3,957,126 results match your criteria human health


Validation of the Korean Version of the Anosognosia Questionnaire for Dementia.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Apr 25;18(4):324-331. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Anosognosia is a common phenomenon in individuals with dementia. Anosognosia Questionnaire for dementia (AQ-D) is a well-known scale for evaluating anosognosia. This study aimed to establish a Korean version of the AQ-D (AQ-D-K) and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the AQ-D-K in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. Read More

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Occurrence of a Hybrid Between Taenia saginata and Taenia asiatica Tapeworms in Cambodia.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):179-182. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul 07649, Korea.

Human infection with Taenia asiatica or a hybrid between Taenia saginata and T. asiatica has not been reported in Cambodia. We detected for the first time a hybrid form between T. Read More

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Two Helminthic Cases of Human Mummy Remains from Joseon-Period Graves in Korea.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):149-152. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Parasitology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan 31116, Korea.

Our previous research on coprolite specimens from the mummies of Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910 CE) has revealed various species of parasite eggs. Herein, we added 2 new helminthic cases of human remains from Joseon-period graves in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The organic materials precipitated on the hip bones of 2 half-mummied cases (Goryeong and Gwangmyeong cases) were collected, rehydrated, and examined by a microscope. Read More

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The effect of on obesity related metabolic disorders: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Nutrition Research Center, Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objectives: (CV) as a unicellular algae is a dietary supplement with beneficial nutritious content, used for decades in some countries. Positive effects for CV supplementation on metabolic parameters has been established in animal and human studies. However there is a gap for this results summary for a definite conclusion announce. Read More

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Survey of Hospital Chargemaster Transparency.

Appl Clin Inform 2021 Mar 5;12(2):391-398. Epub 2021 May 5.

Clinical Informatics Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States.

Background:  In January 2019, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) required hospitals to list their standard charges (chargemasters) publicly in an effort to increase price transparency in health care. Surveying hospital chargemasters may be informative to assess the implementation of this rule and its utility to consumers.

Objective:  We aimed to compare hospital chargemaster data within a local hospital market where patients would reasonably try to shop or compare services. Read More

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Privacy versus Convenience: A Historical Perspective, Analysis of Risks, and an Informatics Call to Action.

Appl Clin Inform 2021 Mar 5;12(2):274-284. Epub 2021 May 5.

Penn State Health Holy Spirit Medical Center, Information Services, Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Camp Hill, Pennsylvania, United States.

Background:  The pace of technological change dwarfs the pace of social and policy change. This mismatch allows for individual harm from lack of recognition of changes in societal context. The value of privacy has not kept pace with changes in technology over time; individuals seem to discount how loss of privacy can lead to directed personal harm. Read More

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The Ferret as a Model for Filovirus Pathogenesis and Countermeasure Evaluation.

ILAR J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Special Pathogens Program, National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

The domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) has long been a popular animal model for evaluating viral pathogenesis and transmission as well as the efficacy of candidate countermeasures. Without question, the ferret has been most widely implemented for modeling respiratory viruses, particularly influenza viruses; however, in recent years, it has gained attention as a novel animal model for characterizing filovirus infections. Although ferrets appear resistant to infection and disease caused by Marburg and Ravn viruses, they are highly susceptible to lethal disease caused by Ebola, Sudan, Bundibugyo, and Reston viruses. Read More

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Use of Generalizability Theory for Exploring Reliability of and Sources of Variance in Assessment of Technical Skills: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Acad Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

S.A.W. Andersen is a postdoctoral researcher, Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation (CAMES), Center for Human Resources and Education, Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark, and Department of Otolaryngology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, and resident in otorhinolaryngology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3491-9790. L.J. Nayahangan is a researcher, CAMES, Center for Human Resources and Education, Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6179-1622. Y.S. Park is director of health professions education research, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8583-4335. L. Konge is professor of medical education, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, and head of research, CAMES, Center for Human Resources and Education, Capital Region of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1258-5822.

Purpose: Competency-based education relies on the validity and reliability of assessment scores. Generalizability (G) theory is well suited to explore the reliability of assessment tools in medical education but has only been applied to a limited extent. This study aimed to systematically review the literature using G-theory to explore the reliability of structured assessment of medical and surgical technical skills and to assess the relative contributions of different factors to variance. Read More

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The Upregulation of a Novel Long Noncoding RNA AK097647 Promotes Enterovirus 71 Replication and Decreases IFN-λ1 Secretion.

Intervirology 2021 May 5:1-9. Epub 2021 May 5.

