Drug Metab Dispos 2008 Apr 10;36(4):682-7. Epub 2008 Jan 10.
Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, 533 Parnassus Ave., U-68, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0446, USA.
A series of studies were conducted to explore the inductive potential of different fibric acid derivatives on the two alternative metabolic activation pathways of 2-phenylpropionic acid (2-PPA) (a model substrate for profen drugs), namely acyl-CoA formation and acyl glucuronidation, in vivo in rats, and to evaluate whether such treatment could potentially modulate the covalent binding of profens to hepatic protein. After administration of a single dose of 2-PPA (130 mg/kg) to rats pretreated with equimolar doses of clofibric acid (160 mg/kg/day), fenofibrate (260 mg/kg/day), or gemfibrozil (180 mg/kg/day) for 7 days, rat livers were collected and analyzed for covalent binding and hepatic levels of the two reactive metabolites over a 2-h period. Results showed that the three fibrates exhibited very different effects on the hepatic levels of 2-PPA-S-acyl CoA (2-PPA-CoA) in vivo, even though all three significantly increased acyl-CoA synthetase activity in vitro in liver homogenate. Read More