65,964 results match your criteria history psychiatric


[Unusual cause of a PCT-elevation].

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Jun 15;146(12):818-820. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Klinik für Innere Medizin II, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg.

Introduction:  Procalcitonin (PCT) is an established marker for bacterial infection. Elevation of PCT can occur due to various reasons and is not specific, as we outline in the following case report.

History:  We report on a 29 year old patient, who was presented by the psychiatric department because of obscure abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting since two days. Read More

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Development and external validation of a risk calculator to predict internalising symptoms among Ugandan youths affected by HIV.

Psychiatry Res 2021 May 28;302:114028. Epub 2021 May 28.

International Center for Child Health and Development, Masaka, Uganda.

The aim of the study was to develop and externally validate a model to predict individualized risk of internalizing symptoms among AIDS-affected youths in low-resource settings in sub-Saharan Africa. Longitudinal data from 558 Ugandan adolescents orphaned by AIDS was used to develop our predictive model. Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator logistic regression was used to select the best subset of predictors using 10-fold cross-validation. Read More

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The temporal representation of experience in subjective mood.

Elife 2021 Jun 15;10. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Emotion and Development Branch, National Institutes of Health / National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, United States.

Humans refer to their mood state regularly in day-to-day as well as clinical interactions. Theoretical accounts suggest that when reporting on our mood we integrate over the history of our experiences; yet, the temporal structure of this integration remains unexamined. Here we use a computational approach to quantitatively answer this question and show that early events exert a stronger influence on reported mood compared to recent events. Read More

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A population-based psychometric analysis of the insomnia severity index in black women with and without a history of cancer.

J Sleep Res 2021 Jun 14:e13421. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Black women are under-represented in insomnia research. Further, cancer treatments increase the risk of late effects, thus affecting the sleep of psychologically and medically vulnerable cancer survivors. The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is widely used, but has not been researched in black women, and research in cancer survivors is limited. Read More

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Identification of transdiagnostic psychiatric disorder subtypes using unsupervised learning.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

Psychiatric disorders show heterogeneous symptoms and trajectories, with current nosology not accurately reflecting their molecular etiology and the variability and symptomatic overlap within and between diagnostic classes. This heterogeneity impedes timely and targeted treatment. Our study aimed to identify psychiatric patient clusters that share clinical and genetic features and may profit from similar therapies. Read More

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Is this Withdrawal or Intoxication? Case Report Regarding Complications of Unregulated Use of Tianeptine, Etizolam, and Phenibut in the USA.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):169

University of Arizona, Department of Psychiatry, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: The internet allows easy access for the sales of psychoactive agents that are not regulated by the FDA. Some of those agents are used to help manage anxiety, depression and sleep, such as tianeptine, etizolam, and phenibut. These medications have the potential for abuse and potentially leading to altered mental status when intoxicated or withdrawing. Read More

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Quantifying Psychopathology in Rapid Readmissions.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):165-166

The Loretto Hospital, Chicago, IL, USA.

Psychiatric readmissions contribute to a significant cost and healthcare burden to physicians, hospitals, and the healthcare system as an entity. Furthermore, as part of the Affordable Care Act, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) began to reduce financial coverage to hospitals with overwhelming rehospitalization rates. The purpose of this study was to do a systematic analysis on inpatient psychiatric readmission data and identify co-morbidities and risk factors that lead to high readmission rates. Read More

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Othello Syndrome: Delusional Disorder - Jealous Type ≠ Violence.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):160-161

University of Florida College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Othello syndrome, also known as morbid jealousy, pathological jealousy, and conjugal paranoia, is a rare delusional disorder related to partner's infidelity. There are no large scale or comprehensive studies on delusional jealousy, and only few case reports and cases series leave delusional disorder jealous type (DDJT) largely unknown. Herein, we report a case of DDJT, its possible etiology and describe its characteristics, comorbidities, and interventions. Read More

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Can Low Dose Sertraline Cause Serotonin Syndrome in Pediatric Patients? 2 Case Reports.

Authors:
Sultana Jahan

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):155

University of Missouri, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia, MO, USA.

Background: Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening condition associated with increased serotonergic activity in the central nervous system. Serotonin syndrome is underreported complication of pharmacotherapy. The Hunter Criteria for serotonin syndrome (SS) are fulfilled if the patient has taken a serotonergic agent and has one of the following symptoms: 1) spontaneous clonus, 2) inducible clonus and agitation or diaphoresis, 3) ocular clonus and agitation or diaphoresis, 4) tremor and hyperreflexia, 5) hypertonia, or 6) temperature above 38 C and ocular clonus or inducible clonus. Read More

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The Challenge of Managing Patients Suffering from TBI: The Utility of Multiparametric MRI.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):178-179

Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA, USA.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex phenomenon affecting multiple areas of the brain in multiple ways. Both right and left hemispheres are affected as well as supratentorial and infratentorial compartments. These multifocal injuries are caused by many factors including acute mechanical injury, focal intracranial hemorrhage, blunt and rotational forces, epidural and subdural hematoma, hypoxemia, hypotension, edema, axonal damage, neuronal death, gliosis and blood brain barrier disruption. Read More

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Cancer, COVID-19, and the need for critique.

