75 results match your criteria hostility blame


Victim and Perpetrator Acknowledgement of Intimate Partner Violence and Victim Psychopathology.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jul 2:8862605211028289. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

The University of West Virginia, West Virgina, VA, USA.

The present study assesses differences between acknowledged and unacknowledged victims in post-victimization psychopathology, abuse disability and coping. Few studies have examined abuse acknowledgment among intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. To our knowledge, this study is the first to use an experimental manipulation to assess changes in acknowledgment among IPV victims. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluating Negative Attributions in Persons With Brain Injury: A Comparison of 2 Measures.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 May-Jun 01;36(3):E170-E177

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Jang and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine (Dr Witwer), Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); and Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander).

Objectives: To compare construct and predictive validity, readability, and time-to-administer of 2 negative attribution measures in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Setting: Two TBI rehabilitation hospitals.

Participants: Eighty-five adults with complicated mild to severe TBI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Communicative Blame in Online Communication of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Computational Approach of Stigmatizing Cues and Negative Sentiment Gauged With Automated Analytic Techniques.

J Med Internet Res 2020 11 25;22(11):e21504. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Business Administration, University of Macau, Macao, China.

Background: Information about a new coronavirus emerged in 2019 and rapidly spread around the world, gaining significant public attention and attracting negative bias. The use of stigmatizing language for the purpose of blaming sparked a debate.

Objective: This study aims to identify social stigma and negative sentiment toward the blameworthy agents in social communities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Psychometric assessment of social cognitive tasks.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2020 Aug 25:1-19. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Although there has been a marked increase in interest in social cognition (SC) in recent years, psychometric data relating to many tasks used to measure its components remain limited in healthy populations with only five articles published to date. It is accordingly premature to speak of a consensus concerning the specific components, or best tests of the components, and possible cultural differences. The present study sought to partially fill that gap, examining the psychometric properties of a battery of SC tasks in a sample of 100 healthy adults aged 18-85 years old. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Grandiose narcissists and decision making: Impulsive, overconfident, and skeptical of experts-but seldom in doubt.

Pers Individ Dif 2021 Jan 14;168:110280. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, United States of America.

A substantial body of research has documented that grandiose narcissists are characterized by high self-esteem, a sense of personal superiority and entitlement, overconfidence, a willingness to exploit others for self-gain, and hostility and aggression when challenged. We report two studies ( = 452) that explore how these dispositions affect their decision making. We show that grandiose narcissists' overconfidence, impulsivity, and a willingness to ignore expert advice results in a higher likelihood of making a bad decision. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Negative Attribution Bias and Related Risk Factors After Brain Injury.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Jan-Feb 01;36(1):E61-E70

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Perkins and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); and Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander).

Objective: In participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and peer controls, examine (1) differences in negative attributions (interpret ambiguous behaviors negatively); (2) cognitive and emotional factors associated with negative attributions; and (3) negative attribution associations with anger responses, life satisfaction, and participation.

Setting: Two TBI outpatient rehabilitation centers.

Participants: Participants with complicated mild to severe TBI (n = 105) and peer controls (n = 105). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Hostile attributional bias in severe alcohol use disorder.

J Psychiatr Res 2020 10 29;129:176-180. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Louvain Experimental Psychopathology Research Group (LEP), Psychological Sciences Research Institute, UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Electronic address:

Impairments in social cognition have been documented in severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) over the past two decades. They have been linked with lower social functioning and poor treatment outcomes, illustrating their key role in the disorder. However, studies investigating social cognition in SAUD have largely focused on emotional decoding and theory of mind abilities, neglecting other important processes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Assessing Negative Attributions After Brain Injury With the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2020 Sep/Oct;35(5):E450-E457

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Perkins and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas; Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis (Ms Witwer); and Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler (Dr Combs).

Objectives: (1) To explore the construct validity of the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) (ie, confirm negative attributions are associated with anger and aggression); and (2) use the AIHQ to examine negative attribution differences between participants with and without TBI.

Setting: Two rehabilitation hospitals.

Participants: Eighty-five adults with TBI and 86 healthy controls (HCs). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

PTSD in veterans, couple behavior, and cardiovascular response during marital conflict.

Emotion 2021 Apr 9;21(3):478-488. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Department of Psychology.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with strain in marriage and similar intimate relationships, and such difficulties could contribute to associations of PTSD with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Heightened cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) during stressful marital interactions may be an important mechanism in this regard. This study examined dysfunctional behavior during marital conflict as a mediator of the association of PTSD with heightened CVR during these interactions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Social cognition and interaction training for recent-onset schizophrenia: A preliminary randomized trial.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2021 Feb 12;15(1):206-212. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.

Comprehensive social cognition training programs have been effective to improve social cognition in people with chronic schizophrenia, although there is insufficient quality evidence for recent-onset psychosis. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) in a sample of recent-onset schizophrenia outpatients. Sixteen participants who had their first psychotic episode for less than 2 years were randomly allocated to the SCIT group during 20 weeks (weekly sessions) or to a psychoeducation group and completed baseline and post-training assessment for cognitive biases, social cognition, clinical symptoms and functioning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Cybersex use and problematic cybersex use among young Swiss men: Associations with sociodemographic, sexual, and psychological factors.

