72 results match your criteria higher st-5

Long-term prognosis of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy with a 5-year remission after an initial combination therapy.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Sep 21;35:102453. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Departments of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi.

Purpose: To investigate the visual prognosis of patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) with a 5-year remission after an initial combination therapy involving photodynamic therapy (PDT) and intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) or aflibercept injection (IVA).

Methods: Medical records of 69 consecutive patients with PCV treated with PDT with IVR/IVA were retrospectively reviewed, and 17 eyes were identified with a 5-year remission after the initial combination therapy. The eyes that did not require additional treatment during the 1-5 year were assigned to the remission group and the eyes requiring additional treatment during the 1-5 year were assigned to the recurrence group. Read More

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September 2021

Salad Bars and Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Title I Elementary Schools.

Health Behav Policy Rev 2020 Oct;7(5):461-472

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States.

Objective: Despite widespread support for salad bars as a means to increase fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake within the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), empirical support for their use is limited. This cross-sectional study examined associations between salad bar access and F&V selection and consumption in Title I elementary schools in Virginia serving universal free meals.

Methods: Three matched pairs of schools (3 with salad bars; 3 without [control]) were randomly selected. Read More

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October 2020

Saudi Arabian nurses' workaholic tendencies and their predictive role in professional quality of life.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.

Purpose: To determine whether nurses' workaholic tendencies and demographic variables predict their professional quality of life.

Design: A cross-sectional design was utilized among 427 Saudi nurses which conveniently selected in four tertiary public hospitals in Saudi Arabia.

Findings: Nurses' have higher workaholic tendencies level and moderate professional quality of life levels. Read More

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Comparison of complication profiles for femoral neck, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric geriatric hip fractures.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine At UCLA, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, 76-143 CHS, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-6902, USA.

Introduction: Most geriatric hip fractures occur in the femoral neck (FN) and intertrochanteric (IT) regions of the femur, while a minority occur in the subtrochanteric (ST) region. Relative outcomes based on the anatomical subtype of fracture are not well studied. This study characterizes postoperative complications and outcomes of hip fractures distinguished by anatomic region. Read More

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Triggering factors associated with a new episode of recurrent acute anterior uveitis.

Sci Rep 2021 06 9;11(1):12156. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2 Wanglang Road, Bangkok Noi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand.

To identify triggering factors for the next inflammatory episode of recurrent acute anterior uveitis (RAAU), a 1:1 case-control study was conducted. We interviewed RAAU patients with recent acute anterior uveitis attack and quiescent controls for their information during a previous month using Srithanya Stress Test (ST-5) and questionnaires about potential triggering factors. Asymptomatic controls were matched for age (± 5 years), sex, and HLA-B27. Read More

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Effective Microorganisms (EM) Improve Internal Organ Morphology, Intestinal Morphometry and Serum Biochemical Activity in Japanese Quails under Challenge.

Molecules 2021 May 8;26(9). Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pathological Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego St. 13, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

The effect of effective microorganisms (EM) on internal organ morphology, intestinal morphometry, and serum biochemical activity in Japanese quails under challenge was determined. After 30 days of EM addition, one group of quails was orally inoculated with . The second group did not receive EM and was inoculated with . Read More

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Long-Term Effect of Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Irradiation in Water and Isotonic Aqueous Solutions as Studied by Photoluminescence from Polymer Membrane.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

"Concern GRANIT", Gogolevsky Blvd., 31, Bldg. 2, 119019 Moscow, Russia.

The swelling of a polymer membrane Nafion in deionized water and isotonic NaCl and Ringer's solutions was studied by photoluminescent spectroscopy. According to our previous studies, the surface of this membrane could be considered as a model for a cellular surface. Liquid samples, in which the membrane was soaked, were subjected to preliminary electromagnetic treatment, which consisted of irradiating these samples with electric rectangular pulses of 1 µs duration using platinum electrodes immersed in the liquid. Read More

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Occult primary Sjögren Syndrome in patients with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features.

Respir Med 2021 06 20;182:106405. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

María Ferrer Hospital, Interstitial Lung Disease Unit, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Introduction/objectives: To define the performance of Minor Salivary Gland Biopsy (MSGB) and Dry Eye Tests (DET) to detect occult Sjögren Syndrome (SS) among Interstitial Pneumonia with Autoimmune Features (IPAF) patients.

Methods: Prospective study. Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) patients without defined Connective Tissue Disease and one or more IPAF classification domains or xerophthalmia were included. Read More

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Influence of TOPO and TOPO-CdSe/ZnS Quantum Dots on Luminescence Photodynamics of InP/InAsP/InPHeterostructure Nanowires.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Mar 5;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Alferov University, Khlopinast. 8/3, 194021 St. Petersburg, Russia.

