3,129 results match your criteria health-promoting behaviors


HIV Prevention and Treatment Behavior Change and the Situated Information Motivation Behavioral Skills (sIMB) Model: A Qualitative Evaluation of a Community Health Worker Intervention in Rakai, Uganda.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Health Behavior Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

A community health worker (CHW) model can promote HIV prevention and treatment behaviors, especially in highly mobile populations. In a fishing community in Rakai, Uganda, the Rakai Health Sciences Program implemented a CHW HIV intervention called Health Scouts. The situated Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills (sIMB) framework informed the design and a qualitative evaluation of the intervention. Read More

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Perceived Onset Time of Medical Conditions: The Interplay Between Subjective Fear and Risk in Four Lifestyle Domains.

Psychol Rep 2021 Jul 29:332941211036028. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, Italy; Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, Milan, Italy.

Engaging in unhealthy behaviors (e.g., smoking, drinking) and not engaging in healthy ones (e. Read More

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Factors influencing quality of life among childhood cancer survivors in Korea: A quantile regression approach.

Res Nurs Health 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea.

Cancer treatment in childhood may negatively affect survivors' quality of life. In this study, we aimed to determine the contributing factors for health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in survivors of childhood cancer in Korea using quantile regression analysis. This study was a secondary analysis. Read More

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CHECK UP: A student-designed model for creating innovative patient education materials that your patients will actually use.

Int J Psychiatry Med 2021 Jul 27:912174211035214. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Family & Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objective: As appointments become more rushed, it is crucial that primary care clinicians consider new and effective ways to provide preventive health education to patients. Currently, patient education is often handouts printed from the electronic medical record system; however, these pieces of paper often do not have the desired impact. Well-established advertising methods reveal that repeated exposure is key in recall and swaying consumer decisions. Read More

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Social isolation and health-promoting behaviors among older adults living with different health statuses: A cross-sectional study.

Authors:
Fan Wu Yu Sheng

Int J Nurs Sci 2021 Jul 3;8(3):304-309. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Nursing, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To describe the characteristics and relationships of social isolation and health promoting behaviors of Chinese older adults with different health statuses.

Methods: Totally 485 older adults were recruited. They were divided into three groups based on their health status: healthy group ( = 72), group with one disease ( = 183) and group with multimorbidity ( = 230). Read More

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Application of KTH-integrated nursing model in care of patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(6):6855-6863. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Xijing Hospital, Air Force Military Medical University Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of the KTH-integrated nursing model of the knowledge-attitude-belief-practice model (KABP)-transtheoretical model (TTM)-as a health belief model (HBM) in nursing care of patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).

Methods: Using a prospective study method, 102 patients with MDR-TB were randomly divided into two groups according to a random number table. The control group (n=51) received conventional nursing care, and the study group (n=51) received a KTH-integrated nursing model. Read More

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Lay Public View of Neuroscience and Science-Based Brain Health Recommendations in Slovenia.

Front Public Health 2021 1;9:690421. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

SiNAPSA, Slovenian Neuroscience Association, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Brain health is one of the cornerstones of a long and full life. Active care for brain health and reduction of lifestyle-related risks for brain disorders may be a key strategy in tackling the growing prevalence of mental and neurological illnesses. Public knowledge, perception, and preventive behavior need to be considered in the planning of effective strategies for brain health promotion. Read More

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Orthorexia nervosa vs. healthy orthorexia: relationships with disordered eating, eating behavior, and healthy lifestyle choices.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Psychology and Sociology, Universidad de Zaragoza, Teruel, Spain.

