Clin Rheumatol 2020 Jun 19;39(6):1907-1918. Epub 2020 Feb 19.
Rheumatology Division, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo (HCFMUSP), Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455, 3° andar, sala 3190, Cerqueira Cesar, Sao Paulo, SP, 01246-903, Brazil.
Introduction/objectives: To evaluate the clinical relevance of high-resolution hand and wrist ultrasound (US) findings and their possible associations with anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).
Methods: Ninety-seven consecutive pSS patients (American-European Consensus Group, 2002) without meeting the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria (1987) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA); 20 RA patients (ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria, 2010); and 80 healthy individuals with comparable age, gender, and ethnicity were enrolled in a case-control study. Disease activity was assessed by EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI). Read More