27,903 results match your criteria human conjunctival


The genetic diversity of human papillomavirus types from the species Gammapapillomavirus 15: HPV135, HPV146, and HPV179.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0249829. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence, viral load, tissue tropism, and genetic variability of novel human papillomavirus (HPV) type 179, which is etiologically associated with sporadic cases of common warts in immunocompromised patients, and phylogenetically related HPV types 135 and 146.

Methods: The representative collection of 850 HPV-associated clinical samples (oral/nasopharyngeal/anal, archival specimens of oral/oropharyngeal/conjunctival/cervical/skin cancer, benign lesions of the larynx/conjunctiva/skin, and eyebrows), obtained from immunocompetent individuals, was tested for the presence of HPV179, HPV135, and HPV146 using type-specific real-time PCRs. To assess the genetic diversity of the HPVs investigated in the non-coding long control region (LCR), several highly sensitive nested PCR protocols were developed for each HPV type. Read More

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Comparative analysis of ocular surface tissue microbiome in human, mouse, rabbit, and guinea pig.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Apr 28;207:108609. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Animal models are a critical element of ocular surface research for investigating therapeutic drops, surgical implants, and infection research. This study was a comparative analysis of the microbial communities on conjunctival tissue samples from humans compared to several commonly used laboratory animals (BALB/c mice, New Zealand white rabbits and IMVS colored stock guinea pigs). Microbial communities were analyzed by extracting total DNA from conjunctival tissue and sequencing the 16 S rRNA gene using the Illumina MiSeq platform. Read More

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Surgical Outcomes of Gonioscopy-Assisted Transluminal Trabeculotomy (GATT) in Patients with Open-Angle Glaucoma - A Retrospective Case Series.

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2021 Apr 30;238(4):391-395. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Augenklinik, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG).

Participants And Methods: A retrospective case series of patients with uncontrolled OAG treated by GATT at the cantonal Hospital Lucerne, a tertiary referral center, between October 2018 and July 2019 with a minimal 6-month follow-up period. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), number of antiglaucoma medications, and complications. Read More

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Ocular Oncology-Primary and Metastatic Malignancies.

Med Clin North Am 2021 May 2;105(3):531-550. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Suite 5412, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0567, USA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/mauradinicola.

Several neoplastic processes can involve the eye, either primarily or secondary to a systemic malignancy. The most common primary tumors of the eye include conjunctival and uveal melanoma, retinoblastoma, conjunctival and intraocular lymphoma, and ocular surface squamous neoplasia. Metastatic spread from systemic malignancies, especially of the breast and lung, also can involve the eye. Read More

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Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria from Conjunctival Flora in an Eye Infection Prone Breed (Saint Bernard).

Molecules 2021 Apr 12;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

The conjunctival bacterial resident and opportunistic flora of dogs may represent a major source of dissemination of pathogens throughout the environment or to other animals and humans. Nevertheless, contamination with bacteria from external sources is common. In this context, the study of the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) pattern may represent an indicator of multidrug resistant (MDR) strains exchange. Read More

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[IgG4-related ophthalmic disease: three-case report].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;57(5):375-378

Department of Ophthalmology, the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

The first patient complained visual loss of left eye for 1 week. The second patient complained visual loss of right eye for 2 months with conjunctival edema for more than 10 days. The third patient complained redness and swelling of both eyes for 1 year, poor appetite and fatigue for 4 months. Read More

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[Clinical and pathological analysis of ocular adnexal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;57(5):366-371

Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Nankai University Affiliated Eye Hospital, Clinical College of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin 300020, China.

To summarize the clinical and pathological characteristics of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of ocular adnexal (OA-DLBCL). A retrospective case series study. Twenty-three cases of OA-DLBCL were collected in Tianjin Eye Hospital from January 2005 to December 2018. Read More

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Gene therapy in the anterior eye segment.

