702 results match your criteria herbs spices

The effect of herbs and spices on risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: a review of human clinical trials.

Nutr Rev 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

K. Gupta is with the Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA. H. Testa, T. Greenwood, M. Kostek, K. Haushalter, P.M. Kris-Etherton, and K.S. Petersen are with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA. K.S. Petersen is with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

Herbs and spices are recommended to increase flavor and displace salt in the diet. Accumulating evidence suggests herbs and spices may improve risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases. In this narrative review, an overview of evidence from human clinical trials examining the effect of herbs and spices on risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases is provided. Read More

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The Safety Assessment of Toxic Metals in Commonly Used Herbs, Spices, Tea, and Coffee in Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 27;18(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 15 Akademicka Street, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

The presented study was aimed at the determination of the level of contamination with heavy metals (Cd, Pb, As, and Hg) in 240 samples of plant materials, i.e., herbal raw materials, spices, tea, and coffee. Read More

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Six Common Herbs with Distinctive Bioactive, Antioxidant Components. A Review of Their Separation Techniques.

Molecules 2021 May 14;26(10). Epub 2021 May 14.

Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 5 Iroon Polytechniou, 15780 Athens, Greece.

Rosemary, oregano, pink savory, lemon balm, St. John's wort, and saffron are common herbs wildly grown and easily cultivated in many countries. All of them are rich in antioxidant compounds that exhibit several biological and health activities. Read More

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Predictive Modeling of Changes in TBARS in the Intramuscular Lipid Fraction of Raw Ground Beef Enriched with Plant Extracts.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 7;10(5). Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Food Quality and Safety Management, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-637 Poznań, Poland.

The aim of the study was to develop and compare the predictive models of lipid oxidation in minced raw beef meat enriched with selected plant extracts (allspice, basil, bay leaf, black seed, cardamom, caraway, cloves, garlic, nutmeg, onion, oregano, rosemary and thyme) expressed as value changes of TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) in various time/temperature conditions. Meat samples were stored at the temperatures of 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 °C. The value changes of TBARS in samples stored at 12 °C were used as the external validation dataset. Read More

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Oxidative Stability, Microbial Safety, and Sensory Properties of Flaxseed ( L.) Oil Infused with Spices and Herbs.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 15;10(5). Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

In our study, we assessed whether the addition of basil, fennel, oregano, rosemary, and chili can improve oxidative stability and sensory properties of flaxseed oil (FO) during 180 days of storage or induce oil contamination by microorganisms. Results showed that addition of spices and herbs in FO affected the hydrolytic changes, but far less than 2% of free fatty acids after storage, which was in line with regulations. Further, the addition of spices and herbs in FO decreased peroxide value (even up to 68. Read More

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Stable Isotope Ratios of Herbs and Spices Commonly Used as Herbal Infusions in the Italian Market.

ACS Omega 2021 May 28;6(18):11925-11934. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Food Quality and Nutrition, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach (FEM), Via E. Mach 1, 38010 San Michele all'Adige, Italy.

Stable isotope ratio analysis has been widely used for traceability and authenticity purposes in relation to various food commodities, but only in a limited number of herb and spice species. This study explored the stable isotope ratios of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and hydrogen (δC, δN, δS, δO, and δH) of 119 herbs and spices belonging to 116 plant species and 57 plant families collected from the Italian market for the first time. The characteristic value ranges of δC, δN, δS, δO, and δH of the herbs and spices went from -31. Read More

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A Fast GC-MS-Based Method for Efficacy Assessment of Natural Anti-Oxidants for Inhibiting Lipid Oxidation.

J AOAC Int 2021 May;104(2):260-266

Unilever R&D Savoury, Knorrstrasse 1, D-74074 Heilbronn, Germany.

Background: For health reasons it is preferred to prepare food products with edible fats and oils that are high in unsaturated fatty acids. Unfortunately, these unsaturated acids are susceptible to lipid oxidation and the addition of natural antioxidants, e.g. Read More

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Extracts of herbs and spices as feed additives mitigate ruminal methane production and improve fermentation characteristics in West African Dwarf sheep.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 May 9;53(2):312. Epub 2021 May 9.

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, Edo de México, México.

