25,279 results match your criteria high vegetable


Dietary intakes of green leafy vegetables and incidence of cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 Jun 10;32:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan; University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; Centre for Genomic and Precision Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria; Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan; University College Hospital; Blossom Specialist Medical Centre, Ibadan, Nigeria. Email:

Aim: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are currently experiencing increasing cardiovascular disease (CVD) rates. Green leafy vegetables (GLV), which are abundant in these countries, are known to be particularly rich in cardioprotective nutrients. This study sought to determine the specific effect of GLV intake on the incidence of CVD. Read More

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Grafting resulting in alleviating tomato plant oxidative damage caused by high levels of ofloxacin.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 14;286:117331. Epub 2021 May 14.

College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, 271018, PR China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Fruit & Vegetable Quality and Efficient Production in Shandong, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops in Huanghuai Region, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Ministry of Agriculture, PR China. Electronic address:

Antibiotic pollution has become a global problem threatening human health. Ofloxacin is one of the more widely used antibiotics, but reports on the reaction of plant to ofloxacin pollution are limited. In this study, using adversity-resistant (R), adversity-sensitive (S) and grafted plant S/R as models, we investigated the biological response of tomato to exogenous ofloxacin residues. Read More

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Selection of lactic acid bacteria with promising probiotic aptitudes from fruit and ability to survive in different food matrices.

Braz J Microbiol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratório de Microbiologia de Alimentos, Departamento de Nutrição, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Campus I, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are among the most prevalent microorganisms forming the autochthonous microbiota of fruit. This study aimed to select LAB isolates with probiotic aptitudes from apple, banana, grape, and orange through evaluation of in vitro safety, technological, and functional-related properties. The ability of most promising selected isolates to survive in commercial apple and orange juice, meat stew, vegetable puree, and UHT milk during 28 days of refrigeration storage was evaluated. Read More

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Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and UPLC-ESI-MS/MS polyphenolic profile of sweet orange peel extracts.

Curr Res Food Sci 2021 26;4:326-335. Epub 2021 May 26.

Food Science and Technology Department, Alexandria University, Egypt.

With growing consumer awareness, exploitation of renewable resources is cost-effective and environment friendly. This work examines the potential of citrus peels as natural antioxidants and antimicrobials for food preservation. Extraction yield, total soluble phenols and flavonoids of various citrus peels (sweet orange, lemon, tangerine and grapefruit) were optimized by varying the solvent type. Read More

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Do microbial protein elicitors PeaT1 obtained from and PeBL1 from enhance defense response against tomato aphid ()?

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Jun 25;28(6):3242-3248. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rehman University, Saudi Arabia.

Tomato aphid () is a destructive insect pest of tomato responsible for huge losses in the production as well in the vegetable industry. In the present in vitro study two protein elicitors, PeaT1 and PeBL1 were considered to study their efficacies to exhibit defense response against tomato aphid. Three different concentrations of both protein elicitors were applied on the tomato seedlings. Read More

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Fruit and vegetable consumption before and during pregnancy and developmental delays in offspring aged 2 years in Japan.

Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 14:1-28. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8573, Japan.

The association between fruit and vegetable consumption before and during pregnancy and offspring's physical growth has been well reported, but no study has focused on offspring's neurological development. We aimed to explore the association between maternal fruit and vegetable consumption before and during pregnancy and developmental delays in their offspring aged 2 years. Between July 2013 and March 2017, 23,406 women were recruited for the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study. Read More

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Impact of intra-category food substitutions on the risk of type 2 diabetes: a modelling study on the pizza category.

Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 14:1-26. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Université Paris-Saclay, AgroParisTech, INRAE, UMR PNCA, 75005, Paris, France.

Advice on replacing unhealthy foods with healthier alternatives within the same food category may be more acceptable and might ease the transition towards a healthy diet. Here, we studied the potential impact of substitutions within the pizza category on the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The study sample consisted of 2,510 adults from the INCA2 French national survey. Read More

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School-Based Nutrition Programs for Adolescents in Dodoma, Tanzania: A Situation Analysis.

Food Nutr Bull 2021 Jun 14:3795721211020715. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Tanzania has a double burden of malnutrition, including a high prevalence of undernutrition and an increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents. Schools present a valuable opportunity to reach a large section of the country's adolescent population with nutrition-oriented interventions.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the current state of adolescent school nutrition interventions in Dodoma, Tanzania, with emphases on 3 potential school-based nutrition interventions, school vegetable gardens, school meals, and education (on nutrition, agriculture, and water, sanitation, and hygiene). Read More

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Association between dietary phytochemical index and breast cancer: a case-control study.

