10,189 results match your criteria hostility

Effects of Health Qigong in Improving the Cervical and Lumbar Disc Disease and Mental Health Status of Sedentary Young and Middle-Aged Faculties.

Bin Li

Iran J Public Health 2021 Jun;50(6):1224-1232

Department of Physical Education, Yantai University, Yantai, China.

Background: Shoulder, neck, and back discomforts and abdominal obesity caused by sedentariness are increasingly prominent in young and middle-aged population groups. Health Qigong improves physical functions and strengthens the disease resistance of exercisers. This study aims to explore health Qigong intervention's effects on the cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, and mental status. Read More

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Multiple phenotypic traits as triggers of host attacks towards ant symbionts: body size, morphological gestalt, and chemical mimicry accuracy.

Front Zool 2021 Sep 19;18(1):46. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Ecological Networks, Department of Biology, Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany.

Background: Ant colonies are plagued by a diversity of arthropod guests, which adopt various strategies to avoid or to withstand host attacks. Chemical mimicry of host recognition cues is, for example, a common integration strategy of ant guests. The morphological gestalt and body size of ant guests have long been argued to also affect host hostility, but quantitative studies testing these predictions are largely missing. Read More

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September 2021

Validation of the Rage Attack Questionnaire-Revised (RAQ-R) in a Mixed Psychiatric Population.

Front Psychiatry 2021 18;12:724802. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Clinic of Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Germany.

Rage Attacks (RA) represent a clinically relevant symptom in patients with different psychiatric disorders. However, only recently the Rage Attack Questionnaire Revised (RAQ-R, 22 items, range, 0-66) has been developed as a new instrument for the assessment of RA. This study aimed to validate the RAQ-R in a large mixed psychiatric and psychosomatic sample. Read More

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Validation of the Structured Interview for the Assessment of Expressed Emotion (E5) in a Sample of Adolescents and Young Adults From the General Population.

Front Psychol 2021 27;12:723323. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Jaen, Jaen, Spain.

Expressed emotion (EE) is an index of significant others' attitudes, feelings, and behavior toward an identified patient. EE was originally conceptualized as a dichotomous summary index. Thus, a family member is rated low or high on how much criticism, hostility, and emotional overinvolvement (EOI) s/he expresses toward an identified patient. Read More

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Susceptibility to Ingroup Influence in Adolescents With Intellectual Disability: A Minimal Group Experiment on Social Judgment Making.

Sara Egger

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:671910. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Special Needs Education, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) experience challenges and uncertainty when making judgments about other people's intentions. In an attempt to achieve certainty, they might exhibit judgment tendencies that differ from those of typically developing adolescents. This study investigated social judgment making in adolescents with ID ( = 34, = 14. Read More

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The Prevalence of Psychological Symptoms in Pregnant Healthcare Workers (HCWs) and Pregnant Non-HCWs During the Early Stage of COVID-19 Pandemic in Chongqing, China.

Front Psychiatry 2021 25;12:708698. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

Studies showed that healthcare workers (HCWs) and pregnant women bore the burden of mental problems during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While, few studies have focused on the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women who work at healthcare settings. This study aimed to investigate and compare the prevalence difference of psychological symptoms between pregnant HCWs and pregnant non-HCWs during the early stage of COVID-19 pandemic in China. Read More

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Is "Self-Experience" Really a Transdiagnostic Concept? Preliminary Evidence in Favor of the Transdiagnostic Conception of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy.

Front Psychiatry 2021 24;12:671223. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Almería, Almería, Spain.

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP) offers a radically behavioral and transdiagnostic conception of the formation of the "self" and the appearance of a diversity of psychological problems. This study examined the extent to which a wide variety of psychological disorders (somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility/aggressiveness, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism) and a global index of psychopathological severity may in fact be linked to problems of the "self" according to the FAP conception. Two questionnaires, one related to self-experience according to FAP and the other to find the scores on several different psychopathology scales, were administered to 280 adult Spaniards for this purpose. Read More

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Long-Term Neurological and Psychological Distress Symptoms among Smallholder Farmers in Costa Rica with a History of Acute Pesticide Poisoning.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 26;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia 83-3000, Costa Rica.

Studies suggest that acute pesticide poisonings (APP) may be linked with long-term neurological effects. To examine long-term neurological and psychological distress symptoms associated with having experienced an APP, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 300 conventional and organic smallholder farmers from Zarcero County, Costa Rica, May-August 2016. We collected self-reported data on sociodemographic characteristics, occupational history, pesticide exposure, APPs, neurological and psychological distress symptoms (using the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)). Read More

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Psychological and Antibacterial Effects of Footbath Using the Essential Oil.

