39 results match your criteria idealised media

'Test Now, Stop HIV': COVID-19 and the idealisation of quarantine as the 'end of HIV'.

Cult Health Sex 2021 Apr 1:1-14. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Science and Technology Studies, UCL, London, UK.

The emergence of COVID-19 precipitated varied responses from public health officials in London, England. In April 2020, clinicians at 56 Dean Street sexual health and advice clinic in central London described social isolation as 'a unique window of opportunity' to 'break the chain' in HIV transmission. This was followed by critical responses within HIV prevention circles. Read More

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The effectiveness of positive appearance and functionality reflective writing tasks on state body image and response to idealised media exposure among 35-60 year-old women.

Body Image 2021 Mar 3;37:127-137. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

School of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Functionality and appearance-based reflective writing tasks can improve body image in young women. There is limited research investigating these tasks in mature women. This study tested (a) the effectiveness of writing tasks on women's state body image and (b) whether these tasks buffered responses to idealised media. Read More

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Conceptualisations of masculinity and sexual development among boys and young men in Korogocho slum in Kenya.

Cult Health Sex 2020 Dec 8:1-15. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Youth and adolescence are times when young men negotiate their identity in relation to social and cultural expectations of being a man, with enduring implications for sexual health and wellbeing. This study explored how boys aged 10-14 years living in Korogocho slum in Nairobi, Kenya conceptualised masculinity, their perceptions of how masculinities are performed, and the linkage between conceptualisations of masculinity and sexual development. Three bases of gender socialisation were identified: (1) verbal messaging (mainly from parents and teachers); (2) observing the behaviours of older men in the community; and (3) information received from mainstream and social media. Read More

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December 2020

Does body appreciation or satisfaction buffer against idealised functionality-focused images of models?

Body Image 2021 Mar 16;36:45-52. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, UK.

Research suggests that greater levels of body appreciation and body satisfaction may protect women from negative outcomes when viewing media images of the thin-ideal. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of body appreciation and body satisfaction in ameliorating negative effects from viewing images of the traditional thin-ideal and the newer functional-ideal (i.e. Read More

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Do the metrics matter? An experimental investigation of Instagram influencer effects on mood and body dissatisfaction.

Body Image 2021 Mar 21;36:1-4. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

University of Tasmania, Australia. Electronic address:

Instagram is saturated with content from 'influencers', users who create high-quality idealised content, attain celebrity-level following, and often leverage their popularity to earn money through brand partnership/promotion. Although existing literature generally indicates the negative impact of idealised Instagram imagery on female psychological wellbeing, influencer imagery has yet to receive thorough attention. We investigated the impact of high versus low popularity influencer images on mood and body dissatisfaction. Read More

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The effect of viewing idealised smile images versus nature images via social media on immediate facial satisfaction in young adults: A randomised controlled trial.

J Orthod 2020 03 7;47(1):55-64. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Department of Population and Patient Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Introduction: The objective of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate the effect of a social networking site (SNS) on body dissatisfaction, facial and smile dissatisfaction, and face-related discrepancy, and whether these effects differ from the use of appearance-neutral Instagram images. We also aimed to investigate whether there are trends in increased self-reported use of social media and increased body dissatisfaction, facial and smile dissatisfaction, and face-related discrepancy.

Methods: Undergraduate students were randomly allocated to an experimental group with idealised smile images or to a control group with neutral nature images. Read More

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The effect of thin and average-sized models on women's appearance and functionality satisfaction: Does pose matter?

Body Image 2020 Mar 27;32:128-135. Epub 2019 Dec 27.

Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Idealised imagery depicting the functionality of a model's body (e.g., in fitness contexts) can trigger negative effects in viewers similar to, or worse than, traditionally posed images of models. Read More

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Effects of thin-ideal instagram images: The roles of appearance comparisons, internalization of the thin ideal and critical media processing.

Body Image 2019 Dec 9;31:181-190. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora (Melbourne), VIC, Australia.

Recent research has pointed to potential negative effects on young women of using social networking sites. We examined whether exposure to thin-idealised images of users' bodies, typical of those posted on Instagram, would result in changes in state mood and body dissatisfaction. We further examined women's reported thoughts when viewing such images to explore qualitatively their cognitive experiences. Read More

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December 2019

The effect of #enhancement-free Instagram images and hashtags on women's body image.

