39,119 results match your criteria human glioblastomas

Identification of as the Key Gene Associated with Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy in Glioblastoma Multiforme.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are important for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) growth and development. However, the effects of VEGF-targeting drugs in primary GBM remain poorly understood. We aimed to explore the key genes correlated with VEGF expression and prognosis and elucidate their potential implications in GBM anti-VEGF therapy. Read More

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On-chip perivascular supporting stemness of patient-derived glioma cells in a serum-free, flowable culture.

Lab Chip 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK. and The Nanoscience Centre, University of Cambridge, UK.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and the most aggressive type of primary brain malignancy. Glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSCs) can migrate in vascular niches within or away from the tumour mass, increasing tumour resistance to treatments and contributing to relapses. To study individual GSC migration and their interactions with the perivasculature of the tumour microenvironment, there is a need to develop a human organotypic in vitro model. Read More

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Extract Suppress Glioblastoma Growth through Promotion of Genotoxicity and Apoptosis: and Studies.

Int J Med Sci 2021 22;18(11):2417-2430. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Medical Laboratory and Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan, ROC.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor in humans, exhibiting highly infiltrative growth and drug resistance to conventional chemotherapy. (CAt) extract has been shown to decrease postoperative pain and inhibit the growth of K562 leukemia cells. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-GBM activity and molecular mechanism of CAt extract and . Read More

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Prognostic role of ALK-1 and h-TERT expression in glioblastoma multiforme: correlation with ALK gene alterations.

J Pathol Transl Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Oncologic Pathology, South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

Background: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is expressed in the developing central and peripheral nervous systems during embryogenesis. Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (h-TERT) protein resumption is the main process of preservation of telomeres that maintains DNA integrity. The present study aims to evaluate the prognostic role of ALK-1 and h-TERT protein expression and their correlation with ALK gene alterations in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Read More

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EMP3 mediates glioblastoma-associated macrophage infiltration to drive T cell exclusion.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 8;40(1):160. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, #79 Qingchun Road, 310003, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China.

Background: The immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment is a critical factor in the initiation and progression of glioblastoma (GBM), which is characterized by an abundance of tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) but a paucity of infiltrating T cells. In this research, we studied whether epithelial membrane protein 3 (EMP3) plays a crucial role in immune modulation in GBM.

Methods: TCGA and CGGA transcriptomic profiles of wild-type IDH1 GBM were used for bioinformatic analysis. Read More

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The study of Raddeanin A cerebrovascular endothelial cell trafficking through P-glycoprotein.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 4;559:222-229. Epub 2021 May 4.

Key Laboratory of Traditional Chinese Medicine Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changchun, 130117, China. Electronic address:

As one of the natural triterpenoids isolated from Anemone Raddeana Regel, Raddeanin A (RA) has been confirmed to possess therapeutic effects against multiple tumorigeneses, especially for the onset of glioblastoma and growth in human brains. However, the mechanism by which this happens remains poorly understood in terms of the vascular endothelium trafficking routine of RA through the brain-blood barrier (BBB). To seek such answers, human brain microenvironment endothelial cells (HBMECs) were used to stimulate the microenvironment in vitro, and to explore the intracellular accumulation of RA. Read More

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Novel CTRP8-RXFP1-JAK3-STAT3 axis promotes Cdc42-dependent actin remodeling for enhanced filopodia formation and motility in human glioblastoma cells.

Mol Oncol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Depts. of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

CTRP8 is the least studied member of the C1Q-TNF related peptide family. We identified CTRP8 as a ligand of the G protein coupled receptor RXFP1 in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The CTRP8-RXFP1 ligand-receptor system protects human GBM cells against the DNA alkylating damage inducing temozolomide (TMZ), the drug of choice for the treatment of patients with GBM. Read More

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BRCA1 Protein Expression Predicts Survival in Glioblastoma Patients from an NRG Oncology RTOG Cohort.

Oncology 2021 May 6:1-9. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Purpose: Glioblastoma, the most common malignant brain tumor, was associated with a median survival of <1 year in the pre-temozolomide (TMZ) era. Despite advances in molecular and genetic profiling studies identifying several predictive biomarkers, none has been translated into routine clinical use. Our aim was to investigate the prognostic significance of a panel of diverse cellular molecular markers of tumor formation and growth in an annotated glioblastoma tissue microarray (TMA). Read More

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Enhancement of Cancer Cell-Killing Effects of Boron Neutron Capture Therapy by Manipulating the Expression of L-Type Amino Acid Transporter 1.

