63,616 results match your criteria higher bmi


Contemporary antiretrovirals and body-mass index: a prospective study of the RESPOND cohort consortium.

Lancet HIV 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

ViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle, NC, USA.

Background: Weight gain effects of individual antiretroviral drugs are not fully understood. We investigated associations between a prespecified clinically significant increase (>7%) in body-mass index (BMI) and contemporary antiretroviral use.

Methods: The International Cohort Consortium of Infectious Diseases (RESPOND) is a prospective, multicohort collaboration, including data from 17 well established cohorts and over 29 000 people living with HIV. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical outcomes of patients with and without HIV hospitalized with COVID-19 in England during the early stages of the pandemic: a matched retrospective multi-centre analysis (RECEDE-C19 study).

HIV Med 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Global Health, UCL, London, UK.

Background: The contribution of HIV to COVID-19 outcomes in hospitalized inpatients remains unclear. We conducted a multi-centre, retrospective matched cohort study of SARS-CoV-2 PCR-positive hospital inpatients analysed by HIV status.

Methods: HIV-negative patients were matched to people living with HIV (PLWH) admitted from 1 February 2020 to 31 May 2020 up to a 3:1 ratio by the following: hospital site, SARS-CoV-2 test date ± 7 days, age ± 5 years, gender, and index of multiple deprivation decile ± 1. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of isoenergetic intake of irregular meal patterns on thermogenesis, glucose metabolism and appetite: a randomized controlled trial.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

MRC/ARUK Centre for Musculoskeletal Ageing Research, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Division of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.

Background: Evidence is emerging that inter-daily meal pattern variability potentially impacts on response such as thermic effect of food (TEF), macronutrient metabolism and appetite.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of irregular meal pattern on TEF, glucose, insulin, lipid profile and appetite regulation in females with overweight or obesity and confirmed insulin resistance.

Design: In a randomized crossover trial, 9 females [mean±SD BMI: 33. Read More

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September 2021

Opioid-free anesthesia compared to opioid anesthesia for lung cancer patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: A randomized controlled study.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257279. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Anesthesia, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, PR China.

Background: Reducing intra-operative opioid consumption benefits patients by decreasing postoperative opioid-related adverse events. We assessed whether opioid-free anesthesia would provide effective analgesia-antinociception monitored by analgesia index in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

Methods: Patients (ASA Ⅰ-Ⅱ, 18-65 years old, BMI <30 kg m-2) scheduled to undergo video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under general anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups to receive opioid-free anesthesia (group OFA) with dexmedetomidine, sevoflurane plus thoracic paravertebral blockade or opioid-based anesthesia (group OA) with remifentanil, sevoflurane, and thoracic paravertebral blockade. Read More

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September 2021

Determinants of endothelial dysfunction in non-critically ill hospitalized COVID-19 patients: a cross-sectional study.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To identify determinants of endothelial dysfunction in patients hospitalized due to acute COVID-19.

Methods: We cross-sectionally studied 109 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in non-critical status. Clinical data (age, sex, comorbidities, and medications) and body mass index (BMI) were assessed. Read More

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September 2021

A novel, simple, and accurate pulse oximetry indicator for screening adult obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep Breath 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Akonic SA, Av. Gral. Mosconi 2886, 1419, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: The objective of the study was to develop a multiparametric oximetry indicator (IMp-SpO2) to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea in adults.

Material And Method: This was an observational, retrospective study of diagnostic accuracy. We included adults who had had a diagnostic polysomnography with few artifacts and a total sleep time of at least 180 min in the sleep laboratory. Read More

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September 2021

Changes of body composition among university students depending on the consumption frequency of selected bakery products.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2021 ;72(3):281-290

Slovak University of Agriculture, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic.

Background. Bakery products such as bread, rolls, croissants and others are an important part of eating habits. Recently, their consumption has been associated with an undesirable increase and prevalence of overweight or obesity. Read More

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January 2021

Maternal sensitivity and intrusiveness in early childhood as predictors of children's weight at school age.

Pediatr Obes 2021 Sep 23:e12842. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: While previous research indicates that low maternal sensitivity in mother-child interactions puts children at risk of overweight and obesity, maternal intrusiveness has rarely been investigated in association with children's weight. We investigated whether maternal sensitivity and intrusiveness in early childhood predict children's increased body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) at school age. BMI-SDS are standardized for age and gender with respect to a reference standard. Read More

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September 2021

Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk of hepatic fibrosis in individuals with obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Objective: This study assessed the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with advanced fibrosis prevalence in adults with overweight or obesity in the United States.

Methods: Participants (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [NHANES] 2015-2016 database) included 834 middle-aged patients with DM (21.7%) and 3,007 without DM (78. Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of elasticity values in normal and gestational diabetic pregnancies in the third trimester.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Sep 23:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Women and Children Disease Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Placental elasticity was compared by using Shear wave elastography (SWE) in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with and without insulin to non-diabetic controls. Three groups were created as follows: Group 1 ( = 79, GDM with insulin therapy), Group 2 ( = 90, GDM with only diet) and Group 3 ( = 150, healthy controls) All patients were above 36 gestational weeks with anterior placenta. Clinical trial number was also received (NCT04455880). Read More

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September 2021

Within-subject variation in the Cognitive Timed Up and Go test as an explanatory variable in fall risk in patients with parkinson's disease.