Molecules 2021 Aug 24;26(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Nursing Sciences, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 66-1 Hon-cho, Hirosaki 036-8564, Aomori, Japan.

() essential oil primarily contains linalool and has relaxation properties. We investigated the psychological and antibacterial effects of footbath with essential oil. The participants included 20 women without medical history and received two intervention plans: footbath without any essential oil and footbath using essential oil. Read More

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How Microaggressions Reinforce and Perpetuate Systemic Racism in the United States.

Perspect Psychol Sci 2021 Sep;16(5):903-925

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia.

The consequences of racial microaggressions are most often discussed at an interpersonal level. In this article, we contend that microaggressions play an important role in maintaining systems of racial oppression beyond the interpersonal context. Specifically, we illustrate how microaggressions establish White superiority in the United States by othering people of color (e. Read More

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September 2021

After Pierce and Sue: A Revised Racial Microaggressions Taxonomy.

Perspect Psychol Sci 2021 Sep;16(5):991-1007

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder.

Harvard psychiatrist Chester Pierce's conception of "subtle and stunning" daily racial offenses, or microaggressions, remains salient even 50 years after it was introduced. Microaggressions were defined further by Sue and colleagues in 2007, and this construct has found growing utility as the deleterious effects of microaggressions on the health of people of color continues to mount. Many studies seek to frame microaggressions in terms of a taxonomic analysis of offender behavior to inform the assessment of and interventions for the reduction of racial microaggressions. Read More

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September 2021

Observed parent-adolescent coalitions and family hostilities during family discussions: Associations with marital aggression.

Fam Process 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

This study investigated bidirectional associations between observed parent-youth coalitions-wherein one parent and a child align themselves against the other parent-and family hostilities as they evolved in real-time during triadic family conflict discussions. Participants were 102 families with an adolescent child (50% girls, M  = 15.3 years, SD = 0. Read More

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September 2021

Analysis of factors influencing aggressive driver behavior and crash involvement.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 Sep 7:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Transportation Systems Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), Powai, Mumbai, India.

Objective: Aggressive driver behavior is one of the major contributing factors to road crashes. However, the relationship between aggressive driver behavior and crash risk is scarcely explored. The present study focused on quantifying the effect of aggressive driver behavior on crash probability. Read More

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September 2021

The fourth wave of the US opioid epidemic and its implications for the rural US: A federal perspective.

Prev Med 2021 Aug 28:106541. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD, United States of America. Electronic address:

The current opioid epidemic in the United States has been characterized as having three waves: prescription opioid use, followed by heroin use, and then use of synthetic opioids (e.g., fentanyl), with early waves affecting a population that was younger, less predominantly male, and more likely to be Caucasian and rural than in past opioid epidemics. Read More

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Becoming a mother during the COVID-19 national lockdown in Italy: Issues linked to the wellbeing of pregnant women.

Int J Psychol 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

ASST Bergamo Est Mental Health Department, Seriate, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown represent risk factors for the mental health of pregnant women. We explored the impact of COVID-19 restriction policies on psychological health, analysing the predictive role of social support on maternal wellbeing. A total of 212 pregnant women recruited from two public hospitals in Italy were divided into two groups: (a) a pre-COVID-19 group composed of 141 expectant women (mean age = 34. Read More

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September 2021

Long-Term Survival of and Heterotrophic Bacteria without External Nutrient Supply after Changes in Their Relationship from Antagonism to Mutualism.

mBio 2021 Aug 31;12(4):e0161421. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China.

Marine phytoplankton and heterotrophic bacteria share a very close but usually changeable relationship. However, the ultimate fate of their unstable relationship on a long-term scale is unclear. Here, the relationship between and heterotrophic bacterial communities underwent a dramatic shift from antagonism to commensalism and eventually to mutualism during long-term cocultivation. Read More

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Correction to: Hostility, compassion and role reversal in West Virginia's long opioid overdose emergency.

Harm Reduct J 2021 Aug 30;18(1):94. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Heroin in Transition Study, Department of Family and Community Medicine, UCSF, University of California, 500 Parnassus Avenue, Milberry Union East, 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.

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[Dynamics of psychopathological symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(7):90-95

Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: The results of the analysis of psychopathological symptom dynamics during the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia are presented.

