59,826 results match your criteria high-fat diet

A rise in Proteobacteria is an indicator of gut-liver axis-mediated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in high-fructose-fed adult mice.

Nutr Res 2021 May 21;91:26-35. Epub 2021 May 21.

Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, Biomedical Center, Institute of Biology, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Current evidence suggests that high fructose intake results in gut dysbiosis, leading to endotoxemia and NAFLD onset. Thus, the hypothesis of the study was that an enhanced Proteobacteria proportion in the cecal microbiota could be the most prominent trigger of NAFLD through enhanced endotoxin (LPS) in adult high-fructose-fed C57BL/6 mice. Male C57BL/6 mice received a control diet (n = 10, C: 76% of energy as carbohydrates, 0% as fructose) or high-fructose diet (n = 10, HFRU: 76% of energy as carbohydrate, 50% as fructose) for 12 weeks. Read More

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Saponins from Panax japonicus alleviate HFD-induced impaired behaviors through inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome to upregulate AMPA receptors.

Neurochem Int 2021 Jun 12:105098. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Occupational Hazard Identification and Control, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430065, China; New Medicine Innovation and Development Institute, Department of Pharmacy, College of Medicine, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430065, China. Electronic address:

Obesity is characterized by a condition of low-grade chronic inflammation that facilitates development of numerous comorbidities and dysregulation of brain homeostasis. It is reported that obesity can lead to behavioral alterations such as cognitive decline and depression-like behaviors both in humans and rodents. Saponins from panax japonicus (SPJ) have been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory action in mouse model of diet-induced obesity. Read More

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Impact of protocatechuic acid on high fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome sequelae in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Jun 12:174257. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

The study aimed to assess the possible protective impact of protocatechuic acid (PCA) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome (Mets) sequelae in rats. Forty-two male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly grouped as follows: CTR group; PCA group; HFD group; HFD-PCA group and HFD-MET group. Rats were fed on standard diet or HFD for 14 weeks. Read More

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Insulin rapidly increases skeletal muscle mitochondrial ADP sensitivity in the absence of a high lipid environment.

Biochem J 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada.

Reductions in mitochondrial function have been proposed to cause insulin resistance, however the possibility that impairments in insulin signaling negatively affects mitochondrial bioenergetics has received little attention. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that insulin could rapidly improve mitochondrial ADP sensitivity, a key process linked to oxidative phosphorylation and redox balance, and if this phenomenon would be lost following high-fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistance. Insulin acutely (60 minutes post I. Read More

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Vitamin C Inhibits the Metabolic Changes Induced by Tet1 Insufficiency Under High Fat Diet Stress.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jun 15:e2100417. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Y. Yuan, X. Chen, Y. Sun, Y. Fan, L. Zheng, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.

Scope: DNA methylation contributes to obesity, but the role of the DNA demethylase ten-eleven translocation protein 1 (Tet1) in obesity remains unclear. Vitamin C is a cofactor for the Tet family of proteins, but whether vitamin C can be used to treat obesity via Tet1 awaits clarification.

Methods And Results: Tet1 and Tet1 mice were fed a high fat diet (HFD). Read More

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Cissus quadrangularis extract attenuates diabetic nephropathy by altering SIRT1/DNMT1 axis.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Pharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Division, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India.

Objectives: Hyperglycemia-induced SIRT1, DNMT1, SODs, as well as oxidative stress, play a pivotal role in the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Cissus quadrangularis, holds antioxidant and hypoglycemic activity; however, a direct link between its activity and prevention of diabetic nephropathy has not been ascertained yet. Accordingly, we aimed to delineate the protective effect of ethanolic extract of Cissus quadrangularis (EECQ) against high-fat diet/streptozotocin (HFD/STZ) induced diabetic nephropathy rats. Read More

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Hyperglycemia and Hypo-HDL-cholesterolemia Are Primary Risk Factors for Age-related Cataract, and a Korean-style Balanced Diet has a Negative Association, based on the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jun 14;36(23):e155. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Food and Nutrition, Obesity/Diabetes Research Center, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea.

Background: The prevalence of cataracts is steadily increasing among the middle-aged and elderly worldwide. We hypothesized that adults aged > 50 years with age-related cataracts (ARCs) have an association with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components, and MS has interactions with different dietary patterns and lifestyles that affect ARC risk. We examined the hypothesis using the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES; a large-scale hospital-based cohort study), which collected data between 2004-2013. Read More

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Tetrahydroxanthohumol, a xanthohumol derivative, attenuates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis by antagonizing PPARγ.

