314,275 results match your criteria hypertension diagnosed

Clinical characteristics and risk factors of patients with severe COVID-19 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A retrospective study.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 28;14(9):1133-1138. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: COVID-19 is newly emerging infectious disease that spread globally at unpredictable and unique pattern to the extent that the World Health Organization announced COVID-19 as a pandemic in the first couple months of 2020. This study aims to describe clinical and demographic features of COVID-19 patients and the influence of various risk factors on the severity of disease.

Methods: This research is a retrospective study based on Saudi Arabia's ministry of health's Covid-19 data. Read More

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Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of pancreas mimicking gastrointestinal stromal tumor of stomach: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;85:106240. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, IPGME&R, School of Digestive & Liver Diseases, Kolkata, India.

Introduction: Pancreatic mucinous cysadenocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm of pancreas which rarely presents as upper gastrointestinal bleed.

Case Report: A 45-year-old woman presented with history of repeated episodes of melena and abdominal pain. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a growth in the body of the stomach likely to be a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Read More

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Executive summary of the 2020 clinical practice guidelines for the management of hypertension in the Philippines.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Davao Medical School Foundation, Philippines.

Hypertension is the most common cause of death and disability worldwide with its prevalence rising in low to middle income countries. It remains to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines with poor BP control as one of the main causes. Different societies and groups worked and collaborated together to develop the 2020 Philippine Clinical Practice Guidelines of hypertension arising for the need to come up with a comprehensive local practice guideline for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow up of persons with hypertension. Read More

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Examining the potential benefits of the influenza vaccine against SARS-CoV-2: A retrospective cohort analysis of 74,754 patients.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(8):e0255541. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States of America.

Introduction: Recently, several single center studies have suggested a protective effect of the influenza vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study utilizes a continuously updated Electronic Medical Record (EMR) network to assess the possible benefits of influenza vaccination mitigating critical adverse outcomes in SARS-CoV-2 positive patients from 56 healthcare organizations (HCOs).

Methods: The de-identified records of 73,346,583 patients were retrospectively screened. Read More

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A unique case of bleeding from esophageal varices as the first sign of essential thrombocythemia.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Gastroenterology Department, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Av. Torrado da Silva, 2805-267, Almada, Portugal.

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common cause of hospital admission and variceal hemorrhage is responsible for many UGIB cases. Esophageal and gastric varices are caused by portal hypertension (PHT), mostly due to liver cirrhosis. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is an important cause of non-cirrhotic PHT and can be associated with several diseases, including myeloproliferative disorders such as essential thrombocythemia (ET). Read More

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Hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy in large breast size patients: is it really a resolved issue?

Med Oncol 2021 Aug 3;38(9):107. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Radiation Oncology 1, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori di Milano, Via Giacomo Venezian, 1, 23100, Milano, Italy.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of breast size on acute and late side effects in breast cancer (BC) patients treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy (Hypo-RT). In this study we analyzed patients over 50 years with a diagnosis of early BC, candidate for Hypo-RT after conservative surgery. Acute and late skin toxicities were evaluated in accordance with the RTOG scale. Read More

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Secondary hypertension: An update on the diagnosis and localisation of a pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma.

S Afr Fam Pract (2004) 2021 Jul 14;63(1):e1-e6. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Faculty of Health Sciences, Helen Joseph Hospital, Johannesburg.

Most cases of hypertension are because of essential hypertension, however 5% - 15% of cases can be a result of a secondary cause. In this article, we focus on the endocrine causes of secondary hypertension with a particular focus on pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs). Around 15 endocrine disorders can initially present with hypertension. Read More

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Prevalence of Open Angle Glaucoma in the Faroese Population.

J Glaucoma 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Landssjukrahusid, Tórshavn, The Faroe Islands The National Biobank, Landssjukrahusid, Tórshavn, The Faroe Islands Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, USA Department of Ophthalmology, Rigshospitalet, Glostrup, Denmark.