Background: Orthorexia nervosa (OrNe) is a pattern of disordered eating behavior characterized by excessive preoccupation with overvalued ideas about healthy eating. Healthy orthorexia (HeOr) refers to a non-pathological interest in healthy eating and nutrition. Despite converging evidence that OrNe is correlated with measures of psychopathology and personality traits, there is relatively little empirical data relating OrNe and HeOr to eating and health-promoting behavior. Read More

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mHealth intervention for multiple lifestyle behaviour change among high school students in Sweden (LIFE4YOUth): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 16;21(1):1406. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, 581 83, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: National surveys in Sweden demonstrate that the majority of young people do not engage in health promoting behaviours at levels recommended by the Public Health Agency of Sweden. The objective of this study is to estimate the effectiveness of a novel mHealth intervention named LIFE4YOUth, which targets multiple lifestyle behaviours (alcohol, diet, physical activity, and smoking) among high school students in Sweden.

Methods: A 2-arm parallel groups single blind randomised controlled trial (1:1) will be employed to estimate the effectiveness of the novel mHealth intervention. Read More

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Understanding mechanisms behind unwanted health behaviours in Nordic and South Asian women and how they affect their gestational diabetes follow-ups: A qualitative study.

Diabet Med 2021 Jul 16:e14651. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Digital Health Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: The type 2 diabetes risk following gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is high, particularly among South Asian women in Western countries. Our study aimed to advance the knowledge regarding the mechanisms behind suboptimal follow-up in the Nordic and South Asian women with previous GDM by comparing (1) their experiences, (2) health and disease perceptions and (3) barriers to and facilitators of health-promoting behaviours.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in three hospital outpatient clinics in Norway, comprising six focus group interviews with 28 women 1-3 years after a pregnancy with GDM. Read More

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The Relationship Between International Students' Health Perceptions and Their Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Fundamentals Nursing, Department Faculty of Health Sciences, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey.

This study was carried out to examine the relationship between international students' health perceptions and their healthy lifestyle behaviors. This descriptive and relational study was conducted with 216 international students studying at a university in Turkey. Study data were collected using the descriptive information form, the Perception of Health Scale (PHS) and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II). Read More

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Ruminiclostridium 5, Parabacteroides distasonis, and bile acid profile are modulated by prebiotic diet and associate with facilitated sleep/clock realignment after chronic disruption of rhythms.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA; Center for Neuroscience, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA. Electronic address:

Chronic disruption of rhythms (CDR) impacts sleep and can result in circadian misalignment of physiological systems which, in turn, is associated with increased disease risk. Exposure to repeated or severe stressors also disturbs sleep and diurnal rhythms. Prebiotic nutrients produce favorable changes in gut microbial ecology, the gut metabolome, and reduce several negative impacts of acute severe stressor exposure, including disturbed sleep, core body temperature rhythmicity, and gut microbial dysbiosis. Read More

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The relationship between health-promoting behaviors, menopause syndrome, and sleep quality in Chinese middle-aged nurses: A cross-sectional study.

Authors:
Jie Bai Cheng Cheng

Jpn J Nurs Sci 2021 Jul 7:e12443. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School of Nursing, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Nursing staff are on the front line of providing healthcare that addresses patients' needs. Sleep quality is highly related to work performance and quality of life among nurses.

Aims: This study aimed to examine the influence of sociodemographic variables, menopause syndrome, and health-promoting behaviors on sleep quality in a sample of middle-aged nurses in China. Read More

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Investigation of health-promoting behaviors of employees of medical university: A perspective from West of Iran.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 20;10:139. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Employees spend most of their time at work, and hence, it is important to pay attention to health-promoting behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the status of health-promoting behaviors of employees in the Medical University of Ilam-Iran.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study has been conducted by the participation of 208 employees, whom selected through the simple random sampling method. Read More

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Association between Perceived Social Support and Health-Promoting lifestyle in Pregnant Women: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Caring Sci 2021 May 24;10(2):96-102. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Adopting health-promoting lifestyle might be affected by a variety of factors. The existing evidence suggests that social support can improve health by fulfilling physical and mental needs. This study aimed to investigate the association between social support and health-promoting lifestyle in Pregnancy. Read More

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Variation in urine osmolality throughout pregnancy: a longitudinal, randomized-control trial among women with overweight and obesity.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Purpose: Water needs increase during pregnancy, and proper hydration is critical for maternal and fetal health. This study characterized weekly hydration status changes throughout pregnancy and examined change in response to a randomized, behavioral intervention. An exploratory analysis tested how underhydration during pregnancy was associated with birth outcomes. Read More

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The Health Behaviour of German Outpatient Caregivers in Relation to Their Working Conditions: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 1;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Institute for Occupational and Maritime Medicine (ZfAM), University Medical Centre, Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Seewartenstr. 10, 20459 Hamburg, Germany.

