203,942 results match your criteria healthy controls


Low plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 level in diabetics increases the risk of severe COVID-19 infection.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 May 6;13. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Sir Run Run Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Patients with pre-existing chronic diseases are more susceptible to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), yet the underlying causes of increased risk are of infection remain unclear. Angiotensin-converting- enzyme 2 (ACE2), the cell surface receptor that recognizes the coronavirus spike protein has protective effects against inflammation and chronic hyperglycemia in animal models. The roles of ACE2 in severe SARS-CoV-2 infections remains ambiguous due to contradictory findings. Read More

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Time-of-day effects of consumption of fish oil-enriched sausages on serum lipid parameters and fatty acid composition in normolipidemic adults: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and parallel-group pilot study.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 24;90:111247. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Healthy Food Science Research Group, Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Department of Applied Biological Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba, Japan; Department of Computational Biology and Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan; School of Integrative and Global Majors, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The body clock controls diurnal rhythms of nutrient digestion, absorption, and metabolism. Fish oil (FO) contains abundant ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), that are thought to lower triglyceride (TG) levels. This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group trial aimed to confirm the effects of the time of FO intake on TG in healthy Japanese adults. Read More

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A two-miRNA signature of upregulated miR-185-5p and miR-362-5p as a blood biomarker for breast cancer.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Apr 29;222:153458. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Breast Surgery, General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 107 West Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Differentially expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) in the blood of breast cancer patients may serve as diagnostic biomarkers.

Methods: In this study, miRNA microarray of the blood of breast cancer patients and healthy controls was performed. Candidate differentially expressed miRNAs were further verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction in 68 breast cancer patients and 13 healthy controls. Read More

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Subtypes of depression characterized by different cognitive decline and brain activity alterations.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 29;138:413-419. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Psychiatric Laboratory and Mental Health Center, The State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China; West China Brain Research Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Depression is characterized by the heterogeneity in anti-depressant treatment response and clinical outcomes. Cognitive impairment may be one of the more practically important aspects of depression. A new approach was to identify neuropsychologically derived depression subtypes based on the trajectory of neuro-cognition such as intelligence quotient (IQ) change. Read More

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Comparison of Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer, Macular Ganglion Cell Complex and Choroidal Thickness in Patients with Migraine with and without Aura by Using Optical Coherence Tomography.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 May 4:102323. Epub 2021 May 4.

Health Science University, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Trainig and Research Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology, Cevizli, D-100 Güney Yanyol, Cevizli Mevkii No:47, 34865 Kartal, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: We aimed to compare the choroidal thickness (CT), peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (pRNFLT) and macular ganglion cell complex thickness (mGCCT) by using spectral domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with migraine with aura (MWA), migraine without aura (MWoA), and healthy controls.

Methods: Thirty-seven patients with MWA, 40 patients with MWoA, and age and sex-matched 50 healthy controls were included in this cross-sectional study. CTs at fovea, nasal to fovea and temporal to fovea, global pRNFLT, four quadrants of pRNFLTs, mGCCTs in superior and inferior hemisphere were measured by SD-OCT. Read More

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In vivo analysis of choroidal vascularity index changes in eyes with Fuchs uveitis syndrome.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 May 4:102332. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: This study aimed to investigate changes in the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in eyes with Fuchs uveitis syndrome (FUS) and determine the effect of heterochromia on choroidal vascularity using binarisation of enhanced-depth imaging (EDI)-optical coherence tomography (OCT) images.

Methods: The study included the affected eyes (FEs) and unaffected fellow eyes (NFEs) of 24 patients with unilateral FUS and the eyes of 30 healthy controls (HCs). The subfoveal total choroidal area (TCA) and the luminal area (LA) were determined by binarised EDI-OCT images using Image J software (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD). Read More

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Early Effects of Viper Envenomation on Retina and Optic Nerve Blood Flow: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study.

Toxicon 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine.

In this study, the early retinal and optic nerve blood flows of patients exposed to Viper bite were evaluated with non-invasive optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and compared with healthy controls. The retinal and optic disc OCTA data of 31 victims of viper bite (group S) without systemic envenomation clinical symptoms and 31 healthy controls (group C) were compared. Only patients with early signs of envenomation were included in the study. Read More

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Tubular cell damage may be the earliest sign of renal extrahepatic manifestation caused by Hepatitis C.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0251392. Epub 2021 May 7.

Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most well-known extrahepatic manifestations caused by hepatitis C infection (HCV). CKD is typically discovered at a late stage. HCV-nephropathy may show different histopathologic patterns, as both glomerular and tubulointerstitial damage have been described. Read More

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MiR-485-3p promotes proliferation of osteoarthritis chondrocytes and inhibits apoptosis via Notch2 and the NF-κB pathway.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2021 May 7:1-10. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Context: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. microRNAs (miRs) has been shown to be involved in multiple pathological processes during OA. But the possible mechanism of miR-485-3p in OA remains unclear. Read More

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Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation and impulsivity in Parkinson's disease: a descriptive review.