The study aims to evaluate the effect of aqueous and methanolic extracts of three herbs, namely, neem (Azadirachta indica), drumstick (Moringa oleifera) and scent (Ocimum gratissimum), and three spices garlic (Allium sativum), ginger (Zingiber officinale) and onion leaflets (Allium cepa) on ruminal methane production and fermentation characteristics. The feed samples (200 mg substrates plus extracts of the selected herbs and spices) were incubated with rumen liquor taken from three mature West African dwarf ewes at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 and 24 h. The results show that extracts of the selected herbs and spices increased the gas produced, from the insoluble fraction, degradability rate, volume of gas produced at time and time of most rapid change in gas produced. Read More

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Evaluation of spice and herb as phyto-derived selective modulators of human retinaldehyde dehydrogenases using a simple in vitro method.

Biosci Rep 2021 May;41(5)

Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.

Selective modulation of retinaldehyde dehydrogenases (RALDHs)-the main aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) enzymes converting retinal into retinoic acid (RA), is very important not only in the RA signaling pathway but also for the potential regulatory effects on RALDH isozyme-specific processes and RALDH-related cancers. However, very few selective modulators for RALDHs have been identified, partly due to variable overexpression protocols of RALDHs and insensitive activity assay that needs to be addressed. In the present study, deletion of the N-terminal disordered regions is found to enable simple preparation of all RALDHs and their closest paralog ALDH2 using a single protocol. Read More

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Sodium Content and Labelling Completeness of Packaged Foods and Beverages in Kenya.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 20;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2042, Australia.

Increased consumption of unhealthy processed foods, particularly those high in sodium, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Nutrition information on packaged foods can help guide consumers toward products with less sodium, however the availability of nutrition information on foods sold in Kenya is currently unknown. The aims of this study were to estimate the proportion of packaged foods and beverages displaying nutrition information for sodium and determine the amount of sodium in packaged foods available for sale in Kenya. Read More

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Food and Nutrition in the Pathogenesis of Liver Damage.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 16;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare, 37024 Negrar-Verona, Italy.

The liver is an important organ and plays a key role in the regulation of metabolism and in the secretion, storage, and detoxification of endogenous and exogenous substances. The impact of food and nutrition on the pathophysiological mechanisms of liver injury represents a great controversy. Several environmental factors including food and micronutrients are involved in the pathogenesis of liver damage. Read More

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Spices in the Apiaceae Family Represent the Healthiest Fatty Acid Profile: A Systematic Comparison of 34 Widely Used Spices and Herbs.

Foods 2021 Apr 14;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Crop Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Spices and herbs are well-known for being rich in healthy bioactive metabolites. In recent years, interest in the fatty acid composition of different foods has greatly increased. Thus, the present study was designed to characterize the fatty acid composition of 34 widely used spices and herbs. Read More

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Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Activity in Oat-Buckwheat Dough and Cookies with Added Spices or Herbs.

Molecules 2021 Apr 14;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Chemistry and Biodynamics of Food, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 10 Tuwima Street, 10-748 Olsztyn, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemicals and antioxidant activity in oat-buckwheat doughs and cookies with the addition of ten selected spices or herbs (2 g/100 g flours weight basis). The used spices and herbs, as was expected, showed a wide range of bioactive molecules, namely phenolic acids and flavonoids, and they are a rich source of components with antioxidant potential. All analysed oat-buckwheat dough showed higher antioxidant activity potential and higher total phenolic content (TPC) compared to cookies. Read More

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Afr J Infect Dis 2021 18;15(2):1-2. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Medicine, Nyi Ageng Serang General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Background: The first case of COVID-19 was officially confirmed by Indonesian government on the last March 2020, but the trend still shows no sign of decrease. In fact, traditional or herbal medicine have a big influence on people's decisions about their health.

Materials And Methods: This report describes the community belief in herbal medicine that provides immunity to COVID-19 infection. Read More

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The potential of Apiaceae species as sources of singular phytochemicals and plant-based pesticides.

