80,157 results match your criteria heart catheterization

LA reservoir strain: a sensitive parameter for estimating LV filling pressure in patients with preserved EF.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Ankara University School of Medicine, Cebeci Kalp Merkezi, Mamak, Ankara, Turkey.

An elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressure is the main finding in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and LV filling pressure is estimated with an algorithm in the recent American Society of Echocardiography (ASE)/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) guideline. In this study, we sought to determine the efficacy of LA global longitudinal strain to estimate elevated LV filling pressure. Seventy-one consecutive patients (mean age of 63. Read More

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Different characteristics of mitochondrial dynamics-related miRNAs on the hemodynamics of pulmonary artery hypertension and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

J Cardiol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima 890-8520, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that undergo fission or fusion. These mitochondrial dynamics are reported to be associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH is divided into 5 groups, including pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), based on its pathogenesis. Read More

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Fontan-associated liver disease and total cavopulmonary anatomical flow effectors.

J Card Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Children's Heart Center Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

Objective: We investigated a relationship between a composite index comprised of Fontan-circuit anatomical features and hepatic fibrosis scores from biopsy.

Methods: We identified living extracardiac Fontan patients, ≥7 years old and ≥5 but <20 years postoperative, that underwent cardiac catheterization and transvenous liver biopsy between March 2012 and September 2020. We divided patients into anatomical groups and applied a risk score to each patient. Read More

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A National Survey Identifying the Factors Associated With Cardiovascular Care Nurses' Perceived Knowledge of International Practice Guidelines: The First Step in the Development of an Implementation Strategy.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Gabrielle McKee, PhD Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. Maria Hayes, MSc Clinical Nurse Specialist, Cardiothoracic Unit, Blackrock Clinic, Dublin, Ireland. Norma Caples, MSc Clinical Nurse Specialist, Heart Failure Department, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford, Ireland. Avril Lowry, MSN Assistant Director of Nursing, Centre for Learning and Development, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Maria Shine, PGDip Clinical Nurse Manager 2, Keith Shaw Cardiothoracic ICU, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Bernadette Hannon, MA Clinical Nurse Specialist Vascular Disease, Vascular and Endovascular Department, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Edel Cronin, MSc Clinical Nurse Manager 2, Catheterization Laboratory, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford, Ireland. Emer Lodge, MSc Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Catheterization Laboratory, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Loreena Hill, PhD Lecturer, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. Margaret Tuohy, PGDip Clinical Nurse Manager 2, Coronary Care Unit, Naas General Hospital, Naas, Ireland. Nessa Gillen, MSc, PGDip Cardiology Clinical Nurse Specialist, O'Malley Unit, Galway Clinic, Galway, Ireland. Sinead Teehan, MSc Clinical Nurse Specialist, Cardiology Department, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: The implementation of international guidelines within everyday practice remains problematic, which can have a detrimental impact on quality of care delivered. This study aimed to ascertain the factors associated with clinical nurses' perceived knowledge of international guidelines.

Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, nurses from 45 hospitals across Ireland were recruited. Read More

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Effects of Real-Time Dosimetry on Staff Radiation Exposure in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory.

J Invasive Cardiol 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Lundquist Institute, 1124 West Carson Street, Torrance, CA 90502 USA.

Objectives: Radiation protection is essential for staff of cardiac catheterization laboratories in order to prevent long-term radiation- associated injury and disease. Instant feedback about the actual received dose may help operators to optimize the use of existing shielding devices. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate whether routine use of real-time dosimetry may be able to reduce staff radiation exposure. Read More

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Pulmonary hypertension in fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia: Uncertainties, challenges and opportunities.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany and German Centre of Lung Research (DZL).

Pulmonary hypertension is a serious complication of chronic fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (PH-fIIP) leading to greater morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiologic basis for PH in fIIP is not completely understood, but microvascular rarefaction may play a key role. Severe hypoxemia and reduced diffusion capacity are characteristic. Read More

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The potential role of plasma miR-155 and miR-206 as circulatory biomarkers in inflammatory cardiomyopathy.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, Heart Center Leipzig at the University of Leipzig and Leipzig Heart Institute, Strümpellstraße 39, Leipzig, 04289, Germany.

