1,680,233 results match your criteria heart


Long working hours, sedentary work, noise, night shifts and risk of ischaemic heart disease.

Heart 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Research Centre for Hauora and Health, Massey University - Wellington Campus, Wellington, New Zealand.

Objective: Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is a leading cause of death in Western countries. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between occupational exposure to loud noise, long working hours, shift work, and sedentary work and IHD.

Methods: This data linkage study included all New Zealanders employed and aged 20-64 years at the time of the 2013 census, followed up for incident IHD between 2013 and 2018 based on hospitalisation, prescription and death records. Read More

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Cardiac Rehabilitation Improves Fitness in Patients With Subclinical Markers of Cardiotoxicity While Receiving Chemotherapy: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY.

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2022 Aug 4. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine (Drs Kerrigan, Reddy, McCord, Brawner, and Keteyian, Mr Saval, and Ms Baxter) and Department of Pathology (Dr Cook), Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan; and Departments of Radiation Oncology (Dr Walker) and Medical Oncology (Dr Loutfi), Henry Ford Cancer Institute at Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan.

Purpose: Heart failure (HF) due to cardiotoxicity is a leading non-cancer-related cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer survivors. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with HF, but little is known about its effects on cardiotoxicity in the cancer population. The objective of this study was to determine whether participation in CR improves CRF in patients undergoing treatment with either doxorubicin or trastuzumab who exhibit markers of subclinical cardiotoxicity. Read More

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Pulse oximetry respiratory monitoring for assessment of acute childhood wheeze.

Arch Dis Child 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Respiratory Care, Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital, University Hospitals Sussex NHS Foundation Trust, Brighton, UK

Objective: There is a lack of objective measures to assess children with acute wheezing episodes. Increased respiratory rate (RR) and pulsus paradoxus (PP) are recognised markers, but poorly recorded in practice. We examined whether they can be reliably assessed from a pulse oximeter plethysmogram ('pleth') trace and predict clinical outcome. Read More

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Precription Digita Thraputic for atients with nsomnia ( a protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 8;12(8):e062041. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale-New Haven Health, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Introduction: Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is effective at treating chronic insomnia, yet in-person CBT-I can often be challenging to access. Prior studies have used technology to bridge barriers but have been unable to extensively assess the impact of the digital therapeutic on real-world patient experience and multidimensional outcomes. Among patients with insomnia, our aim is to determine the impact of a prescription digital therapeutic (PDT) (PEAR-003b, FDA-authorised as Somryst; herein called PDT) that provides mobile-delivered CBT-I on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and healthcare utilisation. Read More

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Type 2 diabetes and hypertension in Vietnam: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 2000 and 2020.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 8;12(8):e052725. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the level of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and hypertension (HTN) in Vietnam and to assess the trend and recommend the future direction of prevention research efforts.

Design: We searched scientific literature, databases including PubMed, EMBASE, CINHAL and Google Scholar; grey literature and reference lists for primary research published, nation database websites between 1 January 2000 and 30 September 2020. We adapted the modified Newcastle Ottawa Scale for assessing the quality of the study, as recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. Read More

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Factors influencing the safety of outpatient coronary CT angiography: a clinical registry study.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 8;12(8):e058304. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

MVZ-DRZ Sinsheim Eberbach Erbach Walldorf Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Objectives: Since the safety of coronary CT angiography (CTA) is of great importance, especially with regard to widening indications and increasing morbidity, the aim of this study was to assess influencing factors.

Methods: Patients undergoing coronary CTA in a third-generation dual-source CT in a radiological centre were included in a clinical registry. Up to 20 mg metoprolol was administered intravenously to attain a heart rate ≤65/min. Read More

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SMALL MUSCLE MASS TRAINING IN HEART FAILURE: A SCOPING REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.

J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2022 Aug 4. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

School of Health Sciences and Social Work and The Menzies Health Institute, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland, Australia Allied Health Research Collaborative, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, Queensland, Australia.

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Response.

Chest 2022 Aug;162(2):e107

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, England; Host Defence Unit, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, England. Electronic address:

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Rebuttal From Dr James et al.

Chest 2022 Aug;162(2):293-294

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY; Division of Heart and Lung Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY.

