408,197 results match your criteria humanity individual


COVID-19 and children's health in the United States: consideration of physical and social environments during the pandemic.

Environ Res 2021 Apr 11:111160. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo NY, 14214.

Public health measures necessary to counteract the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have resulted in dramatic changes in the physical and social environments within which children grow and develop. As our understanding of the pathways for viral exposure and associated health outcomes in children evolves, it is critical to consider how changes in the social, cultural, economic, and physical environments resulting from the pandemic could affect the development of children. This review article considers the environments and settings that create the backdrop for children's health in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic, including current threats to child development that stem from: A) change in exposures to environmental contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides, disinfectants, air pollution and the built environment; B) changes in food environments resulting from adverse economic repercussion of the pandemic and limited reach of existing safety nets; C) limited access to children's educational and developmental resources; D) changes in the social environments at the individual and household levels, and their interplay with family stressors and mental health; E) social injustice and racism. Read More

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Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in China.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Health Professions and Wellness, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, AL, USA.

Background: Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents has become a worldwide epidemic. There are several studies that have concentrated on the prevalence rate of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID), whereas data on such a population on the mainland of China remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of overweight and obesity among school-aged children and adolescents with ID on China's mainland. Read More

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Determinants of willingness to accept kidney transplantation among chronic kidney disease patients in Ghana.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Apr 13;22(1):129. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana Medical School, University of Ghana, P. O. Box 4236, Korle-Bu, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The burden of chronic kidney disease in Africa is three to four times higher compared to high-income countries and the cost of treatment is beyond the reach of most affected persons. The best treatment for end stage renal disease is kidney transplantation which is not available in most African countries. As kidney transplantation surgery is emerging in Ghana, this study assessed factors which could influence the willingness of patients with chronic kidney disease to accept it as a mode of treatment. Read More

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The relationship between congenital cleft lip and palate malformation, skeletal and dental occlusal anomalies, and the influence of its treatment on affected patients' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).

Stomatologija 2020 ;22(4):116-119

Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Faculty of Odontology, Kaunas, Lithuania, A. Mickevčiaus g. 9, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objective: Non-syndromic (N/S) cleft lip and/or palate is the most common congenital anomaly to undergo long multidisciplinary treatment. This study investigates patients living with orofacial anomaly and having prolonged treatment by evaluating OHRQoL. It is essential to understand its influence on affected patients' daily life to prepare the most appropriate care for the complete physical, mental, and social well-being of an individual. Read More

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Neighborhood Contexts and Breast Cancer Among Asian American Women.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, 550 16th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.

Background: This study examines how neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and ethnic composition are associated with breast cancer risk for Asian American women.

Methods: We linked individual level data from a population-based case-control study of breast cancer among Asian American women with neighborhood level data in the Greater San Francisco Bay Area (cases: n = 118, controls: n = 390). Multivariable logistic regression models examined the association between nSES, ethnic composition, and odds of having breast cancer. Read More

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[Reliability and construct validity of SF-12 to measure health related quality of life in Chilean subjects].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Nov;148(11):1568-1576

Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile.

Background: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is understood as a multidimensional variable, mostly measured using the SF-12 questionnaire. However, this measurement doesn't always replicate the factorial structure theoretically expected, hindering potential conclusions.

Aim: To assess the reliability and validity of SF-12 questionnaire in a representative sample of Chilean participants. Read More

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November 2020

[A survey among patients about physician virtues that they value].

Authors:
Sergio Carvajal

Rev Med Chil 2020 Dec;148(12):1767-1772

Centro de Bioética, Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Theoretically, the exercise of good medicine requires physicians who possess and practice virtues. There are good reasons to believe that virtue ethics would be highly appreciated by patients.

Aim: To determine the importance that patients attribute to the possession virtues among physicians. Read More

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December 2020

[Factors associated with low quality of life in Chilean adults during the COVID-19 quarantine].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Dec;148(12):1759-1766

Escuela de Educación, Universidad de Concepción, Los Ángeles, Chile.

Background: The quarantine and social distancing implemented during COVID 19 pandemic may hamper the quality of life of the population.

Aim: To determine the factors associated with a low quality of life during COVID 19 quarantine in Chilean adults.

Material And Methods: The SF-36 survey about quality of life was answered by 1,082 Chilean adults aged between 18 and 60 years, who were quarantined by the COVID-19 health alert. Read More

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December 2020

IMPROVING DENTAL HEALTH - IS IMPROVING QUALITY OF LIFE.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 2):722-725

DEPARTMENT OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY, BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, KYIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To assess the impact of dental status on the quality of life of the adult population in the presence of periodontal disease in combination with musculoskeletal dysfunction in patients with dental anomalies and deformities.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: To study this goal, we examined 283 patients who complained of an aesthetic defect of the dentition, combined with the presence of joint pain and periodontal disease of varying severity.

Results: Results: received a complete analysis of factors that significantly affected the quality of life of patients with a lot of diseases of the oral cavity. Read More

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ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATIONAL MODEL FOR KNOWN PROPHYLAXIS OF CHRONIC NONINFECTIOUS DISEASES BASED ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS AT THE MEDICAL INSTITUTION.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 2):603-607

STATE INSTITUTION OF SCIENCE "RESEARCH AND PRACTICAL CENTER OF PREVENTIVE AND CLINICAL MEDICINE" STATE ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT, KYIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Study of the indicators of quality of life of patients served by a multidisciplinary health care institution with the functionally-organizational model of coded prevention of chronic noninfectious diseases is implemented.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: To evaluate the effectiveness of the model's use we used the assessment of the dynamics of QL indices, which was assessed according to the EUROHISQOL 8-item index methodology among 376 patients aged over 18 years.

Results: Results: Most of the respondents (61. Read More

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RESEARCH OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF DOCTORS TO ADAPTIVE TRAINING.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 2):572-577

SHUPYK NATIONAL MEDICAL ACADEMY OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION, KYIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To empirically investigate the psychological readiness of physicians for adaptive learning during the acquisition of professional competences in the system of postgraduate medical education.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: We surveyed a sample of 148 physicians who began studying the discipline of Psychology of Conflict, which was specially developed by us on the principles of adaptive learning. There were three occupational groups among doctors: surgeons (n = 47), therapists (n = 53) and pediatricians (n = 48). Read More

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Transmission of SARS-Cov-2 and other enveloped viruses to the environment through protective gear: a brief review.

EuroMediterr J Environ Integr 2021 7;6(2):48. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Laboratory of Transport Phenomena and Biotechnology, Department of D.I.M.E.S, University of Calabria, Via- P. Bucci, Cubo-42a, 87036 Rende, CS Italy.

Over the past two decades, several deadly viral epidemics have emerged, which have placed humanity in danger. Previous investigations have suggested that viral diseases can spread through contaminants or contaminated surfaces. The transmission of viruses via polluted surfaces relies upon their capacity to maintain their infectivity while they are in the environment. Read More

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[Investigation and analysis of oral health status of the elderly in nursing homes in Taiyuan].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;39(2):175-181

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objectives: This study aims to investigate awareness of oral health care and health status among elderly people in nursing homes in Taiyuan. Strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and improving the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes were formulated on the basis of analyzed data.

Methods: A total of 359 participants from 48 nursing homes in six districts were selected randomly. Read More

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Preparing Workplaces for Digital Transformation: An Integrative Review and Framework of Multi-Level Factors.

Front Psychol 2021 23;12:620766. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore, Singapore.

The rapid advancement of new digital technologies, such as smart technology, artificial intelligence (AI) and automation, robotics, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT), is fundamentally changing the nature of work and increasing concerns about the future of jobs and organizations. To keep pace with rapid disruption, companies need to update and transform business models to remain competitive. Meanwhile, the growth of advanced technologies is changing the types of skills and competencies needed in the workplace and demanded a shift in mindset among individuals, teams and organizations. Read More

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How Does a Sport Psychological Intervention Help Professional Cyclists to Cope With Their Mental Health During the COVID-19 Lockdown?

Front Psychol 2021 23;12:607152. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Behavioral Imaging and Neural Dynamics (BIND) Center, Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

All around the world in March, due to COVID-19, competitive sport calendars were suddenly canceled, jeopardizing the training programs of athletes. Moreover, in Italy, the government banned all non-essential travel across the entire country from the beginning of March. Consequently, Italian cyclists were banned from leaving their homes and therefore unable to perform their ordinary training activities. Read More

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Public health practitioner perspectives on dealing with measles outbreaks if high anti-vaccination sentiment is present.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 9;21(1):578. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Australian Centre for Health Engagement, Evidence & Values (ACHEEV), School of Health and Society, Faculty of the Arts, Social Sciences & Humanities, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

Background: Communities with low vaccination rates are at greater risk during outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases. Most Australian parents support vaccines, but some refuse and are often judged harshly by their community, especially during an outbreak. We sought the perspectives of Australian public health experts on the key issues faced when managing a measles outbreak in an area with high anti-vaccination sentiment. Read More

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[Multiple myeloma in an elderly patient with history of breast cancer : the value of multidisciplinary oncogeriatric collaboration].

Rev Med Liege 2021 Apr;76(4):232-238

Service de Gériatrie, CHR Citadelle, Liège, Belgique.

As the prevalence of cancers increases with age, some elderly patients are confronted with multiple tumoural pathologies. The clinical case of a 70-year-old patient with adenocarcinoma of the breast and multiple myeloma complicated by severe renal failure illustrates the complexity of oncogeriatric management. The geriatric assessment makes it possible to detect frailty and provides assistance in the development of a personalized care plan while respecting the quality of life. Read More

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Unrecognized Heart Failure in Elderly Patient with COPD.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):514-522

Dr Hasan Hafizur Rahman, Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Sheikh Hasina Medical College, Tangail, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Both of heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases are in the elderly. They have an important impact on quality of life and functional status, show high morbidity and mortality rates and lead to extensive health-care costs. Although both diseases have been studied extensively, information about the prevalence of heart failure in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is lacking. Read More

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Evaluation of Change of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) in Male Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseased (COPD) Patients.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Apr;30(2):351-354

Dr Afroza Sharmin, Lecturer, Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, Bangladesh; E-mail:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem which causes high health care utilizations, poor health-related quality of life, and substantial cost burden and deaths in worldwide. This study was done to evaluate the changes of peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) in COPD patients in comparison to healthy person. This analytical type of cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2018 to June 2019. Read More

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Gingival Recession after Surgical Endodontic Treatment and Quality of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2021 Jan;19(1):235-243

Purpose: This systematic review addressed flap designs in endodontic surgery which can have an impact on the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL).

Materials And Methods: Four electronic databases were searched (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Scopus) to identify all studies up to November 2019 that investigated the effect of flap designs on gingival recession and quality of life among healthy adults.

Results: The initial search identified 2701 references. Read More

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January 2021

Systematic Reviews Should Consider Effects From Both the Population and the Individual Perspective.

Am J Public Health 2021 May;111(5):820-825

Jos Verbeek, Jan Hoving, and Julitta Boschman are with the Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, University Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Lee-Yee Chong is with the Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, Cochrane Public Health and Health Systems Network, University of Oxford, Oxford, England. Jonathan Livingstone-Banks is with the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford. Lisa Bero is with the Center for Bioethics and Humanities, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora.

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A Scoping Review of Approaches for Measuring "Interdependent" Collaborative Performances.