Purpose: The Faroe Islands are home to 50,000 genetically isolated people in the North Atlantic. The prevalence of open angle glaucoma (OAG) in the Faroese population is unknown. Consequently, we conducted a survey to determine the prevalence of OAG in the Faroese population. Read More

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Three Cases of Severe Placental Abruption as a First Symptom of Preeclampsia.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 23;2021:3863607. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics Dunedin Public Hospital, New Zealand.

Placental abruption is often referred to in the literature as a complication of preeclampsia. We report 3 recent cases where the first symptom of preeclampsia was placental abruption. All women were previously healthy and in their first ongoing pregnancy. Read More

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Disseminated Herpes Simplex Virus-2 (HSV-2) as a Cause of Viral Hepatitis in an Immunocompetent Host.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Aug 3;22:e932474. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Medicine, New York University (NYU) Grossman School of Medicine, New York City, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) affects nearly 1 in 5 adults in the United States. Complications such as viral hepatitis and dissemination are rare in immunocompetent hosts. In this report, we describe a case of viral hepatitis secondary to disseminated HSV-2 in an immunocompetent patient with recurrent fevers and elevated aminotransferases. Read More

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The association of aortic elasticity properties with novel inflammatory marker CRP /albumin ratio.

Clin Exp Hypertens 2021 Aug 2:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Cardiology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Research Ang Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Hypertension (HT) is the most important preventable cause of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Aortic elasticity parameters are affected in HT, and inflammation plays a central role in the development of HT. C-reactive protein (CRP) to albumin ratio (CAR) is a novel inflammatory marker. Read More

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Macula thickness and microvasculature loss in glaucoma suspect eyes.

Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Hamilton Glaucoma Center and Shiley Eye Institute, Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Purpose: To characterize the change of ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness and macula vessel density in eyes diagnosed as being glaucoma suspect eyes with ocular hypertension (OHT) or glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON).

Design: Prospective, longitudinal study.

Participants: 83 eyes (24 healthy eyes, 30 OHT eyes, and 29 GON eyes) of 65 subjects who had at least 3 visits were included from the Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study. Read More

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MicroRNA-663 prevents monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension by targeting TGF-β1/smad2/3 signaling.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Cardiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Pulmonary vascular remodeling due to excessive growth factor production and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) proliferation is the hallmark feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent studies suggest that miR-663 is a potent modulator for tumorigenesis and atherosclerosis. However, whether miR-663 involves in pulmonary vascular remodeling is still unclear. Read More

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MRI Assessment of Pulmonary Vascularity in Infants With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: A Novel Tool for Direct Assessment of Severity of Pulmonary Hypertension and Hypoplasia.

J Pediatr 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

The Perinatal Institute, Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Center for Pulmonary Imaging Research, Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; Fetal Care Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Electronic address:

Objectives: To assess the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for postnatal assessment of pulmonary vascularity in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH).

Study Design: Infants with prenatally diagnosed CDH (n=24) received postnatal pulmonary MRI. Infants with non-pulmonary birth defects served as controls (n=5). Read More

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Can Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index Detect the Presence of Exxaggerated Morning Blood Pressure Surge in Newly Diagnosed Treatment-Naive Hypertensive Patients?

Clin Exp Hypertens 2021 Aug 2:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Cardiology, Van Training and Research Hospital, Van, TURKEY.

The exaggerated morning blood pressure surge (MS) is associated with target organ damage and cardiovascular events. Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) has been detected as a useful marker in tumors and cardiovascular diseases. The role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of hypertension is a well-known issue. Read More

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Longitudinal clinical trajectory analysis of individuals before and after diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) indicates that vascular problems start early.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Aug 2:e14695. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Faculty of Science and Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) frequently associates with increasing multi-morbidity/treatment complexity. Some headway has been made to identify genetic and non-genetic risk factors for T2DM. However longitudinal clinical histories of individuals both before and after diagnosis of T2DM are likely to provide additional insight into both diabetes aetiology/further complex trajectory of multi-morbidity. Read More

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Correlation of serum ferritin levels with neurological function-related indices and cognitive dysfunction in patients with cerebral hemorrhage.