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COUNTERPOINT: Does Normothermic Regional Perfusion Violate the Ethical Principles Underlying Organ Procurement? No.

Chest 2022 Aug;162(2):290-292

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY; Division of Heart and Lung Transplantation and Mechanical Circulatory Support, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY.

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Nicotinamide Riboside alleviates exercise intolerance in ANT1-deficient mice.

Mol Metab 2022 Aug 5:101560. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Center for Mitochondrial and Epigenomic Medicine, Division of Human Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA, 19104; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104. Electronic address:

Objective: Mitochondrial disorders are often characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. Null mutations in the heart-muscle adenine nucleotide translocator isoform 1 (ANT1) of both humans and mice cause cardiomyopathy and myopathy associated with exercise intolerance and muscle weakness. Here we decipher the molecular underpinnings of ANT1-deficiency-mediated exercise intolerance. Read More

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Multiparametric evaluation of right ventricular function in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Division of Congenital Heart Diseases, Expert Center for Complex Congenital Heart Disease (M3C Network), Marie Lannelongue Hospital, Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Paris-Saclay University, Le Plessis Robinson, France; Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM) Unite Mixte de Recherche UMR_S 999 "Pulmonary Hypertension: Pathophysiology and Novel Therapies", Hôpital Marie Lannelongue, Le Plessis-Robinson, France. Electronic address:

Introduction And Objectives: Outcome in patients with congenital heart diseases and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is closely related to right ventricular (RV) function. Two-dimensional echocardiographic parameters, such as strain imaging or RV end-systolic remodeling index (RVESRI) have emerged to quantify RV function.

Methods: We prospectively studied 30 patients aged 48 ± 12 years with pretricuspid shunt and PAH and investigated the accuracy of multiple echocardiographic parameters of RV function (tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, tricuspid annular peak systolic velocity, RV systolic-to-diastolic duration ratio, right atrial area, RV fractional area change, RV global longitudinal strain and RVESRI) to RV ejection fraction measured by cardiac magnetic resonance. Read More

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European Reference Network for Rare Vascular Diseases (VASCERN): When and how to use intravenous bevacizumab in Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT)?

Eur J Med Genet 2022 Aug 5:104575. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

VASCERN HHT Reference Center and Department of Neurosurgery and Spine Surgery, Essen University Hospital, Essen, Germany.

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare vascular multisystemic disease that leads to epistaxis, anaemia due to blood loss, and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in organs such as the lungs, liver and brain. HHT prevalence is estimated at 1/6000, i.e. Read More

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Feasibility of leadless left ventricular septal pacing with the WiSE-CRT system to target the left bundle branch area: a porcine model and multi-center patient experience.

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences, King's College London, UK; Department of Cardiology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: The WiSE-CRT system delivers leadless endocardial left ventricular (LV) pacing to achieve cardiac resynchronization therapy. The electrode is conventionally placed on the lateral wall, but implanting on the LV septum may have advantages, including capture of the left bundle branch, and improved battery longevity due to reduced distance from the transmitter.

Objective: To assess the feasibility of leadless LV septal pacing via the WiSE-CRT system. Read More

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Sex Differences in Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Authors:
Marek Malik

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, England; Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

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Narrow QRS complex tachycardia with and without ventriculoatrial block: What is the mechanism?

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan. Electronic address:

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Delayed Termination and Transformation of a Supraventricular Tachycardia - What is the Mechanism?

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address:

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Early Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation: For Some, But Not for All?

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

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Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Optimization in Nonresponders and Incomplete Responders Using Electrical Dyssynchrony Mapping.

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Minneapolis Heart Institute East, Allina Health - St. Paul, MN, USA;; University of Minnesota - Minneapolis, MN, USA;; Heart Rhythm Science Center, Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation - Minneapolis, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Nonresponse to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) occurs in ∼30-50% of patients. There are no well-accepted clinical approaches for optimizing CRT in nonresponders.

Objective: To demonstrate the results of CRT optimization using electrical dyssychrony mapping (EDM) on left ventricular (LV) function, size and dyssynchrony in selected patients with nonresponse/ incomplete response to CRT. Read More

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Is Artificial Intelligence Really That Smart?