J Rehabil Med 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Physical Education and Sport, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Spain.

Objective: To explore the use of within-subject variation in the Cognitive Timed Up and Go test (Cognitive TUGwsv) as an explanatory variable in fall risk in the Parkinson's disease population.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Fifty-three patients with Parkinson's disease completed 3 trials of the Cognitive TUGwsv. Read More

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September 2021

The short physical performance battery and incident heart failure among older women: the OPACH study.

Am J Prev Cardiol 2021 Dec 20;8:100247. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Objective: Reduced functional capacity is a hallmark of early pre-clinical stages of heart failure (HF). The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a valid measure of lower extremity physical function, has relatively low implementation burden, and is associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the SPPB-HF association is understudied in older women among whom HF burden is high. Read More

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December 2021

Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring Does Not Decrease New Postoperative Neurological Deficits in Patients With Cervical Radiculopathy or Spondylotic Myelopathy Undergoing One or Two Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion.

Iowa Orthop J 2021 ;41(1):95-102

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: Intraoperative neurological monitoring (IONM) is commonly used in spine surgery. However, the utility of IONM in anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) remains a topic of debate. The purpose of the study was to investigate the utility and cost of IONM (both Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and Motor Evoked Potentials (Tc-MEPs)) in reducing postoperative neurological deficits in myelopathic and non-myelopathic patients undergoing ACDF. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of Yoga on Blood Pressure in Prehypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

ScientificWorldJournal 2021 13;2021:4039364. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Sikkim Manipal University, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok-737102, India.

Introduction: Prehypertension is a precursor for developing hypertension and is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Yoga therapy may have a role in lowering the blood pressures in prehypertension and hypertension. This systematic review aims to synthesize the available literature for the same. Read More

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September 2021

Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in a Group of Sub-Saharan African Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

J Inflamm Res 2021 15;14:4643-4649. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Health and Human Development Research Network, Douala, Cameroon.

Background: Studies report high levels of inflammatory markers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), reflecting chronic low-grade inflammation. This inflammation is thought to be associated with insulin resistance. We aim to evaluate inflammatory markers [high sensitivity C reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6] and insulin resistance in women with PCOS in Yaoundé, Cameroon. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between impulsivity, uncontrolled eating and body mass index: a hierarchical model.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Background: Impulsivity increases the risk for obesity and weight gain. However, the precise role of impulsivity in the aetiology of overeating behavior and obesity is currently unknown. Here we examined the relationships between personality-related measures of impulsivity, Uncontrolled Eating, body mass index (BMI), and longitudinal weight changes. Read More

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September 2021

Cardiometabolic risk is unraveled by color Doppler ultrasound of the clitoral and uterine arteries in women consulting for sexual symptoms.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 22;11(1):18899. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Experimental Clinical and Biomedical Sciences "Mario Serio", University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) may be a mirror of a poor cardiometabolic state. In a small pilot study enrolling 71 women with FSD, we previously demonstrated that clitoral Pulsatility Index (PI) evaluated by using color Doppler ultrasound (CDU), reflecting vascular resistance, was associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Data on uterine CDU in this context are lacking. Read More

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September 2021

The role of CRP in the diagnosis of postoperative complications in rectal surgery.

Pol Przegl Chir 2021 Jun;93(5):1-7

Department of Surgery I, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Postoperative complications of rectal resections classified as grade III or higher according to Clavien-Dindo system, which also include anastomotic leaks, are usually life-threatening conditions. Delayed diagnosis may account for almost 18% of deaths. Due to nonspecific clinical signs in the early postoperative period, diagnosing these complications may truly be a challenge for clinicians. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of BMI-1 proto-oncogene expression in normal tissue, adenoma and papillary carcinoma of human thyroid in pathology samples.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Sep 22;14(1):369. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objective: Papillary Thyroid carcinoma accounts for more than 60% of adult thyroid carcinomas. Finding a helpful marker is vital to determine the correct treatment approach. The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression of the B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1) gene in papillary carcinoma, adenoma, and adjacent healthy thyroid tissues. Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiology of comorbidities and their association with asthma control.

Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 2021 Sep 22;17(1):95. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Pulmonology, Semmelweis University, Tömő u. 25-29, Budapest, 1083, Hungary.

Background: The prevalence of comorbidities and their relation to asthma control and treatment is a topic of increasing interest, however comprehensive studies are scarce. We aimed to determine the prevalence of the most common comorbidities in asthma in relation to patient characteristics (age, gender and body mass index [BMI]) and their association with asthma control in a large, specialist-managed representative patient population.

Methods: A secondary, exploratory analysis of the Asthma Reality (ARL), across-sectional, non-interventional real-life study was conducted. Read More

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September 2021

Time series decomposition into dyslipidemia prevalence among urban Chinese population: secular and seasonal trends.

Lipids Health Dis 2021 Sep 22;20(1):114. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Jinan, China.