Material And Methods: The study uses the data of the Internet survey, which included a block of sociodemographic questions and the SCL-90-R symptomatic questionnaire. Nine hundred and eight responses received from 22. Read More

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September 2021

Child Hostility toward a Parent with a History of Depression and Family Functioning.

J Child Fam Stud 2020 Oct 17;29(10):2786-2795. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37240-7817, USA.

Family dysfunction has been associated with both child externalizing problems, including hostility, and parent depression or depressive symptoms. Research investigating child hostility directed toward a parent with a history of depression is absent, yet it may be associated with especially high levels of family dysfunction. The current study aimed to assess (1) the relation between observed child hostility, measured by the Iowa Family Interaction Rating Scale, toward such a parent and child-reported family dysfunction, using the Family Assessment Device, and (2) whether current parent depressive symptoms, measured by the Beck Depression Inventory-II, moderated this association. Read More

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October 2020

Consecutive Nights of Moderate Sleep Loss Does Not Affect Mood in Healthy Young Males.

Clocks Sleep 2021 Aug 20;3(3):442-448. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science, School of Medical, Health and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, 44 Greenhill Road, Wayville, Adelaide 5034, Australia.

Sleep loss causes mood disturbance in non-clinical populations under severe conditions, i.e., two days/nights of sleep deprivation or a week of sleep restriction with 4-5 h in bed each night. Read More

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Psychological aspect of patients with inflammatory bowel disease, which may be related to the quality of life, sleep and disease characteristics.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2021 Aug 27:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objectives: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually present with systemic and gastrointestinal problems. This may result in both physical and psychological burden. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between psychological burden and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), sleep quality and disease characteristics. Read More

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Networked partisanship and framing: A socio-semantic network analysis of the Italian debate on migration.

PLoS One 2021 26;16(8):e0256705. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

IMT School for Advanced Studies, Lucca, Italy.

The huge amount of data made available by the massive usage of social media has opened up the unprecedented possibility to carry out a data-driven study of political processes. While particular attention has been paid to phenomena like elite and mass polarization during online debates and echo-chambers formation, the interplay between online partisanship and framing practices, jointly sustaining adversarial dynamics, still remains overlooked. With the present paper, we carry out a socio-semantic analysis of the debate about migration policies observed on the Italian Twittersphere, across the period May-November 2019. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the Mexican version of the Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire and analysis of invariance with the Romanian and Spanish versions.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Aug 16;161:106329. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza", Faculty of Psychology, Iasi, Romania.

Research has shown the relevance of three axes in the study of violent behaviour: the emotional axis (anger), the behavioural axis (aggression), and the cognitive axis (hostility or aggressive thinking). In the field of driving, the first two axes have received a lot of attention, whereas the third one has been less studied. The current research aimed to analyse the psychometric properties of the Driver's Angry Thoughts Questionnaire (DATQ) in a Mexican sample. Read More

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Mental Health Among Black and Latinx Sexual Minority Adults Leading Up to and Following the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election: Results from a Natural Experiment.

LGBT Health 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Multi-level hostility toward sexual minority (SM; includes, but is not limited to those identifying as gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer, or same-gender loving) and other minority populations (e.g., racial/ethnic) increased after the 2016 U. Read More

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Maternal Parenting Stress in the Face of Early Regulatory Disorders in Infancy: A Machine Learning Approach to Identify What Matters Most.

Front Psychiatry 2021 2;12:663285. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute for Psychosocial Prevention, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Early regulatory disorders (ERD) in infancy are typically associated with high parenting stress (PS). Theoretical and empirical literature suggests a wide range of factors that may contribute to PS related to ERD. The aim of this study was to identify key predictors of maternal PS within a large predictor data set in a sample of = 135 mothers of infants diagnosed with ERD. Read More

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Masculinity, femininity, and angry drivers: Masculinity and femininity as moderators between driver anger and anger expression style among young drivers.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Aug 14;161:106347. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Turkey.

Driver anger and its expression are among the most studied topics in traffic safety literature. However, the function of gender roles, i.e. Read More

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Parental Mental Health and Hostility Are Associated With Longitudinal Increases in Child Internalizing and Externalizing Problems During COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2021 29;12:706168. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Children are at high risk for negative COVID-19 related outcomes. The present longitudinal study assessed (1) changes in child internalizing and externalizing problems from before to during the pandemic and (2) whether parent mental health (depression, anxiety, stress) or parenting behavior during COVID-19 were associated with changes in child mental health problems. Sixty eight mother-child dyads participated in this study. Read More

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