Ongoing demographic change is leading to an increasingly older society and a rising proportion of people in need of care in the German population. Therefore, the professional group of outpatient caregivers is highly relevant. Their work is characterised not only by interacting with patients in a mobile setting but also by working in shifts. Read More

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Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 19;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Secretariat, Alliance for Healthy Cities, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan.

Background: A substantial global burden of health can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyles and an unhealthy living environment. The concept of a Healthy City is continually creating and improving physical and social environments to enable healthy living. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the Healthy City concept would tackle the complexity of health by addressing the socio-economic and political determinants of health in the Western Pacific Region. Read More

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Determination of Isothiocyanate-Protein Conjugates in a Vegetable-Enriched Bread.

Foods 2021 Jun 5;10(6). Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Institute of Food Chemistry, Hamburg School of Food Science, University of Hamburg, Grindelallee 117, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.

Vegetables of the plant order Brassicales are believed to have health-promoting properties, as they provide high contents of glucosinolates (GLS) and deriving from these, enzymatically and heat-induced breakdown products, such as isothiocyanates (ITC). Besides their positive physiological effects, ITC are electrophilic and can undergo reactions with food components such as proteins. Following the trend of improving traditional food products with GLS-rich ingredients, interactions of ITC with proteins can diminish the properties of both components-protein's value and functionality as well as ITC's bioactivity. Read More

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Think positive! Emotional response to assertiveness in positive and negative language promoting preventive health behaviors.

Psychol Health 2021 Jun 30:1-18. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Research, The Cooper Institute, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objective: There is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of various tones of communication in modifying health behaviours. We examine the moderating role of assertiveness in the effect of positive/negative language on emotional responses (optimism, self-efficacy, and guilt), and resulting preventive health behaviours.

Design: Three experiments were employed. Read More

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Parents' Thoughts Regarding Their Normal-Weight Children's Food and Physical Activity as Expressed During Health Conversations With the School Nurse: A Qualitative Analysis Informing Health-Promoting Practices.

J Sch Nurs 2021 Jun 29:10598405211025440. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Global Public Health, 27106Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Parents are key to promoting children's healthy growth and development. However, school nurses need knowledge about how to best support parents' health-promoting activities. This study aimed to explore parents' thoughts regarding their normal-weight 6-year-old children's food and physical activity behaviors as expressed during health conversations with the school nurse. Read More

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Analysis of the Structural Relationship of Sports Participation and Ego-Resilience in the Health-Promoting Behavior of Korean Adolescents during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Iran J Public Health 2021 Mar;50(3):557-565

Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: We aimed to verify the structural relationship between sports participation, ego-resilience, and health-promoting behavior of Korean adolescents in a pandemic situation.

Methods: In Nov 2020, an online survey was conducted with 751 adolescents in Korea. The data obtained through the survey were analyzed in several ways, including frequency, reliability, confirmatory factor, descriptive statistical, and path analyses. Read More

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Racial/ethnic, gender, and age group differences in cardiometabolic risks among adults in a Northern California health plan: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 25;21(1):1227. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, 2000 Broadway, Oakland, CA, 94612, USA.

Background: In the U.S., the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension are higher among African American/Black (Black), Latinx, and Filipino adults than non-Hispanic White (White) and Chinese adults. Read More

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Fear-related barriers to physical activity among adults with overweight and obesity: A narrative synthesis scoping review.