Breast Cancer 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6117, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Dietary intake of isoflavones has been positively associated with risk of breast cancer (BC) in some earlier studies. In addition, most studies on diet-disease associations came from western countries and limited data are available in the Middle-East.

Methods: This case-control study was performed on 350 women with BC aged over 30 years who were recruited from hospitals or private clinics in Isfahan, Iran. Read More

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Potential health risks of toxic heavy metals and nitrate via commonly consumed bivalve and vegetable species in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

National Institute of Applied Mechanics and Informatics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 291 Dien Bien Phu, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

This study aimed to evaluate the health risks of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), inorganic arsenic (As), and nitrate exposure through the consumption of bivalves and vegetables collected from local markets in Ho Chi Minh City. The present study analyzed four favorite bivalve species (Meretrix lyrate; Perna viridis; Anadara subcrenata; Anadara granosa) for concentrations of Cd, Pb, and inorganic As and 9 vegetable species (Brassica juncea; Brassica integrifolia; Brassica rapa chinensis; Nasturtium officinale; Lactuca sativa; Ipomoea aquatica; Amaranthus gangeticus; Ipomoea batatas; Spinacia oleracea) for concentrations of Pb and nitrate. The target hazard quotient (THQ) and target cancer risk (TR) were calculated to estimate non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks, respectively. Read More

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Assessment of the risks from dietary lead exposure in China.

J Hazard Mater 2021 May 24;418:126134. Epub 2021 May 24.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 10012, China.

The dietary lead (Pb) risk across China was assessed based on the margin of exposure (MOE) approach by comparing the level (1.5 μg/kg/d) based on the Pb concentrations in foodstuffs from1386 published articles. The Pb averages of the 18 foods were lower than their corresponding limits enacted by the Chinese government, ranging from 0. Read More

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Fermentation as a tool for increasing food security and nutritional quality of indigenous African leafy vegetables: the case of Cucurbita sp.

Food Microbiol 2021 Oct 10;99:103820. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department for Sustainable Process, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Science (DiSTAS), Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29122, Piacenza, Italy.

Sub-Saharan region is often characterized by food and nutrition insecurity especially "hidden hunger" which results from inadequate micronutrients in diets. African indigenous leafy vegetables (AILVs) can represent a valid food source of micronutrients, but they often go to waste resulting in post-harvest losses. In an attempt to prolong AILVs shelf-life while enhancing their nutritional quality, fermentation was studied from a microbiological and nutritional point of view. Read More

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October 2021

Detection of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts on organic and conventionally grown produce.

Food Microbiol 2021 Oct 13;99:103798. Epub 2021 May 13.

Virginia Military Institute, Biology Department, Lexington, VA, USA.

Toxoplasma gondii infection can result in toxoplasmosis and potential psychological effects. Research commonly focuses on infection through contact with cat fecal matter or consumption of contaminated meat. However, T. Read More

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October 2021

Occurrence and migration of phthalates in adhesive materials to fruits and vegetables.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 2;418:126277. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Food Nutrition and Human Health. Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, No. 2 West Yuanmingyuan Road, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

Labels or tapes are widely used on fresh fruits and vegetables, which may contain phthalates (PAEs). There are few studies on the contamination pathway of PAEs from labels or tapes to food stuff. In this study, the concentrations of eleven PAEs in adhesive labels, tapes, labeled fruits and vegetables on the market were investigated. Read More

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Effects of fermented organic fertilizer application on soil NO emission under the vegetable rotation in polyhouse.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 9;200:111491. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

School of Agriculture and Food, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia. Electronic address:

Vegetable field is one of the main sources of soil nitrous oxide (NO) emission, yet soil NO emission from vegetable rotation with combined application of fermented organic fertilizer with inorganic fertilizer in polyhouse is not well evaluated. In this study, we investigated the soil NO emission in cabbage-tomato rotation management system under different treatments of fertilizer nitrogen (N) sources, including: 100% inorganic fertilizer (IF), 75% IF+25% fermented organic fertilizer (OF), 50% IF+50% OF, 75% IF+25% OF, 100% OF, and no fertilizer (CK). The fertilization amount of N was 180 kg ha to cabbage and 200 kg ha to tomato. Read More

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Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and overweight and obesity in adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a population-based analysis.

