355,067 results match your criteria hospitalization

COVID-19 infection in severe Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency: Looking for a rationale.

Respir Med 2021 Apr 30;183:106440. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Centre for Diagnosis of Inherited Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Genetics, Institute for Respiratory Disease, Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy.

The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are heterogeneous: 46.4% of patients admitted into hospital reported to have at least one comorbidity. Comorbidities such as COPD, diabetes, hypertension and malignancy predispose patients with Covid-19 to adverse clinical outcomes. Read More

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Ambient fine particulate matter air pollution and the risk of hospitalization among COVID-19 positive individuals: Cohort study.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 9;154:106564. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Clinical Epidemiology Center, Research and Development Service, VA Saint Louis Health Care System, 501 N Grand Blvd, Suite 300, Saint Louis, MO 63103, United States; Veterans Research & Education Foundation of Saint Louis, 501 N Grand Blvd, Suite 300, Saint Louis, MO 63103, United States; Department of Medicine, Washington University in Saint Louis, 4921 Parkview Pl, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United States; Nephrology Section, Medicine Service, VA Saint Louis Health Care System, 915 N Grand Blvd, Saint Louis, MO 63106, United States; Institute for Public Health, Washington University in Saint Louis, 600 S Taylor Ave, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Ecologic analyses suggest that living in areas with higher levels of ambient fine particulate matter air pollution (PM) is associated with higher risk of adverse COVID-19 outcomes. Studies accounting for individual-level health characteristics are lacking.

Methods: We leveraged the breadth and depth of the US Department of Veterans Affairs national healthcare databases and built a national cohort of 169,102 COVID-19 positive United States Veterans, enrolled between March 2, 2020 and January 31, 2021, and followed them through February 15, 2021. Read More

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Ozone therapy versus surgery for lumbar disc herniation: a randomized double-blind controlled trial.

Complement Ther Med 2021 May 5:102724. Epub 2021 May 5.

Research Network on Health Services in Chronic Diseases (REDISSEC), Madrid, Spain; Canary Islands Health Research Institute Foundation (FIISC), Tenerife, Spain; Evaluation Unit of the Canary Islands Health Service (SESCS), Tenerife, Spain.

Objectives: Surgery is the treatment of choice for symptomatic disc herniation after conservative management. Several studies have suggested the potential utility of intradiscal ozone infiltration in this pathology. The aim of this trial was to compare intradiscal ozone infiltration vs. Read More

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Development of an international Delphi survey to establish core outcome domains for trials in adults with glomerular disease.

Kidney Int 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Westmead Institute for Medical Research, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Outcomes relevant to treatment decision-making are inconsistently reported in trials involving glomerular disease. Here, we sought to establish a consensus-derived set of critically important outcomes designed to be reported in all future trials by using an online, international two-round Delphi survey in English. To develop this, patients with glomerular disease, caregivers and health professionals aged 18 years and older rated the importance of outcomes using a Likert scale and a Best-Worst scale. Read More

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3-month, 6-month, 9-month, and 12-month respiratory outcomes in patients following COVID-19-related hospitalisation: a prospective study.

Lancet Respir Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Biological Sciences, Faculty of Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK; NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The consequences of COVID-19 in those who recover from acute infection requiring hospitalisation have yet to be clearly defined. We aimed to describe the temporal trends in respiratory outcomes over 12 months in patients hospitalised for severe COVID-19 and to investigate the associated risk factors.

Methods: In this prospective, longitudinal, cohort study, patients admitted to hospital for severe COVID-19 who did not require mechanical ventilation were prospectively followed up at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months after discharge from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Read More

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Factors Associated With Potentially Inappropriate Transfer to the Emergency Department Among Nursing Home Residents.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Gérontopôle, Toulouse University Hospital, Toulouse, France; INSERM, UMR 1027, Toulouse, France.

Objectives: To determine the factors associated with the potentially inappropriate transfer of nursing home (NH) residents to emergency departments (EDs) and to compare hospitalization costs before and after transfer of individuals addressed inappropriately vs those addressed appropriately.

Design: Multicenter, observational, case-control study.