Radiat Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

In this study, we examined whether the cancer cell-killing effects of boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) are enhanced by manipulating the expression levels of l-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) of human cancer cells, which transports boronophenylalanine into cells. We transfected pCMV/LAT1-GFP plasmids into a T98G glioblastoma cell line and selected several clones. Confocal laser microscopic observation was performed to confirm the stable overexpression of LAT1 in the plasma membranes of the clones. Read More

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WDR81 Gene Silencing Can Reduce Exosome Levels in Human U87-MG Glioblastoma Cells.

J Mol Neurosci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Stem Cell Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Glioblastoma is a very invasive and prevalent brain tumor that affects 15 in 100,000 persons over the age of 70 years. Studies have shown that the expression of the WD repeat domain 81 (WDR81) gene, which is effective in vesicular transport and inhibition of autophagy, is increased in glioblastoma. The decreased autophagy was found to be related to the increased production of exosomes, which is a major factor in the pathogenesis of glioblastoma. Read More

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Knock-Down of Mucolipin 1 Channel Promotes Tumor Progression and Invasion in Human Glioblastoma Cell Lines.

Front Oncol 2021 19;11:578928. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Immunopathology Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy.

Among cancers that affect the central nervous system, glioblastoma is the most common. Given the negative prognostic significance of transient receptor potential mucolipin 1 (TRPML1) channel reduction in patients with glioblastoma, as discussed in previous publications, the aim of the current study was to investigate the biological advantage of TRPML1 loss for glioma cells. Human glioblastoma primary cancer cells (FSL and FCL) and glioblastoma cell lines (T98 and U251) were used for that purpose. Read More

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Establishment of a Novel Temozolomide Resistant Subline of Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells and Comparative Transcriptome Analysis With Parental Cells.

Anticancer Res 2021 May;41(5):2333-2347

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.;

Background/aim: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a lethal disease with a high rate of chemoresistance to temozolomide (TMZ). The aim of the study was to establish a TMZ-resistant subline from the GBM-8401 cell line to determine the mechanisms of resistance and identify novel effective therapeutics for TMZ-resistant GBM.

Materials And Methods: Comparative transcriptome analysis of GBM-8401/TMZR cells and the parental line was performed using Ion Torrent sequencing. Read More

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Thymidine decreases the DNA damage and apoptosis caused by tumor-treating fields in cancer cell lines.

Genes Genomics 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Biosystems and Biomedical Sciences, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.

Background: Tumor-treating fields (TTFields) is an emerging non-invasive cancer-treatment modality using alternating electric fields with low intensities and an intermediate range of frequency. TTFields affects an extensive range of charged and polarizable cellular factors known to be involved in cell division. However, it causes side-effects, such as DNA damage and apoptosis, in healthy cells. Read More

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AKIP1 promotes glioblastoma viability, mobility and chemoradiation resistance via regulating CXCL1 and CXCL8 mediated NF-κB and AKT pathways.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(4):1185-1205. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Clinical College of Harbin Medical University Nangang District, Harbin 150001, China.

This study aimed to investigate the interaction of A-kinase-interacting protein 1 (AKIP1) with C-X-C motif chemokine ligand (CXCL)1, CXCL2, CXCL8, and their effects on regulating glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) malignant behaviors. AKIP1 expression was modified by pcDNA and pGPH1 vectors in U-87 MG and U-251 MG cells. Subsequently, multiple compensative experiments were conducted via adding CXCL1, CXCL2 and CXCL8 in the pGPH1-AKIP1 (AKIP1 knockdown) transfected U-87 MG and U-251 MG cells, respectively. Read More

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Imbalance in Coagulation/Fibrinolysis Inhibitors Resulting in Extravascular Thrombin Generation in Gliomas of Varying Levels of Malignancy.

Biomolecules 2021 Apr 29;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Neoplastic processes are integrally related to disturbances in the mechanisms regulating hemostatic processes. Brain tumors, including gliomas, are neoplasms associated with a significantly increased risk of thromboembolic complications, affecting 20-30% of patients. As gliomas proliferate, they cause damage to the brain tissue and vascular structures, which leads to the release of procoagulant factors into the systemic circulation, and hence systemic activation of the blood coagulation system. Read More

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Novel dopamine receptor 3 antagonists inhibit the growth of primary and temozolomide resistant glioblastoma cells.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(5):e0250649. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Cell, Developmental and Integrative Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States of America.