Wellcome Open Res 2020 11;5:280. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anthropology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, SE14 6NW, UK.

In this open letter we examine the implications of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic for cancer research and care from the point of view of the social studies of science, technology, and medicine. We discuss how the pandemic has disrupted several aspects of cancer care, underscoring the fragmentation of institutional arrangements, the malleable priorities in cancer research, and the changing promises of therapeutic innovation. We argue for the critical relevance of qualitative social sciences in cancer research during the pandemic despite the difficulties of immersive kinds of fieldwork. Read More

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Trauma-related differences in socio-emotional functioning predict housing and employment outcomes in homeless veterans.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 2;281:114096. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA; Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Bedford VA Medical Center, Bedford, MA, 01730, USA.

Rationale: Mental health and substance use disorders are strong risk factors for homelessness. Understanding the role of transdiagnostic factors could help inform efforts to reduce homelessness among veterans with a range of disorders. Homeless veterans have high rates of trauma exposure, which can result in the depletion of social and emotional resources that may contribute to housing and employment stability. Read More

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Developing Empirical Latent Profiles of Impulsive Aggression and Mood in Youths across Three Outpatient Samples.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2021 Jun 14:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Virginia Commonwealth University.

: Aggression with impulsivity and reactivity (AIR) may distinguish a subset of youth from those with attention problems, rule-breaking behavior, or mood disorders, potentially with differential treatment response. Yet, DSM-5 and ICD-10 do not include an AIR diagnosis. Thus, we empirically grouped youths into profiles based on AIR, manic, depressive, rule-breaking, and self-harm behaviors; examined which profiles replicated across three samples; and characterized profile sets on demographic and clinical features. Read More

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Assessing Violence Risk in Adolescents in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Systematic Review and Clinical Guidance.

West J Emerg Med 2021 May 19;22(3):533-542. Epub 2021 May 19.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, New York, New York.

Introduction: Violence risk assessment is one of the most frequent reasons for child and adolescent psychiatry consultation with adolescents in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Here we provide a systematic review of risk factors for violence in adolescents using the risk factor categories from the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment study. Further, we provide clinical guidance for assessing adolescent violence risk in the pediatric ED. Read More

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Effect of long acting injectable antipsychotics on course and hospitalizations in bipolar disorder - a naturalistic mirror image study.

Nord J Psychiatry 2021 Jun 14:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Bakırköy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To determining whether the addition of a long-acting injectable antipsychotic (LAI-AP) has a positive effect on prognosis in bipolar disorder.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of patients with bipolar disorder who were using LAI-AP at least for one year in the community mental health center (CMHC) until March 2020 were investigated. Comparisons were made between the period of one year before and after the initiation of LAI-AP. Read More

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A comparison of phenomenological, clinical and familial psychiatric features of pediatric OCD and trichotillomania.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2021 Jun 14:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Public Health Professional, Osmaniye Community Health Center, Tuberculosis Dispensary, Osmaniye, Turkey.

Objectives: Although trichotillomania (TTM) is classified in the obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) chapter of the DSM-5, several studies showed that it has several differences. The aim of this study was to examine the phenomenology, comorbidity, and family psychiatric characteristisc of childhood TTM and OCD.

Methods: This study compared youth ages 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of TTM ( = 63) to those with primary OCD ( = 65) on clinical and familial psychiatric characteristics. Read More

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Efficacy of individual and group cognitive processing therapy for military personnel with and without child abuse histories.

J Consult Clin Psychol 2021 May;89(5):476-482

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center.

Many clinicians question whether patients with a history of childhood trauma will benefit from trauma-focused treatment. In this secondary analysis, we examined whether reports of childhood abuse moderated the efficacy of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for active-duty military with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Service members ( = 254, mean age 33. Read More

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Case Report: Adolescent With Autism and Gender Dysphoria.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:671448. Epub 2021 May 26.

Center for Mental Health, University Psychiatric Clinic Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

There is increasing clinical evidence of an association between gender variability, gender dysphoria (GD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This seems to be a two-way relationship, a person with GD is more likely to be diagnosed with ASD and vice versa. In youth, it is important to distinguish whether the presented symptoms are a manifestation of ASD focus on special interests or symptoms of co-occurring GD. Read More

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Psilocybin and MDMA for the treatment of trauma-related psychopathology.

Int Rev Psychiatry 2021 Jun 14:1-21. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

This review examines the role of trauma in psychiatric morbidity and analogous psychoneurobiological changes. Trauma is a necessary criterion for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), however, trauma history is highly correlated with a variety of psychiatric conditions. Some evidence suggests that Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric condition that arises following trauma. Read More

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Bullying perpetration and victimization in elementary school students diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Jun 1;62:102729. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Previous research has found that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is related to bullying perpetration. This study examined the correlation between ADHD and bullying perpetration, and aimed to identify which factors, including bullying victimization, predicted bullying. Forty-nine elementary school students, aged 6-12, participated voluntarily in a comparative study between children with ADHD and non-ADHD control children; none of them had previously undergone psychiatric treatment. Read More

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Is sexual trauma a risk factor for functional (psychogenic) seizures?

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jun 11;128:58-63. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

The relationship between functional seizures (FS) and sexual trauma has received attention in many previous studies. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have not been elucidated yet. The purpose of this narrative review is to explore and speculate on the underpinning neurobiological mechanisms for the association and link between sexual trauma and functional seizures. Read More

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Association of cognitive impairment with sleep quality, depression and cardiometabolic risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross sectional study.

J Diabetes Complications 2021 May 28:107970. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of cognitive impairment with sleep quality, depression, and cardiometabolic risk factors among participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Subjects underwent clinical interview to capture socio-demographic details, medical history, sleep quality, presence of depression, along with anthropometric and biochemical measurements. A detailed neuropsychological assessment [Montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA), Trail making A and B, Digit span, Spatial span, Letter Number Sequencing] was done. Read More

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Feasibility and acceptability of mindful recovery opioid use care continuum (M-ROCC): A concurrent mixed methods study.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Apr 15;130:108415. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America; Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge, MA, United States of America; Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States of America. Electronic address:

As opioid overdose deaths increase, buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) treatment is expanding, yet almost half of patients are not retained in B/N treatment. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) designed to promote non-judgmental awareness of present moment experience may be complementary to B/N treatment and offer the potential to enhance retention by reducing substance use and addressing comorbid symptoms. In this pilot study, we examined the feasibility and acceptability of the Mindful Recovery OUD Care Continuum (M-ROCC), a trauma-informed, motivationally sensitive, 24-week MBI. Read More

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Buprenorphine use and disparities in access among emergency department patients with opioid use disorder: A cross-sectional study.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Apr 20;130:108405. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, 401 Broadway, Camden, NJ 08103, United States of America; Cooper University Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Keleman 152, 1 Cooper Plaza, Camden, NJ 08103, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid agonist and kappa-opioid antagonist, is an approved treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Studies demonstrate that buprenorphine decreases cravings for other opioids, effectively ameliorates withdrawal symptoms, and decreases opioid overdose and mortality. However, buprenorphine remains under-utilized. Read More

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A history of previous childbirths is linked to women's white matter brain age in midlife and older age.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

NORMENT, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo & Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Maternal brain adaptations occur in response to pregnancy, but little is known about how parity impacts white matter and white matter ageing trajectories later in life. Utilising global and regional brain age prediction based on multi-shell diffusion-weighted imaging data, we investigated the association between previous childbirths and white matter brain age in 8,895 women in the UK Biobank cohort (age range = 54-81 years). The results showed that number of previous childbirths was negatively associated with white matter brain age, potentially indicating a protective effect of parity on white matter later in life. Read More

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Harnessing life's slings and arrows: The science and opportunities for mindfulness meditation during a global pandemic and beyond.

Psychosom Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Epidemiology, Brown University School of Public Health Mindfulness Center at Brown University Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin-Madison Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University.

Abstract: We are at a difficult time in history with societal increases in stress, loneliness, and psychopathology, along with high rates of obesity, sedentary lifestyles, and chronic pain. Mindfulness interventions offer promise to address these societal issues. However, in order to make best use of the opportunities revealed by our current challenges, we must: (1) tackle these issues head-on with inclusive, innovative, and creative experimental designs and interventions, and (2) collectively adhere to rigorous, high quality methods so as to provide an evidence-based integration of mindfulness interventions into mainstream medicine and public health. Read More

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Epigenome-Wide Association Study Reveals Methylation Loci Associated With Offspring Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Exposure and Maternal Methylome.

Diabetes Care 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Inserm U1283, CNRS UMR 8199, European Genomic Institute for Diabetes, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France.

Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of obesity and insulin resistance in offspring later in life, which might be explained by epigenetic changes in response to maternal hyperglycemic exposure.

Research Design And Methods: We explored the association between GDM exposure and maternal blood and newborn cord blood methylation in 536 mother-offspring pairs from the prospective FinnGeDi cohort using Illumina MethylationEPIC 850K BeadChip arrays. We assessed two hypotheses. Read More

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