Curr Gene Ther 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Eye Program, Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute and Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

This review provides comprehensive information about the advances in gene therapy in the anterior segment of the eye including cornea, conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, and trabecular meshwork. We discuss gene delivery systems including viral and non-viral vectors as well as gene editing techniques, mainly CRISPR-Cas9, and epigenetic treatments including antisense and siRNA therapeutics. We also provide a detailed analysis of various anterior segment diseases where gene therapy has been tested with corresponding outcomes. Read More

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A simplified index to quantify the irritation/corrosion potential of chemicals - Part II: Eye.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 23:104935. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

KREATiS, 23 rue du Creuzat, 38080, L'Isle d'Abeau, France. Electronic address:

Eye irritation is a key human health endpoint assessed by in vitro and in vivo methods. One of the commonly used scoring methods to quantify the eye irritation potential of chemicals is the Modified Maximum Average Score (MMAS). It is dependent on the eye irritation effects (e. Read More

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[Osteoarticular infections in patients with sickle cell disease in Lubumbashi: epidemiological study focusing on etiology and management].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 22;38:77. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Département de Chirurgie, Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, Haut Katanga, République Démocratique du Congo.

Introduction: infections are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with sickle cell disease, especially before age 5 years. The purpose of this study was to highlight the epidemiological features, etiologies and management of osteoarticular infections in patients with sickle cell disease in Lubumbashi.

Methods: we conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study at the Research Center for Sickle Cell Disease in Lubumbashi (RCSCDL) over a three-year period from June 2014 to June 2017. Read More

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Identification of differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways in human conjunctiva and reproductive tract infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Hum Genomics 2021 Apr 19;15(1):22. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510150, China.

Background: Currently, Chlamydia trachomatis-specific host defense mechanisms in humans remain poorly defined. To study the characteristics of host cells infected early with Chlamydia trachomatis, we used bioinformatics methods to analyze the RNA transcription profiles of the conjunctiva, fallopian tubes, and endometrium in humans infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Method: The gene expression profiles of GSE20430, GSE20436, GSE26692, and GSE41075 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Synthesis (GEO) database. Read More

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A 10-year cross-sectional retrospective study on Kawasaki disease in Iranian children: incidence, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment patterns.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 19;21(1):368. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Bahrami Children Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) as an acute, systemic vasculitis is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children under the age of 5 years.

Methods: A 10-year cross-sectional retrospective study was designed to assess 190 Iranian children with KD during 2008-2018. Demographic data, clinical and laboratory manifestations from the onset of symptoms to diagnosis, clinical signs and symptoms, and subsequent treatments were evaluated to predict hospitalization stay, complications, and response to treatment. Read More

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A single cell atlas of human cornea that defines its development, limbal progenitor cells and their interactions with the immune cells.

Ocul Surf 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Biosciences Institute, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, UK. Electronic address:

Purpose: Single cell (sc) analyses of key embryonic, fetal and adult stages were performed to generate a comprehensive single cell atlas of all the corneal and adjacent conjunctival cell types from development to adulthood.

Methods: Four human adult and seventeen embryonic and fetal corneas from 10 to 21 post conception week (PCW) specimens were dissociated to single cells and subjected to scRNA- and/or ATAC-Seq using the 10x Genomics platform. These were embedded using Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP) and clustered using Seurat graph-based clustering. Read More

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Kawasaki disease shock syndrome complicated by coronary aneurysms: a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 18;38:52. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Taher Sfar University Hospital, Mahdia, Tunisia.

Kawasaki disease is a generalized systemic vasculitis, which primarily affects medium-sized arteries. Kawasaki disease shock syndrome is a rare but severe presentation of this disease. This report describes a case of delayed diagnosis of Kawasaki disease shock syndrome in a 13-year-old boy who presented with cervical adenophlegmon, persistent fever, injected conjunctiva, rash, and hypotension. Read More

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Candidatus Dirofilaria Hongkongensis Infections in Humans During 2005 to 2020, in Kerala, India.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

3Center for Nanoscience and Molecular Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Amrita University, Cochin, Kerala 682041, India.