Treatment for the lethal primary adult brain tumor glioblastoma (GBM) includes the chemotherapy temozolomide (TMZ), but TMZ resistance is common and correlates with promoter methylation of the DNA repair enzyme O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). To improve treatment of GBMs, including those resistant to TMZ, we explored the potential of targeting dopamine receptor signaling. We found that dopamine receptor 3 (DRD3) is expressed in GBM and is also a previously unexplored target for therapy. Read More

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Telmisartan attenuates human glioblastoma cells proliferation and oncogenicity by inducing the lipid oxidation.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center of Basic Medical Research, Institute of Medical Innovation and Research, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common primary brain tumors, which accounts up to 80% of malignant brain tumors and the 5-year relative survival rate is below 5%. Recent studies showed that the lipid metabolism played an essential role in GBM development. As a peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors γ (PPAR-γ) agonist, telmisartan improves the lipid metabolism and has been used to treat hypertension for long time. Read More

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Detection of metabolic change in glioblastoma cells after radiotherapy using hyperpolarized C-MRI.

NMR Biomed 2021 May 3:e4514. Epub 2021 May 3.

Radiation Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of C-labeled substrates enables the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor specific enzymatic reactions in tumors and offers an opportunity to investigate these differences. In this study, DNP-MRI chemical shift imaging with hyperpolarized [1- C] pyruvate was conducted to evaluate the metabolic change in glycolytic profiles after radiation of two glioma stem-like cell-derived gliomas (GBMJ1 and NSC11) and an adherent human glioblastoma cell line (U251) in an orthotopic xenograft mouse model. The DNP-MRI showed an increase in Lac/Pyr at 6 and 16 h after irradiation (18% ± 4% and 14% ± 3%, respectively; mean ± SEM) compared with unirradiated controls in GBMJ1 tumors, whereas no significant change was observed in U251 and NSC11 tumors. Read More

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Targeting the Urotensin II/UT G Protein-Coupled Receptor to Counteract Angiogenesis and Mesenchymal Hypoxia/Necrosis in Glioblastoma.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 14;9:652544. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

UNIROUEN, INSERM U1239, DC2N, Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine (IRIB), Normandie Rouen Université, Rouen, France.

Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most common primary brain tumors characterized by strong invasiveness and angiogenesis. GBM cells and microenvironment secrete angiogenic factors and also express chemoattractant G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to their advantage. We investigated the role of the vasoactive peptide urotensin II (UII) and its receptor UT on GBM angiogenesis and tested potential ligand/therapeutic options based on this system. Read More

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A Review of the Toxicity and Phytochemistry of Medicinal Plant Species Used by Herbalists in Treating People Living With HIV/AIDS in Uganda.

Front Pharmacol 2021 15;12:615147. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute for Virology, University Clinics and Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Despite concerns about toxicity, potentially harmful effects and herb-drug interactions, the use of herbal medicines remains widely practiced by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in Uganda. The objective of the paper was to comprehensively review the literature on the toxicity and chemical composition of commonly used medicinal plant species in treating PLHIV in Uganda. We reviewed relevant articles and books published over the last sixty years on ethnobotany, antiviral/anti-HIV activity, toxicity, phytochemistry of , , , , , , , , , and and their synonyms. Read More

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Fatty acid-binding protein 7 triggers α-synuclein oligomerization in glial cells and oligodendrocytes associated with oxidative stress.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

We previously show that fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) triggers α-synuclein (Syn) accumulation and induces dopamine neuronal cell death in Parkinson disease mouse model. But the role of fatty acid-binding protein 7 (FABP7) in the brain remains unclear. In this study we investigated whether FABP7 was involved in synucleinopathies. Read More

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TRP Channels in Brain Tumors.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 13;9:617801. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Centre Oscar Lambret, UMR 9020-UMR 1277-Canther-Cancer Heterogeneity, Plasticity and Resistance to Therapies, University of Lille, Lille, France.

Malignant glioma including glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common group of primary brain tumors. Despite standard optimized treatment consisting of extensive resection followed by radiotherapy/concomitant and adjuvant therapy, GBM remains one of the most aggressive human cancers. GBM is a typical example of intra-heterogeneity modeled by different micro-environmental situations, one of the main causes of resistance to conventional treatments. Read More

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Clinical Applications of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Brain Tumors: From Diagnosis to Treatment.

Radiol Clin North Am 2021 May 23;59(3):349-362. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, 1364 Clifton Road Northeast BG20, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a valuable tool for imaging brain tumors, primarily as an adjunct to conventional imaging and clinical presentation. MRS is useful in initial diagnosis of brain tumors, helping differentiate tumors from possible mimics such as metastatic disease, lymphoma, demyelination, and infection, as well as in the subsequent follow-up of patients after resection and chemoradiation. Unfortunately, the spectroscopic appearance of many pathologies can overlap, and ultimately follow-up or biopsy may be required to make a definitive diagnosis. Read More

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Clinical Review of Computed Tomography and MR Perfusion Imaging in Neuro-Oncology.