Clin Neuropathol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore the correlation of serum ferritin (FS) levels with neurological function-related indices, such as neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100β protein levels, and cognitive dysfunction in patients with cerebral hemorrhage.

Materials And Methods: Patients with acute non-traumatic cerebral hemorrhage (cerebrovascular disease (VD), n = 128) and healthy controls (CON, n = 128) were included. FS, NSE, and S100β levels were measured using ELISA. Read More

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Determinants of pyelonephritis onset in patients with obstructive urolithiasis.

Urologia 2021 Aug 2:3915603211035244. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Urology, Hotel Dieu de France Hospital, University of Saint Joseph, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Acute obstructive pyelonephritis due to urolithiasis represents a medico-surgical emergency that can lead to life-threatening complications. There are still no established factors that reliably predict progression toward acute pyelonephritis in patients presenting with a simple renal colic.

Objective: To investigate clinical and paraclinical factors that are associated with the onset of acute obstructive pyelonephritis. Read More

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Kidney Injury Molecule-1 and Periostin Urinary Excretion and Tissue Expression Levels and Association with Glomerular Disease Outcomes.

Glomerular Dis 2021 Jun 30;1(2):45-59. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California, Torrance, CA.

Introductions: Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and periostin (POSTN) are proximal and distal tubule injury biomarkers. We tested whether baseline urine KIM-1/creatinine (uKIM-1/cr) and/or uPOSTN/cr correlated with disease severity or improved a remission prediction model.

Methods: Baseline uKIM1/cr and uPOSTN/cr were measured on spot urine samples from immunosuppression-free patients enrolled in Nephrotic Syndrome Study Network until December 15, 2014. Read More

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Clinical Management of Children with a Congenital Solitary Functioning Kidney: Overview and Recommendations.

Eur Urol Open Sci 2021 Mar 3;25:11-20. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Radboudumc Amalia Children's Hospital, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Context: A congenital solitary functioning kidney (cSFK) is a common developmental defect that predisposes to hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a consequence of hyperfiltration. Every urologist takes care of patients with a cSFK, since some will need lifelong urological care or will come with clinical problems or questions to an adult urologist later in life.

Objective: We aim to provide clear recommendations for the initial clinical management and follow-up of children with a cSFK. Read More

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Pulmonary Embolism and Cardiac Tamponade in Critical Care Patients with COVID-19; Telemedicine's Role in Developing Countries: Case Reports and Literature Review.

Anesth Pain Med 2021 Apr 7;11(2):e113752. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Anesthesia Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: In this study, two cases that demonstrate the importance of bedside echocardiography and hands-off telemedicine technology for diagnosis and intervention in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are discussed.

Case Presentation: We report two cases of cardiac emergency associated with COVID-19. Case 1 is a 50-year-old female patient with chronic hypertension and chronic renal failure. Read More

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Incidence and Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality Among Diabetics Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

Cureus 2021 Jun 30;13(6):e16056. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Internal Medicine, Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center, New York City, USA.

Objectives The main goals of this study are to delineate the differences in demographics, comorbidities and hospital outcomes between diabetic and non-diabetic aortic stenosis (AS) patients, and next is to evaluate the predictors of in-hospital mortality in AS patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods We conducted an observational cross-sectional study using the nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) and included 33,325 adult patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of AS who underwent TAVR during the hospitalization. This sample was further grouped by comorbid diabetic which include non-diabetics (N = 23,585) versus diabetic patients (N = 9,740). Read More

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Metastatic Breast Cancer Masked as Constipation.