The passivation influence by ligands coverage with trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and TOPO including colloidal CdSe/ZnS quantum dots (QDs) on optical properties of the semiconductor heterostructure, namely an array of InP nanowires (NWs) with InAsP nanoinsertion grown by Au-assisted molecular beam epitaxy on Si (111) substrates, was investigated. A significant dependence of the photoluminescence (PL) dynamics of the InAsP insertions on the ligand type was shown, which was associated with the changes in the excitation translation channels in the heterostructure. This change was caused by a different interaction of the ligand shells with the surface of InP NWs, which led to the formation of different interfacial low-energy states at the NW-ligand boundary, such as surface-localized antibonding orbitals and hybridized states that were energetically close to the radiating state and participate in the transfer of excitation. Read More

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Diagnostic value of Xpert Bladder Cancer Monitor in the follow-up of patients affected by non-muscle invasive bladder cancer: an update.

Ther Adv Urol 2021 Jan-Dec;13:1756287221997183. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Urology, Bolzano General Hospital, Lorenz Böhler St 5, Bolzano, 39100, Italy.

Aims: Xpert Bladder Cancer Monitor is a urinary marker based on the evaluation of five target mRNAs overexpressed in patients with bladder cancer (BC). The aim of our study is to update our results regarding the diagnostic accuracy of the Xpert Bladder Cancer Monitor test in the follow-up of patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).

Methods: We conducted a prospective study on 1015 samples of 416 patients (mean age 72. Read More

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Characteristics and Welfare of Long-Term Shelter Dogs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jan 15;11(1). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Institute of Animal Welfare Science, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vetmeduni Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

To identify characteristics that distinguish long-term (LT: stay > 1 year) from short-term shelter dogs (ST: ≤5 months) and to investigate if a long-term stay impairs welfare, we compared ST and LT dogs in Austrian no-kill shelters. Analyses including characteristics such as breed, sex, or age (shelter records), problem behaviour, and personality (questionnaires completed by staff) showed that LT dogs were significantly more often a "dangerous breed", male, and older when admitted to the shelter. They were rated higher on "aggression" and "high arousal" and lower on the personality dimension "amicability". Read More

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January 2021

Clinical characteristics and molecular analysis of USA300 and ST 764 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from outpatients in Japan by PCR-Based open reading frame typing.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Mar 1;27(3):466-472. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, University of Yamanashi Hospital, 1110, Shimokato, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan; Department of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, 1110, Shimokato, Chuo-shi, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: USA300 is the most common community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain. Sequence type (ST) 764 MRSA is a new local variant of the ST 5 lineage. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of USA300 and ST 764 infections among outpatients in Japan. Read More

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Reduced gastrointestinal worm burden following long term parasite control improves body condition and fertility in beef cows.

Vet Parasitol 2020 Sep 30;287:109259. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to compare effects of gastrointestinal parasite control over a long vs short term (PC-LT vs. PC-ST) on fecal parasite load, body condition and pregnancy in beef cows. On Day 0, fecal samples were collected from Angus cross cows (n = 1462) and they were assigned a body condition score (BCS: 1, emaciated; 9, Obese) and randomly divided into two groups (within location) to receive extended-release eprinomectin [PC-LT; n = 749; 50 mg/50 kg body weight (BW)] or pour-on ivermectin (PC-ST; n = 713; 25 mg/50 kg BW). Read More

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September 2020

ANAMMOX-denitrification biomass in microbial fuel cell to enhance the electricity generation and nitrogen removal efficiency.

Biodegradation 2020 12 3;31(4-6):249-264. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India.

The inoculum biomass was collected from a pilot-scale (3 m process tank) nitritation-anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) (deammonification moving bed biofilm (DeaMBBR)) reactor demonstrating the highest total nitrogen removal rate (TNRR) of 0.33 kg N m day. This biomass was used for inoculating the anodic chamber of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) to investigate the capacity of DeaMBBR biomass to act as an exo-electrogenic consortia. Read More

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December 2020

Lensless Scheme for Measuring Laser Aberrations Based on Computer-Generated Holograms.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Aug 2;20(15). Epub 2020 Aug 2.

Laser and Optoelectronic Systems Department, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2nd Baumanskaya st. 5/1, 105005 Moscow, Russia.

All of the existing holographic wavefront sensors are either bulky or have low accuracy of measuring wavefront aberrations. In this paper, we present an improvement of the holographic method of measuring wavefront aberrations using computer-generated Fourier holograms. The novelty of this work lies in the proposed approach to the synthesis of Fourier holograms, which are implemented using phase-only SLM. Read More

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Surgical Trainee Experience with Open Cholecystectomy and the Dunning-Kruger Effect.