Aims: Establishing a diagnosis of inflammatory cardiomyopathy (iCMP) by non-invasive means remains challenging despite advances in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Previous studies suggested the involvement of microRNAs in the pathogenesis of iCMP. We examined the association of a predefined set of circulatory microRNAs with clinical characteristics of iCMP and evaluated their diagnostic performance in suspected iCMP. Read More

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Echocardiographic assessment of chamber size and ventricular function during the first year after heart transplantation.

Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Cardiology, Lund, Sweden.

Aims: Detecting changes in ventricular function after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is important but interpretation of findings is complicated by lack of data on early graft adaptation. We sought to evaluate echocardiographic measures of ventricular size and function the first year following OHT including speckle tracking derived strain. We also aimed to compare echocardiographic findings to hemodynamic parameters obtained by right heart catheterization (RHC). Read More

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Vascular endothelial injury assessed with functional techniques in systemic sclerosis patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension versus systemic sclerosis patients without pulmonary arterial hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, G. Papanikolaou Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Microvascular dysfunction is one of the hallmarks of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The presence of pulmonary-arterial-hypertension (PAH) in SSc-patients is associated with poor prognosis. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing microvascular and endothelial injury with functional techniques in SSc-patients with PAH (SSc-PAH) compared to those without PAH (SSc-non-PAH) (PROSPERO: CRD42021236212). Read More

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Shock and Diffuse ST-elevation in a Patient with Coronavirus Disease-2019 Disease.

J Cardiovasc Echogr 2020 Oct-Dec;30(4):223-226. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Medicine, Vascular and Emergency Medicine - Stroke Unit, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy.

The infection by the novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Cardiac events require prompt diagnosis and management, also in the SARS-CoV-2 era. A 58-year-old male, heavy smoker and with known SARS-CoV-2 infection, abruptly developed severe hypotension and asthenia. Read More

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January 2021

Balloon endoclamping for post-dissection infrarenal aorto-iliac aneurysm repair.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Lancisi Cardiovascular Center, Vascular Surgery Unit, Via Conca, 71, 60126, Ancona, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Isolated post dissection infrarenal and iliac aneurysm is a rare condition that often requires surgical treatment. Surgical repair should involve the replacement of the aneurysmal segments and a wide fenestration in the residual proximal untreated abdominal aorta. However, in these patients proximal aortic clamping may be challenging. Read More

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Cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation in children with congenital heart disease.

Pediatr Int 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Background: It is important to identify the pathological characteristics of cerebral circulation and oxygen metabolism at the bedside in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) to prevent neurodevelopmental impairments. The brain regional oxygen saturation index (rSO ) can be easily obtained at the bedside with near-infrared spectroscopy and has been widely used in the management of children with CHD in recent years.

Methods: To determine if the rSO before or after CHD surgery is a good predictor of cerebral oxygen metabolism, we investigated the impact of different clinical variables on the correlation between rSO and reference values under steady ratios of hemoglobin oxygen saturation in the internal jugular vein (SjvO ) or femoral artery (SaO ) (0. Read More

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Feasibility and safety of left atrial appendage closure in a patient with previous foramen ovale occlusion: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Mar 31;5(3):ytab113. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Cardiology Division, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Corso Mario Abbiate 21, 13100, Vercelli, Italy.

Background: Left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is an alternative to chronic oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) at high bleeding risk. Patients with a previous percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) present an increased risk for developing AF during their life, and the presence of an atrial septal device renders future percutaneous left atrial access more challenging. Very few cases of LAA occlusion in patients with a preexisting PFO closure device have been previously reported. Read More

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Intracoronary bolus of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor as bridging or adjunctive strategy to oral P2Y12 inhibitor load in the modern setting of STEMI.

Minerva Cardiol Angiol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Dipartimento di Scienze Cardiovascolari e Toraciche, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: In the acute management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) bolus not followed by intravenous infusion is potentially advantageous given their fast onset and offset of action, but clinical evidence in a contemporary setting is limited.

