457 results match your criteria hyphae abundant


First Report of Causing Garlic clove Rot in Russian Federation.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

FSI Federal Research Centre Fundamentals of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 442108, Laboratory of plant system biology , Moscow, Moscow, Russian Federation;

Garlic () is a widely consumed bulbous crop both worldwide and in Russia. About 200,000 tons of garlic is produced in Russia annually (https://rosstat.gov. Read More

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First report of fruit blight caused by on sesame in Northeast China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Dongling Road No.84Shenyang, China, 110161;

Sesame ( L.) is an important oilseed crop in China and it is also used in food and health products. In August of 2019, a blight sesame fruit was observed in a field of Liaoyang city, Liaoning province of China. Read More

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First Report of Colletotrichum boninense Causing Anthracnose on Rosa chinensis in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Guiyang , China;

Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis Jacq.) is cultivated for edible flowers in southwestern China (Zhang et al. 2014). Read More

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Leaf spot disease of Orychophragmus violaceus caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Northeast Agricultural University, 12430, No. 59, Mucai street, harbin, China, 150030;

Orychophragmus violaceus (L.) O. E. Read More

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Loss of Coordinated Neutrophil Responses to the Human Fungal Pathogen, , in Patients With Cirrhosis.

Hepatol Commun 2021 Mar 5;5(3):502-515. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Medicine Massachusetts General Hospital Boston MA USA.

Neutrophils are the most abundant white blood cell in the body and are key participants in the defense against fungal infections. Fungal infections occur often in patients with cirrhosis and are associated with increased 30-day and 90-day mortality. Previous studies have shown that specific neutrophil functions are abnormal in patients with cirrhosis, although the extent of neutrophil dysfunction is not well understood. Read More

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Extraordinary Multi-Organismal Interactions Involving Bacteriophages, Bacteria, Fungi, and Rotifers: Quadruple Microbial Trophic Network in Water Droplets.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Feb 22;22(4). Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdansk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdansk, Poland.

Our observations of predatory fungi trapping rotifers in activated sludge and laboratory culture allowed us to discover a complicated trophic network that includes predatory fungi armed with bacteria and bacteriophages and the rotifers they prey on. Such a network seems to be common in various habitats, although it remains mostly unknown due to its microscopic size. In this study, we isolated and identified fungi and bacteria from activated sludge. Read More

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February 2021

First report of causing bulb rot on in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Bast Fiber Crops, 107626, Changsha, Hunan, China;

Lilium lancifolium Thunb., commonly known as Juandan lily and tiger lily, is widely cultivated in China for its edible bulbs and medicinal properties, with a commercial value worth of ~RMB 6 billion Yuan per year. Bulb rot is an increasingly common disease on L. Read More

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February 2021

A Heterogeneously Expressed Gene Family Modulates the Biofilm Architecture and Hypoxic Growth of .

mBio 2021 02 16;12(1). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA

The genus encompasses human pathogens such as and industrial powerhouses such as In both cases, biofilms have consequences for infection outcomes and yields of economically important products. However, the molecular components influencing filamentous fungal biofilm development, structure, and function remain ill defined. Macroscopic colony morphology is an indicator of underlying biofilm architecture and fungal physiology. Read More

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February 2021

First report of leaf blight caused by Phytophthora ramorum on periwinkle (Vinca minor) in Washington State, USA.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Washington State University, Plant Pathology, Research and Extension Center, 7612 Pioneer Way East, Puyallup, Washington, United States, 98371.

Phytophthora ramorum (Werres, De Cock & Man in't Veld) was recovered from symptomatic foliage of periwinkle at a botanical garden in WA in March 2015. Symptoms were tan colored lesions with a dark brown margin visible on both surfaces of the leaf and were found on wounds or around leaf margins. Periwinkle is native to Europe and is commonly used for ground cover in ornamental landscapes. Read More

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February 2021

First report of Fusarium incarnatum causing fruit rot of litchi in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, 117453, Environment and Plant Protection Institute, Haikou, Hainan, China.

Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) is an indigenous tropical and subtropical fruit in Southern China with an attractive appearance, delicious taste, and good nutritional value (Jiang et al. 2003). Read More

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February 2021

First Report of Anthracnose on Rubus rosaefolius Smith Caused by Colletotrichum boninense in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 2. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Hubei JingzhouJingzhou, China, 434025;

Raspberry (Rubus rosaefolius Smith), also called march bubble or milk bubble, is widely distributed and economically important in China. Raspberries are rich in nutrients such as essential amino acids, vitamin C, dietary fiber, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and minerals (Yang et al. 2019). Read More

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February 2021

Nigrospora oryzae Causing Black Leaf Spot Disease of Hibiscus mutabilis in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jan 28. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Sichuan Agricultural UniversityChengdu, Sichuan, China, 611130;

Cotton rose (Hibiscus mutabilis Linn.) is a deciduous shrub native to China. It has been widely cultivated in many provinces in China for its ornamental and ecological value (Shang et al. Read More

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January 2021

Colonizes and Disseminates to the Gastrointestinal Tract in the Presence of the Microbiota in a Severe Combined Immunodeficient Mouse Model.

