diverse people, a population that experiences significant health disparities. This article recommends changes to electronic health record systems that have the potential to optimize gender-affirming care. Specifically, we discuss the importance of creating an anatomical inventory form that captures organ diversity, and of developing clinical decision support tools and population health management systems that consider each patient's gender identity, sex assigned at birth, and anatomy. Read More

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First year medical student perceptions of physician advocacy and advocacy as a core competency: A qualitative analysis.

Med Teach 2021 Jun 21:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: Medical societies have embraced advocacy as a core professional competency, but little is known about how entering medical students view physician advocacy. This study examined how first year medical students define advocacy, their motivations for and anticipated challenges to advocacy, and whether they believe advocacy should be a core competency.

Method: This study used a qualitative content analysis approach to analyze first year medical student narrative responses about physician advocacy. Read More

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How Does Nostalgia Conduce to Global Self-Continuity? The Roles of Identity Narrative, Associative Links, and Stability.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2021 Jun 21:1461672211024889. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

University of Southampton, UK.

In five studies ( = 1,074), we examined the relation-both correlational and causal-between nostalgia, a sentimental longing for one's past, and global self-continuity (GSC), a sense of connection among past, present, and future selves. Furthermore, we addressed mechanisms underlying this relation. We asked, in particular, whether nostalgic individuals might achieve GSC by constructing a narrative to give meaning to life transitions (narrative), connecting to the past (associative links), or believing in a self that is resistant to change (stability). Read More

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Sheep in wolf's clothing: A case of mistaken identity-Intestinal mesenteritis.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Northern Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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Positioning the donor in a new landscape-mothers' and fathers' experiences as their adult children obtained information about the identity-release sperm donor.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Study Question: How do heterosexual parents experience identity-release donation when adult children have obtained information about their sperm donor?

Summary Answer: Adult offspring's receipt of identifying information about the sperm donor challenged the fathers' role as a parent, which was reflected in how parents positioned the donor in relation to the family.

What Is Known Already: An increasing number of countries provide access to treatment with identity-release or 'open-identity' donors. However, there is limited knowledge about how parents experience and manage the situation when adult offspring obtain identifying information about the donor and may even establish contact with him. Read More

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Study of quorum-sensing and genes and their dependent virulence factors in isolates from infected burn wounds.

Access Microbiol 2021 Mar 5;3(3):000211. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Medical Microbiology & Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Background: is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for burn-wound infection. High incidence, infection severity and increasing resistance characterize -induced burn infection.

Purpose: To estimate quorum-sensing (QS)-dependent virulence factors of isolates from burn wounds and correlate it to the presence of QS genes. Read More

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Who aspires to be a scientist/who is allowed in science? Science identity as a lens to exploring the political dimension of the nature of science.

Cult Stud Sci Educ 2021 Jun 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Our purpose in this paper is to put forward an argument about both the need and the value for understanding how the constructs of science identity and the nature of science (NOS) might intersect and intertwine and offer useful insights about science participation in times of crises. Based on our knowledge and understanding of these two research areas, we maintain that science identity research has not been fully engaged in understanding how perspectives on NOS might be intersecting with the questions of who can be (or not) a scientist and who is allowed (or not) in science. In this paper, we argue that the formation of a disrupting science identity that challenges existing constructed systems of power in science, requires robust understandings of NOS that place emphasis on the socially-produced narratives about science and scientists. Read More

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Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Putative Target Genes of During Early Floral Development in L.

Front Plant Sci 2021 4;12:660803. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Génétique Quantitative et Evolution-Le Moulon, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.

Even though petals are homoplastic structures, their identity consistently involves genes of the APETALA3 (AP3) lineage. However, the extent to which the networks downstream of AP3 are conserved in species with petals of different evolutionary origins is unknown. In Ranunculaceae, the specificity of the AP3-III lineage offers a great opportunity to identify the petal gene regulatory network in a comparative framework. Read More

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A Conjugative MDR pMG1-Like Plasmid Carrying the (E) Gene of With Potential Transmission to .