Body Image 2019 Dec 9;31:131-138. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.

Instagram is a popular social networking site where users can post and share photos. One increasing trend on the site is the posting of natural and unaltered images. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the effect of enhancement-free (i. Read More

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December 2019

Effectiveness of a multi-session positive self, appearance, and functionality program on women's body satisfaction and response to media.

Body Image 2019 Dec 6;31:102-111. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia; School of Population Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.

Women's relationship with their bodies may be improved through activities which encourage them to focus on the positive elements of their appearance, the functional qualities of their body, and positive aspects of themselves in general. This study examined the effectiveness a multi-session program addressing these elements. Across two online sessions, 117 Australian women (M = 23. Read More

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December 2019

"There's Massive Pressure to Please Her": On the Discursive Production of Men's Desire to Pay for Sex.

Monique Huysamen

J Sex Res 2020 May-Jun;57(5):639-649. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Cape Town.

This article presents a discursive analysis of 43 men's narratives about paying for sex, collected using a combination of online and traditional face-to-face interview methods. It argues that the societal pressures placed on men to "perform" sexually help to produce conditions that make paying for sex desirable. Paying for sex provided men with a "safe" space where they felt exempt from expectations to display sexual experience, skill, and stamina. Read More

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3D-printed sound absorbing metafluid inspired by cereal straws.

Sci Rep 2019 06 11;9(1):8496. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Université du Mans, LAUM - UMR CNRS 6613, Le Mans Université, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, 72085, Le Mans Cedex 9, France.

Used as building biomaterials for centuries, cereal straws are known for their remarkable acoustic performances in sound absorption. Yet, their use as fibrous media disregards their internal structure made of nodes partitioning stems. Here, we show that such nodes can impart negative acoustic bulk modulus to straw balls when straws are cut on either side of a node. Read More

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Water flow across the interface of contrasting materials: Pressure discontinuity and its implications.

J Hydrol (Amst) 2018 Nov;566:435-440

Department of Sustainable Agriculture Sciences, Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom.

Water flow along or across the interfaces of contrasting materials is ubiquitous in hydrology and how to solve them in macroscopic models derived from volumetric average of the pore-scale processes remains elusive. While the change in the average velocity and pressure at water-sediment interface has been well established for channel flow over porous beds, whether a volumetric average alerts the pressure continuity when water flows across the interface of two porous materials is poorly understood despite its imperative implications in hydrological modelling. The primary purpose of this paper is to provide evidences via pore-scale simulations that volumetrically averaging the pore-scale processes indeed yields a discontinuous pressure when water flows across a material interface. Read More

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November 2018

Using the heterotopic mirror to reveal tensions in public reaction to a photographic essay of eldercare staff and older adults.

J Aging Stud 2019 Mar 12;48:17-24. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University, Private Bag 102 904, North Shore Mail Centre, Auckland 0745, New Zealand. Electronic address:

This paper analyses a photographic essay of older adults and workers in a nursing home environment, as a day-in-the-life documentary photographic essay Who cares published in Kai Tiaki, Nursing New Zealand in 2006. We discuss the essay, which intended to make eldercare work more visible and valued. The purpose of this paper is to ask, 'Why were these photographs so uncomfortable to view, and why did they elicit such strong polysemous reactions from viewers?' We argue that in order to address this question, sites of eldercare may be understood as heterotopias, or places of exclusion from social norms. Read More

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How does exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relate to symptom severity among individuals with eating disorders? Evaluation of a proposed model.

Body Image 2018 Dec 22;27:187-195. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Thinspiration and fitspiration are classes of social media content characterised by idealised depictions of excessively thin and overtly fit/lean bodies, respectively. It is currently unknown whether and how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to symptom severity within high-risk clinical populations. Thus, in a clinical sample of individuals with eating disorders, we evaluated a model explaining how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to eating disorder symptoms. Read More

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December 2018

PyPNS: Multiscale Simulation of a Peripheral Nerve in Python.

Neuroinformatics 2019 01;17(1):63-81

Department of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.