J Behav Addict 2019 Dec 23;8(4):794-803. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry,Lausanne University Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne,Switzerland.

Background And Aims: Cybersex use (CU) is highly prevalent in Switzerland's population, particularly among young men. CU may have negative consequences if it gets out of control. This study estimated prevalence of CU, frequency of CU (FCU), and problematic CU (PCU) and their correlates. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

[Mental health sataus and influencing factors of medical staff after blood-borne occupational exposure].

Authors:
Z X Sun Q Yang L Zhao

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Nov;37(11):835-839

Weifang Yidu Central Hospital, Weifang 262500, China.

To explore the mental health status and influencing factors of medical staff after blood-borne occupational exposure, and to provide scientific basis for effective psychological intervention. From January 2017 to December 2018, 178 medical staff with blood-borne occupational exposure in three hospitals of Shandong Province were collected as the contact group, and 100 routine medical staff as the control group during the same period. Questionnaires were conducted among medical staff in the two groups, including general information questionnaire, symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) , post-traumatic stress disorder self-rating scale (PCL-C) , coping style scale (CPS) , social support scale (SSRS) . Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

A collective blame hypocrisy intervention enduringly reduces hostility towards Muslims.

Nat Hum Behav 2020 01 7;4(1):45-54. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Hostility towards outgroups contributes to costly intergroup conflict. Here we test an intervention to reduce hostility towards Muslims, a frequently targeted outgroup. Our 'collective blame hypocrisy' intervention highlights the hypocrisy involved in the tendency for people to collectively blame outgroup but not ingroup members for blameworthy actions of individual group members. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Discrepancies of Implicit and Explicit Self-Esteem as Predictors of Attributional Bias and Paranoia.

Psychiatry Investig 2019 Mar 7;16(3):185-192. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, International St. Mary's Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Objective: The current study aimed to examine the association of implicit self-esteem, explicit self-esteem and their interaction with paranoia and attributional bias. The relationship of the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with paranoia and attributional bias was examined.

Methods: A total of 128 female college students participated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What Does the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire Really Measure? The Importance of Context in Evaluating Hostility Bias.

J Pers Assess 2020 Mar-Apr;102(2):205-213. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychology, Maria Grzegorzewska University, Warsaw, Poland.

We examine the psychometric validity of the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) by applying confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Previous analysis of psychometric features of the AIHQ showed problems with internal consistency and stability of the tool over time. By using CFA we wanted to check whether the scenes depicted in the questionnaire actually measure the same construct and whether the subscale measures are intercorrelated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Fragile Self and Malevolent Others: Biased Attribution Styles in Individuals at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis.

Psychiatry Investig 2018 Aug 20;15(8):796-804. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Severance Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Biased attribution styles of assigning hostile intention to innocent others and placing the blame were found in schizophrenia. Attribution styles in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis, however, have been less studied especially for its association with various psychological factors. We investigated whether UHR individuals show increased hostility perception and blaming bias and explored the associations of these biased styles of attribution with the factor structure of multifaceted self-related psychological variables and neurocognitive performances. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interventions Highlighting Hypocrisy Reduce Collective Blame of Muslims for Individual Acts of Violence and Assuage Anti-Muslim Hostility.

Pers Soc Psychol Bull 2018 03 18;44(3):430-448. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

1 Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA.

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an "interventions tournament" to identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Differences in the early stages of social information processing for adolescents involved in bullying.

Aggress Behav 2017 Nov 7;43(6):578-587. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Bullying victimization has commonly been associated with deficiencies in social information processing (SIP). In contrast, findings regarding bullying perpetration are mixed, with some researchers claiming that bullies may have superior SIP abilities than victimized or uninvolved youth. This study investigated the effects of bullying and victimization on early SIP; specifically the recognition and interpretation of social information. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2017

Negative Attribution Bias and Anger After Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2017 May/Jun;32(3):197-204

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, (Drs Neumann, Malec, and Hammond).

Objectives: Negative attributions pertain to judgments of intent, hostility, and blame regarding others' behaviors. This study compared negative attributions made by people with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examined the degree to which these negative attributions predicted angry ratings in response to situations.

Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Improving measurement of attributional style in schizophrenia; A psychometric evaluation of the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ).

J Psychiatr Res 2017 06 9;89:48-54. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

While attributional style is regarded as a core domain of social cognition, questions persist about the psychometric characteristics of measures used to assess it. One widely used assessment of attributional style is the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ). Two limitations of the AIHQ include (1) a possible restricted range resulting from too few and too homogenous item scenarios, and (2) use of rater scores that are cumbersome and time-consuming to score and have unknown incremental validity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Revisiting the validity of measures of social cognitive bias in schizophrenia: Additional results from the Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study.

Br J Clin Psychol 2016 Nov 11;55(4):441-454. Epub 2016 May 11.