Setting And Participants: 17 hospitals in France, 1037 NH residents. Read More

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Impact and effectiveness of mRNA BNT162b2 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 infections and COVID-19 cases, hospitalisations, and deaths following a nationwide vaccination campaign in Israel: an observational study using national surveillance data.

Lancet 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Public Health Services, Israel Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Following the emergency use authorisation of the Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA COVID-19 vaccine BNT162b2 (international non-proprietary name tozinameran) in Israel, the Ministry of Health (MoH) launched a campaign to immunise the 6·5 million residents of Israel aged 16 years and older. We estimated the real-world effectiveness of two doses of BNT162b2 against a range of SARS-CoV-2 outcomes and to evaluate the nationwide public-health impact following the widespread introduction of the vaccine.

Methods: We used national surveillance data from the first 4 months of the nationwide vaccination campaign to ascertain incident cases of laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infections and outcomes, as well as vaccine uptake in residents of Israel aged 16 years and older. Read More

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A novel study on SARS-COV-2 virus associated bradycardia as a predictor of mortality-retrospective multicenter analysis.

Clin Cardiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Divison of Cardiology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, California, USA.

Background: SARS-CoV2 has affected more than 73.8 million individuals. While SARS-CoV2 is considered a predominantly respiratory virus, we report a trend of bradycardia among hospitalized patients, particularly in association with mortality. Read More

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6 Years of Breast Reconstruction in One Center - An Objective Analysis.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2021 Mar-Apr;116(2 Suppl):98-104

Breast cancer represents the most common type of neoplasm in women around the world. Breast reconstruction following mastectomy has become a demanding procedure in the treatment of patients suffering from breast cancer. Their major role is to improve the quality of life of women, leading to better aesthetic outcomes. Read More

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Predicting QT interval prolongation in patients diagnosed with the 2019 novel coronavirus infection.

Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol 2021 May 7:e12853. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ascension St. John Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.

Introduction: 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) patients frequently develop QT interval prolongation that predisposes them to Torsades de Pointes and sudden cardiac death. Continuous cardiac monitoring has been recommended for any COVID-19 patient with a Tisdale Score of seven or more. This recommendation, however, has not been validated. Read More

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Effectiveness of fondaparinux vs unfractionated heparin following percutaneous coronary intervention in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to acute myocardial infarction.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Cardiosciences, A. O. San Camillo-Forlanini, Roma, Italy.

Aim: There is no specific evidence on the antithrombotic management of survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to compare the short-term outcome of unfractioned heparin (UFH) vs fondaparinux in OHCA survivors due to AMI admitted in our Institution in the last decade.

Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study on survivors of OHCA due to AMI managed with UFH or fondaparinux during the hospitalization. Read More

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Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Population studies that provide unbiased estimates of gender differences in risk of complications following catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) are sparse. We sought to evaluate the association of female gender and risk of complications following AF ablation in a nation-wide cohort.

Methods And Results: We identified 35,211 patients (29. Read More

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Clinical judgment is a cornerstone for validating and using clinical prediction rules: a head-to-head study on ambulation outcomes for spinal cord injured patients.

Spinal Cord 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Université de Montréal, Faculty of Medicine, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Study Design: Retrospective comparative study.

Objective: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) are an effervescent topic in the medical literature. Recovering ambulation after a traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) is a priority for patients and multiple CPRs have been proposed for predicting ambulation outcomes. Read More

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Rhabdomyolysis Following Recovery from Severe COVID-19: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 8;22:e931616. Epub 2021 May 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

BACKGROUND Rhabdomyolysis occurs when muscle injury leads to the release of muscle cell constituents into circulation, often leading to significant systemic complications. There are many causes of rhabdomyolysis, and the etiology is often multifactorial or unclear. Current data suggest that acute COVID-19 may cause muscle injury that can lead to rhabdomyolysis, particularly in cases of severe illness requiring prolonged hospitalization; however, data on the long-term effects of COVID-19 on the musculoskeletal system are lacking. Read More

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Effects on mortality of early vs late administration of convalescent plasma in the treatment of Covid-19.

Transfus Apher Sci 2021 Apr 24:103148. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Sakarya University Education and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey.

The pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first seen in the city of Wuhan, China, in December 2019 and then spread worldwide. On 24 March 2020, the U.S. Read More

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Is pulmonary vascular resistance index better than pulmonary vascular resistance in predicting outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension?

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Staff, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine. Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: In contrast to pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), PVR index (PVRI) accounts for variations in body habitus. We tested the association of PVRI compared to PVR with clinical outcomes in lean and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m) patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

Methods: This retrospective study included adult patients with PAH who underwent right heart catheterization at Cleveland Clinic between February 1992 and November 2019. Read More

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A Systematic Review of the Impact of Surgeon and Hospital Caseload Volume on Oncological and Nononcological Outcomes After Radical Prostatectomy for Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer.

Eur Urol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Urology, University Hospital, St. Etienne, France.

Context: The impact of surgeon and hospital volume on outcomes after radical prostatectomy (RP) for localised prostate cancer (PCa) remains unknown.

Objective: To perform a systematic review on the association between surgeon or hospital volume and oncological and nononcological outcomes following RP for PCa.

Evidence Acquisition: Medline, Medline In-Process, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched. Read More

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Use of expedited post-operative protocol for children undergoing appendicostomy reduces length of hospitalization.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah School of Medicine, 100 N. Mario Ceppechi Drive, Suite 3800, Salt Lake City, UT 84113, United States.

Background: An appendicostomy (ACE) is a surgical option for antegrade enemas in children with severe constipation and/or fecal incontinence who have failed medical management.  In 2019, we initiated an expedited post-operative protocol and sought to examine our short-term outcomes compared with our historical cohort.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of all children undergoing ACE between 2017 and 2020. Read More

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Palliative Care Services in Patients Admitted With Cardiogenic Shock in the United States: Frequency and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission.

J Card Fail 2021 May;27(5):560-567

Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California; Division of Cardiology, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California. Electronic address:

Background: Patients admitted with cardiogenic shock (CS) have high mortality rates, readmission rates, and healthcare costs. Palliative care services (PCS) may be underused, and the association with 30-day readmission and other predictive factors is unknown. We studied the frequency, etiologies, and predictors of 30-day readmission in CS admissions with and without PCS in the United States. Read More

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The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet Pattern and Incident Heart Failure.

J Card Fail 2021 May;27(5):512-521

Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Background: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet pattern has shown some promise for preventing heart failure (HF), but studies have been conflicting.

Objective: To determine whether the DASH diet pattern was associated with incident HF in a large biracial and geographically diverse population.

Methods And Results: Among participants in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study of adults aged ≥45 years who were free of suspected HF at baseline in 2003-2007, the DASH diet score was derived from the baseline food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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Illness perceptions predict distress in patients with chronic kidney disease.

BMC Psychol 2021 May 7;9(1):75. Epub 2021 May 7.

Health Psychology Section, Psychology Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, 5th floor Bermondsey Wing, Guy's Campus, London, SE1 9RT, UK.

Background: Patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease (CKD) report increased distress associated with their clinical diagnosis. Distress in patients with predialysis CKD, has been linked to several adverse events; including increased risk of hospitalisation, early dialysis initiation and even death, suggesting that distress is a matter of great concern during routine care in predialysis CKD.

Aims: The present study aimed to assess the nature of illness perceptions and the level of distress in a CKD cohort diagnosed with different stages of kidney disease. Read More

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Assessment of suspected adverse drug reactions in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus based on a Portuguese spontaneous reporting database: analysis of reporting from 2008 to 2018.

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

UFBI - Pharmacovigilance Unit of Beira Interior, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal.

Background: Age is one of the most important risk factors in the development of diabetes mellitus and certain drug classes indicated for this condition may be associated with clinically important adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The aim of this study was to analyse the suspected ADRs in older patients with diabetes mellitus, reported to the Portuguese Pharmacovigilance System from 2008 to 2018.

Research Design And Methods: A retrospective analysis of suspected ADRs reports was performed, involving patients aged ≥65 years. Read More

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Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation for adults after heart valve surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 May 7;5:CD010876. Epub 2021 May 7.