We tried to determine the epidemiology and species of human dirofilariasis observed at two tertiary care hospitals in Kerala. We searched the hospital database to identify cases of dirofilariosis from January 2005 to March 2020. Along with human isolates, one dog Dirofilaria isolate was also subjected to PCR and sequencing of pan filarial primers cytochrome oxidase subunits 1 and 12S rDNA. Read More

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Oncolytic HSV-1 G207 Immunovirotherapy for Pediatric High-Grade Gliomas.

N Engl J Med 2021 04 10;384(17):1613-1622. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

From the Department of Pediatrics, Divisions of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology (G.K.F., K.K., L.N., K.-D.K., S.T., C.S., A.M.-S.), Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (T.P.A.), and Pediatric Infectious Disease (R.J.W.), and the Departments of Neurosurgery (G.K.F., J.M.J., J.M.M., G.Y.G.), Pathology (R.L.), Biostatistics (I.A.), and Radiation Oncology (J.B.F.), University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Children's of Alabama (G.K.F., J.M.J., R.L., K.K., A.M.-S., T.P.A., R.J.W.) - both in Birmingham; the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis (A.K.B.), and the Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (D.P.) - both in Tennessee; the Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (J.D.B.); the Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (A.M.M.), and the Departments of Pediatrics (S.F.S., Y.K., M.A.K.) and Neurology (Y.K.), Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - both in New York; the Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City (R.M.-K.); the Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Bone Marrow Transplant (K.W., D.S.O., M.S.A.) and the Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery (J.L.), Nationwide Children's Hospital, and the Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center (J.D.P.) - both in Columbus; and the Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Bone Marrow Transplant, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis (M.S.A.).

Background: Outcomes in children and adolescents with recurrent or progressive high-grade glioma are poor, with a historical median overall survival of 5.6 months. Pediatric high-grade gliomas are largely immunologically silent or "cold," with few tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Read More

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Unusual Clinical Presentation of Giant Extragenital Condyloma.

Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2020 Dec;28(7):240-241

Andrija Jovic, MD, Clinical Center of Nis, Clinic of Dermatovenereology , Bulevar Zorana Djindjica 48, Nis, Serbia;

Dear editor, Condylomata accuminatum (CA) is a human papillomavirus (HPV) related sexually transmitted infection (STI), clinically characterized by solitary or even clustered dark red or pink lesions solely affecting the anogenital area (1). CA involving the extragenital, non-mucosal skin has been sporadically reported (2-4). Diagnosis of CA is usually straightforward when the lesions are located on the anogenital area. Read More

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December 2020

[Coronavirus and the risk of ocular transmission].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;57(4):305-310

WestChina-Frontier PharmaTech Company Limited, Chengdu 610041, China.

Coronaviruses are a common class of respiratory viruses that can cause human infections. 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV), a new coronavirus that has recently caused a pandemic, has affected millions of people and put tremendous pressure on the health systems of almost every country in the world. Coronaviruses are known to spread from person to person through droplets or contact. Read More

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Bilateral ocular surface squamous neoplasia: A study of 25 patients and review of literature.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 5:11206721211007109. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Operation Eyesight Universal Institute for Eye Cancer, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Purpose: To describe the risk factors, clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with bilateral ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN).

Methods: Retrospective case series.

Results: Of the 25 patients with bilateral OSSN, the mean age at diagnosis of OSSN was 31 years (median, 24 years; range, 2-60 years). Read More

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The ocular surface bacterial contamination and its management in the prophylaxis of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis.

Rom J Ophthalmol 2021 Jan-Mar;65(1):2-9

Department of Ophthalmology, University Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania.

To investigate the recent pieces of evidence regarding the bacterial ocular surface contamination and its treatment in the prophylaxis of post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis. We conducted a literature research on the topic of interest and selected the most relevant data. The studies reported a relatively high rate of positive conjunctival culture and the most frequently isolated organism was Coagulase negative Staphylococcus, which is also the most common etiological agent of the postoperative endophthalmitis. Read More

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Characterization of Ocular Surface Microbial Profiles Revealed Discrepancies between Conjunctival and Corneal Microbiota.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 30;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Chair and Department of Genetics and Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-781 Poznan, Poland.