Department of Psychololgy and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: The ongoing Social Cognition Psychometric Evaluation (SCOPE) study is in the process of forming a gold-standard battery of social cognition tests for use in clinical trials. Previous SCOPE phases have not acknowledged key differences between social cognition skills and biases, and psychometric validity analyses might provide important information if tailored to bias-related outcomes. This study aims to validate these measures with such bias-related outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2016

Borderline personality disorder and self-conscious affect: Too much shame but not enough guilt?

Personal Disord 2016 07 11;7(3):303-8. Epub 2016 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky.

Shame has emerged as a particularly relevant emotion to the maintenance and exacerbation of borderline personality disorder (BPD) features; however, little attention has been paid to the potentially differing effects of other forms of self-conscious affect. While guilt has been demonstrated to have adaptive functions in the social psychology literature, it has not been previously explored whether a lack of socially adaptive guilt might also contribute to BPD-related dysfunction. The present study examined the relationship between BPD features and self-conscious emotions in a sample of undergraduate students (n = 839). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Performing the Peace: Using Playback Theatre in the Strengthening of Police-Community Relations.

Prog Community Health Partnersh 2016;10(4):533-539

Background: Police-community relations have catapulted onto the national stage after several high-profile instances of alleged police brutality. Blame and hostility can be barriers to positive police-community relations. Playback is a form of audience-inspired, improvisational theater designed to promote connectivity and empathy through storytelling. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2017

"It was only harmless banter!" The development and preliminary validation of the moral disengagement in sexual harassment scale.

Aggress Behav 2016 May-Jun;42(3):254-73. Epub 2015 Sep 9.

School of Psychology, University of Kent, Kent, United Kingdom.

Sexual harassment represents aggressive behavior that is often enacted instrumentally, in response to a threatened sense of masculinity and male identity. To date, however, theoretical attention to the social cognitive processes that regulate workplace harassment is scant. This article presents the development and preliminary validation of the Moral Disengagement in Sexual Harassment Scale (MDiSH); a self-report measure of moral disengagement in the context of hostile work environment harassment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2017

The association of negative attributions with irritation and anger after brain injury.

Rehabil Psychol 2015 May;60(2):155-61

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Indiana University School of Medicine.

Objectives: Study objectives were to examine associations of irritation and anger with negative attributions, and associations of negative attributions with trait aggression in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Participants: Forty-eight participants with moderate to severe TBI participated in this study. Participants were primarily male (68. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Social dominance orientation predicts heterosexual men's adverse reactions to romantic rejection.

Arch Sex Behav 2015 May 16;44(4):903-19. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia,

We examined the role of social dominance orientation (SDO) as a predictor of men's reactions to romantic rejection and attitudes toward female sexuality. In Study 1 (n = 158), we found that men who scored higher in SDO were more likely to blame women for romantic rejection, and report having responded to women's past rejection with persistence and manipulation (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Attributional style in fist episode of schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders with and without paranoid ideation.

Psychiatr Danub 2013 Sep;25 Suppl 2:S329-31

Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry, Moscow, Russia,

In the present study we evaluated attributional style which refers to how individuals explain the causes for positive and negative events in their lives in patients with first episode of schizophrenia with and without paranoid ideation. 43 patients with first episode of psychosis and 37 matched normal controls completed Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) (Combs et al. 2007). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2013

Attributional style in healthy persons: its association with 'theory of mind' skills.

Psychiatry Investig 2013 Mar 8;10(1):34-40. Epub 2013 Feb 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. ; Section of Affect and Neuroscience, Institute of Behavioural Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Attributional style, especially external personal attribution bias, was found to play a pivotal role in clinical and non-clinical paranoia. The study of the relationship of the tendency to infer/perceive hostility and blame with theory of mind skills has significant theoretical importance as it may provide additional information on how persons process social situations. The aim of this study was whether hostility perception bias and blame bias might be associated with theory of mind skills, neurocognition and emotional factors in healthy persons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Social cognition and social functioning in nonclinical paranoia.

Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2013 27;18(6):531-48. Epub 2013 Feb 27.

a Department of Psychology , University of Texas at Tyler , Tyler , TX , USA.

Introduction: Persons with nonclinical paranoia show many of the same biases as those with clinical paranoia, suggesting that paranoia exists on a continuum. However, little is known about the various social cognitive processes found in paranoia and how these relate to social functioning and social behaviours in general. This study will examine performance on emotion perception and attributional style measures and their relationship to social functioning, social problem solving, and social skill. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Blame it on patriarchy: more sexist attitudes are associated with stronger consideration of cosmetic surgery for oneself and one's partner.

Int J Psychol 2013 8;48(6):1221-9. Epub 2012 Nov 8.

a Department of Psychology , University of Westminster , London , UK.

In the present work, we examined associations between oppressive, sexist beliefs and consideration of cosmetic surgery for oneself and also endorsement of cosmetic surgery for one's romantic partner. A total of 554 German-speaking volunteers from the community, mainly in Austria, completed measures of consideration of cosmetic surgery and three measures of sexist attitudes, while a subset of participants in romantic relationships completed a measure of endorsement of cosmetic surgery for their partners along with the measures of sexism. Preliminary analyses showed that women and single respondents were more likely to consider having cosmetic surgery than men and committed respondents, respectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF