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Probiotic and Antifungal Attributes of MYSN105, Isolated From an Indian Traditional Fermented Food Pozha.

Front Microbiol 2021 5;12:696267. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Departmen of Studies in Microbiology, University of Mysore, Mysuru, India.

The use of probiotics and antifungal capabilities of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from different niches is a strategy to prepare functional cultures and biopreservatives for food/feed industries. In the present study, LAB strains isolated from an Indian traditional fermented food, Pozha, were evaluated for their probiotic properties and biocontrol potential. A total of 20 LAB isolates were selected from Pozha samples collected aseptically and screened for their antagonistic activity against . Read More

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Applied mutagenesis could improve economically important traits in bitter gourd ( L.).

J Genet 2021 ;100

Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Vegetable Science, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur 741 252, India.

Mutants with unique characters have played a key role in discovery of gene, mapping, functional genomics and breeding in many vegetable crops, but information on bitter gourd is lacking. Induction of mutation by gamma rays (Co source) at five different doses (50 Gy, 100 Gy, 150 Gy, 200 Gy and 250 Gy) was studied in four widely divergent bitter gourd genotypes BG-1346501, Meghna-2, Special Boulder and Selection-1 in M generation. Reduction in seed germination percentage, vine length and pollen fertility occurred in M1 generation with the increasing doses of mutagens. Read More

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January 2021

Seed priming with endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain-specifically improves growth of Phaseolus vulgaris plants under normal and salinity conditions and exerts anti-stress effect through induced lignin deposition in roots and decreased oxidative and osmotic damages.

J Plant Physiol 2021 Aug 29;263:153462. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Photosynthesis Laboratory, Aburaihan Campus, University of Tehran, PC 3391653775 Pakdasht, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Bacillus subtilis is one of the non-pathogenic beneficial bacteria that promote plant growth and stress tolerance. In the present study, we revealed that seed priming with endophytic B. subtilis (strains 10-4, 26D) improved Phaseolus vulgaris L. Read More

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Use of plant growth-promoting bacteria to enhance salinity stress in soybean ( max L.) plants.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jul 27;28(7):3823-3834. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

University of Jeddah, College of Science, Department of Biology, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

The effects of three rhizobacterial isolates namely (M1), (M2) and (M3) were examined to enhance growth and chemical components such as chlorophyll and proline of three cultivars of soybean ( max L.) under two levels of salinity stress (S1 = 200 mM and S2 = 400 mM of NaCl salt). Several morphological and physiological parameters were investigated. Read More

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A heat-resistant intracellular laccase immobilized via cross-linked enzyme aggregate preparation: Characterization, application in bisphenol A removal and phytotoxicity evaluation.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 25;419:126480. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Elizade University, Ilara-Mokin, Ondo-State, Nigeria. Electronic address:

Aureobasidium pullulans laccase was immobilized via cross-linked enzyme aggregate (CLEA) and deployed in bisphenol-A (BPA) removal. The immobilization and BPA removal processes were mathematically modeled. The CLEA-treated BPA was evaluated for phytotoxicity. Read More

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Elevation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and essential amino acids in vacuum impregnation mediated germinated rice traced by MALDI imaging.

Food Chem 2021 Jun 17;365:130399. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Proteome and Metabolome Research, Faculty of Biology, Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec), Bielefeld, Germany.

Rice is known to contain limiting amino acids. Synthesis of GABA in plants is an adaptive response by initiating glutamic acid. A higher rate of GABA production was observed in samples enriched with glutamic acid and vacuum impregnation (VI) with longer germination time. Read More

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Evaluation of two microcosm systems for co-treatment of LDPE and lignocellulosic biomass for biochar production.

Biomater Res 2021 Jul 2;25(1):21. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Laboratorio de Microbiología Ambiental y de Suelos, Unidad de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (UNIDIA). Departamento de Microbiología. Facultad de Ciencias. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia.

Background: The co-transformation of solid waste of natural and anthropogenic origin can be carried out through solid-state-fermentation systems to obtain bio-products with higher added value and lower environmental impact.

Methods: To evaluate the effect of Pleurotus ostreatus on co-transformation of oxo-degradable low-density polyethylene (LDPE) sheets and lignocellulosic biomass (LCB), were assembled two 0.75 L microcosm systems in vertical (VMS) and horizontal (HMS) position. Read More

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[Growth and reproduction dynamics of different-aged artificial in sandy-hilly region of northwest Shanxi Province, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2021 Jun;32(6):2079-2088

College of Geographical Sciences, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041000, Shanxi, China.

The sandy-hilly region of northwest Shanxi is a typical fragile agro-pastoral ecotone in north China. With the artificial at 0 (the uncultivated land), 6, 12, 18, 40 and 50 years-old in the typical sandy-hilly region of northwest Shanxi as the subjects, we investigated soil moisture, aboveground and belowground biomass, individual morphological characteristics, growth, reproduction, and photosynthetic physiological characteristics of different-aged , with the aim to evaluate the long-term growth and reproductive dynamic characteristics of artificial The results showed that soil moisture was significantly affected by stand ages. Soil moisture was low under the 6-year-old plantation. Read More

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Comparative Study on Seed Characteristics, Antioxidant Activity, and Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents in Accessions of (L.) Moench.

Molecules 2021 Jun 29;26(13). Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghuh Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Sorghum is a major cereal food worldwide, and is considered a potential source of minerals and bioactive compounds. Its wide adaptive range may cause variations in its agronomic traits, antioxidant properties, and phytochemical content. This extensive study investigated variations in seed characteristics, antioxidant properties, and total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid contents (TFC) of sorghum collected from different ecological regions of 15 countries. Read More

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Effect of Propagation Systems and Indole-3-Butyric Acid Potassium Salt (K-IBA) Concentrations on the Propagation of Peach Rootstocks by Stem Cuttings.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Jun 6;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Horticultural Sciences Department, Indian River Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Fort Pierce, FL 34945, USA.

Traditionally, peach rootstocks are propagated by seeds due to their high availability, low cost, and easy storage and handling. However, stem cuttings allow the propagation of interspecific hybrids and keep the genetic uniformity of heterozygous genotypes. This study compared the effect of four different concentrations of K-IBA (indole-3-butyric acid potassium salt) on softwood cuttings of three peach backcrosses (peach × (peach × almond)) for rootstock propagation in two propagation systems: aeroponics and germination trays. Read More

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Integration of Ultrasound into the Development of Plant-Based Protein Hydrolysate and Its Bio-Stimulatory Effect for Growth of Wheat Grain Seedlings In Vivo.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Jun 28;10(7). Epub 2021 Jun 28.

JSC Nando, 53341 Kaunas, Lithuania.

This study was dedicated to increasing the efficiency of producing plant-based protein hydrolysate using traditional and non-traditional treatments. Low- and high frequency ultrasound (US) at different intensities were applied to corn steep liquor (CSL) at 50 °C for 30 min, and enzymatic hydrolysis was performed using industrially produced alkaline protease. The efficiency of US and enzymatic treatments was characterized by protein solubility (soluble protein (SP) content, hydrolyzed protein (HP) concentration, and free amino acid (FAA) profile) and kinetic parameters: Michaelis-Menten constant (KM) and apparent breakdown rate constant (kA). Read More

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A Comparative Study of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Plant Essential Oils and Extracts as Candidate Ingredients for Edible Coatings to Control Decay in 'Wonderful' Pomegranate.

Molecules 2021 Jun 2;26(11). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

SARChI Postharvest Technology Research Laboratory, Africa Institute for Postharvest Technology, Faculty of AgriSciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch 7600, South Africa.

This study determined the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of lemongrass (LO), thyme (TO), and oregano (OO) essential oils and ethanolic extracts of pomegranate peel (PPE) and grape pomace (GPE) as candidate ingredients for edible coatings. Antifungal effects against   and spp. were tested using paper disc and well diffusion methods. Read More

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Modulation of salinity impact on early seedling stage via nano-priming application of zinc oxide on rapeseed (Brassica napus L.).

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Jun 15;166:376-392. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

MOA Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River, College of Plant Science & Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address:

Salinity stress negatively affects the plant's developmental stages through micronutrient imbalance. As an essential micronutrient, ZnO can substitute Na absorption under saline conditions. Therefore, nanoparticles as technological innovation, improve the plant growth efficiency under biotic and abiotic stresses. Read More

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Effect of ultrasound pretreatment on the functional and antioxidant properties of fermented and germinated Lupin protein isolates grafted with glucose.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty Engineering, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Background: This study examined the functional and antioxidant properties of Maillard reaction (MR) products of lupin protein isolate (LPI), fermented (FLPI), and germinated (GLPI) with glucose (G), treated with ultrasound (US) at different power levels (20-40-60-80%) for 15 min. The MR was conducted in a water bath for 180 min at 90 °C.

Results: The Trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) values were found to be 46. Read More

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Effect of plant origin and phenological stage on the allelopathic activity of the invasive species Oxalis pes-caprae.

Am J Bot 2021 06 14;108(6):971-979. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Centre for Functional Ecology (CFE)-Science for People & the Planet, 3000-456, Coimbra, Portugal.

Premise: Invasion processes involve several mechanisms, some of which have received little attention. Allelopathy has been invoked as an invasion driver according to the novel weapon hypothesis (NWH), and polyploidization can also be an important factor for invasion success. However, very few studies have addressed both topics together. Read More

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A Physiological behavior and tolerance of Lactuca sativa to lead nitrate and silver nitrate heavy metals.

Braz J Biol 2021 4;82:e237604. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Centro Universitário Cesmac, Programa de Pós-graduação em Análise de Sistemas Ambientais, Maceió, AL. Brasil.

This study goal to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of lead (Pb) and silver (Ag) on germination, initial growth and anatomical alterations of Lactuca sativa L. Plants use various mechanisms to reduce the impacts caused by anthropic action, such as xenobiotic elements of soils and water contaminated by heavy metals. These metals were supplied as lead nitrate and silver nitrate and the following treatments were established: control for both metals, maximum dose of heavy metals, for arable soils, allowed by the National Council of the Environment (Ag = 25 mg. Read More

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Phenotypic, molecular, and virulence characterization of entomopathogenic fungi, (Balsam) Vuillemin, and (Metschn.) Sorokin from soil samples of Ethiopia for the development of mycoinsecticide.

Heliyon 2021 May 22;7(5):e07091. Epub 2021 May 22.

College of Natural Science, Microbial, Cellular, and Molecular Biology Program Unit, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Fungal entomopathogens are the most effective biocontrol agents against insect pests in the natural ecosystem. This study was conducted for phenotypic, molecular, and virulence characterization of locally isolated entomopathogenic fungi from soil samples of six localities in Ethiopia. Entomopathogenic fungi were isolated from 120 soil samples with the baiting method. Read More

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Changes in Reproductive Traits in ; An Unexpected Shift Toward Self-Incompatibility in a Domesticated Annual Fruit Crop.

Front Plant Sci 2021 21;12:658406. Epub 2021 May 21.

Departamento de Botánica y Zoología, Instituto de Botánica, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Zapopan, Mexico.

Domestication is an evolutionary process with an impact on plant reproduction. Many domesticated plants are self-compatible (i.e. Read More

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Extracellular Antifungal Activity of Chitinase-Producing Bacteria Isolated From Guano of Insectivorous Bats.

Curr Microbiol 2021 Jul 4;78(7):2787-2798. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

PROIMI, CONICET, Av. Belgrano Y Pje. Caseros, 4000, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.

A reduction in the use of agrochemicals requires the development of either alternatives or complementary control methods in order to limit their dangerousness. An alternative is the biological control of fungi by bacteria. The fungal cell wall is a unique structure of the fungi, composed of glucan, chitin, and glycoproteins. Read More

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Debittering effect of partially purified proteases from soybean seedlings on soybean protein isolate hydrolysate produced by alcalase.

Food Chem 2021 Nov 25;362:130190. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Food Sciences and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China; Center for Disease Prevention and Control of Southern Theatre Command of PLA, Guangdong Arbovirus Disease Emergency Technology Research Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510507, China. Electronic address:

To explore the potential application of proteases from soybean seedlings in the debittering of soybean protein hydrolysates, soybean seeds were germinated from 1 to 10 days. It was found that the sixth day seedlings exhibited highest proteases activity (130 U/g). After partial purification, the activity of proteases (PSP) from the sixth day seedlings further increased to 2675 U/g. Read More

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November 2021

UHPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS Metabolite Profiling of the Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Activities of Red Cabbage and Broccoli Seeds and Sprouts.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 26;10(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Gangwon-do, Korea.

The antioxidant and antidiabetic properties and metabolite profiling of ethanol extracts of red cabbage (RC) and broccoli (BR) seeds and sprouts were investigated in this study. The total phenolic, flavonoid, and saponin contents were in the ranges of 385.4-480. Read More

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Growth-promoting effects of Bradyrhizobium soybean symbionts in black oats, white oats, and ryegrass.

Braz J Microbiol 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Departamento de Solos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 7712, Porto Alegre, RS, CEP 91540-000, Brazil.

Although inoculating soybean with rhizobia for biological nitrogen fixation is a common practice in agriculture, rhizobia are also known to associate with grasses. In this study, we evaluate the potential utility of the rhizobial strains SEMIA 587 and 5019 (Bradyrhizobium elkanii), 5079 (Bradyrhizobium japonicum), and 5080 (Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens), recommended for Brazilian soybean inoculation, in colonizing black oat plants and promoting growth in black and white oats, and ryegrass. Inoculation of white oats with SEMIA 587 increase the seed germination (SG) by 32. Read More

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Influence of sawdust addition on the toxic effects of cadmium and copper oxide nanoparticles on Vigna radiata seeds.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 5;289:117311. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Plant Bioscience, College of Natural Resources and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, 50463, Republic of Korea.

Studies in the literature concern the toxicity of nanoparticles either in a Petri dish or in agar media-based tests. Therefore, for environmental relevance, individual and binary mixtures of metal oxide nanoparticles (M-NPs) cadmium oxide (CdO-NP) and copper oxide (CuO-NP) were tested in this study for their effect on Vigna radiata in soil with and without the addition of sawdust. Seed germination was 67% in 100 mg CuO-NP in soil without sawdust. Read More

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Oilseed rape (Brassica napus): the importance of aminopeptidases in germination under normal and heavy metals stress conditions.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Organic Chemistry, Bioorganic Chemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland.

Background: Oilseed rape is one of the most important oilseed crops worldwide, crucial in the food and feed industries. Different environment and climatic conditions can influence its sustainable cultivation and crop yield. Aminopeptidases are crucial enzymes in many physiological processes in all organisms, including humans, so it is important to learn their behavior in food and feed sources. Read More

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Green and chemically synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles: effects on seedlings and callus cultures of and evaluation of their antimicrobial and anticancer potential.

Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 2021 Dec;49(1):450-460

Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) have been produced by physical and chemical methods. Here, the comparative evaluation of both chemically-synthesised ZnO-NPs (C-ZNPs) and cultured mediated green-synthesised ZnO-NPs (G-ZNPs) were investigated on seed germination frequency, root and shoot growth, callus induction and biochemical profile of medicinally important plant . Of all the treatments, callus-mediated ZnO-NPs gave optimum results for seed germination (65%), plantlet's root length (4. Read More

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December 2021

Maternal effects strengthen interactions of temperature and precipitation, determining seed germination of dominant alpine grass species.

Am J Bot 2021 05 14;108(5):798-810. Epub 2021 May 14.

Institute of Botany, Czech Academy of Sciences, Průhonice, Czech Republic.

Premise: Despite the existence of many studies on the responses of plant species to climate change, there is a knowledge gap on how specific climatic factors and their interactions regulate seed germination in alpine species. This understanding is complicated by the interplay between responses of seeds to the environment experienced during germination, the environment experienced by the maternal plant during seed development and genetic adaptations of the maternal plant to its environment of origin.

Methods: The study species (Anthoxanthum alpinum, A. Read More

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Seed dispersal by carnivores in temperate and tropical dry forests.

Ecol Evol 2021 May 9;11(9):3794-3807. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Departamento de Ecología y Recursos Naturales Centro Universitario de la Costa Sur Universidad de Guadalajara Autlán de Navarro Mexico.

The seed dispersal mechanisms and regeneration of various forest ecosystems can benefit from the actions of carnivores via endozoochory. This study was aimed to evaluate the role of carnivores in endozoochory and diploendozoochory, as well as their effect on seed viability, scarification, and germination in two forest ecosystems: temperate and tropical dry forest. We collected carnivore scat in the Protected Natural Area of Sierra Fría in Aguascalientes, Mexico, for 2 years to determine the abundance and richness of seeds dispersed by each carnivore species, through scat analysis. Read More

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Changes in physicochemical, nutritional characteristics and ATR-FTIR molecular interactions of cereal grains during germination.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Jun 27;58(6):2313-2324. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab 143005 India.

The cereal grains such as wheat, barley, sorghum, millets were evaluated before and after germination (24 h, 48 h and 72 h) and compared for their proximate composition, antioxidant activity, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, pasting properties, in vitro starch digestibility and FTIR spectroscopy. Germination inversely affected the protein, fat, and ash content of different cereal grains. The germinated flours have less water content and higher oil absorption capacities along with reduced starch content. Read More

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Evaluation of Postharvest Drying, Key Odorants, and Phytotoxins in Plai () Essential Oil.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 May 7;69(19):5500-5509. Epub 2021 May 7.

Agrotechnology and Rural Development Division, CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology (NEIST), Jorhat, Assam 785006, India.

Plai or cassumunar ginger (), mainly distributed in tropical Asia, is an essential oil-bearing rhizomatous crop belonging to the Zingiberaceae family. Rhizomes and essential oil of this herb are used in culinary as flavoring agents, traditional medicines, and aromatherapy. In this study, the effect of different postharvest drying methods (air-, oven-drying at 40 and 60 °C, sun-, microwave-, and freeze-drying) of its sliced rhizome on the essential oil yield, composition, and sensory quality was investigated. Read More

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Synergistic Effect of Methyl Jasmonate and Abscisic Acid Co-Treatment on Avenanthramide Production in Germinating Oats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 30;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Biological Resource Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Jeongeup 56212, Korea.

The oat ( L.) is a grain of the Poaceae grass family and contains many powerful anti-oxidants, including avenanthramides as phenolic alkaloids with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-itch, anti-irritant, and anti-atherogenic activities. Here, the treatment of germinating oats with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) or abscisic acid (ABA) resulted in 2. Read More

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