Background: Previous epidemiological studies have indicated the seasonal variability of serum lipid levels. However, little research has explicitly examined the separate secular and seasonal trends of dyslipidemia. The present study aimed to identify secular and seasonal trends for the prevalence of dyslipidemia and the 4 clinical classifications among the urban Chinese population by time series decomposition. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Lumbar Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women.

Asian Spine J 2021 Sep 28. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Master Yonsei Orthopedic Clinic, Seoul, Korea.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study using radiological measurements.

Purpose: To analyze the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women and to assess risk factors of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in postmenopausal diabetic women.

Overview Of Literature: Type 2 DM has negative effects on the quality of bone. Read More

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September 2021

[Analysis of differences in clinical and biochemical characteristics and treatment effects in patients with different genotypes of Prader-Willi syndrome].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Sep;101(35):2760-2765

Department of Endocrinology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, NHC Key laboratory of Endocrinology, Beijing 100005, China.

To analyze the differences in clinical and biochemical characteristics and treatment effects in patients with different genotypes of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). A total of 35 patients with PWS, 20 males and 15 females aged from 0.8 to 10. Read More

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September 2021

Age of Bottle Cessation and BMI-for-Age Percentile among Children Aged Thirty-Six Months Participating in WIC.

Child Obes 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Children's age at bottle weaning typically ranges from 12 to 24 months. The recommended age of bottle weaning varies. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends weaning by 12 months; The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends 12-15 months; The US Department of Agriculture recommends 18 months. Read More

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September 2021

Complimentary effects on glycemic and non-glycemic parameters between responder and non-responders treated with pioglitazone and canagliflozin in drug naïve subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Sep 22:e14914. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gyoda General Hospital, Saitama, Japan.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the differential regulation of metabolic parameters between pioglitazone and canagliflozin in relation to their glycemic efficacies.

Methods: Drugs naïve subjects with T2DM received pioglitazone 15-30 mg/day or canagliflozin 50-100 mg/day monotherapy for 3 months. Those who had ≥1% reduction in HbA1c were defined as responders and others who had <1% reduction as non-responders. Read More

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September 2021

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (SARS-CoV-2 receptor) expression in human skeletal muscle.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Physical Education, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Campus Universitario de Tafira s/n, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017, Spain.

The study aimed to determine the levels of skeletal muscle Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2, the SARS-CoV-2 receptor) protein expression in men and women and assess whether ACE2 expression in skeletal muscle is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity. The level of ACE2 in vastus lateralis muscle biopsies collected in previous studies from 170 men (age:19-65 yrs, weight:56-137 kg, BMI:23-44) and 69 women (age:18-55 yrs, weight:41-126 kg, BMI:22-39) was analysed in duplicate by western blot. VO max was determined by ergospirometry and body composition by DXA. Read More

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September 2021

Finding Kinematics-Driven Latent Neural States from Neuronal Population Activity for Motor Decoding.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2021 Sep 22;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

While intracortical brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) demonstrate feasibility to restore mobility to people with paralysis, it is still challenging to maintain high-performance decoding in clinical BMIs. One of the main obstacles for high-performance BMI is the noise-prone nature of traditional decoding methods that connect neural response explicitly with physical quantity, such as velocity. In contrast, the recent development of latent neural state model enables a robust readout of large-scale neuronal population activity contents. Read More

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September 2021

Muscle-to-Fat Ratio for Predicting Metabolic Syndrome Components in Children with Overweight and Obesity.

Child Obes 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

The Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Unit, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center Affiliated with Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Pediatric obesity has been linked to the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS: abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, and insulin resistance). Data on the role of muscle mass in the development of MetS are sparse. We explored the interaction between the muscle-to-fat ratio (MFR) and MetS components in children with overweight or obesity. Read More

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September 2021

Impact and Determinants of Structural Barriers on Physical Activity in People with Cancer.

Int J Behav Med 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Division of Physical Activity, Prevention and Cancer, National Center for Tumor Diseases (NCT) Heidelberg and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 581, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: A better understanding of the role of structural barriers for physical activity (PA) after a cancer diagnosis could help to increase PA among people with cancer. Thus, the present study aimed to identify determinants of structural barriers to PA in people with cancer and investigate the association between structural barriers and insufficient post-diagnosis PA, taking different PA change patterns into account.

Methods: A total of 1299 people with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer completed a questionnaire assessing their socio-demographic and medical characteristics, pre- and post-diagnosis PA, and perceived PA impediment by seven structural barriers. Read More

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September 2021

Surgeon volume and the risk of deep surgical site infection following open reduction and internal fixation of closed tibial plateau fracture.

Int Orthop 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, the 3Rd Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, People's Republic of China.

Background: Emerging evidences supported that the surgeon case volume significantly affected post-operative complications or outcomes following a range of elective or non-elective orthopaedic surgery; no data has been available for surgically treated tibial plateau fractures. We aimed to investigate the relationship between surgeon volume and the risk of deep surgical site infection (DSSI) following open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of closed tibial plateau fracture.

Methods: This was a further analysis of the prospectively collected data. Read More

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September 2021