Acta Neurol Belg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi Bonino Pulejo, Messina, Italy.

Standard treatment of Parkinson's disease involves the dopaminergic medications. Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) is an important neurosurgical intervention often used as alternative treatment to drug therapy; however, it can be associated with increase of impulsive behaviors. This descriptive review focused on studies investigating the correlation between Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus and impulsivity in Parkinson's disease patients, arguing, the action's mechanism and the specific role of the subthalamic nucleus. Read More

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Reduced macular vessel density in COVID-19 patients with and without associated thrombotic events using optical coherence tomography angiography.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Departamento de Inmunología, Oftalmología y ORL, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Oftared, Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: Thrombotic events (TE) represent one of the major complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The objective is to evaluate vessel density (VD) and perfusion density (PD) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in COVID-19 patients, and compare the findings with healthy controls. The secondary objective is to evaluate if there are differences in OCTA parameters between COVID-19 patients with and without associated TE. Read More

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Overexpression of miR-7977 in CD4+ T cells is associated with multiplex autoimmunity in patients with Addison's disease.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

M Ruchala, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, 60-355, Poland.

Objective: Autoimmune Addison's disease (AD) results from a combination of the genetic predisposition, unclear environmental triggers and ensuing immune dysfunction. MicroRNA molecules (miRNAs) are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of numerous target genes, hence may affect the immune function and promote autoimmunity. A deregulated miRNAs profile was reported in several autoimmune conditions. Read More

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Validation of the Finnish version of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) and evaluation of the applicability of the Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychological Questionnaire (MSNQ) and the Fatigue Scale for Motor and Cognitive Functions (FSMC).

Brain Behav 2021 May 7:e02087. Epub 2021 May 7.

Masku Neurological Rehabilitation Centre, The Finnish Neuro Society, Masku, Finland.

Objectives: Cognitive impairment is frequent in multiple sclerosis (MS) as approximately half of the patients manifest some degree of cognitive impairment. The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) has been designed for brief cognitive evaluation. The purpose of the study was to validate the BICAMS along with the Finnish versions of one self-rating questionnaire each for cognition and fatigue. Read More

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RAS-association domain family 1A regulates the abnormal cell proliferation in psoriasis via inhibition of Yes-associated protein.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Laboratory of Dampness Syndrome of Chinese Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease with a high incidence and recurrence; however, its exact pathogenesis and aetiology remain unclear. This study aimed to analyse the effect of the upstream negative regulator RAS-association domain family 1A (RASSF1A) on Yes-associated protein (YAP) in psoriasis. Skin lesions of 22 patients with psoriasis and 19 healthy controls were used. Read More

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Suppression of axillary odor and control of axillary bacterial flora by erythritol.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Rohto Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 544-8666, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Erythritol is a sugar alcohol with 4 carbon atoms that has approximately 75% of the sweetness of sucrose. It is a safe and widely used food component.

Aims: We herein investigated the growth inhibitory effects on axillary odor-causing bacteria and axillary odor-reducing effects of erythritol. Read More

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Disentangling age- and disease-related alterations in schizophrenia brain network using structural equation modeling: A graph theoretical study based on minimum spanning tree.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

The Clinical Hospital of Chengdu Brain Science Institute, MOE Key Laboratory for Neuroinformation, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Functional brain networks have been shown to undergo fundamental changes associated with aging or schizophrenia. However, the mechanism of how these factors exert influences jointly or interactively on brain networks remains elusive. A unified recognition of connectomic alteration patterns was also hampered by heterogeneities in network construction and thresholding methods. Read More

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Altered basal forebrain BOLD signal variability at rest in posttraumatic stress disorder: A potential candidate vulnerability mechanism for neurodegeneration in PTSD.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk for the development of various forms of dementia. Nevertheless, the neuropathological link between PTSD and neurodegeneration remains unclear. Degeneration of the human basal forebrain constitutes a pathological hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Read More

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Accelerating Medicines Partnership: Parkinson's Disease. Genetic Resource.

Mov Disord 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Center for Alzheimer's and Related Dementias, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Whole-genome sequencing data are available from several large studies across a variety of diseases and traits. However, massive storage and computation resources are required to use these data, and to achieve sufficient power for discoveries, harmonization of multiple cohorts is critical.

Objectives: The Accelerating Medicines Partnership Parkinson's Disease program has developed a research platform for Parkinson's disease (PD) that integrates the storage and analysis of whole-genome sequencing data, RNA expression data, and clinical data, harmonized across multiple cohort studies. Read More

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Effect of ECG-gating retinal photographs on retinal vessel caliber measurements in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes.

Curr Eye Res 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Cardiology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose/Aim of this study:Retinal vessel caliber is an independent risk marker of cardiovascular disease risk. However, variable mechanical delays in capturing retinal photographs and cardiac cycle-induced retinal vascular changes have shown to reduce the accuracy of retinal vessel caliber measurements, but this has only ever been investigated in healthy subjects. This cross-sectional study is the first study to investigate this issue in type 2 diabetes. Read More

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Quantitative Proteomic Approach for Discriminating Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder by Multiple Reaction Monitoring-Mass Spectrometry.