Shenzhen Institute of Wuhan University, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infects millions of children every year in China and has become a challenge to public health. However, there is no effective treatment for EV71 infection. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to play various roles in virus replication and infection. Read More

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Identification of chemicals of emerging concern in urine of Flemish adolescents using a new suspect screening workflow for LC-QTOF-MS.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 27;280:130683. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Toxicological Center, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610, Wilrijk, Belgium. Electronic address:

An essential step in human biomonitoring or molecular epidemiology programs is to estimate human exposure to environmental chemicals. Despite significant progress in the capabilities of analytical methods, the number of pollutants and their metabolites keeps increasing continuously. Some of these relatively unknown chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) may pose significant health risks to humans and biota, but remain virtually undetected in traditional HBM-studies. Read More

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In vitro effects of bis(N-[4-(hydroxyphenyl)methyl]-2-pyridinemethamine)zinc perchlorate monohydrate 4 on the physiology and interaction process of Leishmania amazonensis.

Parasitol Int 2021 May 2:102376. Epub 2021 May 2.

Laboratório de Estudos Avançados de Microrganismos Emergentes e Resistentes, Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia Paulo de Góes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioquímica, Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Leishmaniasis is one of the most relevant neglected tropical diseases in the world, affecting 14 million people. Despite the high morbidity, mortality and socio-economic impact, few therapeutic options are available for this disease. To make matters worse, the available molecules have several limitations such as limited efficacy, high cost, side effects and increased resistance. Read More

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Characterizing the seizure onset zone and epileptic network using EEG-fMRI in a rat seizure model.

Neuroimage 2021 May 2:118133. Epub 2021 May 2.

Bioland Laboratory Guangzhou Regenerative Medicine and Health Guangdong Laboratory, Guangzhou, China; Beijing Institute of Brain Disorders, Laboratory of Brain Disorders, Ministry of Science and Technology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Neuroelectrophysiological Laboratory, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Accurate epileptogenic zone (EZ) or seizure onset zone (SOZ) localization is crucial for epilepsy surgery optimization. Previous animal and human studies on epilepsy have reported that changes in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals induced by epileptic events could be used as diagnostic markers for EZ or SOZ localization. Simultaneous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) recording is gaining interest as a non-invasive tool for preoperative epilepsy evaluation. Read More

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Relating whole-brain functional connectivity to self-reported negative emotion in a large sample of young adults using group regularized canonical correlation analysis.

Neuroimage 2021 May 2:118137. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, USA; Sierra-Pacific Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC) Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

The goal of our study was to use functional connectivity to map brain function to self-reports of negative emotion. In a large dataset of healthy individuals derived from the Human Connectome Project (N=652), first we quantified functional connectivity during a negative face-matching task to isolate patterns induced by emotional stimuli. Then, we did the same in a complementary task-free resting state condition. Read More

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Decreased emotional reactivity after 3-month socio-affective but not attention- or meta-cognitive-based mental training: A randomized, controlled, longitudinal fMRI study.

Neuroimage 2021 May 2:118132. Epub 2021 May 2.

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany.

Meditation-based mental training interventions show physical and mental health benefits. However, it remains unclear how different types of mental practice affect emotion processing at both the neuronal and the behavioural level. In the context of the ReSource project, 332 participants underwent an fMRI scan while performing an emotion anticipation task before and after three 3-month training modules cultivating 1) attention and interoceptive awareness (Presence); 2) socio-affective skills, such as compassion (Affect); 3) socio-cognitive skills, such as theory of mind (Perspective). Read More

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A one-generation reproductive toxicity study of the mycotoxin ochratoxin A in Fischer rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 May 2:112247. Epub 2021 May 2.

Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0K9. Electronic address:

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium molds. Grain-based foods account for most human dietary exposures to OTA. OTA is a teratogen, but its reproductive and developmental effects are poorly understood. Read More

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The embryonic ontogeny of the gonadal somatic cells in mice and monkeys.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(5):109075

Institute for the Advanced Study of Human Biology (ASHBi), Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan; Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan; Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan. Electronic address:

In the early fetal stage, the gonads are bipotent and only later become the ovary or testis, depending on the genetic sex. Despite many studies examining how sex determination occurs from biopotential gonads, the spatial and temporal organization of bipotential gonads and their progenitors is poorly understood. Here, using lineage tracing in mice, we find that the gonads originate from a T primitive streak through WT1 posterior intermediate mesoderm and appear to share origins anteriorly with the adrenal glands and posteriorly with the metanephric mesenchyme. Read More

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Prestin amplifies cardiac motor functions.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(5):109097

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA; Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Northern California Health Care System, Mather, CA 95655, USA. Electronic address:

Cardiac cells generate and amplify force in the context of cardiac load, yet the membranous sheath enclosing the muscle fibers-the sarcolemma-does not experience displacement. That the sarcolemma sustains beat-to-beat pressure changes without experiencing significant distortion is a muscle-contraction paradox. Here, we report that an elastic element-the motor protein prestin (Slc26a5)-serves to amplify actin-myosin force generation in mouse and human cardiac myocytes, accounting partly for the nonlinear capacitance of cardiomyocytes. Read More

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KSHV infection drives poorly cytotoxic CD56-negative natural killer cell differentiation in vivo upon KSHV/EBV dual infection.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(5):109056

Viral Immunobiology, Institute of Experimental Immunology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Herpesvirus infections shape the human natural killer (NK) cell compartment. While Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) expands immature NKG2A NK cells, human cytomegalovirus (CMV) drives accumulation of adaptive NKG2C NK cells. Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a close relative of EBV, and both are associated with lymphomas, including primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), which nearly always harbors both viruses. Read More

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Sarcomere function activates a p53-dependent DNA damage response that promotes polyploidization and limits in vivo cell engraftment.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(5):109088

Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences, UConn Health, Farmington, CT 06030, USA; The Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine, Farmington, CT 06032, USA. Electronic address:

Human cardiac regeneration is limited by low cardiomyocyte replicative rates and progressive polyploidization by unclear mechanisms. To study this process, we engineer a human cardiomyocyte model to track replication and polyploidization using fluorescently tagged cyclin B1 and cardiac troponin T. Using time-lapse imaging, in vitro cardiomyocyte replication patterns recapitulate the progressive mononuclear polyploidization and replicative arrest observed in vivo. Read More

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Multi-omic analysis elucidates the genetic basis of hydrocephalus.

Cell Rep 2021 May;35(5):109085

Division of Genetic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Vanderbilt Genetics Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Data Science Institute, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Clare Hall, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 9AL, UK; MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 9AL, UK. Electronic address:

We conducted PrediXcan analysis of hydrocephalus risk in ten neurological tissues and whole blood. Decreased expression of MAEL in the brain was significantly associated (Bonferroni-adjusted p < 0.05) with hydrocephalus. Read More

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TB-QUICK: CRISPR-Cas12b-assisted rapid and sensitive detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

J Infect 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Shanghai Institute of Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025,China; Shanghai-MOST Key Laboratory of Health and Disease Genomics, Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the public health problems worldwide. Rapid, sensitive and cost-effective diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) is critical for TB control. Read More

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CD8 T cells specific for an immunodominant SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid epitope display high naive precursor frequency and TCR promiscuity.

Immunity 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia; Department of Medicine and Radiology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3000, Australia; Data Analytics Research and Evaluation (DARE) Centre, Austin Health and The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia.

To better understand primary and recall T cell responses during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is important to examine unmanipulated severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-specific T cells. By using peptide-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) tetramers for direct ex vivo analysis, we characterized CD8 T cells specific for SARS-CoV-2 epitopes in COVID-19 patients and unexposed individuals. Unlike CD8 T cells directed toward subdominant epitopes (B7/N, A2/S, and A24/S) CD8 T cells specific for the immunodominant B7/N epitope were detected at high frequencies in pre-pandemic samples and at increased frequencies during acute COVID-19 and convalescence. Read More

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Efficacy of NVX-CoV2373 Covid-19 Vaccine against the B.1.351 Variant.

N Engl J Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

From Novavax, Gaithersburg, MD (V.S., L. Fries, S.C.-C., M.Z., C.B., G.A., E.F., J.S.P., A.R., S.N., I.C., G.M.G., F.D.); and the South African Medical Research Council, Vaccines and Infectious Diseases Analytics Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences (S.B., V.B., A.L.K., A.O.-J., A.T., S.A.M.), Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (L. Fairlie, G.B.), University of the Witwatersrand, and Soweto Clinical Trials Centre (Q.B., A.E.B.), Johannesburg, Josha Research Centre, Bloemfontein (Z.H., J.J.L., S.F.), the Paediatric Infectious Diseases Unit (M.A., R.M.), the Respiratory and Critical Care Unit (U.L., N.L.), the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (D.M.), Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (S.H.), and Kwazulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform (T.O.), Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, the Setshaba Research Centre, Tshwane (M.S.L.M., A.P., K.A.), the Limpopo Clinical Research Initiative, Rustenburg (L. Fouche, P.-L.V.), the Madibeng Centre for Research, Department of Family Medicine, School of Health, University of Pretoria (C.L.), and the Aurum Institute (C.G.), Pretoria, the South African TB Vaccine Initiative (M.T., N.S., A.L.) and the Centre for Lung Infection and Immunity, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, and UCT Lung Institute (K.D., A.E.), University of Cape Town, and the Health Systems Research Unit and the HIV Prevention Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council (N.S., A.G.), Cape Town, Mzansi Ethical Research Centre, Middelburg (G.K., F.G.P.), and Peermed Clinical Trial Centre, Kempton Park (N.C.-G.) - all in South Africa.