Heart Rhythm 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

University of Michigan Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine.

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Advanced Intraoperative Imaging guidance for Inside-Out Central Venous Recanalization using a novel catheter access system.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Debakey Heart & Vascular Center, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston TX, USA.

Background: The novel Surfacer® Inside-Out® (SIO) recanalization technique facilitates right sided central venous access in occluded vessels but carries a risk of arterial and pleural injuries. This paper demonstrates how an advanced intraoperative imaging protocol can help avoid these potential complications.

Method: This was a retrospective review of patients undergoing the SIO central venous recanalization procedure between December 2017 and October 2021. Read More

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Comparison of pre- and postnatally diagnosed coronary artery fistulae: Echocardiographic features and clinical outcomes.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Fetal and Neonatal Cardiology Program, Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stollery Children's Hospital. 8440 112 St NW, Edmonton, AB. Canada. T6G 2B7; Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Alberta. 8440 112 St NW, Edmonton, AB. Canada. T6G 2B7.

Background: Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) are abnormal connections of a coronary artery to a cardiac chamber or vessel. There is a paucity of data regarding clinical outcomes, especially when detected prenatally.

Methods: This was a multi-center retrospective cohort study of all CAF cases from 2002-2016. Read More

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Magnetic resonance imaging based superficial femoral artery velocity measurements in peripheral artery disease.

Magn Reson Imaging 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Penn State Heart and Vascular Institute, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA; Sections of Cardiovascular Research, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) causes lower extremity dysfunction and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. In this study, we analyzed how non-invasive 2-dimensional-phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (2D-PC-MRI) measured velocity markers of the distal superficial femoral artery (SFA) are associated with clinical and functional characteristics of PAD. A total of 70 (27 diabetic and 43 non-diabetic) PAD patients were included in this secondary analysis of data collected from the Effect of Lipid Modification on Peripheral Artery Disease after Endovascular Intervention Trial (ELIMIT). Read More

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Components of a successful community-based exercise program for individuals with Parkinson's disease: Results from a participant survey.

Complement Ther Med 2022 Aug 5:102867. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Cleveland Clinic, Lerner Research Institute, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland, OH, USA; Cleveland Clinic, Neurological Institute, Center for Neurological Restoration, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of the project was to examine the personal beliefs, motivators, and barriers in people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) relating to their participation in a year-round community-based cycling program, Pedaling for Parkinson's (PFP).

Design: Cross-sectional survey from a 12-month pragmatic study.

Setting: Five community-based PFP sites MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A survey was designed to capture the attitudes and beliefs of those participating in a PFP program. Read More

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Donor and Recipient Hepatitis C Status Does Not Affect Rejection in Thoracic Transplantation.

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.

Background: Donors with hepatitis C (HCV) have expanded the donor pool for heart and lung transplantation, however, concerns have arisen about rejection. We examined the incidence of rejection following heart and lung transplantation in recipients of HCV+ donors as well as HCV+ recipients.

Methods: Adult, heart and lung transplant recipients from 3/31/2015-12/31/2019 were identified in the UNOS/OPTN STAR file. Read More

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Routine Intensive Care May be Selectively Skipped after Robotic Coronary Bypass.

Authors:
Faisal G Bakaeen

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart, Vascular, and Thoracic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk J4-1, Cleveland, OH 44195. Electronic address:

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Variation in Case-Mix Across Hospitals: An analysis of STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database.

Ann Thorac Surg 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database (STS-CHSD) was queried to document variation of patient characteristics, procedure types, and programmatic case-mix.

Methods: All index cardiac operations in patients <18 years in STS-CHSD (July 2016 to June 2020) were eligible for inclusion except patients <2.5 kilograms undergoing isolated PDA closure. Read More

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Comparison between BNP and NT-proBNP in pediatric populations.

Clin Biochem 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Pathology & Immunology. Washington University School of Medicine. St. Louis, MO. Electronic address:

Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are essential biomarkers for the evaluation of cardiac pathologies. However, pediatric reference intervals for BNP and NT-proBNP are not well defined and concordance between them in the evaluation of pediatric patients has been poorly described.

Methods: Paired BNP and NT-proBNP testing was performed on 311 specimens representing 175 pediatric patients. Read More

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