Phytochemistry 2021 Jul 10;187:112714. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Porto, Rua Do Campo Alegre S/n, 4169-007, Porto, Portugal; GreenUPorto - Sustainable Agrifood Production, Research Centre, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Porto, Rua Do Campo Alegre S/n, 4169-007, Porto, Portugal; CITAB, Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, 5000-801, Vila Real, Portugal; MAPPROD Lda, Rua António de Mariz, 22, 4715-279, Braga, Portugal. Electronic address:

The Apiaceae Lindl. (=Umbelliferae Juss.), which includes several economical important vegetables, herbs, and spices, is one of the most numerous plant family. Read More

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The potential of handheld near infrared spectroscopy to detect food adulteration: Results of a global, multi-instrument inter-laboratory study.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 29;353:128718. Epub 2020 Nov 29.

ASSET Technology Centre, Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5DL, Antrim, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Fraud in the food supply system will be exacerbated by shortages caused by climate change and COVID-19's impact. The dried herbs market exemplifies complex supply chains attractive to criminals seeking financial gain. Real-time remote testing is achievable through development of globally accessible chemometric models for portable near infrared devices, deployed throughout supply chains. Read More

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Regular consumption of "Nkui", a Cameroonian traditional dish, may protect against cardiovascular and bone disorders in an estrogen deficiency condition.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Objectives: There is a growing body of evidence indicating the potential of culinary herbs and spices to decrease the incidence of several chronic diseases or conditions. Because of this, the WHO recommends their regular consumption. In the Cameroonian culinary practices, "Nkui" is a famous dish made from a mixture of 10 spices. Read More

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Wild Plants Used as Herbs and Spices in Italy: An Ethnobotanical Review.

Riccardo Motti

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 16;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II Via Università, 100 80055 Portici, NA, Italy.

Wild edible plants are an essential component of people's diets in the Mediterranean basin. In Italy, ethnobotanical surveys have received increasing attention in the past two centuries, with some of these studies focusing on wild edible plants. In this regard, the literature in Italy lacks the coverage of some major issues focusing on plants used as herbs and spices. Read More

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The Emerging Roles of Antioxidant Enzymes by Dietary Phytochemicals in Vascular Diseases.

Life (Basel) 2021 Mar 4;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea.

Vascular diseases are major causes of death worldwide, causing pathologies including diabetes, atherosclerosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exposure of the vascular system to a variety of stressors and inducers has been implicated in the development of various human diseases, including chronic inflammatory diseases. In the vascular wall, antioxidant enzymes form the first line of defense against oxidative stress. Read More

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Interactions between Chemesthesis and Taste: Role of TRPA1 and TRPV1.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 25;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.

In addition to the sense of taste and olfaction, chemesthesis, the sensation of irritation, pungency, cooling, warmth, or burning elicited by spices and herbs, plays a central role in food consumption. Many plant-derived molecules demonstrate their chemesthetic properties via the opening of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels. TRPA1 and TRPV1 are structurally related thermosensitive cation channels and are often co-expressed in sensory nerve endings. Read More

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Comparative Study of Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils and Crude Extracts of Four Characteristic Herbs.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 8;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Maribor, Smetanova ulica 17, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia.

The ginger family () includes plants that are known worldwide to have a distinctive smell and taste, which are often used as spices in the kitchen, but also in various industries (pharmaceutical, medical, and cosmetic) due to their proven biological activity. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the chemical composition and antioxidant activity (AA) of essential oils (EOs) of four characteristic ginger species: L. Maton (cardamom), L. Read More

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Pulsed light treatment of dried parsley: reduction of artificially inoculated Salmonella spp. and impact in given quality parameters.

J Food Prot 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Food Hygiene, Leipzig University.

Dried parsley is regularly contaminated with foodborne pathogens, especially Salmonella (S.) spp. Application of contaminated ingredients in ready-to-eat dishes without further thermal treatment represents a considerable health risk. Read More

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Species diversity, composition, structure and management in agroforestry systems: the case of Kachabira district, Southern Ethiopia.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 15;7(3):e06477. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet, Ethiopia.

Agroforestry is increasingly being identified as an integrated land use enhancing plant diversity while reducing habitat loss and fragmentation. This paper examined species diversity, composition, structure and management in agroforestry systems Two Kebeles (Kachabira and Mesafe) were purposively selected for this study. Then, farmers who dominantly practiced agroforestry practices such as home garden, parkland and live fence were stratified based on wealth categories. Read More

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Targeted LC-MS/MS combined with multilocus DNA metabarcoding as a combinatory approach to determine the amount and the source of pyrrolizidine alkaloids contamination in popular cooking herbs, seeds, spices and leafy vegetables.