Bioelectronic Medicines that modulate the activity patterns on peripheral nerves have promise as a new way of treating diverse medical conditions from epilepsy to rheumatism. Progress in the field builds upon time consuming and expensive experiments in living organisms. To reduce experimentation load and allow for a faster, more detailed analysis of peripheral nerve stimulation and recording, computational models incorporating experimental insights will be of great help. Read More

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January 2019

Direct Correlation between Adsorption Energetics and Nuclear Spin Relaxation in a Liquid-saturated Catalyst Material.

Chemphyschem 2018 10 10;19(19):2472-2479. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Philippa Fawcett Drive, Cambridge, CB3 0AS, United Kingdom.

The ratio of NMR relaxation time constants T 1 / T 2 provides a non-destructive indication of the relative surface affinities exhibited by adsorbates within liquid-saturated mesoporous catalysts. Read More

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October 2018

This girl can #jointhemovement: Effectiveness of physical functionality-focused campaigns for women's body satisfaction and exercise intent.

Body Image 2018 Mar 15;24:26-35. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia; School of Population Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia; Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.

We tested the effectiveness of exposure to two functionality-focused media campaigns, This Girl Can and #jointhemovement, in improving state appearance and physical functionality satisfaction, exercise intent, and protecting against exposure to idealised imagery. Across two studies, 339 (M=24.94, SD=4. Read More

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A content analysis of thinspiration, fitspiration, and bonespiration imagery on social media.

J Eat Disord 2017 26;5:40. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

University of the West of England, Coldharbour Lane, Frenchay, Bristol, BS16 1QY UK.

Background: On social media, images such as thinspiration, fitspiration, and bonespiration, are shared to inspire certain body ideals. Previous research has demonstrated that exposure to these groups of content is associated with increased body dissatisfaction and decreased self-esteem. It is therefore important that the bodies featured within these groups of content are more fully understood so that effective interventions and preventative measures can be informed, developed, and implemented. Read More

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September 2017

Positive appearance and functionality reflections can improve body satisfaction but do not protect against idealised media exposure.

Body Image 2017 Dec 6;23:126-134. Epub 2017 Oct 6.

School of Health Sciences, Flinders University, South Australia, Australia.

We tested the effectiveness of a positive appearance or functionality reflective writing task on women's body satisfaction and whether these writing task reflections offered any protective advantage when exposed to idealised imagery. Young adult women (N=230; M=23years) wrote about positive elements of either their appearance or their body's functionality, and then were exposed to images of scenery, or thin and attractive models presented in posed or active form. Direction and amount of social comparison were also examined. Read More

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December 2017

In silico study of bone tissue regeneration in an idealised porous hydrogel scaffold using a mechano-regulation algorithm.

Biomech Model Mechanobiol 2018 02 4;17(1):5-18. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Biomechanics Research Centre (BMEC), Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering and Informatics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Mechanical stimulation, in the form of fluid perfusion or mechanical strain, enhances osteogenic differentiation and overall bone tissue formation by mesenchymal stems cells cultured in biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. In silico techniques can be used to predict the mechanical environment within biomaterial scaffolds, and also the relationship between bone tissue regeneration and mechanical stimulation, and thereby inform conditions for bone tissue engineering experiments. In this study, we investigated bone tissue regeneration in an idealised hydrogel scaffold using a mechano-regulation model capable of predicting tissue differentiation, and specifically compared five loading cases, based on known experimental bioreactor regimes. Read More

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February 2018

Idealised media images: The effect of fitspiration imagery on body satisfaction and exercise behaviour.

Body Image 2017 Sep 24;22:65-71. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Australia.

Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women's body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to view one of three sets of images (thin ideal, athletic ideal, or muscular ideal) followed by a bout of exercise. Read More

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September 2017

Health risks, social relations and class: an analysis of occupational health discourse in Finnish newspaper and women's magazine articles 1961-2008.

Sociol Health Illn 2016 Mar 7;38(3):493-510. Epub 2015 Nov 7.

Centre of Expertise for Development of Work and Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland.