Med Educ 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

University of Western Ontario, Department of Medicine, 200 Elizabeth Street, Eaton South 1-565 Suite 225, 100 Collip Circle (MOG, London, Ontario, N6G 4X8, Canada.

Introduction: Individual assessment disregards the team aspect of clinical work. Team assessment collapses the individual into the group. Neither is sufficient for medical education, where measures need to attend to the individual while also accounting for interactions with others. Read More

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Sex estimation from knee breadth dimensions in a Finnish population.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Mar 29;51:101873. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Forensic Medicine Unit, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Sex estimation is an important part of osteological analysis of skeletons and forensic identification process. Traditionally cranial and pelvic traits are utilized for accurate sex estimation. However, post-cranial measurements have also been proven to accurately estimate sex especially from robust bones such as the femur. Read More

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[Professor Boris Petrovich Ugryumov is a prominent military pathologist].

Arkh Patol 2021 ;83(3):69-73

S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

The biographical article is dedicated to the memory of Boris Petrovich Ugryumov, a graduate of the Imperial Military Medical Academy (1914), a prominent military pathologist, the First Head of the Department of Pathological Anatomy, Ryazan Medical Institute. The paper presents the major milestones in the life of B.P. Read More

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A Meta-Analysis of Hormone Administration Effects on Cooperative Behaviours: Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Testosterone.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

School of Humanities and Social Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, 518172, China. Electronic address:

The hormones oxytocin, vasopressin, and testosterone have been implicated in cooperative behaviours and have attracted increasing research interest for their potential to regulate human cooperation in both healthy and clinical populations. However, the behavioural effects of the administration of these hormones remain to be verified. The current analysis included 41 studies involving 3,269 participants with a narrow age range. Read More

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Quality of Life in Young Men with Androgenetic Alopecia: A Mixed Methods Study.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

University of Zagreb, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, 10 000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is related to adverse psychological consequences in young men, which is further accentuated by the astronomical growth of the hair transplant industry. However, a deeper insight into AGA and its impact on young men is lacking in the literature. Moreover, its impact is currently measured with general dermatological health related quality of life questionnaires. Read More

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Supervised ensemble learning methods towards automatically filtering Urdu fake news within social media.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 9;7:e425. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

School of Artificial Intelligence, Xidian University, Xian, China.

The popularity of the internet, smartphones, and social networks has contributed to the proliferation of misleading information like fake news and fake reviews on news blogs, online newspapers, and e-commerce applications. Fake news has a worldwide impact and potential to change political scenarios, deceive people into increasing product sales, defaming politicians or celebrities, and misguiding visitors to stop visiting a place or country. Therefore, it is vital to find automatic methods to detect fake news online. Read More

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RECONSTRUCTIVE FUNCTIONAL RESERVOIRS IN TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH AGANGLIONOSIS AFTER TOTAL COLECTOMY.

Authors:
V Prytula O Kurtash

Georgian Med News 2021 Feb(311):115-120

2Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University, Ukraine.

The object of the study is to develop optimal reconstructive functional reservoirs for the treatment of children with aganglionosis after total colectomy. Since 1980 till 2020 we have been treating 53 children up to 3 years with aganglionosis after total colectomy using optimal reconstructive surgery technique lying in the formation of a functional intestinal reservoir. Colostomy was performed as the first stage of surgical treatment of all children. Read More

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February 2021

Psychological Distress Among Patients With Advanced Cancer: A Conceptual Analysis.

Cancer Nurs 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Author Affiliations: College of Nursing, School of Nursing (Mrs Huda); School of Nursing, Department of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University (Dr Chang) and Graduate Institute of Humanities in Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (Dr Shaw); Nursing Faculty, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia (Mrs Huda).

Background: Psychological distress is a common problem that occurs in advanced cancer patients; however, the concept has not been sufficiently specified or clearly described.

Objective: To develop succinct understanding of psychological distress among advanced cancer patients.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using the CINAHL, PubMed, and MEDLINE databases from 1988 to 2018. Read More

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