Front Microbiol 2020 8;11:619878. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

National Institute of Infectious Disease and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan.

s is the leading cause of candidemia or other invasive candidiasis. Gastrointestinal colonization has been considered as the primary source of candidemia. However, few established mouse models that mimic this infection route are available. Read More

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January 2021

First Report of Causing Leaf Wilt, Flower Rot, and Stem Necrosis on .

Plant Dis 2021 Jan 6. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, 67826, Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais/PPGCAM, Av. Alexandre Ferronato, nº. 1.200 /Reserva 35 / Distrito Industrial, 1200, SINOP, MT, Brazil, 78556-214.

(Fabaceae) is used as green manure crop because of its nitrogen fixation and nematode control (Nascimento et al. 2020). In April 2018, leaf wilting, flower rot, and stem necrosis symptoms were observed on with 100% incidence, in Sorriso (12° 33' 31″ S, 55º 42' 51″ W), Santa Carmem (11° 55' 52″ S, 55º 16' 47″ W), and Sapezal (12º 59' 22″ S, 58º 45' 52″ W) counties in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Read More

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January 2021

Competitive Exclusion and Metabolic Dependency among Microorganisms Structure the Cellulose Economy of an Agricultural Soil.

mBio 2021 01 5;12(1). Epub 2021 Jan 5.

School of Integrative Plant Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Microorganisms that degrade cellulose utilize extracellular reactions that yield free by-products which can promote interactions with noncellulolytic organisms. We hypothesized that these interactions determine the ecological and physiological traits governing the fate of cellulosic carbon (C) in soil. We performed comparative genomics with genome bins from a shotgun metagenomic-stable isotope probing experiment to characterize the attributes of cellulolytic and noncellulolytic taxa accessing C from cellulose. Read More

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January 2021

Hepatic phaeohyphomycosis due to a novel dematiaceous fungus, sp. nov., and importance of antifungal susceptibility testing.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2021 Dec;10(1):81-96

Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

species are wood-inhabiting fungi and emerging opportunistic pathogens causing phaeohyphomycosis. In this study, we isolated a dematiaceous fungus, HKU44, from the subhepatic abscess pus and drain fluids of a liver transplant recipient with post-transplant biliary and hepatico-jejunostomy bypass strictures. Histology of the abscess wall biopsy showed abundant fungal hyphae. Read More

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December 2021

Unconventional Secretion of Nigerolysins A from Species.

Microorganisms 2020 Dec 11;8(12). Epub 2020 Dec 11.

National Institute of Chemistry, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Aegerolysins are small lipid-binding proteins particularly abundant in fungi. Aegerolysins from oyster mushrooms interact with an insect-specific membrane lipid and, together with MACPF proteins produced by the same organism, form pesticidal pore-forming complexes. The specific interaction with the same membrane lipid was recently demonstrated for nigerolysin A2 (NigA2), an aegerolysin from . Read More

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December 2020

[Effects of sawdust dosage on the diversity and community structure of bacteria associated with the hyphae of ].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Oct;31(10):3547-3553

College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.

Some fungi engage symbiosis with bacteria, which can effectively promote the metabolism and growth of fungi. The diversity and community structure of bacteria can reflect the growth and substrate utilization of fungi. In this study, we analyzed the effects of different sawdust dosages on the community structure and diversity of bacteria associated with the hyphae of using high-throughput sequencing technology (HST) based on PCR-amplified 16S rRNA V3-V4 fragments. Read More

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October 2020

First Report of Causing Flower Rot of Pitaya () in China.

Plant Dis 2020 Dec 1. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Hainan, China;

Pitaya (), belonging to the Cactaceae family, has rich functional substances, such as a variety of amino acids, which are popular with consumers (Wichienchot et al. 2010). In May 2019, flowers showed symptoms of rot, with an incidence of 15% in a plantation (233. Read More

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December 2020

First report of postharvest fruit rot on passion fruit () caused by in Mainland China.

Plant Dis 2020 Nov 4. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Lingnan Normal University, Zhanjiang , Guangdong, China;

As an economically important tropical and subtropical fruit crop, passion fruit ( Sims) is widely planted in many provinces of southern China. In April 2017, postharvest fruit rot was observed on 15% to 25% of passion fruit in several fruit markets of Zhanjiang City in Guangdong Province. Initial disease symptoms on infected fruit were irregular, brown, water-soaked lesions, which enlarged into large black and sunken patches. Read More

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November 2020

First Report of Fusarium Wilt Caused by Fusarium equiseti on Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitate L.) in Korea.