In this article we examine the treatment of psychosocial risks in public occupational health discourse in Finnish newspaper and magazine articles between the 1960s and 2000s, using discourse analysis. Building on class theories, our aim is to investigate how class expectations have been linked with the redefinition of occupational health risks during this period. Our results suggest that as social relations at the workplace became problematised in the occupational health discussions after the 1970s, the image of the hierarchical and naturally conflictual organisation was replaced by idealised middle-class notions of smoothly functioning, harmonious organisations that offered rewarding work experiences. Read More

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The protective role of body appreciation against media-induced body dissatisfaction.

Body Image 2015 Sep 24;15:98-104. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

School of Psychology, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

This study aimed to examine the protective role of positive body image against negative effects produced by viewing thin-idealised media. University women (N=68) completed trait measures of body appreciation and media protective strategies. At a subsequent session, participants viewed 11 thin-ideal advertisements. Read More

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September 2015

[Effect of the media on the drawings of 14-16 years old adolescents].

Psychiatr Hung 2015 ;30(2):192-200

Piarista Gimnazium, Vac, Hungary, E-mail:

Due to the pervasive presence of the Internet, the popularity of social networking sites and the general use of electronic tools in our age, the different idols and celebrities of media, film heroes or fictional characters have become an everyday part of a teenager's communication and cogitation. These themes often appear on adolescent drawings and they are often full of individual content and thus become the forms of self-expression. In my study I draw the attention to this phenomenon by presenting some examples. Read More

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September 2015

Public foetal images and the regulation of middle-class pregnancy in the online media: a view from South Africa.

Cult Health Sex 2015 15;17(10):1207-20. Epub 2015 Jun 15.

b Department of Political and International Studies , Rhodes University , Grahamstown , South Africa.

Ultrasonography images and their derivatives have been taken up in a range of 'public' spaces, including medical textbooks, the media, anti-abortion material, advertising, the Internet and public health facilities. Feminists have critiqued the personification of the foetus, the bifurcation of the woman's body and the reduction of the pregnant woman to a disembodied womb. What has received less attention is how these images frequently intersect with race, class, gender and heteronormativity in the creation of idealised and normative understandings of pregnancy. Read More

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Influence of material property variability on the mechanical behaviour of carotid atherosclerotic plaques: a 3D fluid-structure interaction analysis.

Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng 2015 Aug 28;31(8). Epub 2015 May 28.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Changhai Road, Shanghai, 200433, China.

Mechanical analysis has been shown to be complementary to luminal stenosis in assessing atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability. However, patient-specific material properties are not available and the effect of material properties variability has not been fully quantified. Media and fibrous cap (FC) strips from carotid endarterectomy samples were classified into hard, intermediate and soft according to their incremental Young's modulus. Read More

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Mechanical behaviour of a fibrous scaffold for ligament tissue engineering: finite elements analysis vs. X-ray tomography imaging.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2014 Dec 16;40:222-233. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

CNRS, LEMTA, UMR 7563, Université de Lorraine, 2 avenue de la forêt de Haye, 54502 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, France. Electronic address:

The use of biodegradable scaffolds seeded with cells in order to regenerate functional tissue-engineered substitutes offers interesting alternative to common medical approaches for ligament repair. Particularly, finite element (FE) method enables the ability to predict and optimise both the macroscopic behaviour of these scaffolds and the local mechanic signals that control the cell activity. In this study, we investigate the ability of a dedicated FE code to predict the geometrical evolution of a new braided and biodegradable polymer scaffold for ligament tissue engineering by comparing scaffold geometries issued from FE simulations and from X-ray tomographic imaging during a tensile test. Read More

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December 2014

A spatially-distributed computational model to quantify behaviour of contrast agents in MR perfusion imaging.

Med Image Anal 2014 Oct 18;18(7):1200-16. Epub 2014 Jul 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Division of Imaging Sciences & Biomedical Engineering, St. Thomas' Hospital, King's College London, London SE1 7EH, UK. Electronic address:

Contrast agent enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging provides an early, non-invasive indication of defects in the coronary circulation. However, the large variation of contrast agent properties, physiological state and imaging protocols means that optimisation of image acquisition is difficult to achieve. This situation motivates the development of a computational framework that, in turn, enables the efficient mapping of this parameter space to provide valuable information for optimisation of perfusion imaging in the clinical context. Read More

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October 2014