Elife 2021 Jun 15;10. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Linus Pauling Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States.

We previously reported xanthohumol (XN), and its synthetic derivative tetrahydro-XN (TXN), attenuates high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and metabolic syndrome in C57Bl/6J mice. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of XN and TXN on lipid accumulation in the liver. Non-supplemented mice were unable to adapt their caloric intake to 60% HFD, resulting in obesity and hepatic steatosis; however, TXN reduced weight gain and decreased hepatic steatosis. Read More

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Olive leaf extract prevents obesity, cognitive decline, and depression and improves exercise capacity in mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 14;11(1):12495. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Nutrition Act. Co. Ltd., Tokyo, 104-0061, Japan.

Obesity is a risk factor for development of metabolic diseases and cognitive decline; therefore, obesity prevention is of paramount importance. Neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction induced by oxidative stress is an important mechanism underlying cognitive decline. Olive leaf extract contains large amounts of oleanolic acid, a transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) agonist, and oleuropein, an antioxidant. Read More

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Toll-like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Deficiency Abrogates Diabetic and Obese Phenotypes while Restoring Endothelial Function via Inhibition of NOX1.

Diabetes 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Molecular Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095;

We have previously demonstrated a novel role of bone morphogenic protein-4 (BMP4) in inducing NOX1-dependent eNOS uncoupling, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammatory activation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it has remained unclear as to how BMP4 activates NOX1 and whether targeting the new mechanistic pathway revealed is effective in preserving endothelial function in T2DM. Here we observed that BMP4 induced marked, time-dependent increase in physiological binding between TLR2 and NOX1 in aortic endothelial cells, as well as increased binding of TLR2 to NOXO1. Read More

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Ethanol extract of mulberry leaves partially restores the composition of intestinal microbiota and strengthens liver glycogen fragility in type 2 diabetic rats.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Jun 14;21(1):172. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of New Drug Research and Clinical Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, 221000, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Mulberry leaf as a traditional Chinese medicine is able to treat obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. It is well known that diabetes leads to intestinal microbiota dysbiosis. It is also recently discovered that liver glycogen structure is impaired in diabetic animals. Read More

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Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in raw milk from different animal species and in infant formula. Occurrence and risk assessment.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 2;278:130479. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), 57 Partyzantow Avenue, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are widespread, persistent in the environment, and classified as global pollutants. Their presence has been confirmed in various types of food which adversely affect human health when consumed in sufficient amounts. Although milk has advantageous nutritional qualities and there are health benefits associated with its consumption, it could also contain toxic PBDEs. Read More

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September 2021

PP04 improves high-fat diet-induced liver injury by the modulation of gut inflammation and intestinal microbiota in C57BL/6N mice.

Food Funct 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China. and National Engineering Laboratory for Wheat and Corn Deep Processing, Changchun, China.

In this study, Pediococcus pentococcus PP04 (PP04) isolated from the Northeast pickled cabbage was given to C57BL/6N mice for eight weeks, aiming to investigate the ameliorative effects of PP04 on liver injury induced by a high-fat diet. The western blot results suggested that PP04 ameliorated the increase of intestinal permeability by dramatically increasing the expressions of tight junction proteins, such as Occludin, Claudin-1 and ZO-1, which decreased hepatic lipopolysaccharides (LPS), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations to effectively alleviate the liver injury. Furthermore, PP04 relieved the high-fat diet-caused gut inflammation by the NF-κB/Nrf2 signaling pathway, which regulated the expression of inflammatory cytokines and antioxidants, to positively improve the liver injury. Read More

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Effect of Nigella sativa, atorvastatin, or L-Carnitine on high fat diet-induced obesity in adult male Albino rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 11;141:111818. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, P.O. Box 62521, Beni-Suef, Egypt.

Obesity is increasing rapidly across the globe. It is widely accepted that natural products with a long safety background may modulate obesity. The current work aimed to investigate the effect of Nigella sativa, atorvastatin, or L-Carnitine on high-fat diet-induced obesity in white male albino rats. Read More

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Vitamin C deficiency inhibits non-alcoholic fatty liver disease progression through impaired de novo lipogenesis.

Am J Pathol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; Stem Cell Therapeutic Research Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Despite the increasing clinical importance of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), little is known about its underlying pathogenesis or specific treatment. The senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30), which regulates the biosynthesis of vitamin C in many mammals except primates and humans, was recently recognized as a gluconolactonase. However, the precise relation between vitamin C and lipid metabolism in NAFLD is not completely understood. Read More

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Desulfovibrio vulgaris, a potent acetic acid-producing bacterium, attenuates nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in mice.