Cureus 2021 Jun 29;13(6):e16031. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Internal Medicine, Harnett Health System, Lillington, USA.

Even though screening mammography has been attributed to decreased mortality in recent decades, breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women in the United States. Disruption of screening protocols and variation in the presentation may alter the course of detection and management. We report a case of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer that presented as vague gastrointestinal symptoms in a patient with a delayed workup for a self-discovered breast lump during the coronavirus disease global pandemic. Read More

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Depression Impairs Level of Functioning in Chronic Kidney Disease Inpatients: A Case-Control Study.

Cureus 2021 Jun 29;13(6):e16017. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Amritsar, IND.

Objectives To evaluate the difference in demographics and clinical correlates during hospitalization for chronic kidney disease (CKD) between patients with depression and those without depression, and its impact on the severity of illness and in-hospital mortality. Methods We conducted a case-control study and included 2,296 adult inpatients (age ≥18 years) with a primary discharge diagnosis of CKD using the nationwide inpatient sample (NIS). We used propensity score matching to extract the cases i. Read More

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A Seventeen-Year Descriptive Study of Infective Endocarditis Features at a Tertiary, Teaching Hospital.

Cureus 2021 Jun 28;13(6):e15983. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Internal Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, SAU.

Introduction Infective endocarditis (IE) is a microbial infection affecting the endothelial lining of the heart chambers and valves. Despite advances in diagnostic methods and management, IE still carries high levels of morbidity and mortality. There are no comprehensive data describing incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of IE in Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Clinical Outcomes of Intermediate-Risk Pulmonary Embolism Across a Northeastern Health System: A Multi-Center Retrospective Cohort Study.

Cureus 2021 Jun 24;13(6):e15888. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Internal Medicine, Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Richmond Hill, USA.

Objective: The role of thrombolytic therapy in the management of intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism is controversial. Our objective was to determine clinical outcomes for a population of patients with intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism receiving anticoagulation with and without thrombolytic therapy in a large Northeastern health system.

Design: A retrospective cohort study. Read More

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Inflammatory Choroidal Neovascular Membranes: Clinical Profile, Treatment Effectiveness, and Visual Prognosis.

J Ophthalmol 2021 23;2021:9982883. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, São João Hospital University Centre, Porto, Portugal.

Purpose: To characterise a sample of patients with inflammatory choroidal neovascularization (I-CNV), including clinical profile, underlying aetiology and its course, treatments performed, associated clinical response, and visual prognosis.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with a diagnosis of I-CNV followed at the Ophthalmology Department of (CHUSJ). Clinical and visual outcomes were classified according to the difference in visual acuity after treatment. Read More

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Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Cent European J Urol 2021 10;74(2):190-195. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Faculty of Medicine, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: The presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) might be linked with elevated cardiovascular risk. There is a lack of data showing the prevalence of LUTS in the population of patients with cardiovascular diseases. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of LUTS in patients hospitalized due to a cardiovascular disease. Read More

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Epidemiology of hypertensive heart disease in Poland: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

Arch Med Sci 2021 17;17(4):874-880. Epub 2019 May 17.

Department of Hypertension and Internal Diseases, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Introduction: Hypertension may cause target organ damage leading to hypertensive heart disease (HHD). The burden caused by HHD in Poland has not been studied systematically. The purpose of this study was to describe the burden of HHD in Poland in terms of prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years lost (DALY) and key risk factors. Read More

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Evaluation of Abdominal Computed Tomography Scans for Differentiating the Discrepancies in Abdominal Adipose Tissue Between Two Major Subtypes of Primary Aldosteronism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 16;12:647184. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in the distribution of abdominal adipose tissue between the two subtypes of primary aldosteronism (PA) using abdominal computed tomography. We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed as having essential hypertension (EH) or PA from the prospectively collected Taiwan Primary Aldosteronism Investigation (TAIPAI) database. Patients with PA were divided into the subgroups of idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) and unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Read More

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