Obes Rev 2021 Jun 25:e13307. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Faculty of Health, Social Care and Medicine, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.

Physical activity is a health behavior contributing to successful weight management. Adults with overweight and obesity find it challenging to meet recommended activity guidelines because of a range of barriers, some of which are not yet fully understood. A barrier receiving limited consideration, compared with other literature within this field, is that of fear. Read More

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Health and Well-Being of Hispanic/Latino Meatpacking Workers in Nebraska: An Application of the Health Belief Model.

Workplace Health Saf 2021 Jun 25:21650799211016907. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

University of Nebraska Medical Center.

Background: Meatpacking is dirty, dangerous, and demanding work. In the United States, the industry predominately employs people from racial/ethnic minority backgrounds and immigrants, with 45% of the workforce identifying as Hispanic/Latino. Little is known about how the work environment affects worker engagement in health-promoting activities; however, occupational health professionals are uniquely positioned to advance worker health, safety, and general well-being. Read More

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Health-promotion and health-harming behaviours in pregnant women: role of coping strategies, anxiety, and depression.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jun 23:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Counselling in Midwifery, Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

There is a lack information on psychological predictors of health-promotion and health-harming behaviours during pregnancy. The study aimed to examine whether psychological factors including anxiety, depression, and coping strategies could predict the health-promotion and health-harm behaviours of pregnant women. In a cross-sectional study 200 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies, older than 18 years, and with at least 5 years of education were enrolled. Read More

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The influential factors and intervention strategies that engage malignant cancer patients in health-promoting behaviors during PICC line maintenance.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(5):5208-5215. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Breast and Thoracic Tumors Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University Haikou 570100, Hainan Province, China.

Objective: To analyze the influential factors and intervention strategies involved in engaging health-promoting behaviors (EHPD) during peripheral central venous catheter (PICC) line maintenance in malignant tumor patients.

Methods: 120 patients with malignant tumors who underwent PICC line maintenance in our hospital were prospectively analyzed. They were divided into a low and moderate level group (HPLP-II score ≤137) and a high level group (HPLP-II score >137) according to their Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II) questionnaire scores. Read More

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Women report sustained benefits from attending group-based education about pelvic floor muscles: a longitudinal qualitative study.

J Physiother 2021 Jul 17;67(3):210-216. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Electronic address:

Question: Among women who have participated in group-based education about the pelvic floor, what are their perceptions of the program and the group format?

Design: Exploratory longitudinal qualitative study.

Participants: Community-dwelling women aged ≥ 18 years who participated in three or four sessions of pelvic floor education in a group format at a university clinic.

Data Extraction And Analysis: Semi-structured group or individual interviews were conducted at three time points: 1 week, 3 months and ≥ 5 months after the education activity. Read More

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Development and validation of the Health Promoting Behaviour for Bloating (HPB-Bloat) scale.

PeerJ 2021 4;9:e11444. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Background: Health management strategies may help patients with abdominal bloating (AB), but there are currently no tools that measure behaviour and awareness. This study aimed to validate and verify the dimensionality of the newly-developed Health Promoting Behaviour for Bloating (HPB-Bloat) scale.

Methods: Based on previous literature, expert input, and in-depth interviews, we generated new items for the HPB-Bloat. Read More

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Effects of the Older Family Network Program on Improving Quality of Life Among Older Adults in Thailand.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 8;14:1373-1383. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Faculty of Nursing, HRH Princess Chulabhorn College of Medical Science, Chulabhorn Royal Academy, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: The evidence of promoting family members' health care for older adults by applying family networks and theory of planned behavior will lead to mental health and lower the quality of life among older adults in rural community in Thailand is unclear.

Objective: The study aimed to assess the effects of health promotion among older adults using an aging family network program to reduce depression and improve quality of life (QOL) among older adults.

Patients And Methods: This quasi-experimental study was enrolled on one hundred and ten older adults and their family members. Read More

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