Pediatr Int 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: To describe the patterns of consumption of multiple sugary sweetened beverages (including modern and traditional) among adolescents in Ho Chi Minh City and to identify a possible relationship between this consumption and overweight and obesity and with other main factors.

Method: A secondary analysis from a cross-sectional study of 11 to 15-year-old students from 31 junior high schools across Ho Chi Minh City. We measured the students' anthropometric status and assessed beverage consumption using a validated FFQ. Read More

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Effect of emulsifiers on the discoloration of chlorophyll and their potential for use in green beverages.

J Food Sci 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saga University, Honjo-machi, Saga, Japan.

The discoloration of chlorophyll (Chl) by light is an ongoing issue for green beverages in the food industry. To suppress the discoloration of Chl in aqueous solution, the effects of different emulsifiers were investigated on the discoloration of Chl under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation to determine their potential application for use as food additives. Sucrose fatty acid ester (SE), sorbitan fatty acid ester (TW), and quillaja saponin (QS) were used as emulsifiers, while Triton X-100 (TX) was used for reference. Read More

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An adaptive text message intervention to promote well-being and health behavior adherence for patients with cardiovascular disease: intervention design and preliminary results.

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Most individuals with heart disease struggle to adhere to cardiovascular health behaviors, despite their known health benefits. Text message interventions (TMIs) are a promising treatment modality for health behavior promotion, but existing TMIs typically deliver a fixed set of messages and do not target well-being constructs associated with adherence and cardiovascular health.

Methods: A four-week TMI, which delivers daily messages to promote well-being and adherence to health behaviors and dynamically adapts based on participant feedback to deliver increasingly customized messages, was developed by the study team. Read More

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Urine metabolite profiling of Indian Antarctic Expedition members: NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic investigation.

Heliyon 2021 May 25;7(5):e07114. Epub 2021 May 25.

Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), DRDO, Lucknow Road, Timarpur, New Delhi 110054, India.

The southernmost region of earth, Antarctica, has world's most challenging environments. Those who live for long time and work in Antarctic stations are subjected to environmental stresses such as cold weather, photoperiod variations leading to disrupted sleep cycles, constrained living spaces, dry air, non-availability of fresh food items, and high electromagnetic radiations, psychological factors, such as geographical and social isolation, etc. All these factors have a significant impact on the human body. Read More

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Association Between Rare Earth Element Cerium and the Risk of Oral Cancer: A Case-Control Study in Southeast China.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:647120. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Cerium (Ce), the most abundant of rare earth elements in the earth's crust, has received much health concerns due to its wide application in industry, agriculture, and medicine. The current study aims to evaluate whether there is an association between Ce exposures and the risk of developing oral cancer. Serum Ce level of 324 oral cancer patients and 650 matched healthy controls were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Read More

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Influence of the degree of adherence to the mediterranean diet and its components on cardiometabolic risk during pregnancy. The GESTAFIT project.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Physiology, University of Granada, Spain; Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INYTA), Biomedical Research Centre (CIBM), University of Granada, Spain; Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Granada, Spain.

Background And Aims: Studies regarding dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risk markers during pregnancy are scarce. The aim of the present study was to analyse whether different degrees of adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and the MD components were associated with cardiometabolic markers and a clustered cardiometabolic risk during pregnancy.

Methods And Results: This study comprised 119 pregnant women from the GEStation and FITness (GESTAFIT) project. Read More

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House fly (Musca domestica) larvae meal as an ingredient with high nutritional value: Microencapsulation and improvement of organoleptic characteristics.

Food Res Int 2021 Jul 19;145:110423. Epub 2021 May 19.

Departamento de Fomento de la Producción Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santa Rosa 11.735, La Pintana, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address:

Insects have potential to become food ingredients, but it is necessary to improve the sensory properties of insects to help them to be better accepted by the population. The purpose of this study was to produce and characterize house fly larval meal (FLM) converted to a micro-encapsulated powder to improve appearance and other organoleptic characteristics. FLM showed high protein (54%) and lipid (22%) content, with a microbiological activity compatible for food purposes. Read More

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Potassium.