Methods: We collected data from consecutive STEMI patients admitted to the cardiac catheterization laboratory of the Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli from October 2017 to September 2019. Read More

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Immediate post-procedural functional assessment of percutaneous coronary intervention: current evidence and future directions.

Eur Heart J 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

The Lambe Institute for Translational Medicine and Curam, National University of Ireland, University Road, Galway H91 TK3, Ireland.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) guided by coronary physiology provides symptomatic benefit and improves patient outcomes. Nevertheless, over one-fourth of patients still experience recurrent angina or major adverse cardiac events following the index procedure. Coronary angiography, the current workhorse for evaluating PCI efficacy, has limited ability to identify suboptimal PCI results. Read More

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Short-Term Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Right Ventricular Flow Hemodynamics by 4-Dimensional-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Apr 6:e020548. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Cardiology Heart Institute Children's Hospital ColoradoUniversity of Colorado DenverAnschutz Medical Campus Aurora CO USA.

Background Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) manifests with progressive right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, which eventually impairs the left ventricular function. We hypothesized that 4-dimensional-flow magnetic resonance imaging can detect flow hemodynamic changes associated with efficient intracardiac flow during noninvasive inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) challenge in children with PAH. Methods and Results Children with PAH (n=10) underwent 2 same-day separate iNO challenge tests using: (1) 4-dimensional-flow magnetic resonance imaging and (2) standard catheterization hemodynamics. Read More

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Pseudo-Wellens syndrome from sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 6;15(1):151. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Cardiology, NewYork-Presbyterian Queens, Flushing, USA.

Background: Pseudo-Wellens syndrome is a rare entity characterized by the presence of electrocardiogram (ECG) changes of Wellens syndrome but without the stenosis of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. In previous reports, pseudo-Wellens syndrome most commonly resulted from recreational drug use or unidentified etiologies. We present a unique case of pseudo-Wellens syndrome due to sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy and a review of the literature. Read More

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Cine MRI characterizes HFpEF and HFrEF in post-capillary pulmonary hypertension.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Mar 26;139:109679. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, 737 N Michigan Avenue, Suite 1600, Chicago, IL, 60611, United States.

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that cine MRI can be used to characterize features of left and right ventricles in post-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).

Methods: With the approval of institution review board (IRB), 28 consecutive post-capillary PH patients (11 males, 62.1 ± 13. Read More

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When too many hits breaks the heart: A case of Radiation Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy.

Am J Med Sci 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Cardiology, Atlantic Health System, Morristown, NJ, USA.

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM), or stress induced cardiomyopathy is being increasingly recognized as a cause of acute heart failure. Often seen in women and older individuals with acute stressors, it can cause significant hemodynamic compromise. Here we report a case of a 78 year old woman who developed sudden chest pain following radiation therapy for B-Cell lymphoma. Read More

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Anticoagulants Used in Cardiac Catheterization of Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Case Report and Overview.

Cureus 2021 Mar 1;13(3):e13633. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Internal Medicine, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, USA.

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the most frequently performed invasive therapeutic procedures and plays a key role in the long-term survival of patients with ischemic heart disease. Over 965,000 angioplasties are performed annually in the United States alone. While the technique and equipment have undergone significant revisions and improvement, the medical community will still benefit from more data and guidance on the optimal selection of mandatory peri-operation anticoagulation in specific, high-risk populations. Read More

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Correlation of Computed Tomography Test Bolus Dynamics and Conventional Computed Tomography Parameters With Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Cureus 2021 Feb 26;13(2):e13577. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Radiology, Aurora Health Care, Milwaukee, USA.

Objective: Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is a measurement obtained with invasive right heart catheterization (RHC) that is commonly used for management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is also done as part of the workup for PAH in some cases. The aim of our study was to assess the correlation of contrast dynamic changes in the main pulmonary artery (MPA) on CTPA with PVR obtained with RHC. Read More

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February 2021

Optimal management of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum in a developing country: the art of pulmonary valve mechanical perforation in the era of CTO hardware.

Am J Cardiovasc Dis 2021 15;11(1):21-28. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Hotel Dieu de France University Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Saint Joseph University Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Transcatheter valve mechanical perforation (TVMP) in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) is an acceptable yet challenging alternative to radiofrequency.

