1,238 results match your criteria historical biogeography

Clarifying Recent Adaptive Diversification of the Group on the Basis of an Updated Multilocus Phylogeny of Subtribe Artemisiinae (Asteraceae: Anthemideae).

Front Plant Sci 2021 26;12:648026. Epub 2021 May 26.

School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Understanding the roles played by geography and ecology in driving species diversification and in the maintenance of species cohesion is the central objective of evolutionary and ecological studies. The multi-phased orogenesis of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) and global climate changes over late-Miocene has profoundly influenced the environments and evolution of organisms in this region and the vast areas of Asia. In this study, we investigate the lineage diversification of -group in subtribe Artemisiinae (tribe Anthemideae, Asteraceae) likely under the effects of climate changes during this period. Read More

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Phylogenomic Analysis Reveals Dispersal-Driven Speciation and Divergence with Gene Flow in Lesser Sunda Flying Lizards (Genus Draco).

Syst Biol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.

The Lesser Sunda Archipelago offers exceptional potential as a model system for studying the dynamics of dispersal-driven diversification. The geographic proximity of the islands suggests the possibility for successful dispersal, but this is countered by the permanence of the marine barriers and extreme intervening currents that are expected to hinder gene flow. Phylogenetic and species delimitation analyses of flying lizards (genus Draco) using single mitochondrial genes, complete mitochondrial genomes, and exome-capture data sets identified 9-11 deeply divergent lineages including single-island endemics, lineages that span multiple islands, and parapatrically-distributed non-sister lineages on the larger islands. Read More

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Phytogeographic history of the Tea family inferred through high-resolution phylogeny and fossils.

Syst Biol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, GLOBE Institute, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The tea family (Theaceae) has a highly unusual amphi-Pacific disjunct distribution: most extant species in the family are restricted to subtropical evergreen broadleaf forests in East Asia, while a handful of species occur exclusively in the subtropical and tropical Americas. Here we used an approach that integrates the rich fossil evidence of this group with phylogenies in biogeographic analysis to study the processes behind this distribution pattern. We first combined genome-skimming sequencing with existing molecular data to build a robust species-level phylogeny for c. Read More

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Divergence time and species delimitation of microbivalves in the Southern Ocean: the case of species.

Polar Biol 2021 Jun 1:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Centro FONDAP- IDEAL, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

The systematics of Subantarctic and Antarctic near-shore marine benthic invertebrates requires major revision and highlights the necessity to incorporate additional sources of information in the specimen identification chart in the Southern Ocean (SO). In this study, we aim to improve our understanding of the biodiversity of (Dall 1876) through molecular and morphological comparisons of Antarctic and Subantarctic taxa. The microbivalves of the genus are small brooding organisms that inhabit intertidal and shallow subtidal rocky ecosystems. Read More

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Croizat's dangerous ideas: practices, prejudices, and politics in contemporary biogeography.

Juan J Morrone

Hist Philos Life Sci 2021 Jun 3;43(2):77. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Museo de Zoología Alfonso L. Herrera, Departamento de Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), 04510, Mexico City, Mexico.

The biogeographic contributions of Léon Croizat (1894-1982) and the conflictive relationships with his intellectual descendants and critics are analysed. Croizat's panbiogeography assumed that vicariance is the most important biogeographic process and that dispersal does not contribute to biogeographic patterns. Dispersalist biogeographers criticized or avoided mentioning panbiogeography, especially in the context of the "hardening" of the Modern Synthesis. Read More

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A new Oligocene-Miocene tree from Panama and historical Anacardium migration patterns.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(6):e0250721. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Migration of Boreotropical megathermal taxa during the Oligocene and Miocene played a key role in assembling diversity in tropical regions. Despite scattered fossil reports, the cashew genus Anacardium offers an excellent example of such migration. The fossil woods described here come from localities in Veraguas, Panama mapped as Oligocene-Miocene. Read More

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Dimensions of invasiveness: Links between local abundance, geographic range size, and habitat breadth in Europe's alien and native floras.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(22)

Central Government Real Estate Agency, Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Understanding drivers of success for alien species can inform on potential future invasions. Recent conceptual advances highlight that species may achieve invasiveness via performance along at least three distinct dimensions: 1) local abundance, 2) geographic range size, and 3) habitat breadth in naturalized distributions. Associations among these dimensions and the factors that determine success in each have yet to be assessed at large geographic scales. Read More

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Long-term trends of airborne halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) by means of tree leaf and shoot analyses.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 11;287:117342. Epub 2021 May 11.

German Environment Agency, Berlin, Germany.

The historical air pollution with halogenated flame retardants (HFRs) in Germany was assessed by investigating tree leaf and shoot samples which have been archived in the German environmental specimen bank. Samples covered the period from 1985 to 2016. 43 HFRs comprising polybrominated diphenyl ethers as well as emerging brominated and chlorinated compounds such as Dechlorane Plus, DBDPE, or DPTE, were analysed in 115 samples from ten sub sites originating from six areas characterised by different land uses, including urban as well as a background site. Read More

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Historical biogeography, systematics, and integrative taxonomy of the non-Ethiopian speckled pelage brush-furred rats (Lophuromys flavopunctatus group).

BMC Ecol Evol 2021 05 19;21(1):89. Epub 2021 May 19.

State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

Background: The speckled-pelage brush-furred rats (Lophuromys flavopunctatus group) have been difficult to define given conflicting genetic, morphological, and distributional records that combine to obscure meaningful accounts of its taxonomic diversity and evolution. In this study, we inferred the systematics, phylogeography, and evolutionary history of the L. flavopunctatus group using maximum likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic inference, divergence times, historical biogeographic reconstruction, and morphometric discriminant tests. Read More

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Spatial phylogenetics of butterflies in relation to environmental drivers and angiosperm diversity across North America.

iScience 2021 Apr 23;24(4):102239. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.

Broad-scale, quantitative assessments of insect biodiversity and the factors shaping it remain particularly poorly explored. Here we undertook a spatial phylogenetic analysis of North American butterflies to test whether climate stability and temperature gradients have shaped their diversity and endemism. We also performed the first quantitative comparisons of spatial phylogenetic patterns between butterflies and flowering plants. Read More

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Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography and diversification patterns of a diverse group of moths (Geometridae: Boarmiini).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 May 12;162:107198. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Understanding how and why some groups have become more species-rich than others, and how past biogeography may have shaped their current distribution, are questions that evolutionary biologists have long attempted to answer. We investigated diversification patterns and historical biogeography of a hyperdiverse lineage of Lepidoptera, the geometrid moths, by studying its most species-rich tribe Boarmiini, which comprises ca. 200 genera and ca. Read More

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Phylogenetics and historical biogeography of Solanum section Brevantherum (Solanaceae).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 May 5;162:107195. Epub 2021 May 5.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Rua Vera Paz, sn, Santarém, PA 68040-255, Brazil; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Botânica, Instituto Nacional De Pesquisas Da Amazônia, Av. André Araújo, 2936 - Aleixo, Manaus, AM 69060-001, Brazil.

Patterns of diversification in Neotropical plants have been studied intensively over the past decades. Most studies have focused on groups that migrated to and radiated into the Neotropics, however, with little focus on understanding diversification patterns in indigenous Neotropical groups. This study focuses on Solanum section Brevantherum Seithe (Solanaceae), a group of Neotropical nightshade shrubs or treelets defined mostly by terminal inflorescences with long peduncles, plurifoliate sympodial units and porrect-stellate, dendritic-echinoid, or lepidote trichomes. Read More

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Water bugs (Hemipera: Heteroptera: Nepomorpha amp; Gerromorpha) of Chile: phylogenetic and biogeographic considerations, and a catalog of the fauna.

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 14;4958(1):zootaxa.4958.1.6. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark..

The Chilean fauna of water bugs comprises seven species of semi-aquatic bugs (Heteroptera: Gerromorpha), representing five genera, three tribes, four subfamilies and four families; and 27 species and one subspecies of aquatic bugs (Heteroptera: Nepomorpha), representing four subgenera, eight genera, three tribes, seven subfamilies, and five families. We compare the fauna with neighboring countries and find that several otherwise widespread and abundant taxa are missing in Chile, but that Chepuvelia usingeri China, 1963 (Macroveliidae), Microvelia chilena Drake Hussey, 1955 (Veliidae), Limnocoris dubiosus Montandon, 1898 (Naucoridae), Nerthra (Nerthra) parvula (Signoret, 1863), N. (N. Read More

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Extinct insular oryzomyine rice rats (Rodentia: Sigmodontinae) from the Grenada Bank, southern Caribbean.

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 7;4951(3):zootaxa.4951.3.2. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Anthropology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA Environmental Archaeology Program, Florida Museum of Natural History, FL 32611, USA.

The Lesser Antillean island chain in the eastern Caribbean formerly supported a diverse rodent fauna including multiple endemic genera of oryzomyine rice rats. The Caribbean rice rats are now all extinct, with most island populations known only from Holocene palaeontological and zooarchaeological material and with many remaining taxonomically undescribed. Rice rat material is reported from several pre-Columbian Ceramic Age (late Holocene) archaeological sites on the Grenada Bank, including sites on Grenada and Carriacou, but the taxonomic identity and diversity of the Grenada Bank rice rats has remained uncertain. Read More

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J Parasitol 2021 03;107(2):320-335

The Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, W 529 Nebraska Hall, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0514.

The genus Litomosoides Chandler, 1931, includes species that as adults occur in the thoracic and abdominal cavity of mammalian hosts and are presumably vectored by mites. The vertebrate hosts include a variety of Neotropical mammals such as phyllostomid and mormoopid bats; cricetid, sciurid, and hystricognath rodents; and didelphid marsupials. It has been suggested that Litomosoides is not a monophyletic group and that rampant horizontal transfer explains their presence in disparate groups of mammals. Read More

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Phylogenomics and Historical Biogeography of Seahorses, Dragonets, Goatfishes, and Allies (Teleostei: Syngnatharia): Assessing Factors Driving Uncertainty in Biogeographic Inferences.

Syst Biol 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biology, The University of Oklahoma, 730 Van Vleet Oval, Norman, OK 73019, USA.

The charismatic trumpetfishes, goatfishes, dragonets, flying gurnards, seahorses, and pipefishes encompass a recently defined yet extraordinarily diverse clade of percomorph fishes-the series Syngnatharia. This group is widely distributed in tropical and warm-temperate regions, with a great proportion of its extant diversity occurring in the Indo-Pacific. Because most syngnatharians feature long-range dispersal capabilities, tracing their biogeographic origins is challenging. Read More

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Adaptive radiation and speciation in Rhipicephalus ticks: A medley of novel hosts, nested predator-prey food webs, off-host periods and dispersal along temperature variation gradients.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Apr 20;162:107178. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Evolutionary Genomics Group, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa.

Rhipicephalus are a species-diverse genus of ticks, mainly distributed in the Afrotropics with some species in the Palearctic and Oriental regions. Current taxonomic consensus comprise nine informal species groups/lineages based on immature morphology. This work integrates biogeographic, ecological and molecular lines of evidence to better understand Rhipicephalus evolution. Read More

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Harmful algal blooms and their effects in coastal seas of Northern Europe.

Harmful Algae 2021 02 6;102:101989. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Marine Research Centre, Agnes Sjöbergin katu 2, 00790 Helsinki, Finland.

Harmful algal blooms (HAB) are recurrent phenomena in northern Europe along the coasts of the Baltic Sea, Kattegat-Skagerrak, eastern North Sea, Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea. These HABs have caused occasional massive losses for the aquaculture industry and have chronically affected socioeconomic interests in several ways. This status review gives an overview of historical HAB events and summarises reports to the Harmful Algae Event Database from 1986 to the end of year 2019 and observations made in long term monitoring programmes of potentially harmful phytoplankton and of phycotoxins in bivalve shellfish. Read More

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February 2021

Investigating the morphological and genetic divergence of arctic char ( populations in lakes of arctic Alaska.

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 5;11(7):3040-3057. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Watershed Sciences and the Ecology Center Utah State University Logan UT USA.

Polymorphism facilitates coexistence of divergent morphs (e.g., phenotypes) of the same species by minimizing intraspecific competition, especially when resources are limiting. Read More

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Evidence for Middle Miocene origin and morphological evolutionary stasis in a Barbacenia Inselberg clade (Velloziaceae).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Aug 5;161:107163. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Universidade de São Paulo, Departamento de Botânica, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Atlantic Forest Inselbergs (AFI) and Campos Rupestres (CR) are mountains and highlands of eastern South America, relatively poorly studied and highly threatened, which display extraordinary levels of plant endemism and richness. In spite of their geographical and environmental differences, the origin of the flora of CR and AFI are likely linked to each other, because several plant clades are distributed across both ecosystems. In addition to these studies, little has been investigated about the historical biogeographical connections between AFI and CR and most evolutionary studies are restricted to CR. Read More

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New Guinean orogenic dynamics and biota evolution revealed using a custom geospatial analysis pipeline.

BMC Ecol Evol 2021 04 6;21(1):51. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

SNSB-Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Munich, Germany.

Background: The New Guinean archipelago has been shaped by millions of years of plate tectonic activity combined with long-term fluctuations in climate and sea level. These processes combined with New Guinea's location at the tectonic junction between the Australian and Pacific plates are inherently linked to the evolution of its rich endemic biota. With the advent of molecular phylogenetics and an increasing amount of geological data, the field of New Guinean biogeography begins to be reinvigorated. Read More

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Complex Historical Biogeography of the Eastern Japanese Skink, (Scincidae, Squamata), Revealed by Geographic Variation in Molecular and Morphological Characters.

Zoolog Sci 2021 Apr;38(2):148-161

The Kyoto University Museum, Kyoto University, Yoshida-Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

We investigated the geographic diversification of , which occurs in the central to northern parts of the Japanese Islands, based on a time-calibrated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny and external morphological characters. The mtDNA phylogeny suggests that diverged from its sister species in western Japan 2.82-4. Read More

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Fossil-calibrated time tree of Podarcis wall lizards provides limited support for biogeographic calibration models.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Aug 30;161:107169. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Campus Agrário de Vairão, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal. Electronic address:

Podarcis wall lizards are endemic to the Mediterranean Basin where they represent the predominant reptile group. Despite being extensively used as model organisms in evolutionary and ecological studies their phylogeny and historical biogeography are still incompletely resolved. Moreover, molecular clock calibrations used in wall lizard phylogeography are based on the assumption of vicariant speciation triggered by the abrupt Mediterranean Sea level rise at the end of the Messinian salinity crisis (MSC). Read More

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Molecular phylogeny, biogeography and character evolution of the montane genus Juss. (Bignoniaceae).

Plant Divers 2021 Feb 22;43(1):1-14. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China.

The complex orogeny of the Himalaya and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) fosters habitat fragmentation that drives morphological differentiation of mountain plant species. Consequently, determining phylogenetic relationships between plant subgenera using morphological characters is unreliable. Therefore, we used both molecular phylogeny and historical biogeographic analysis to infer the ancestral states of several vegetative and reproductive characters of the montane genus . Read More

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February 2021

Phylogeny and historical biogeography analysis support Caucasian and Mediterranean centres of origin of key holoparasitic Orobancheae (Orobanchaceae) lineages.

PhytoKeys 2021 12;174:165-194. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Grupo Botánico Cantábrico, ES-39722 Liérganes (Cantabria), Spain Grupo Botánico Cantábrico Liérganes Spain.

The extensive diversity of the tribe Orobancheae, the most species-rich lineage of holoparasitic Orobanchaceae, is concentrated in the Caucasus and Mediterranean regions of the Old World. This extant diversity has inspired hypotheses that these regions are also centres of origin of its key lineages, however the ability to test hypotheses has been limited by a lack of sampling and phylogenetic information about the species, especially in the Caucasus region. First, we assessed the phylogenetic relationships of several poorly known, problematic, or newly described species and host-races of four genera of Orobancheae occurring in the Caucasus region-, , and -using nuclear ribosomal (ITS) and plastid () sequence data. Read More

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A revision of the Pontocaspian gastropods of the subfamily Caspiinae (Caenogastropoda: Hydrobiidae).

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 19;4933(2):zootaxa.4933.2.1. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Invertebrate Fauna and Systematics, Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, B. Khmelnytsky Str. 15, 01030 Kiev, Ukraine..

The Caspiinae comprise small gastropod species inhabiting low-salinity environments of the Pontocaspian region, specifically the Caspian Sea and the limans, estuaries and lower river reaches of the northern Black Sea Basin. There is considerable discrepancy in the literature as to which taxa are attributed to this hydrobiid subfamily, which of them are valid and what rank they have. Moreover, the generic classification is not agreed upon. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular phylogeny, historical biogeography and revised classification of andrenine bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Mar 16:107151. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0C6, Canada. Electronic address:

The mining bee subfamily Andreninae (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) is a widely distributed and diverse group of ground-nesting solitary bees, including numerous species known to be important pollinators. Most of the species diversity of Andreninae is concentrated in the mainly Holarctic genus Andrena, comprising ca. 1550 described species. Read More

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Molecular phylogenetics of sub-Saharan African natricine snakes, and the biogeographic origins of the Seychelles endemic Lycognathophis seychellensis.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Aug 17;161:107152. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK; Island Biodiversity and Conservation Centre, University of Seychelles, Mahé, Seychelles.

Phylogenetic relationships of sub-Saharan African natricine snakes are understudied and poorly understood, which in turn has precluded analyses of the historical biogeography of the Seychelles endemic Lycognathophis seychellensis. We inferred the phylogenetic relationships of Seychelles and mainland sub-Saharan natricines by analysing a multilocus DNA sequence dataset for three mitochondrial (mt) and four nuclear (nu) genes. The mainland sub-Saharan natricines and L. Read More

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Extended phylogeography of the ancestral supports preglacial presence in Europe and Mediterranean origin of morels.

Mycologia 2021 May-Jun;113(3):559-573. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

CEFE, CNRS, Université de Montpellier, Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier 3, EPHE, IRD, INSERM, 1919 route de Mende, F-34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Over 80 species are recognized in the commercially important genus , many of them endemic to specific regions or continents. Among them, and are the earliest diverging lineages and are key in decoding the evolutionary history, global biogeography, and ecological trends within this iconic genus. Early ancestral area reconstruction (AAR) tests postulated a western North American origin of morels but had not included in the analyses , whose phylogenetic identity remained at the time unresolved. Read More

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Evolutionary Sample Size and Consilience in Phylogenetic Comparative Analysis.

Syst Biol 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Earth Sciences, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.

Phylogenetic comparative methods (PCMs) are commonly used to study evolution and adaptation. However, frequently used PCMs for discrete traits mishandle single evolutionary transitions. They erroneously detect correlated evolution in these situations. Read More

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