J Surg Educ 2020 Sep - Oct;77(5):1076-1081. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of General and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Connolly Hospital, Blanchardstown, Dublin, Ireland; Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address:

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard approach to gallbladder surgery, but open cholecystectomy retains a role in complex cases.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate exposure of senior trainees in general surgery to open cholecystectomy and their experience and confidence in independent performance.

Methods: General surgical trainees on a higher surgical training programme from surgical training years 5 (ST 5) to 8 (ST8) were invited to partake in an online anonymous survey. Read More

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Schirmer test results: are they associated with topical or systemic medication?

Ocul Surf 2020 01 14;18(1):141-147. Epub 2019 Nov 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Purpose: To test whether Schirmer test (ST) results are associated with topical or systemic medication and to evaluate the distribution of tear fluid quantity in a 3-min and 5-min ST.

Methods: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based, prospective, observational cohort study in Germany. ST was assessed in a sub-cohort of 1,999 participants. Read More

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January 2020

Do agricultural environments increase the reproductive success of White Stork Ciconia ciconia populations in South-Western Poland?

Sci Total Environ 2020 Feb 2;702:134503. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

Nicolaus Copernicus University, Department of Ecology and Biogeography, Lwowska St. 1, PL 87-100 Toruń, Poland. Electronic address:

As populations of White Stork Ciconia ciconia have decreased at different rates in Europe, the specific environmental drivers that influence breeding success are a matter of controversy. Here we use body size, blood, and environmental data of a total of 1226 stork nestlings of different ages from a total of 363 nests in three different habitats (meadows, forest-edges, open agricultural landscapes) in S-W Poland to ask whether: 1) natural grassland environments increase the reproductive output in comparison with agricultural landscapes, 2) nestlings from agricultural landscapes differ in health status from nestlings in more natural habitats, 3) differences in environmental stress translate into respective differences in reproductive output and health status of nestlings. There was no significant difference in age corrected body mass and in the temporal increase in nestling mass between the study sites. Read More

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February 2020

Advanced airway training in the UK: A national survey of senior anesthetic trainees.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2019 Jul-Sep;35(3):326-334

University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, CV2 2DX, UK.

Background And Aims: High-quality training in advanced airway skills is imperative to ensure safe anesthetic care and develop future airway specialists. Modern airway management skills are continually evolving in response to advancing technology and developing research. Therefore, it is of concern that training provisions and trainee competencies remain current and effective. Read More

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September 2019

Kinetics of Flavoenzyme-Catalyzed Reduction of Tirapazamine Derivatives: Implications for Their Prooxidant Cytotoxicity.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Sep 17;20(18). Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Department of Xenobiotics Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry of Vilnius University, Saulėtekio 7, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Derivatives of tirapazamine and other heteroaromatic oxides (ArN→O) exhibit promising antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and tumoricidal activities. Their action is typically attributed to bioreductive activation and free radical generation. In this work, we aimed to clarify the mechanism(s) of aerobic mammalian cell cytotoxicity of ArN→O performing the parallel studies of their reactions with NADPH:cytochrome P-450 reductase (P-450R), adrenodoxin reductase/adrenodoxin (ADR/ADX), and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1); we found that in P-450R and ADR/ADX-catalyzed single-electron reduction, the reactivity of ArN→O ( = 9) increased with their single-electron reduction midpoint potential (), and correlated with the reactivity of quinones. Read More

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September 2019

Microbiological and clinical characteristics of cryptococcemia: a retrospective analysis of 85 cases in a Chinese hospital.

Med Mycol 2020 Jun;58(4):478-484

Department of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Cryptococcemia is a life-threatening fungal infection. Sometimes, it is hard to diagnose. The studies to describe the characteristics of cryptococcemia specifically were limited. Read More

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Stress and craving reduction under treatment with heart rate variability biofeedback and the Phramongkutklao model among patients with alcohol use disorder.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2019 6;12:619-627. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Department of Psychology and Neurology, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background And Objective: Stress is an environmental cue, which may lead to increased alcohol craving, and vulnerability to relapse. Heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback, a supplement standard for inpatient rehabilitation, has been applied for treatment and has been shown to effectively reduce craving and anxiety, increase HRV, and improve vasomotor function, among patients who have alcohol dependence problems. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of HRV biofeedback and the Phramongkutklao model (PMK model) as an intensive inpatient rehabilitation program concerning stress and craving reduction of inpatients with alcohol use disorder. Read More

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Synthesis and in vitro anticancer activity of new gemcitabine-nucleoside analogue dimers containing methyltriazole or ester-methyltriazole linker.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2019 09 3;29(18):2587-2594. Epub 2019 Aug 3.

Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego St 8, 61-614 Poznań, Poland. Electronic address:

Two series of novel gemcitabine-nucleoside analogue dimers were synthesized using the 'click' chemistry approach. In the first series of dimers (21-30), the nucleoside units were connected with a stable methyltriazole 4N-3'(or 5')C linker whereas in the second series (31-40) with a cleavable ester-methyltriazole 4N-3'(or 5')C linker. Dimers 21-40 were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in five human cancer cell lines such as cervical (HeLa), nasopharyngeal (KB), lung (A549), brain (U87), liver (HepG2) and normal dermal fibroblast cell line (HDF) using the sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay. Read More

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September 2019

DNA-based predictive models for the presence of freckles.

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2019 09 30;42:252-259. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology of the Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa St. 7A, 30-387 Kraków, Poland; Central Forensic Laboratory of the Police, Aleje Ujazdowskie 7, 00-583 Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address:

Freckles or ephelides are hyperpigmented spots observed on skin surface mainly in European and Asian populations. Easy recognition and external visibility make prediction of ephelides, the potentially useful target in the field of forensic DNA phenotyping. Prediction of freckles would be a step forward in sketching the physical appearance of unknown perpetrators or decomposed cadavers for the forensic DNA intelligence purposes. Read More

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September 2019

Triethylene glycol-like effects of ( (L.) Dunal) root extract devoid of withanolides in stressed mice.

Ayu 2018 Oct-Dec;39(4):230-238

Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology (Formerly Department of Pharmaceutics), Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The objective of the study is to compare stress resistance-promoting effect of triethylene glycol (TEG) and root extract of ( ) i.e. withanolide-free root extract of (WFWS). Read More

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Differentiation of treatment-related changes from tumour progression: a direct comparison between dynamic FET PET and ADC values obtained from DWI MRI.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2019 Aug 15;46(9):1889-1901. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Following brain cancer treatment, the capacity of anatomical MRI to differentiate neoplastic tissue from treatment-related changes (e.g., pseudoprogression) is limited. Read More

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Effects of Qigong practice in office workers with chronic non-specific low back pain: A randomized control trial.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2019 Apr 12;23(2):375-381. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the effects of Qigong practice, Guan Yin Zi Zai Gong level 1, compared with a waiting list control group among office workers with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP).

Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted at offices in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Seventy-two office workers with CNLBP were screened for inclusion/exclusion criteria (age 20-40 years; sitting period more than 4 h per day) and were allocated randomly into two groups: the Qigong and waiting list groups (n = 36 each). Read More

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Potential role of host defense antimicrobial peptide resistance in increased virulence of health care-associated MRSA strains of sequence type (ST) 5 versus livestock-associated and community-associated MRSA strains of ST72.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2019 Feb 30;62:13-18. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Bioresources and Bioscience, Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The most significant community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) in Korea is sequence type (ST) 72 with staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type IV (ST72-MRSA-IV). Although the impact of CA-MRSA on the clinical outcomes versus healthcare-associated (HA)-MRSA remains unclear, it has recently been revealed that ST5 HA-MRSA-II is associated with higher mortality compared with ST72 CA-MRSA-IV, suggesting higher virulence in ST5 HA-MRSA-II strains. In this investigation, human-/animal-originated ST72-MRSA-IV strains were examined for virulence phenotypes and compared with those of ST5-MRSA-II strains, the established HA-MRSA in Korea. Read More

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February 2019

Content of fatty acids in a diet and the homocysteine levels in women with fertility disorders.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett 2018 Mar;39(1):56-64

Department of Clinical Dietetics, Medical University of Warsaw, Ciołka St. 27, 01-445 Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: Assessment of the effects of consumption of fatty acids on the homocysteine levels in women with fertility disorders.

Methods And Results: The study included 286 women at the age between 23 and 46 years (the mean 33.13±4. Read More

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Pulsed electric field-assisted sensitization of multidrug-resistant Candida albicans to antifungal drugs.

Future Microbiol 2018 04 11;13:535-546. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Institute of High Magnetic Fields, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Naugarduko St 41, 03227 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Aim: Determine the influence of pH on the inactivation efficiency of Candida albicans in pulsed electric fields (PEF) and evaluate the possibilities for sensitization of a drug-resistant strain to antifungal drugs.

Materials & Methods: The effects of PEF (2.5-25 kVcm) with fluconazole, terbinafine and naftifine were analyzed at a pH range of 3. Read More

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