Adv Food Nutr Res 2021 24;96:89-121. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Preventive & Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Potassium is an essential nutrient that performs a vital role in cellular functions including maintaining fluid balance and osmolality of cells. Potassium balance is maintained by the kidney and the majority of ingested potassium is excreted in the urine. There is strong evidence of a negative association between dietary potassium and blood pressure, and some evidence (much of it indirect) of negative associations between dietary potassium and cardiovascular disease (particularly stroke and coronary heart disease) and kidney disease (chronic renal failure, and kidney stones). Read More

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Dietary behavior of school-going adolescents in Bhutan: Findings from the global school-based student health survey in 2016.

Nutrition 2021 Apr 28;90:111290. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Policy and Planning Division, Ministry of Health, Thimphu, Bhutan.

Objectives: Bhutan is experiencing a dual burden of undernutrition and overnutrition among adolescents. Understanding dietary behavior is vital to designing evidence-based interventions to improve adolescent nutrition and prevent non-communicable diseases in adults. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of dietary behavior and associated sociodemographic, behavioral, and metabolic risk factors among school-going adolescents in Bhutan. Read More

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Quantitative proteomic analyses reveal that energy metabolism and protein biosynthesis reinitiation are responsible for the initiation of bolting induced by high temperature in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.).

BMC Genomics 2021 Jun 9;22(1):427. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Beijing Key Laboratory of New Technology in Agricultural Application, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Plant Production Education, Plant Science and Technology College, Beijing University of Agriculture, No. 7 Beinong Road, Huilongguan town, Changping district, Beijing, 102206, China.

Background: Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), one of the most economically important leaf vegetables, exhibits early bolting under high-temperature conditions. Early bolting leads to loss of commodity value and edibility, leading to considerable loss and waste of resources. Read More

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Dietary trans-fatty acid intake in relation to cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Nutr Rev 2021 Jun;79(7):758-776

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Context: Apart from ruminant fat, trans-fatty acids are produced during the partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils, (eg, in the production of ultraprocessed foods). Harmful cardiovascular effects of trans-fatty acids are already proven, but the link with cancer risk has not yet been summarized.

Objective: A systematic review (following PRISMA guidelines) - including observational studies on the association of trans-fatty acid intake with any cancer risk - was conducted, with no limitations on population types. Read More

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Metabolomics and cancer preventive behaviors in the BC Generations Project.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12094. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Metabolomics can detect metabolic shifts resulting from lifestyle behaviors and may provide insight on the relevance of changes to carcinogenesis. We used non-targeted nuclear magnetic resonance to examine associations between metabolic measures and cancer preventive behaviors in 1319 participants (50% male, mean age 54 years) from the BC Generations Project. Behaviors were dichotomized: BMI < 25 kg/m, ≥ 5 servings of fruits or vegetables/day, ≤ 2 alcoholic drinks/day for men or 1 drink/day for women and ≥ 30 min of moderate or vigorous physical activity/day. Read More

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The genes crucial to carotenoid metabolism under elevated CO levels in carrot (Daucus carota L.).

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12073. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Collaborative Innovation Center for Improving Quality and Increasing Profits of Protected Vegetables in Shanxi, College of Horticulture, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, 030801, Shanxi, People's Republic of China.

The CO saturation point can reach as high as 1819 μmol· mol in carrot (Daucus carota L.). In recent years, carrot has been cultivated in out-of-season greenhouses, but the molecular mechanism of CO enrichment has been ignored, and this is a missed opportunity to gain a comprehensive understanding of this important process. Read More

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Applying the Healthy Eating Index-2015 in a Sample of Choice-Based Minnesota Food Pantries to Test Associations Between Food Pantry Inventory, Client Food Selection, and Client Diet.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Background: Food pantry clients are at a high risk for diet-related chronic disease and suboptimal diet. Relatively little research has examined diet quality measures in choice-based food pantries where clients can choose their own food.

Objective: This study tested whether the diet quality scores for food at the pantry were associated with client food selection scores, and whether client food selection scores at the pantry were associated with client diet intake scores. Read More

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Examining the associations between dietary patterns and obesity indexes: Systematic review of observational studies.

Nutr Health 2021 Jun 8:2601060211020975. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, School of Health Sciences and Education, Greece.

Background: Few reports on the association of population-derived dietary patterns with excess body weight, using the approach of a systematic review currently exist.

Aim: The aim of the present systematic review was to identify dietary patterns associated with body mass index (BMI), body weight (BW)/BMI change, weight status and weight loss maintenance status.

Methods: Using MEDLINE (via PubMed) and EBSCO Host databases, we systematically reviewed studies from 1980 to 2020, which included men and women, aged ≥18 years. Read More

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