Plant Dis 2020 Nov 3. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Rural Development Administration, 54670, International Technology Cooperation Center, Jeonju-Si, Jeollabuk-Do, Korea (the Republic of);

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitate L.) is an important vegetable crop that is widely cultivated throughout the world. Read More

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November 2020

First report of Fusarium lacertarum causing Fusarium Head Blight on sorghum in North Carolina.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 27. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

North Carolina State University, Entomology and Plant Pathology, Campus Box 7253, NCSU Campus, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27695;

In August 2018, sorghum plants (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) from research field plots in Wake County, North Carolina were observed with head blight symptoms including panicles with red lesions, visible mycelium, and necrosis. At the time of collection, all plants in research plots displayed symptoms of Fusarium head blight and panicles averaged 33% area affected by symptoms and signs. Read More

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October 2020

First Report of Root Rot Caused by Dactylonectria torresensis on Bletilla striata (Baiji) in Yunnan, China.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 22. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Yunnan University of Chinese Medicine, No.1076, Yuhua Road, Chenggong District, Kunming, Yunnan, 650500, China, Kunming, Yunnan, China;

Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb.f. Read More

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October 2020

Evidence of fungal decay in petrified legume wood from the Neogene of the Bengal Basin, India.

Fungal Biol 2020 Nov 22;124(11):958-968. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, 35, B.C. Road, Kolkata, 00019, India. Electronic address:

Silicified fossil legume woods of Cynometroxylon Chowdhury & Ghosh collected from the Neogene (late Miocene) sediments of the Bengal Basin, eastern India, exhibit fungal decay seldom found in the fossil record. The wood possesses numerous perforate areas on the surface that seem to be the result of extensive fungal activity. In transverse section, the decayed areas (pockets) appear irregular to ellipsoidal in outline; in longitudinal section these areas of disrupted tissue are somewhat spindle-shaped. Read More

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November 2020

Study on the community structure and function of symbiotic bacteria from different growth and developmental stages of Hypsizygus marmoreus.

BMC Microbiol 2020 10 14;20(1):311. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

College of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, People's Republic of China.

Background: The symbiotic bacteria associated with edible fungi are valuable microbial resources worthy of in-depth exploration. It is important to analyze the community structure and succession of symbiotic bacteria in mushrooms. This can assist in the isolation of growth-promoting strains that have an essential relationship with the cultivation cycle as well as the agronomic traits and yields of fruiting bodies. Read More

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October 2020

First report of powdery mildew of crape jasmine () caused by in China.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 13. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Shenzhen Polytechnic, 47891, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China;

Crape jasmine (Tabernaemontana divaricata) is a popular flowering shrub widely grown in southern China. Its leaves and roots are used in Chinese traditional medicine. In December, 2019, powdery mildew symptoms were observed on five crape jasmine shrubs on the campus of Shenzhen Polytechnic (22°35'N; 113°56'E), in Guangdong province. Read More

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October 2020

First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing Sheath Rot Disease of Rice in Eastern India.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 6. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

ICAR - National Rice Research Institute, Crop Protection, Cuttack, Odisha, India;

Sheath rot is one of the most devastating diseases of rice because of its ability to reduce the yield significantly in all rice cultivating areas of the world (Bigirimana et al., 2015). Sheath rot disease is associated with various pathogens such as Sarocladium oryza, Fusarium fujikuroi complex and Pseudomonas fuscovaginae (Bigirimana et al. Read More

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October 2020

First report of leaf blight caused by Phytophthora ramorum on cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) in Washington State, USA.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 6. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Washington State University, 6760, Plant Pathology, Puyallup, Washington, United States;

In April 2014, Phytophthora ramorum (Werres, De Cock & Man in't Veld) was recovered from symptomatic foliage of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) at an ornamental plant nursery in Washington State. Cherry laurel, also known as English laurel, is widely propagated in WA because it is commonly used in landscaping. It is invasive in forests near the urban/wildland interface in the western US and in Europe (Rusterholz et al. Read More

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October 2020

First Report of Fusarium fujikuroi Causing Leaf spot of Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen in China.

Plant Dis 2020 Oct 6. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, China;

Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is a national second-grade protected and one of the four famous trees in China, with high medicinal and economic value. Leaf spot disease in this plant can cause the leaves to dry up, perforate or even fall off, which affects the growth and development, and also has a great influence on its products. Read More

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October 2020

Role of arthroconidia in biofilm formation by Trichosporon asahii.

Mycoses 2021 Jan 23;64(1):42-47. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Department of Microbiology, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Trichosporon asahii is the major causative agent of disseminated and deep-seated trichosporonosis. It is capable of forming biofilms on surfaces, leading to medical device-related infection.Trichosporon asahii may be present as yeast form, hyphae and/or arthroconidia; however, the relationship between its biofilm-forming ability and its morphological transition is unclear. Read More

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January 2021