Front Microbiol 2021 4;12:667415. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

(E) is a pleuromutilin, lincosamide, and streptogramin A (PLSA phenotype) resistance gene that was first described in and was thought to have been transferred from sp. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of the (E) gene among isolates at a tertiary teaching hospital and to evaluate the transferability of the (E) gene from to . A total of 96 strains isolated from one hospital in Beijing in 2013 were analysed for quinupristin-dalfopristin (QDA) resistance genes, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed. Read More

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"It's Not the Same": A Comparison of the Psychological Needs Satisfied by Musical Group Activities in Face to Face and Virtual Modes.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:646292. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

UQ Music, Dance and Health Research Group, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

According to the social identity approach to health, group memberships influence people's mental health to the extent that they identify with their group. Emerging evidence suggests that music groups, such as choirs, enhance mental health group identification and the satisfaction of various psychological needs; however, more research is required to understand these processes in other types of music groups. Furthermore, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) social distancing restrictions in 2020 prevented music groups from meeting face to face (F2F). Read More

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Narrative Tensions in Strained Junior Elite Performers' Experiences of Becoming Elite Performers.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:645098. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Sport and Social Sciences, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.

Contextualized within narrative theory and the field of talent identification and development systems (TIDS), this interview study examined strained junior elite performers' experiences of becoming elite performers while participating in prestigious national TIDS. The study explored how junior elite performers perceive and negotiate their personal narratives of becoming within a cultural master narrative of being. The focus is on how the quality of person-environment interaction, characterized by narrative alignment or tensions, relates to perceptions of identity, agency, and physical and mental health. Read More

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Customer Cooperation and Employee Innovation Behavior: The Roles of Creative Role Identity and Innovation Climates.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:639531. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Business Management, School of Business, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Employee innovation behaviors lay the foundation for sharing economies and are of importance to business success, especially for service sector firms such as hotels. This study examines the relationship between customer cooperation and employee innovation behavior (EIB) by focusing on the mediating role of creative role identity and the moderating role of innovation climate. Drawing on resource based theory and role identity theory, we propose that customer cooperation enhances creative role identities and EIB, and the relationship between creative role identities and EIB is stronger when innovation climates are described as "high" rather than "low. Read More

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Collison, Connection, and Conflict? Writing (Righting) Community Amid COVID-19.

J Adolesc Adult Lit 2021 May-Jun;64(6):708-711. Epub 2021 May 20.

Authors featured in this department share anthropological perspectives and qualitative insights to redefine community in adolescent and adult literacy practice. Read More

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Different Strokes: American Muslim Scholars Engage Media and Politics in the Woke Era.

Jibril Latif

Int J Polit Cult Soc 2021 Jun 12:1-28. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Mass Communications Department, Gulf University for Science and Technology, Block 5, Building 1, Mubarak Al-Abdullah Area/West Mishref, Hawally, Kuwait.

American Muslim intercommunal disunity () is exemplified by an emic event when an editorial foray contests the inherited legacies of black Muslim icons like Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali, which exigently compels "diplomats" of different minds into engaging the digital public square with calculated strokes. The woke era's partisan identity politics asymmetrically curtail acceptable expressions of religious authority on issues of race, religion, and politics. Hence, scholars spend their social capital as political actors in these ultracrepidarian environments to different ends. Read More

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Sexual Minority Stress and Social Support Explain the Association between Sexual Identity with Physical and Mental Health Problems among Young Lesbian and Bisexual Women.

Sex Roles 2020 Sep 6;83(5-6):370-381. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Psychology, Old Dominion University, Virginia Consortium Program in Clinical Psychology, Norfolk, VA.

Bisexual women report more physical and psychological health problems than lesbian women do, which may be attributed to greater sexual minority stress and less social support. However, many studies combine lesbian and bisexual women into a single group. The current study examined if sexual minority stress and social support mediated the association between women's sexual identity (lesbian or bisexual) and health-related outcomes. Read More

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September 2020

Dislocated College Students and the Pandemic: Back Home Under Extraordinary Circumstances.

Fam Relat 2021 Jul 13;70(3):689-704. Epub 2021 May 13.

Ball State University.

Objective: This research examines college students' experiences of dislocation during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Background: Due to governmental stay-at-home orders during the pandemic, families with "dislocated" (compelled to return home) college students would likely encounter unique stressors while also being limited in their normal ways of coping.

Methods: Using an online survey, the current study sought to discover how diverse individual characteristics and family living situations of 323 dislocated students associated with varying homelife experiences (e. Read More

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Marriage and Masculinity: Male-Breadwinner Culture, Unemployment, and Separation Risk in 29 Countries.

Am Sociol Rev 2021 Jun 26;86(3):465-502. Epub 2021 May 26.

Goethe University Frankfurt am Main.

Scholars argue that gender culture, understood as a set of beliefs, norms, and social expectations defining masculinities and femininities, plays an important role in shaping when romantic relationships end. However, the relevance of gender culture is often underappreciated, in part because its empirical identification remains elusive. This study leverages cross-country variation in gender norms to test the hypothesis that gender culture conditions which heterosexual romantic relationships end and when. Read More

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