Aims: To evaluate and compare safety, feasibility, and efficiency of two TVMP techniques.

Methods: Clinical data of neonates with PAIVS who underwent an attempt for TVMP between 2009 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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February 2021

Role of an e-Health Intervention in Holistic Healthcare: A Quasiexperiment in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization in Taiwan.

J Healthc Eng 2021 17;2021:6692952. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: The use of electronic health (e-health) resources is emerging as an alternative method to improve the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to describe the influence of an e-health application in holistic healthcare for patients with CAD.

Methods: A quasiexperiment with nonequivalent groups design recruited outpatients with a high risk of CAD admitted for cardiac catheterization. Read More

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Vital capacity and valvular dysfunction could serve as non-invasive predictors to screen for exercise pulmonary hypertension in the elderly based on a new diagnostic score.

J Cardiovasc Thorac Res 2021 30;13(1):68-78. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology of the Philipps-University Marburg, Germany.

Exercise pulmonary hypertension (exPH) has been defined as total pulmonary resistance (TPR) >3 mm Hg/L/min and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) >30 mm Hg, albeit with a considerable risk of false positives in elderly patients with lower cardiac output during exercise. We retrospectively analysed patients with unclear dyspnea receiving right heart catheterisation at rest and exercise (n=244) between January 2015 and January 2020. Lung function testing, blood gas analysis, and echocardiography were performed. Read More

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January 2021

Pump flow setting and assessment of unloading in clinical practice.

Eur Heart J Suppl 2021 Mar 27;23(Suppl A):A23-A26. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS ISMETT, UPMC Italy, Via Ernesto Tricomi, 5, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

The rationale for mechanical circulatory support (MCS) in cardiogenic shock is to restore cardiac output in selected patients when critically low or in case of refractory cardiac arrest. Furthermore, an MCS device that moves blood from either the left atrium or the left ventricle to the systemic circulation will potentially unload the ventricle. These devices are used alone or in combination with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Read More

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Plasma copeptin levels in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

The study aimed to evaluate the plasma copeptin levels in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), to assess the predictive value of plasma copeptin level for adverse outcomes, and to correlate its levels with various data in these patients. We included 25 children with PAH-CHD as group I and 25 children with CHD and no PAH as group II. Twenty-five healthy children of matched age and sex served as the control group. Read More

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Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 1):546-553


Right heart catheterization is a unique tool not only in the diagnosis but also in the management of patients with a wide range of cardiovascular diseases. The technique dates back to the 18th century, but the biggest advances were made in the 20th century. This review focuses on pulmonary hypertension for which right heart catheterization remains the diagnostic gold standard. Read More

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Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients With History of CABG Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization via the Radial Versus Femoral Approach.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aims of this study were to examine rates of radial artery access in post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients undergoing diagnostic catherization and/or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), whether operators with higher procedural volumes and higher percentage radial use were more likely to perform diagnostic catherization and/or PCI via the radial approach in post-CABG patients, and clinical and procedural outcomes in post-CABG patients who undergo diagnostic catherization and/or PCI via the radial or femoral approach.

Background: There are limited data comparing outcomes of patients with prior CABG undergoing transradial or transfemoral diagnostic catheterization and/or PCI.

Methods: Using the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry, all diagnostic catheterizations and PCIs performed in patients with prior CABG from July 1, 2009, to March 31, 2018 (n = 1,279,058 patients, 1,173 sites) were evaluated. Read More

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Late Outcomes After Pulmonary Arterial Reconstruction in Patients With Arterial Tortuosity Syndrome.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Intensive care, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Surgical pulmonary artery reconstruction in patients with Arterial Tortuosity Syndrome (ATS) has excellent outcomes. In this study, we report our late outcomes after more than a decade of experience with such complex interventions.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 33 ATS patients who underwent pulmonary artery reconstruction. Read More

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Premature STEMI in Men and Women: Current Clinical Features and Improvements in Management and Prognosis.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 23;10(6). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Heart Area, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most frequent cause of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Etiopathogenic and prognostic characteristics in young patients may differ from older patients and young women may present worse outcomes than men. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of men and women with premature STEMI. Read More

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