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2021 Jun 29;38(6):962-977. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Chemical and Physical Health Risks, Brussels, Belgium.

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) and their corresponding N-oxides (PANOs) are natural protoxins biosynthesised by many plant species and are responsible for occasional fatal intoxication outbreaks due to the consumption of contaminated food. However, only in rare cases has the origin of the contamination been determined. Although their presence has been studied in many matrices, occurrence data on popular widely used cooking herbs, seeds, spices and leafy vegetables is very scarce. Read More

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Immunomodulatory and Antioxidant Activities of Select Indonesian Vegetables, Herbs, and Spices on Human Lymphocytes.

Int J Food Sci 2021 6;2021:6340476. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University (Bogor Agricultural University), Indonesia.

Edible plants have attracted increasing attention as functional foods as they are rich in bioactive compounds with health benefits, including antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities. However, scientific evidence of these health effects is limited. This study is aimed at determining antioxidant and immunomodulatory activities of 25 select vegetables, herbs, and spices commonly consumed in Indonesia. Read More

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Hormetic Effects of Bioactive Compounds from Foods, Beverages, and Food Dressing: The Potential Role in Spinal Cord Injury.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 27;2021:6615752. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA-AN), Rome, Italy.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a damage or trauma to the spinal cord resulting in a total or partial loss of motor and sensory function. SCI is characterized by a disequilibrium between the production of reactive oxygen species and the levels of antioxidant defences, causing oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. This review is aimed at highlighting the hormetic effects of some compounds from foods, beverages, and food dressing that are able to reduce oxidative stress in patients with SCI. Read More

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Food constituent- and herb-drug interactions in oncology: Influence of quantitative modelling on Drug labelling.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Certara UK Ltd, Simcyp Division, Sheffield, UK.

Aims: Herbal products, spices and/or fruits are perceived as inherently healthy; for instance, St. John's wort (SJW) is marketed as a natural antidepressant and patients often self-administer it concomitantly with oncology medications. However, food constituents/herbs can interfere with drug pharmacokinetics, with risk of altering pharmacodynamics and efficacy. Read More

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Critical evaluation of ambient mass spectrometry coupled with chemometrics for the early detection of adulteration scenarios in Origanum vulgare L.

Talanta 2021 May 8;227:122116. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Food and Drug, University of Parma, Viale Delle Scienze 17/A, 43124, Parma, Italy. Electronic address:

Nowadays, most of the screening methods in food manufacturing are based on spectroscopic techniques. Ambient Mass Spectrometry is a relatively new field of analytical chemistry which has proven to offer similar speed and ease-of-use when compared to other fingerprinting techniques, alongside the advantages of good selectivity, sensitivity and chemical information. Numerous applications have been explored in food authenticity, based either on the target detection of adulteration markers or, less frequently, on the development of multivariate classification models. Read More

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Factors associated with noncompliance of sodium restriction in hypertensive and heart failure patients at the National Hospital of Cotonou, Benin.

J Public Health Afr 2020 Dec 22;11(2):1303. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi.

Introduction: Nutritional therapy in the treatment of high blood pressure and heart failure is a real challenge in terms of compliance of sodium restriction for success of the treatment. The study aims to assess the level of patient compliance with the sodium restriction by salt consumption, prescribed by care providers and the associated factors.

Materials And Methods: Total daily salt intake was estimated in a cross-sectional study of 166 hypertensive and heart failure subjects monitored in the cardiology department of the "Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - Hubert Koutoukou Maga" (CNHU-HKM), using two 24-hour recalls combined with a food frequency questionnaire for salt-providing foods. Read More

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December 2020

The Effect of Curcumin Supplementation on Anthropometric Measures among Overweight or Obese Adults.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 20;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Clinical Nutrition Program, Department of Community Health Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11362, Saudi Arabia.

Over the past decades, the worldwide prevalence of obesity has dramatically increased, thus posing a serious public health threat. Obesity is associated with the development of comorbid conditions and psychological disorders. Several lifestyle interventions have been proposed to tackle obesity; however, long-term maintenance of these interventions often proves challenging. Read More

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February 2021