Background: The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants threatens progress toward control of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic. In a phase 1-2 trial involving healthy adults, the NVX-CoV2373 nanoparticle vaccine had an acceptable safety profile and was associated with strong neutralizing-antibody and antigen-specific polyfunctional CD4+ T-cell responses. Evaluation of vaccine efficacy was needed in a setting of ongoing SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Read More

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Four-Month Rifapentine Regimens with or without Moxifloxacin for Tuberculosis.

N Engl J Med 2021 May;384(18):1705-1718

From the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (S.E.D.); the UCSF Center for Tuberculosis, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco (P.N., P.P.J.P., R.M.S.); the Vietnam National Tuberculosis Program-University of California, San Francisco Research Collaboration Unit (P.N., P.P.J.P., H.T.T.P., N.V.N., T.H.P., R.M.S.) and the National Lung Hospital (N.V.N., T.H.P.) - both in Hanoi; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (E.V.K., K.B., S.V.G., A.E.P., N.A.S., E.S., A.V.); the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and the South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio (M.E., M.W.); the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare (J.H., W.S.); Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland (J.L.J.); the Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Kampala (J.L.J., G.M.); TASK (M.L.), the University of Cape Town Lung Institute (K.N.), and the South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative (J.S.), Cape Town, the Perinatal HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand (N.A.M., Z.W.), and the Wits Health Consortium (I.S.), Johannesburg - all in South Africa; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore (K.E.D., N.A.M., R.E.C.), and the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Rockville (A.E.P.) - both in Maryland; the Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), Port-au-Prince (S.N., S.P.); and the University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha (S.S.).

Background: Rifapentine-based regimens have potent antimycobacterial activity that may allow for a shorter course in patients with drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis.

Methods: In an open-label, phase 3, randomized, controlled trial involving persons with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis from 13 countries, we compared two 4-month rifapentine-based regimens with a standard 6-month regimen consisting of rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol (control) using a noninferiority margin of 6.6 percentage points. Read More

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The effects of secreted aspartyl proteinase inhibitor ritonavir on azoles-resistant strains of Candida albicans as well as regulatory role of SAP2 and ERG11.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Department of Dermatovenereology, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

Background: Candida albicans, the main human fungal pathogen, can cause fungal infection and seriously affect people's health and life. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ritonavir (RIT) on C. albicans and the correlation between SAP2 as well as ERG11 and drug resistance. Read More

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Basal protein synthesis rates differ between vastus lateralis and rectus abdominis muscle.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: In vivo muscle protein synthesis rates are typically assessed by measuring the incorporation rate of stable isotope labelled amino acids in skeletal muscle tissue collected from vastus lateralis muscle. It remains to be established whether muscle protein synthesis rates in the vastus lateralis are representative of muscle protein synthesis rates of other muscle groups. We hypothesized that post-absorptive muscle protein synthesis rates differ between vastus lateralis and rectus abdominis, pectoralis major, or temporalis muscle in vivo in humans. Read More

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Transcriptomic meta-analysis of disuse muscle atrophy vs. resistance exercise-induced hypertrophy in young and older humans.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Exeter, UK.

Background: Skeletal muscle atrophy manifests across numerous diseases; however, the extent of similarities/differences in causal mechanisms between atrophying conditions in unclear. Ageing and disuse represent two of the most prevalent and costly atrophic conditions, with resistance exercise training (RET) being the most effective lifestyle countermeasure. We employed gene-level and network-level meta-analyses to contrast transcriptomic signatures of disuse and RET, plus young and older RET to establish a consensus on the molecular features of, and therapeutic targets against, muscle atrophy in conditions of high socio-economic relevance. Read More

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Rhesus monkeys as a translational model for late-onset Alzheimer's disease.

Aging Cell 2021 May 5:e13374. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, SMPH, Madison, WI, USA.

Age is a major risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) but seldom features in laboratory models of the disease. Furthermore, heterogeneity in size and density of AD plaques observed in individuals are not recapitulated in transgenic mouse models, presenting an incomplete picture. We show that the amyloid plaque microenvironment is not equivalent between rodent and primate species, and that differences in the impact of AD pathology on local metabolism and inflammation might explain established differences in neurodegeneration and functional decline. Read More

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