Radiol Clin North Am 2021 May 23;59(3):323-334. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Division of Neuroimaging and Neurointervention, Department of Radiology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Drive, Grant Building, Room S031E, Stanford, CA 94305-5105, USA. Electronic address:

Neuroimaging plays an essential role in the initial diagnosis and continued surveillance of intracranial neoplasms. The advent of perfusion techniques with computed tomography and MR imaging have proven useful in neuro-oncology, offering enhanced approaches for tumor grading, guiding stereotactic biopsies, and monitoring treatment efficacy. Perfusion imaging can help to identify treatment-related processes, such as radiation necrosis, pseudoprogression, and pseudoregression, and can help to inform treatment-related decision making. Read More

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Ursolic and Oleanolic Acids: Plant Metabolites with Neuroprotective Potential.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 27;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Laboratory of Biochemistry, Neuroscience Institute, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-50161 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Ursolic and oleanolic acids are secondary plant metabolites that are known to be involved in the plant defence system against water loss and pathogens. Nowadays these triterpenoids are also regarded as potential pharmaceutical compounds and there is mounting experimental data that either purified compounds or triterpenoid-enriched plant extracts exert various beneficial effects, including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anticancer, on model systems of both human or animal origin. Some of those effects have been linked to the ability of ursolic and oleanolic acids to modulate intracellular antioxidant systems and also inflammation and cell death-related pathways. Read More

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Transient and Efficient Vascular Permeability Window for Adjuvant Drug Delivery Triggered by Microbeam Radiation.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Microbeam Radiation Therapy (MRT) induces a transient vascular permeability window, which offers a novel drug-delivery system for the preferential accumulation of therapeutic compounds in tumors. MRT is a preclinical cancer treatment modality that spatially fractionates synchrotron X-rays into micrometer-wide planar microbeams which can induce transient vascular permeability, especially in the immature tumor vessels, without compromising vascular perfusion. Here, we characterized this phenomenon using Chicken Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) and demonstrated its therapeutic potential in human glioblastoma xenografts in mice. Read More

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Crosstalk between 17β-Estradiol and TGF-β Signaling Modulates Glioblastoma Progression.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 28;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Unidad de Investigación en Reproducción Humana, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México City CP 11000, Mexico.

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an essential mechanism contributing to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) progression, the most common and malignant brain tumor. EMT is induced by signaling pathways that crosstalk and regulate an intricate regulatory network of transcription factors. It has been shown that downstream components of 17β-estradiol (E2) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathways crosstalk in estrogen-sensitive tumors. Read More

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miR-542-3p Contributes to the HK2-Mediated High Glycolytic Phenotype in Human Glioma Cells.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Apr 23;12(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Integrated Biomedical Science, Soonchunhyang Institute of Medi-bio Science (SIMS), Soonchunhyang University, Chungcheongnam-do, Cheonan 31151, Korea.

(1) Background: The elevation of glucose metabolism is linked to high-grade gliomas such as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The high glycolytic phenotype is associated with cellular proliferation and resistance to treatment with chemotherapeutic agents in GBM. MicroRNA-542-3p (miR-542-3p) has been implicated in several tumors including gliomas. Read More

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Daily Lifestyle Modifications to Improve Quality of Life and Survival in Glioblastoma: A Review.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 23;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Division of Neurosurgery, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65212, USA.

Survival in glioblastoma remains poor despite advancements in standard-of-care treatment. Some patients wish to take a more active role in their cancer treatment by adopting daily lifestyle changes to improve their quality of life or overall survival. We review the available literature through PubMed and Google Scholar to identify laboratory animal studies, human studies, and ongoing clinical trials. Read More

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A Composite Nanosystem as a Potential Tool for the Local Treatment of Glioblastoma: Chitosan-Coated Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Embedded in Electrospun Nanofibers.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Apr 22;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Drug Sciences, University of Pavia, Viale Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most prevalent and aggressive brain tumors for which there is currently no cure. A novel composite nanosystem (CN), consisting of chitosan-coated Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (c-SLN) embedded in O-carboxymethyl chitosan (O-CMCS)-containing nanofibers (NFs), was proposed as a potential tool for the local delivery of lipophilic anti-proliferative drugs. Coacervation was selected as a solvent-free method for the preparation of stearic acid (SA) and behenic acid (BA)-based SLN (SA-SLN and BA-SLN respectively). Read More

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