J Proteome Res 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea.

Because major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) manifest with similar symptoms, misdiagnosis is a persistent issue, necessitating their differentiation through objective methods. This study was aimed to differentiate between these disorders using a targeted proteomic approach. Multiple reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (MRM-MS) analysis was performed to quantify protein targets regarding the two disorders in plasma samples of 270 individuals (90 MDD, 90 BD, and 90 healthy controls (HCs)). Read More

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White matter abnormalities in a patient with Visual Snow syndrome: new evidence from a Diffusion tensor imaging study.

Eur J Neurol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neuroscience, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Visual snow syndrome (VSS) is a neurological condition characterized by flickering dots throughout the entire visual field. Both the pathophysiology and possible location of VSS are still under debate. White matter abnormalities were investigated using Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in a patient with VSS. Read More

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Circulating CD15 LOX-1 PMN-MDSCs are a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 6:e14317. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Aims: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common clinical lung cancer. Polymorphonuclear-myeloid derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSCs), which are the major population of MDSCs, are involved in NSCLC progression. Recently, it was found that lectin-type oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1) could identify human PMN-MDSCs. Read More

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T2 Relaxometry Evidence of Microstructural Changes in Diffusely Abnormal White Matter in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis and Clinically Isolated Syndrome: Impact on Visuomotor Performance.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute of Computer Science, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Heraklion, Greece.

Background: Although diffusely abnormal white matter (DAWM) is commonly seen in multiple sclerosis (MS), it is rarely considered in clinical/imaging studies.

Purpose: To evaluate quantitative markers of microstructural changes in DAWM of patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) in relation to MS lesions and degree of neurocognitive impairment, by using a multi-echo spin echo (MESE) Proton Density PD-to-T2 sequence.

Study Type: Prospective, cross-sectional. Read More

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Telomere Length and Oxidative Stress in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Yozgat Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey.

Purpose: The telomere length is shown to act as a biomarker, especially for biological aging and cardiovascular diseases, and it is also suggested that with this correlation, increased exposure to the oxidative stress accelerates the vascular aging process. Therefore, this study aims to understand the correlation between the plasma oxidative stress index (OSI) status and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and cardiologic parameters between the ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) groups.

Method: One hundred one newly diagnosed patients with STEMI (n = 55) and NSTEMI (n = 46) were included in the study, along with 100 healthy controls who matched the patients in terms of age and gender. Read More

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Saccadic Eye Movement in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Neuropsychol Rev 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Future Medicine Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered the transitional state to AD dementia (ADD) and other types of dementia, whose symptoms are accompanied by altered eye movement. In this work, we reviewed the existing literature and conducted a meta-analysis to extract relevant eye movement parameters that are significantly altered owing to ADD and MCI. We conducted a systematic review of 35 eligible original publications in saccade paradigms and a meta-analysis of 27 articles with specified task conditions, which used mainly gap and overlap conditions in both prosaccade and antisaccade paradigms. Read More

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Helios serves as a suppression marker to reduce regulatory T cell function in pancreatic cancer patients.

Immunol Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Destabilizing and reprogramming regulatory T (Treg) cells have become a potential strategy to treat tumor. Mounting evidence indicates that the transcription factor Helios is required for the stable differentiation of Treg lineage. Hence, we investigated whether Helios suppression could be a potential treatment option for pancreatic cancer patients. Read More

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Effect of inhaled anaesthetics gases on cytokines and oxidative stress alterations for the staff health status in hospitals.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Buraidah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of waste anaesthetic gases on cytokines and oxidative stress of hospital health team members following exposure to waste anaesthetic gases (WAGs).

Subjects And Methods: In total, 180 participants took part in this study; 60 of these were healthy male controls and the 120 participants in the intervention group were staff who work in the operating room. This latter group comprises six occupational subgroups (1) surgeons, (2) surgical assistants, (3) anaesthesiologists (4) anaesthesiology assistants, (5) nurses and (6) janitors. Read More

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Unimpaired Social Cognition in Adult Patients With ADHD: Brain Volumetric and Behavioral Results.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Biological Psychology Lab, Department of Psychology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.

The present study aimed to investigate whether adult patients with ADHD show deficits in social cognition, and to identify the structural neural correlates of social cognitive skills in ADHD. 26 adult patients with ADHD and 26 matched healthy control participants performed the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition and underwent a structural MRI scan. We compared theory of mind (ToM) performance between ADHD patients and healthy controls. Read More

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C1QTNF6 participates in the pathogenesis of PCOS by affecting the inflammatory response of granulosa cells.

Biol Reprod 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Reproductive Medical Center, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University and Hubei Clinic Research Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology and Embryonic Development, Wuhan 430060, China.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrine disease. It has been reported that chronic low-grade inflammation might participate in its pathogenesis. C1q and TNF related 6 (C1QTNF6) is a newly identified adiponectin paralog associated with inflammation. Read More

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