The ocular microbiome composition has only been partially characterized. Here, we used RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) data to assess microbial diversity in human corneal tissue. Additionally, conjunctival swab samples were examined to characterize ocular surface microbiota. Read More

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Diversity and Risk Factors Associated with Multidrug and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci Isolated from Cats Admitted to a Veterinary Clinic in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Mar 31;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Al-Ahsa Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

Understanding the distribution, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant (MDR) and methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) isolated from cats admitted to veterinary clinics may decrease the risk of MDR and MRS transmission to humans and other cats. As such, the objectives of this study were to investigate the diversity in spp. recovered from different anatomical locations in healthy and diseased cats and to determine the occurrence of MDR and MRS spp. Read More

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Molecular Detection and Identification of in the Eyes of Wild and Domestic Ruminant Hosts from Northern Spain.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 23;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Ecosystem & Public Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada.

Infections by Chlamydiae are associated with ocular disease in humans and animals. In this study, the presence and diversity of spp. was assessed in diseased and healthy eyes of domestic sheep and wild ruminants that share mountain habitats in northern Spain. Read More

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Novel PEGylated Lipid Nanoparticles Have a High Encapsulation Efficiency and Effectively Deliver MRTF-B siRNA in Conjunctival Fibroblasts.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Mar 13;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, London SE1 7EH, UK.

The master regulator of the fibrosis cascade is the myocardin-related transcription factor/serum response factor (MRTF/SRF) pathway, making it a key target for anti-fibrotic therapeutics. In the past, inhibitors and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting the gene have been deployed to counter fibrosis in the eye, with the latter showing promising results. However, the biggest challenge in implementing siRNA therapeutics is the method of delivery. Read More

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Black rats (Rattus rattus) as potential reservoir hosts for Rift Valley fever phlebovirus: Experimental infection results in viral replication and shedding without clinical manifestation.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV) is an arthropod-borne virus that can cause severe disease in ruminants and humans. Epidemics occur mainly after heavy rainfall, which leads to a significant increase in the occurrence of RVFV-transmitting mosquitoes. During inter-epidemic periods, the virus is assumed to be maintained between mosquitoes, susceptible livestock and yet unknown wildlife. Read More

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Postoperative intralesional 5-fluorouracil therapy for early recurrence management of pterygium.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;84(2):191-192

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

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Periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage due to leech therapy for headache.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 Mar-Apr;84(2):183-185

Department of Dermatomology, Istanbul Medeniyet University School of Medicine, Goztepe, Kadikoy, Istanbul, Turkey.

A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage that are visible, especially on the right eye. We noted that her complaints began the day after she underwent leech therapy on the glabella area for headache. On the glabella, 2 leech bites were observed close to the right side. Read More

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Ocular involvement in sporotrichosis: report of two cases in children.

An Bras Dermatol 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Dermatology Clinic, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis that affects humans and animals, with a typically subacute or chronic evolution, caused by Sporothrix spp., a dimorphic fungus. Although the cutaneous form is the most frequent presentation, the ocular involvement has been more frequently diagnosed in endemic areas, affecting mainly children and the elderly. Read More

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Stratifin in ocular surface squamous neoplasia and its association with p53.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Ophthalmoplasty Service, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: Sunlight-induced p53 mutations are known to contribute towards increased risk of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN). Stratifin (14-3-3σ)/HEM (human epithelial marker) is a p53-mediated inhibitor of cell cycle progression and has been shown to be a target of epigenetic deregulation in various carcinomas. In the present study, Stratifin expression, its promoter methylation status as well as expression of mutant p53 in early and advanced AJCC stages (8th edition) of OSSN, was evaluated. Read More

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Multiple system inflammatory syndrome associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in an adult and an adolescent.

Rheumatol Int 2021 05 19;41(5):993-1008. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Ankara City Hospital, 1604. Street, No: 9, 06800, Çankaya/Ankara, Turkey.

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) is a new syndrome related with COVID-19. A case-based review was performed to present real-life experiences in terms of main findings and treatment options. We described two cases with the diagnosis of MIS and searched the literature to review all reported ≥ 18-year-old cases. Read More

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