REHPA, The Danish Knowledge Centre for Rehabilitation and Palliative Care, Odense University Hospital, Nyborg, Denmark.

Background: The impact of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) following heart valve surgery is uncertain. We conducted an update of this systematic review and a meta-analysis to assess randomised controlled trial evidence for the use of exercise-based CR following heart valve surgery.

Objectives: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based CR compared with no exercise training in adults following heart valve surgery or repair, including both percutaneous and surgical procedures. Read More

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COVID-19 and atrial fibrillation in older patients. Does oral anticoagulant therapy provide a survival benefit? An insight from the GeroCovid Registry.

Thromb Haemost 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine, Campus Bio-Medico University, Roma, Italy.

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most frequent arrhythmia of older patients, associates with serious thrombo-embolic complications and high mortality. COVID-19 severely affects aged subjects, determining an important prothrombotic status. Aim of this study was to evaluate mortality-related factors in older AF patients with COVID-19. Read More

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Asymptomatic acute ischemic lesions in intracerebral hemorrhage: Its frequency, MRI features, and risk factors.

J Neurol Sci 2021 Apr 29;426:117472. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Neurology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Japan.

Background: Asymptomatic acute ischemic lesions (AIL) may be coincidentally found on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtained during the acute phase of intracerebral hemorrhage, but its clinical significance has yet to be determined. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of asymptomatic AIL, its characteristic features of brain MRI and risk factors in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical information of 108 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage who underwent brain MRIs within 30 days of hospitalization between April 2013 and January 2018. Read More

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Comparing the inter-observer reliability of the Tada formula among neurosurgeons while estimating the intracerebral haematoma volume.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 May 1;205:106668. Epub 2021 May 1.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xia'men University, 55# Zhenhai Road, Xia'men, Fujian 361003, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the inter-observer reliability among neurosurgeons while estimating the intracerebral haematoma (ICH) volume by the Tada formula and assess its influence on predicting the severity and prognosis of various ICHs.

Methods: We obtained clinical data from 262 consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH. The haematoma volume was independently calculated and compared by 3D Slicer and eight neurosurgeons. Read More

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Extracorporeal support for trauma: A trauma quality improvement project (TQIP) analysis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 30;48:170-176. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Division of Acute Care Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.

Introduction: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in trauma patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) continues to evolve. The objective of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of trauma patients with ARDS who received ECMO to a propensity matched cohort of patients who underwent conventional management.

Methods: The Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) database was queried from 2013 to 2016 for all patients with ARDS and those who received ECMO. Read More

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Preservation of Renal Function after Major Bleeding Events due to Ultrasound-Guided Parenchymal Renal Biopsy.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester.

Clinical outcomes of major bleeding events following ultrasound-guided native and allograft parenchymal renal biopsy were evaluated. Forty-eight post-biopsy bleeding complications (Society of Interventional Radiology [SIR] adverse event grade ≥ 2) from 2002-2018 were identified. The primary outcome assessed was renal function. Read More

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Influenza vaccination in congenital heart disease in the pre-COVID19 era: Coverage rate, patient characteristics and outcome.

Can J Cardiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Influenza vaccination is the most commonly recommended immune prevention strategy. However, data on influenza vaccination in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is scarce. In this study, our goals were to (i) measure vaccination coverage rates (VCR) for influenza in a large cohort of children, adolescents and adults with CHD, (ii) identity patient characteristics as predictors for vaccination, and (iii) investigate the impact of influenza vaccination on hospitalization. Read More

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Hydroxychloroquine reduces interleukin-6 levels after myocardial infarction: The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled OXI pilot trial.

Int J Cardiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Heart and Lung Center, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki University, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine the anti-inflammatory effect and safety of hydroxychloroquine after acute myocardial infarction.

Method: In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled OXI trial, 125 myocardial infarction patients were randomized at a median of 43 h after hospitalization to receive hydroxychloroquine 300 mg (n = 64) or placebo (n = 61) once daily for 6 months and, followed for an average of 32 months. Laboratory values were measured at baseline, 1, 6, and 12 months. Read More

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