Gut Microbes 2021 Jan-Dec;13(1):1-20

Functional Metabolomic and Gut Microbiome Laboratory, Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

The emerging evidence supports the use of prebiotics like herb-derived polysaccharides for treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) by modulating gut microbiome. The present study was initiated on the microbiota-dependent anti-NAFLD effect of polysaccharides (APS) extracted from Bunge in high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of APS on NAFLD formation remain poorly understood. Read More

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Apple Polyphenol Extract Improves High-Fat Diet-Induced Hepatic Steatosis by Regulating Bile Acid Synthesis and Gut Microbiota in C57BL/6 Male Mice.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, 199 Renai Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, P. R. China.

Our previous study showed that apple polyphenol extract (APE) ameliorated high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis in C57BL/6 mice by targeting the LKB1/AMPK pathway; to investigate whether other mechanisms are involved in APE induction of improved hepatic steatosis, especially the roles of bile acid (BA) metabolism and gut microbiota, we conducted this study. Thirty-three C57BL/6 male mice were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks and concomitantly treated with sterilized water (CON) or 125 or 500 mg/(kg·bw·day) APE (low-dose APE, LAP; high-dose APE, HAP) by intragastric administration. APE treatment decreased total fecal BA contents, especially fecal primary BA levels, mainly including cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, and muricholic acid. Read More

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Impact of Fermented or Enzymatically Fermented Dried Olive Pomace on Growth, Expression of Digestive Enzyme and Glucose Transporter Genes, Oxidative Stability of Frozen Meat, and Economic Efficiency of Broiler Chickens.

Front Vet Sci 2021 28;8:644325. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

The use of dried olive pomace as complementary energy sources in poultry feed is still limited due to its low protein and high fiber contents. Bioconversion of olive pomace through solid-state fermentation with or without exogenous enzymes is considered as a trial for improving its nutritional value. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of fermented olive pomace with or without enzymatic treatment on the growth, modulations of genes encoding digestive enzymes and glucose transporters, meat oxidative stability, and economic efficiency of broiler chickens. Read More

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Ginsenoside Rb Enhances Plaque Stability and Inhibits Adventitial Vasa Vasorum via the Modulation of miR-33 and PEDF.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 28;8:654670. Epub 2021 May 28.

The Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education, Chinese National Health Commission and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, The State and Shandong Province Joint Key Laboratory of Translational Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Atherosclerosis is closely associated with proliferation of the adventitial vasa vasorum, leading to the atherosclerotic plaque progression and vulnerability. In this report, we investigated the role of Ginsenoside Rb (Rb) on atherosclerotic plaque stabilization and adventitial vasa vasorum (VV) along with the mechanisms involved. Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE) mice were fed with a high-fat diet for 20 weeks, and then Ginsenoside Rb (50 mg/kg/d, intraperitoneal) was given for 4 weeks. Read More

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Chinese Breast Milk Fat Composition and Its Associated Dietary Factors: A Pilot Study on Lactating Mothers in Beijing.

Front Nutr 2021 28;8:606950. Epub 2021 May 28.

Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.

Regional differences were found in breast milk composition. This study intended to profile the composition of fatty acid (FA) and triacylglycerol (TAG) in Chinese breast milk and to explore its association with maternal diet. Breast milk samples and data of 52 lactating women at 60-90 days postpartum were collected. Read More

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Regulates Fatty Acid Metabolism to Ameliorate Liver Lipid Accumulation in NAFLD Mice.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 19;2021:6689727. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Yangtze River Delta Region Green Pharmaceuticals, No. 18, Chaowang Road, Xiacheng District, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China.

(DOF) is a traditional Chinese edible and officinal plant. Ultrafine DOF powder (DOFP) can regulate lipids and histopathology in the liver, but the underlying mechanisms of hepatic fatty acid (FA) metabolism, which is generally correlated with the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), remain unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether DOFP treatment alters hepatic FA metabolism in NAFLD mice by using multidimensional mass spectrometry-based shotgun lipidomics (MDMS-SL) and analyse the underlying mechanisms. Read More

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Small Intestinal Tuft Cell Activity Associates With Energy Metabolism in Diet-Induced Obesity.

Front Immunol 2021 28;12:629391. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.

Little is known about the involvement of type 2 immune response-promoting intestinal tuft cells in metabolic regulation. We here examined the temporal changes in small intestinal tuft cell number and activity in response to high-fat diet-induced obesity in mice and investigated the relation to whole-body energy metabolism and the immune phenotype of the small intestine and epididymal white adipose tissue. Intake of high fat diet resulted in a reduction in overall numbers of small intestinal epithelial and tuft cells and reduced expression of the intestinal type 2 tuft cell markers and . Read More

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Kun-Dan Decoction Ameliorates Insulin Resistance by Activating AMPK/mTOR-Mediated Autophagy in High-Fat Diet-Fed Rats.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:670151. Epub 2021 May 28.

Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, The Second Clinical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Metabolic syndrome is characterized by central obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. Insulin resistance is the leading risk factor for metabolic syndrome. Kun-Dan decoction (KD), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been applied to treat patients with metabolic syndrome for over ten years. Read More

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Activation of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase-Sirtuin 1 Pathway Contributes to Salvianolic Acid A-Induced Browning of White Adipose Tissue in High-Fat Diet Fed Male Mice.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:614406. Epub 2021 May 28.

School of Life Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Salvianolic acid A (Sal A), a natural polyphenolic compound extracted from (Danshen), exhibits exceptional pharmacological activities against cardiovascular diseases. While a few studies have reported anti-obesity properties of Sal A, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Given the prevalence of obesity and promising potential of browning of white adipose tissue to combat obesity, recent research has focused on herbal ingredients that may promote browning and increase energy expenditure. Read More

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High Fructose Corn Syrup-Moderate Fat Diet Potentiates Anxio-Depressive Behavior and Alters Ventral Striatal Neuronal Signaling.

Front Neurosci 2021 26;15:669410. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States.

The neurobiological mechanisms that mediate psychiatric comorbidities associated with metabolic disorders such as obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes remain obscure. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is widely used in beverages and is often included in food products with moderate or high fat content that have been linked to many serious health issues including diabetes and obesity. However, the impact of such foods on the brain has not been fully characterized. Read More

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leaf extracts produce anti-obesity, hypoglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic, and hepatoprotective effects on high-fat diet fed rats.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 3;28(6):3333-3342. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This present research investigated the anti-obesity and hepatoprotective effects of ethanolic leaf (MPLE) and bark extracts (MPBE), in the rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). Healthy male rats (n = 48) were randomly distributed to six groups (n = 8): control AIN-93 diet; HFD; HFD + MPBE bark extracts ((300 mg/kg); HFD + MPBE (600 mg/kg); HFD + MPLE (300 mg/kg); HFD + MPLE (600 mg/kg). HFD-fed rats in the (MP) treatment groups received orally administered MP leaf or bark extract daily for eight weeks. Read More

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Exercise-induced benefits on glucose handling in a model of diet-induced obesity are reduced by concurrent nicotinamide mononucleotide.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2021 06 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Medical Sciences, UNSW Sydney, Australia.

Almost 40% of adults worldwide are classified as overweight or obese. Exercise is a beneficial intervention in obesity, partly due to increases in mitochondrial activity, and subsequent increases in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), an important metabolic cofactor. Recent studies have shown that increasing NAD levels through pharmacological supplementation with precursors such as nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) improved metabolic health in high fat diet (HFD) fed mice. Read More

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Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor reduces the endoplasmic reticulum stress in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Endocr J 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology, St. Peter's Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Prolonged endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, which leads to the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Previously, we reported that the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) reduces the cardiomyocyte apoptosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy; however, the precise mechanisms associated with this process are not yet fully understood. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether the mechanism of the anti-apoptotic effect of G-CSF was associated with ER stress in a rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Read More

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Comparison of the Cholesterol-Lowering Effect of Scallop Oil Prepared from the Internal Organs of the Japanese Giant Scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis), Fish Oil, and Krill Oil in Obese Type II Diabetic KK-A Mice.

J Oleo Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Chemistry, Materials, and Bioengineering, Kansai University.

Due to the growing demand of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) as supplements and pharmaceutical products worldwide, there are concerns about the exhaustion of n-3 PUFA supply sources. We have successfully prepared high-quality scallop oil (SCO), containing high eicosapentaenoic acid and phospholipids contents, from the internal organs of the Japanese giant scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis), which is the largest unutilized marine resource in Japan. This study compared the cholesterol-lowering effect of SCO with fish oil (menhaden oil, MO) and krill oil (KO) in obese type II diabetic KK-A mice. Read More

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Rubus chingii var. suavissimus alleviates high-fat diet-induced lipid metabolism disorder via modulation of the PPARs/SREBP pathway in Syrian golden hamsters.

J Nat Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

School of Pharmacy, Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, No. 13, Wuhe Avenue, Qingxiu District, Nanning, 530200, Guangxi, China.

While the underlying mechanism remains unknown, Rubus chingii var. suavissimus (S. K. Read More

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